Search Results

Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act: Annual Fee on Health Insurers

Description: This report discusses the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (ACA, P.L. 111-148) and the Reconciliation Act of 2010 (P.L. 111-152) that impose a fee on certain for-profit health insurers, starting in 2014.
Date: December 12, 2013
Creator: Kirchhoff, Suzanne M.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Sanitary and Phytosanitary (SPS) and Related Non-Tariff Barriers to Agricultural Trade

Description: This report discuses sanitary and phytosanitary (SPS) measures, which are laws, regulations, standards, and procedures that governments employ as "necessary to protect human, animal or plant life or health" from the risks associated with the spread of pests, diseases, or disease-carrying and causing organisms, or from additives, toxins, or contaminants in food, beverages, or feedstuffs.
Date: March 31, 2014
Creator: Johnson, Renée
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS): Is It a Health Emergency?

Description: This report describes key Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS) response activities and the emergency authorities available to health officials when routine activities are insufficient to address a public health threat.
Date: June 4, 2014
Creator: Lister, Sarah A.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Safe at Home? Letting Ebola-Stricken Americans Return

Description: This report examines the U.S. practice of isolation and quarantine for citizens arriving in the country who have been infected with or exposed to a dangerous communicable disease. The report frames this information in the context of the two American healthcare workers who were brought back into the U.S. for treatment after contracting the Ebola virus in West Africa in the Summer of 2014.
Date: August 5, 2014
Creator: Lister, Sarah A.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Ebola: Basics About the Disease

Description: This report discusses Ebola virus disease (EVD) in general, including symptoms, modes of transmission, incubation period, and treatments; presents projections of the future course of the outbreak; and lists additional CRS products, including products focused on the situation in West Africa. Unless otherwise cited, information in this report is drawn from Ebola information pages of CDC and the World Health Organization (WHO).
Date: October 3, 2014
Creator: Lister, Sarah A.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Emergency Preparedness and Hazard Mitigation: CRS Experts

Description: This report includes a table that provides access to names and contact information for CRS experts on policy concerns relating to emergency preparedness and hazard mitigation. Includes a number of policy areas, such as: emergency preparedness and protection missions, functions, and structures; emergency authorities; preparedness plans; communications networks; warning systems; and state and local homeland security funding, training, and standards.
Date: April 14, 2009
Creator: Reese, Shawn
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Hydraulic Fracturing and Safe Drinking Water Act Issues

Description: This report reviews past and proposed treatment of hydraulic fracturing under the Safe Water Drinking Ace, the principal federal statute for regulating the underground injection of fluids to protect groundwater sources of drinking water. It reviews current provisions for regulating underground injection activities, and discusses some possible implications of, and issues associated with, enactment of legislation authorizing the Environmental Protection Agency to regulate hydraulic fracturing under this statute.
Date: April 10, 2012
Creator: Tiemann, Mary & Vann, Adam
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Hydraulic Fracturing and Safe Drinking Water Act Issues

Description: This report reviews past and proposed treatment of hydraulic fracturing under the Safe Water Drinking Act, the principal federal statute for regulating the underground injection of fluids to protect groundwater sources of drinking water. It reviews current provisions for regulating underground injection activities, and discusses some possible implications of, and issues associated with, enactment of legislation authorizing the Environmental Protection Agency to regulate hydraulic fracturing under this statute.
Date: July 12, 2012
Creator: Tiemann, Mary & Vann, Adam
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Health Workforce Programs in Title VII of the Public Health Service Act

Description: This report describes and summarizes Title VII of the Public Health Service Act (PHSA) programs. It describes federal support for institutions and individuals in efforts to expand and sustain the pipeline for health professions education and training.
Date: August 13, 2013
Creator: Reyes-Akinbileje, Bernice
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Tax-Advantaged Accounts for Health Care Expenses: Side-by-Side Comparison, 2013

Description: This report provides brief summaries of the tax-exempt accounts and compares them with respect to eligibility, contribution limits, use of funds, and other characteristics for tax year 2013. The report concludes with a brief discussion of the usage in these four accounts.
Date: November 8, 2013
Creator: Rapaport, Carol
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The 2009 Influenza Pandemic: An Overview

Description: This report first provides a synopsis of key events, actions taken, and authorities invoked by WHO, the U.S. federal government, and state and local governments. It then discusses the WHO process to determine the phase of a flu pandemic, and selected actions taken by the Departments of Homeland Security and Health and Human Services, and by state and local authorities. Next, it lists congressional hearings held to date, and provides information about appropriations and funding for pandemic flu activities. Finally, it summarizes U.S. government pandemic flu planning documents and lists sources for additional information about the situation as it unfolds.
Date: June 12, 2009
Creator: Lister, Sarah A. & Redhead, C. Stephen
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Federal and State Quarantine and Isolation Authority

Description: This report provides an overview of federal and state public health laws as they relate to the quarantine and isolation of individuals, a discussion of constitutional issues that may be raised should individual liberties be restricted in a quarantine situation, and federalism questions that may arise where federal and state authorities overlap. In addition, the possible role of the armed forces in enforcing public health measures is discussed, specifically whether the Posse Comitatus Act would constrain any military role, and other statutory authorities that may be used for the military enforcement of health measures.
Date: August 16, 2006
Creator: Swendiman, Kathleen S. & Elsea, Jennifer K.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Tuberculosis: International Efforts and Issues for Congress

Description: This report discusses the infectious disease outbreaks, such as H5N1 avian influenza and severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS), and tuberculosis (TB). The World Health Organization (WHO) estimates that someone contracts TB every second and that about one-third of all people in the world carry TB; most of these cases, however, are latent
Date: May 1, 2008
Creator: Salaam-Blyther, Tiaji
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The President's Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR), U.S. Global HIV/AIDS, Tuberculosis, and Malaria Programs: A Description of Permanent and Expiring Authorities

Description: This report explains which authorities within the Leadership and Lantos-Hyde Acts are set to expire and which are permanent. The report in the Appendix A offers a side-by-side comparison of the Leadership Act in its original form and the Lantos-Hyde Act, which amends the Leadership Act and other legislation.
Date: September 27, 2013
Creator: Salaam-Blyther, Tiaji
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Security and Prosperity Partnership of North America: An Overview and Selected Issues

Description: The Security and Prosperity Partnership of North America (SPP) is a trilateral initiative that was launched in March 2005 for the purpose of increasing and enhancing security and prosperity in the United States, Canada, and Mexico. This initiative promoted communication and cooperation across several key policy areas of mutual interest, such as improving certain sectors of the economy, developing higher health and safety standards, and addressing environmental concerns. This report describes this initiative in brief detail, including summaries of several SPP-related meetings between the three countries' leaders.
Date: May 27, 2009
Creator: Villarreal, M. Angeles & Lake, Jennifer E.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Tax-Advantaged Accounts for Health Care Expenses: Side-by-Side Comparison, 2013

Description: This report provides brief summaries of the tax-exempt accounts and compares them with respect to eligibility, contribution limits, use of funds, and other characteristics for tax year 2013. The report concludes with a brief discussion of the usage in these four accounts.
Date: October 18, 2013
Creator: Rapaport, Carol
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Public Health and Emergency Preparedness: CRS Experts

Description: This table provides access to names and contact information for CRS experts on policy concerns relating to public health and emergency preparedness.
Date: February 10, 2011
Creator: Lister, Sarah A.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Public Health and Emergency Preparedness: CRS Experts

Description: This table provides access to names and contact information for CRS experts on policy concerns relating to public health and emergency preparedness.
Date: March 17, 2011
Creator: Lister, Sarah A.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act: Annual Fee on Health Insurers

Description: This report discusses the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (ACA, P.L. 111-148) and the Reconciliation Act of 2010 (P.L. 111-152) that impose a fee on certain for-profit health insurers, starting in 2014.
Date: September 13, 2013
Creator: Kirchhoff, Suzanne M.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Neglected Tropical Diseases: Background, Responses, and Issues for Congress

Description: Over the past decade, global health has become a priority in U.S. foreign policy, more than tripling U.S. funding for such efforts. This report discusses neglected tropical diseases (NTDs), a group of 17 diseases that are found primarily among the poorest people in 149 countries and territories. NTDs are an important focus of U.S. global health assistance and may come under scrutiny as the 112th Congress debates spending levels for ongoing global health programs.
Date: January 21, 2011
Creator: Salaam-Blyther, Tiaji
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Health and Safety Concerns Over U.S. Imports of Chinese Products: An Overview

Description: China is a major source of U.S. imports of consumer products (such as toys) and an increasingly important supplier of various food products. Reports of unsafe seafood, pet food, toys, tires, and other products imported from China over the past year or so have raised concern in the United States over the health, safety, and quality of imported Chinese products. This report provides an overview of this issue and implications for U.S.-China trade relations.
Date: May 8, 2008
Creator: Morrison, Wayne M.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Phthalates in Plastics and Possible Human Health Effects

Description: This report provides background information about human exposure to phthalates in plastics and possible health effects. It also discusses evaluation and regulation of pthalates in the U.S. and internationally, as well as related legislative proposals.
Date: July 29, 2008
Creator: Schierow, Linda-Jo & Lee, Margaret Mikyung
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Public Health and Medical Preparedness and Response: Issues in the 111th Congress

Description: This report summarizes key issues in domestic public health and medical preparedness and response, citing other CRS Reports and sources of additional information. Key recent events--the 2001 terrorist attacks, Hurricane Katrina, and concerns about an influenza ("flu") pandemic, among others--sharpened congressional interest in the nation's systems to track and respond to public health threats.
Date: February 10, 2009
Creator: Lister, Sarah A.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department