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President's Commission on Improving Economic Opportunity in Communities Dependent on Tobacco Production while Protecting Public Health

Description: Executive Order 13168, dated September 27, 2000 established the President's Commission on Improving Economic Opportunity in Communities Dependent on Tobacco Production While Protecting Public Health (Commission). The purpose of the Commission is to provide advice to the President on changes occurring in the tobacco farming economy and recommend such measures as may be necessary to improve economic opportunity and development in communities that are dependent on tobacco production, and protect consumers, particularly children, from hazards associated with smoking.
Date: May 18, 2001
Creator: President's Commission on Improving Economic Opportunity in Communities Dependent on Tobacco Production while Protecting Public Health
Item Type: Website
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

National Gambling Impact Study Commission

Description: Congress authorized The National Gambling Impact Study Commission ("the Commission") on June 3, 1996 by Public Law 104-169. The Commission is subject to the standards and requirements of the Federal Advisory Committee Act (FACA), as amended, with respect to meetings, hearings, and availability of Commission records, and other matters. The implementing statute for the Commission establishes it as an independent commission which is not under the auspices of any executive agency, nor specifically controlled by the legislative or judicial branches of government. The Commission must conduct a comprehensive legal and factual study of the social and economic impacts of gambling on (1) federal, state, local, and Native American tribal governments; and (2) communities and social institutions including the individuals, families, and businesses which compose them.
Date: August 3, 1999
Creator: National Gambling Impact Study Commission
Item Type: Website
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Community Development Financial Institutions (CDFI) Fund: Programs and Policy Issues

Description: This report begins by describing the Community Development Financial Institutions Fund's history, current appropriations, and each of its programs. The next section analyzes four policy considerations of congressional interest regarding the Fund and the effective use of federal resources to promote economic development. Lastly, this report examines the Fund's programs and management to see if they represent an effective and efficient government effort to promote economic development in low-income and distressed communities.
Date: March 13, 2014
Creator: Lowry, Sean
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Community Development Block Grant Funds in Disaster Relief and Recovery

Description: This report discusses how Community Development Block Grant (CDBG) programs are funded by Congress and what they have been used for in recent years: recovery efforts following terrorist attacks, riots, and natural disasters. The 111th Congress is considering $100 million in CDBG funds to help states and communities undertake disaster recovery activities in presidentially declared disaster areas affected by severe storms and flooding during the period from March 2010 through May 2010. The act limited distribution of these funds to states where the entire state was declared a disaster area (Rhode Island) and to states where at least 20 counties within the state were declared disaster areas (Tennessee, Kentucky, and Nebraska).
Date: July 12, 2010
Creator: Boyd, Eugene
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Community Development Block Grant Funds in Disaster Relief and Recovery

Description: This report discusses how Community Development Block Grant (CDBG) programs are funded by Congress and what they have been used for in recent years: recovery efforts following terrorist attacks, riots, and natural disasters.
Date: January 28, 2010
Creator: Boyd, Eugene & Gonzales, Oscar R.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Community Development Financial Institutions (CDFI) Fund: Programs and Policy Issues

Description: This report begins by describing the Community Development Financial Institutions Fund's (Fund's) history, current appropriations, and each of its programs. The next section of the report analyzes four policy considerations of congressional interest, regarding the Fund and the effective use of federal resources to promote economic development. Lastly, this report examines the Fund's programs and management to see if they represent an effective and efficient government effort to promote economic development in low-income and distressed communities.
Date: December 29, 2014
Creator: Lowry, Sean
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Community Development Block Grant Funds in Disaster Relief and Recovery

Description: This report discusses how Community Development Block Grant (CDBG) programs are funded by Congress and what they have been used for in recent years: recovery efforts following terrorist attacks, riots, and natural disasters. The 111th Congress has approved $100 million in CDBG funds to help states and communities undertake disaster recovery activities in presidentially declared disaster areas affected by severe storms and flooding during the period from March 2010 through May 2010. The act limited distribution of these funds to states where the entire state was declared a disaster area (Rhode Island) and to states where at least 20 counties within the state were declared disaster areas (Tennessee, Kentucky, and Nebraska).
Date: September 1, 2010
Creator: Boyd, Eugene
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Community Development Financial Institutions (CDFI) Fund: Programs and Policy Issues

Description: This report begins by describing the Community Development Financial Institutions Fund's (Fund's) history, current appropriations, and each of its programs. The next section of the report analyzes four policy considerations of congressional interest, regarding the Fund and the effective use of federal resources to promote economic development. Lastly, this report examines the Fund's programs and management to see if they represent an effective and efficient government effort to promote economic development in low-income and distressed communities.
Date: October 3, 2012
Creator: Lowry, Sean
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The Secure Rural Schools and Community Self-Determination Act of 2000: Forest Service Payments to Counties

Description: This report describes the issues that Congress has debated relating to The Secure Rural Schools and Community Self-Determination Act of 2000 (P.L. 106-393), which may again arise when the program expires in 2011, and explains the changes enacted for the program.
Date: October 8, 2008
Creator: Gorte, Ross W.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

An Overview of the Administration's Strengthening America's Communities Initiative

Description: This report discusses administration’s proposed base program called strengthening America’s communities initiative intended to award funds in support of job creation and economic development.
Date: May 5, 2005
Creator: Boyd, Eugene; Mulock, Bruce K; Smale, Pauline; Cowan, Tadlock; Laney, Garrine P & Foote, Bruce E
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

An Overview of the Administration's Strengthening America's Communities Initiative

Description: This report discusses administration’s proposed base program called strengthening America’s communities initiative intended to award funds in support of job creation and economic development.
Date: March 24, 2005
Creator: Boyd, Eugene; Mulock, Bruce K; Smale, Pauline; Cowan, Tadlock; Laney, Garrine P & Foote, Bruce E
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Community Development Block Grant Funds in Disaster Relief and Recovery

Description: This report discusses the CDBG program, which administered by the Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) is the federal government’s largest and most widely available source of financial assistance to support state and local government-directed neighborhood revitalization, housing rehabilitation, and economic development activities.
Date: September 21, 2011
Creator: Boyd, Eugene
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Community Development Financial Institutions (CDFI) Fund: Programs and Policy Issues

Description: As communities face a variety of economic challenges, some are looking to local banks and financial institutions for solutions that address the specific development needs of low-income and distressed communities. Community development financial institutions (CDFIs) provide financial products and services, such as mortgage financing for homebuyers and not-for-profit developers; underwriting and risk capital for community facilities; technical assistance; and commercial loans and investments to small, start-up, or expanding businesses. This report begins by describing the CDFI Fund’s history, current appropriations, and each of its programs. A description of the fund’s process of certifying certain financial institutions to be eligible for the fund’s program awards follows. The next section provides an overview of each program’s purpose, use of award proceeds, eligibility criteria, and relevant issues for Congress.
Date: February 5, 2015
Creator: Lowry, Sean
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The Adverse Effect Wage Rate (AEWR)

Description: This report introduces the adverse effect wage rate (AEWR) and the concerns out of which it grew, from the perspective of labor policy (not of immigration policy). American agricultural employers have long utilized foreign workers on a temporary basis, regarding them as an important manpower resource. Often employed at low wages and under adverse conditions, such alien workers, some argue, may compete unfairly with U.S. workers. To mitigate any "adverse effect" for the domestic workforce, a system of wage floors was developed that applies, variously, both to alien and citizen workers.
Date: April 5, 2004
Creator: Whittaker, William G.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Farm Labor: The Adverse Effect Wage Rate (AEWR)

Description: American agricultural employers have long utilized foreign workers on a temporary basis, regarding them as an important labor resource. At the same time, the relatively low wages and adverse working conditions of such workers have caused them to be viewed as a threat to domestic American workers. Some have argued that foreign guest workers compete unfairly with U.S. workers — both in terms of compensation that they are willing to accept and by making it somewhat more difficult for domestic workers to organize and to bargain with management. To mitigate any “adverse effect”for the domestic workforce, a system of wage floors was developed that applies, variously, both to alien and citizen workers: i.e., the adverse effect wage rate (AEWR). This report deals with one element of immigration (i.e., namely the H-2A workers). It introduces the adverse effect wage rate, it examines the concerns out of which it grew, and it explains at least some of the problems that have been encountered in giving it effect.
Date: April 14, 2005
Creator: Whittaker, William G.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Development of National Urban Growth and Rural Development Policy: Legislative and Executive Actions in 1970 and 1971

Description: The 1970 Acts require the executive branch to submit the reports on the further development of urban growth policy, the location of Federal facilities, acceleration of the availability of government services and financial assistance (among other subjects) in support of rural community development. This report should assist in the evaluation of these submissions received from the President and executive departments and agencies. The report's basic purpose is to place individual legislative actions in the larger context of interrelated national urban and rural development objectives set forth by the Congress. The basic content of this report consists of three major components. The first summarizes 1970 legislative developments at both the State and Federal levels of government concerning contributions being made toward the development of a balanced national growth policy for the United States. The second component describes the actions taken by Congressional committees and the Congress in the first session of the 92nd Congress (1971). The final component is a detailed annotated summary of the published literature of urban and rural development made available in 1971.
Date: March 23, 1972
Creator: Library of Congress. Congressional Research Service.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

USDA Rural Housing Programs: An Overview

Description: This report discusses the the Department of Agriculture's (USDA) ability to make loans to farmers to enable them to construct, improve, repair, or replace dwellings and other farm buildings to provide decent, safe, and sanitary living conditions for themselves or their tenants, lessees, sharecroppers, and laborers. USDA was also authorized to make grants or combinations of loans and grants to those farmers who could not qualify to repay the full amount of a loan, but who needed the funds to make the dwellings sanitary or to remove health hazards to the occupants or the community.
Date: October 29, 2010
Creator: Foote, Bruce E.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

USDA Rural Housing Programs: An Overview

Description: This report discusses the the Department of Agriculture's (USDA) ability to make loans to farmers to enable them to construct, improve, repair, or replace dwellings and other farm buildings to provide decent, safe, and sanitary living conditions for themselves or their tenants, lessees, sharecroppers, and laborers. USDA was also authorized to make grants or combinations of loans and grants to those farmers who could not qualify to repay the full amount of a loan, but who needed the funds to make the dwellings sanitary or to remove health hazards to the occupants or the community.
Date: January 26, 2007
Creator: Foote, Bruce E.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

USDA Rural Housing Programs: An Overview

Description: This report discusses the Department of Agriculture's (USDA) rural housing programs, which include loans for the purchase, repair, or construction of single-family housing; loans and grants to remove health and safety hazards in owner-occupied homes; loans and grants for the construction and purchase of rental housing for farmworkers; loans for the purchase and construction of rental and cooperative housing for the elderly and for rural residents in general; rental assistance payments to make rental housing more affordable; interest subsidies to make homeownership loans more affordable and to enable production of rental housing that is affordable for the target population; and loans for developing building sites upon which rural housing is to be constructed.
Date: July 27, 2007
Creator: Foote, Bruce E.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

USDA Rural Housing Programs: An Overview

Description: This report discusses the the Department of Agriculture's (USDA) ability to make loans to farmers to enable them to construct, improve, repair, or replace dwellings and other farm buildings to provide decent, safe, and sanitary living conditions for themselves or their tenants, lessees, sharecroppers, and laborers. USDA was also authorized to make grants or combinations of loans and grants to those farmers who could not qualify to repay the full amount of a loan, but who needed the funds to make the dwellings sanitary or to remove health hazards to the occupants or the community.
Date: May 11, 2006
Creator: Foote, Bruce E.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Tobacco Price Support: An Overview of the Program

Description: About 94 percent of U.S. tobacco production is flue-cured and burley (cigarette tobacco types). These crops are particularly important to the agriculture of North Carolina and Kentucky. The federal tobacco price support program is designed to support and stabilize prices for farmers.
Date: June 25, 2004
Creator: Womach, Jasper
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department