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Human Cloning

Description: This report discusses human cloning science and federal policy regarding human embryo research. It provides background on the topic, federal policies, state laws, Congressional actions, and ethical issues.
Date: July 20, 2006
Creator: Johnson, Judith A. & Williams, Erin D.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Public Health, Workforce, Quality, and Related Provisions in H.R. 3590, as Passed by the Senate

Description: This report summarizes the workforce, prevention, quality, and related provisions in H.R. 3590, as passed by the Senate. It begins with some background on health care delivery reform, followed by an overview of the report’s content and organization
Date: March 1, 2010
Creator: Redhead, C. Stephen & Williams, Erin D.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Stem Cell Research: Ethical Issues

Description: This report discusses the ethical arguments that surround human embryonic stem cell research (ESR). Human stem cell research is controversial not because of its goals, but rather because of the means of obtaining some of the cells.
Date: April 28, 2009
Creator: Williams, Erin D. & Johnson, Judith A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Congress and Program Evaluation: An Overview of Randomized Controlled Trials (RCTs) and Related Issues

Description: This report discusses what RCTs are and identifies a number of issues regarding RCTs that might arise when Congress considers making program evaluation policy. For example, in the 109th Congress, Section 3 of S. 1934 (as introduced) would establish a priority for RCTs when evaluating offender reentry demonstration projects; Section 114 of S. 667 (Senate Finance Committee-reported bill) would require RCTs for demonstration projects for low-income families; and Section 5 of S. 1129 (as introduced) would call for RCTs for projects and policies of multilateral development banks. Issues regarding RCTs could also arise when actors in the policy process present specific program evaluations to Congress (e.g., in the President’s budget proposals) to influence Congress’s views and decision making. For many reasons, evaluations often merit scrutiny and care in interpretation.
Date: March 7, 2006
Creator: Brass, Clinton T.; Nuñez-Neto, Blas & Williams, Erin D.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

End-of-Life Care: Services, Costs, Ethics, and Quality of Care

Description: This report provides information on various aspects of end-of-life care: (1) demographic and historical changes affecting death and dying in the United States (2) the definitions of end-of-life, palliative, and hospice care (3) costs associated with end-of-life care (4) end-of-life care laws and ethics (5) quality of care at the end of life and (6) policy issues that would modify or expand the federal government's role in addressing end-of-life care.
Date: February 23, 2009
Creator: Colello, Kirsten J.; Mulvey, Janemarie; Sarata, Amanda K.; Williams, Erin D. & Thomas, Kenneth R.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Food Safety in the 111th Congress: H.R. 2749 and S. 510

Description: This report discusses whether the current food safety system has the resources, authority, and structural organization to safeguard the health of American consumers, who spend more than $1 trillion on food each year. Also at issue is whether federal food safety laws, first enacted in the early 1900s, have kept pace with the significant changes that have occurred in the food production, processing, and marketing sectors since then.
Date: December 1, 2010
Creator: Johnson, Reneé; Williams, Erin D.; Burrows, Vanessa K.; Upton, Harold E. & Monke, Jim
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Food Safety in the 111th Congress: H.R. 2749 and S. 510

Description: This report discusses whether the current food safety system has the resources, authority, and structural organization to safeguard the health of American consumers, who spend more than $1 trillion on food each year. Also at issue is whether federal food safety laws, first enacted in the early 1900s, have kept pace with the significant changes that have occurred in the food production, processing, and marketing sectors since then.
Date: November 16, 2010
Creator: Johnson, Reneé; Lister, Sarah A.; Williams, Erin D. & Burrows, Vanessa K.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The FDA 2009 Budget Request

Description: The Administration's FY2009 budget request of $2.4 billion for the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) would provide a 5.7% increase ($130 million) over FY2008. User fees would make up about 26% of the total amount requested and would account for 61% of the proposed increase. Budget documents indicate that the additional funding would provide for expanded activities to ensure the safety of foods and drugs, as well as to accelerate the availability of new medical products. About half of the requested increase would be used for cost-of-living pay increases, as opposed to new program activities.
Date: May 19, 2008
Creator: Johnson, Judith A.; Lister, Sarah A.; Porter, Donna V.; Smith, Pamela W.; Thaul, Susan & Williams, Erin D.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department