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The Classic Maya Collapse: A Review of Evidence and Interpretations

Description: Classic Maya civilization which flourished A.D. 250- 900 fell from causes unknown. This study traces the evidences and interpretations of those who sought to explain the downfall. Discussion begins with treatment of the ideas of pre-archaeological travellers to the region and then shifts to the twentieth century. Themes of internal collapse are explored, first focusing on such catastrophes as earthquakes and epidemics, followed by an examination of Maya gricultural technology and its possible failure. The fifth chapter, on internal violence and external influences as causes of Maya collapse, analyzes theories of peasant revolt, wars between autonomous Maya city-states., and the strong possibility of outright invasion by other aboriginal peoples.
Date: December 1977
Creator: Wood, Jeffrey Clark
Partner: UNT Libraries

French-Indian Interaction at an 18th Century Frontier Post: The Roseborough Lake Site, Bowie County, Texas

Description: This report discusses archaeological findings at the Roseborough Lake Site 14 miles west of Texarkana. The research is oriented towards forming a concept of village life for the indigenous people of the area (and the French settlers who intermarried), as well as a model of the village itself.
Date: May 1986
Creator: Gilmore, Kathleen
Partner: UNT Institute of Applied Sciences

Archaeological Investigations at Four Sites Along Potapo Creek, McGee Creek Reservoir, Atoka County, Oklahoma

Description: This volume contains the results of excavations and analyses of Prehistoric archaeological data from four sites located along Potapo Creek in the northwestern part of the McGee Creek project area in southeastern Oklahoma. Some excavations yielded archaeological records of Early Caddoan occupation. Other excavations in the project yielded few artifacts, but important geological and environmental information.
Date: 1994
Creator: Ferring, C. Reid
Partner: UNT Institute of Applied Sciences

Archeological Testing at Fort St. Leon, Plaquemines Parish, Louisiana

Description: This report describes archaeological testing at a site known as Fort St. Leon in Louisiana. Studies were made of levee building, geomorphology, and comparison of archival maps and aerial photographs, which contribute to the understanding of human activity as well as geological processes at the site.
Date: May 1983
Creator: Gilmore, Kathleen & Noble, Vergil
Partner: UNT Institute of Applied Sciences

Archaeological Testing of the Lewisville Lake Shoreline, Denton County, Texas

Description: This report describes the results of test excavations at 23 prehistoric and 16 historic sites on the periphery of Lewisville Lake, Denton County, Texas. The purpose of this report is to summarize the character and significance of the archaeological sites that were test excavated and recommendations for mitigation at those sites determined eligible for the National Register.
Date: 1991
Creator: Brown, Kenneth L. (Kenneth Lynn), 1951- & Lebo, Susan A.
Partner: UNT Institute of Applied Sciences

Excavations at the Quince Site (34AT134) Atoka County, Oklahoma

Description: This volume presents findings from an excavation at the Quince Site of McGee Creek Reservoir project area. Excavations at the Quince Site disclosed deep alluvial deposits with several occupations throughout the Holocene Period. The site contains a well-preserved culturally stratified deposit dating from Paleoindian to Woodland Indian periods.
Date: 1994
Creator: Perttula, Timothy K.
Partner: UNT Institute of Applied Sciences

Interpreting Prehistoric Patterns: Site Catchment Analysis in the Upper Trinity River Basin of North Central Texas

Description: Archaeologically site catchment analysis produces valuable information regarding prehistoric subsistence strategies and social organization. Incorporating archaeological data into catchment analyses is an effective strategy to develop regional models of prehistoric site selection and settlement patterns. Digital access to data permits the incorporation of multiple layers of information into the process of synthesizing regional archaeology and interpreting corresponding spatial patterning. GIS software provides a means to integrate digital environmental and archaeological data into an effective tool. Resultant environmental archaeology maps facilitate interpretive analysis. To fulfill the objectives of this thesis, GIS software is employed to construct site catchment areas for archaeological sites and to implement multivariate statistical analyses of physical and biological attributes of catchments in correlation with assemblage data from sites. Guided by ecological, anthropological and geographical theories hypotheses testing evaluates patterns of prehistoric socio-economic behavior. Analytical results are summarized in a model of prehistoric settlement patterns in North Central Texas.
Date: December 2004
Creator: Williams, Marikka Lin
Partner: UNT Libraries

Differential use of space: An analysis of the Aubrey Clovis site.

Description: The Aubrey Clovis site is one of the oldest late-Pleistocene sites in North America, dated to ~11,550 B.P., and contains two camps with a range of lithic debitage, numerous hearths, and excellent faunal preservation. Couched in rules of classification, a series of artifact distributions are analyzed with qualitative and quantitative techniques, including maps produced in a geographic information system (GIS) and tests of artifact associations using correlation statistics. Theoretical and methodological protocols are promoted to improve spatial analysis in archaeology. The results support the short-term occupation interpretation and expose the differential patterning among bone, stone, and raw materials distributions. The spatial structure and diverse content of the site challenge models of Clovis-age people as strictly big game hunters.
Date: August 2005
Creator: Witt, Benjamin A.
Partner: UNT Libraries

Site Formation Processes and Bone Preservation Along the Trinity River Basin, North Central Texas

Description: This thesis presents the results of geoarchaeological investigations of several archaeological sites along the Elm Fork of the Trinity River in north central Texas. Archaeological data recorded from mitigation excavations in Denton and Cooke counties were analyzed to understand the geologic impacts on faunal preservation resulting from site formation processes. The faunal assemblages are highly fragmented, even in settings known for good preservation. A combined approach using geoarchaeological and taphonomic techniques was implemented to examine how fragmentation, evidence of soil weathering, and differential preservation were impacted by differing geologic conditions throughout the river basin. Intrasite and intersite results of the sites show that a great deal of variability of faunal preservation is present at difference scales of analysis.
Date: August 2013
Creator: Colvin, Jessica
Partner: UNT Libraries

Identifying Cultural and Non-cultural Factors Affecting Litter Patterns in Hickory Creek, Texas

Description: Plastic deposition in hydrological systems is a pervasive problem at all geographic scales from loci of pollution to global ocean circulation. Much attention has been devoted to plastic deposition in marine contexts, but little is known about inputs of plastics into local hydrological systems, such as streams. Any attempt to prevent plastic litter must confront people’s behaviors, so archaeological concepts are used to distinguish between various cultural inputs (e.g., littering) and non-cultural forces (e.g., stream transport) that affect litter patterns on the landscape. Litter surveys along Hickory Creek in Denton, TX, are used to assess these factors.
Date: August 2014
Creator: Carpenter, Evan S.
Partner: UNT Libraries

Digital Inputs, Cultural Outputs: Collaborative, Online Tools for Education, Research and Publication in the History of Art and Cultural Heritage Preservation

Description: Presentation for the 2016 Digital Frontiers Annual Conference. In this presentation, John North Hopkins presents the Collections Analysis Collaborative, an initiative of the Menil Collection and Rice University.
Date: September 22, 2016
Creator: Hopkins, John North
Partner: UNT Libraries

[News Clip: Cemetery VONATS]

Description: Video footage from the KXAS-TV/NBC station in Fort Worth, Texas, to accompany a news story. This story aired at 6 P.M.
Date: June 29, 1991
Creator: KXAS-TV (Television station : Fort Worth, Tex.)
Partner: UNT Libraries Special Collections

Development of a Targeted Protein Residue Analysis Approach in Archaeology

Description: Liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS) based proteomic methods have provided archaeologists with a powerful tool for the discovery and identification of proteins within artifacts. Traditionally, discovery-based methods have utilized a non-targeted full mass scan method in an attempt to identify all proteins present within a given sample. However, increased sensitivity is often needed to target specific proteins in order to test hypotheses. Proteins present within archaeological materials present a unique challenge, as they are often subjected to a variety of chemical transformations both before and after burial. Any preserved proteins will be present within a complex mixture of compounds, and full mass scans often fail to detect less abundant proteins of interest. Consistent and reliable targeted methods are needed to detect protein biomarkers. Taphonomic experimentation was employed as a means to identify the effect of particular processes and conditions on the preservation of mare's milk proteins. In addition, three LC-MS methods were evaluated for their efficiency in identifying mare's milk-specific peptide biomarkers from experimental pottery samples. The ability to reliably detect the presence of these species-specific peptides can help provide evidence about past cultural groups, including the origins of dairying and animal domestication.
Date: August 2017
Creator: Scott, Ashley
Partner: UNT Libraries