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Colombia: Issues for Congress

Description: Recent debate on U.S. policy toward Colombia has taken place in a context of concern for the volume of drugs readily available in the United States and elsewhere in the world, and regional security issues. The United States has made a significant commitment of funds and material support to help Colombia and the Andean region fight drug trafficking since the development of Plan Colombia in 1999. Congress passed legislation providing $1.3 billion in assistance for FY2000 (P.L. 106-246) and has provided more than $4 billion for programs in Colombia from FY2000 through FY2005 in both State Department and Defense Department counternarcotics accounts.
Date: January 4, 2006
Creator: Veillette, Connie
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Bolivia: Political and Economic Developments and Implications for U.S. Policy

Description: This report includes background information on Bolivia’s political unrest, economic situation, and relations with the United States. In the past few years, Bolivia has experienced extreme political unrest resulting in the country having six presidents since 2001. Under policies of recently-elected leftist-leaning President Evo Morales, Bolivia's relations with neighboring countries, foreign investors, and the United States have been complicated. For some 20 years, U.S. interest in Bolivia has centered on its role as a coca producer and its relationship to Colombia and Peru, the two other major coca- and cocaine-producing countries in the Andes. U.S.-Bolivian relations have become tense in 2006 in the wake of the Morales government's questionable commitment to combating illegal drugs, increasing ties with Venezuela and Cuba, and the nationalization measure.
Date: May 20, 2005
Creator: Veillette, Connie
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Bolivia: Political and Economic Developments and Implications for U.S. Policy

Description: Bolivia is one of the poorest countries in Latin America with an ethnically diverse population. It has a long history of political instability that persists to this day. It is also highly politically polarized over such issues as the future of oil and gas exploration and production, coca eradication programs, and calls for regional autonomy and constitutional reform from some parts of the country. U.S. interest in Bolivia centers on its role as a coca producer, and its relationship to Colombia and Peru, the two other major coca- and cocaine-producing countries. This report goes into greater detail concerning the Bolivia's current political conditions, as well as Bolivia's relationship with the United States.
Date: June 22, 2005
Creator: Veillette, Connie
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

International Population Assistance and Family Planning Programs: Issues for Congress

Description: Since 1965, United States policy has supported international population planning based on principles of volunteerism and informed choice that gives participants access to information on all methods of birth control. This policy, however, has generated contentious debate for over two decades, resulting in frequent clarification and modification of U.S. international family planning programs. This report provides the context of this debate.
Date: January 26, 2006
Creator: Nowels, Larry & Veillette, Connie
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Bolivia: Political and Economic Developments and Implications for U.S. Policy

Description: This report includes background information on Bolivia’s political unrest, economic situation, and relations with the United States. In the past few years, Bolivia has experienced extreme political unrest resulting in the country having six presidents since 2001. Under policies of recently-elected leftist-leaning President Evo Morales, Bolivia's relations with neighboring countries, foreign investors, and the United States have been complicated. For some 20 years, U.S. interest in Bolivia has centered on its role as a coca producer and its relationship to Colombia and Peru, the two other major coca- and cocaine-producing countries in the Andes. U.S.-Bolivian relations have become tense in 2006 in the wake of the Morales government's questionable commitment to combating illegal drugs, increasing ties with Venezuela and Cuba, and the nationalization measure.
Date: January 25, 2006
Creator: Ribando, Clare & Veillette, Connie
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

International Population Assistance and Family Planning Programs: Issues for Congress

Description: This report provides context for the debate concerning international population planning based on principles of volunteerism and informed choice that gives participants access to information on all methods of birth control and discusses funding levels.
Date: January 19, 2007
Creator: Blanchfield, Luisa & Veillette, Connie
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

International Population Assistance and Family Planning Programs: Issues for Congress

Description: This report examines issues surrounding the debate on family planning, which is at times the most contentious foreign aid issue considered by Congress. The cornerstone of U.S. policy has remained a commitment to international family planning programs based on principles of volunteerism and informed choice that give participants access to information on all major methods of birth control. At present, USAID maintains family planning projects in more than 60 countries that include counseling and services, training of health workers, contraceptive supplies and distribution, financial management, public education and marketing, and biomedical and contraceptive research and development. USAID applies a broad reproductive health approach to its family planning programs, increasingly integrating it with other interventions regarding maternal and child health, the enhancement of the status of women, and HIV prevention and transmission.
Date: February 17, 2006
Creator: Nowels, Larry & Veillette, Connie
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Foreign Aid Reform: Issues for Congress and Policy Options

Description: This report discusses the role of foreign assistance as a tool of foreign policy and provides policy options for reform. Despite changing global conditions and challenges, U.S. foreign aid programs (including their organizational structure and their statutory underpinnings) still reflect the Cold War environment in which they originated.
Date: January 27, 2009
Creator: Epstein, Susan B. & Veillette, Connie
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Andean Regional Initiative (ARI): FY2003 Supplemental and FY2004 Assistance for Colombia and Neighbors

Description: This report discusses President Bush's 2003 requests for new funding and additional authority to provide assistance to Colombia and six regional neighbors in a continuation of the Andean Regional Initiative (ARI) launched in 2001.
Date: August 27, 2003
Creator: Storrs, K. Larry & Veillette, Connie
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Drug Crop Eradication and Alternative Development in the Andes

Description: The United States has supported drug crop eradication and alternative development programs in the Andes for decades. Colombia, Bolivia, and Peru collectively produce nearly the entire global supply of cocaine. In addition, Colombia has become a producer of high quality heroin, most of it destined for the United States and Europe. The United States provides counternarcotics assistance through the Andean Counterdrug Initiative (ACI). The program supports a number of missions, including interdiction of drug trafficking, illicit crop eradication, alternative development, and rule of law and democracy promotion. From FY2000 through FY2005, the United States has provided a total of about $4.3 billion in ACI funds.
Date: November 18, 2005
Creator: Veillette, Connie & Navarrete-Frías, Carolina
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Foreign Aid Reform: Issues for Congress and Policy Options

Description: This report discusses the role of foreign assistance as a tool of foreign policy. There is also a growing recognition of the role that foreign assistance can play as a foreign policy tool that is equal to the role of diplomacy and defense within the current international environment characterized by regional conflicts, terrorist threats, weapons proliferation, concerns with disease pandemics, and the difficulty in overcoming poverty.
Date: April 22, 2008
Creator: Epstein, Susan B. & Veillette, Connie
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Foreign Operations (House)/State, Foreign Operations, and Related Programs (Senate): FY2007 Appropriations

Description: This report is a guide to one of the regular appropriations bills that Congress considers each year. It is designed to supplement the information provided by the House Subcommittee on Foreign Operations and the Senate Subcommittee on State, Foreign Operations, and Related Programs. It summarizes the status of the bill, its scope, major issues, funding levels, and related congressional activity, and is updated as events warrant.
Date: September 8, 2006
Creator: Nowels, Larry; Veillette, Connie & Epstein, Susan B.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Foreign Operations (House)/State, Foreign Operations, and Related Programs (Senate): FY2007 Appropriations

Description: This report covers funding and policy issues related to Foreign Operations, as addressed in the House and Senate, and State Department programs as debated in the Senate. The discussion and accompanying tables are designed to track the House Foreign Operations Appropriation measure, as well as the broader Senate State, Foreign Operations spending bill.
Date: July 14, 2006
Creator: Nowels, Larry; Veillette, Connie & Epstein, Susan B.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Foreign Operations (House)/State, Foreign Operations, and Related Programs (Senate): FY2007 Appropriations

Description: This report is a guide to one of the regular appropriations bills that Congress considers each year. It is designed to supplement the information provided by the House Subcommittee on Foreign Operations and the Senate Subcommittee on State, Foreign Operations, and Related Programs. It summarizes the status of the bill, its scope, major issues, funding levels, and related congressional activity, and is updated as events warrant.
Date: May 25, 2006
Creator: Nowels, Larry; Veillette, Connie & Epstein, Susan B.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department