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Safe at Home? Letting Ebola-Stricken Americans Return

Description: This report examines the U.S. practice of isolation and quarantine for citizens arriving in the country who have been infected with or exposed to a dangerous communicable disease. The report frames this information in the context of the two American healthcare workers who were brought back into the U.S. for treatment after contracting the Ebola virus in West Africa in the Summer of 2014.
Date: August 5, 2014
Creator: Lister, Sarah A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Ebola: Basics About the Disease

Description: This report discusses Ebola virus disease (EVD) in general, including symptoms, modes of transmission, incubation period, and treatments; presents projections of the future course of the outbreak; and lists additional CRS products, including products focused on the situation in West Africa. Unless otherwise cited, information in this report is drawn from Ebola information pages of CDC and the World Health Organization (WHO).
Date: October 3, 2014
Creator: Lister, Sarah A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Legal Implications of the Contagious Disease or Infections Amendment to the Civil Rights Restoration Act, S.557

Description: This report discusses the civil rights restoration act, S. 557, as it passed the House and Senate. This provision would most likely be interpreted as codifying the existing standards relating to section 504 interpretation concerning discrimination against individuals with handicaps.
Date: March 14, 1988
Creator: Jones, Nancy Lee
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Public Health, Workforce, Quality, and Related Provisions in H.R. 3590, as Passed by the Senate

Description: This report summarizes the workforce, prevention, quality, and related provisions in H.R. 3590, as passed by the Senate. It begins with some background on health care delivery reform, followed by an overview of the report’s content and organization
Date: March 1, 2010
Creator: Redhead, C. Stephen & Williams, Erin D.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Emergency Preparedness and Hazard Mitigation: CRS Experts

Description: This report includes a table that provides access to names and contact information for CRS experts on policy concerns relating to emergency preparedness and hazard mitigation. Includes a number of policy areas, such as: emergency preparedness and protection missions, functions, and structures; emergency authorities; preparedness plans; communications networks; warning systems; and state and local homeland security funding, training, and standards.
Date: April 14, 2009
Creator: Reese, Shawn
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Sanitary and Phytosanitary (SPS) Concerns in Agricultural Trade

Description: This report categorizes, describes, and in some cases quantifies these barriers on a country-by-country basis. Sixty-two major trading partners are covered in the 2008 report.10 Sanitary and phytosanitary (SPS) measures and technical barriers to trade (TBTs) are generally detailed in each country’s profile and, where feasible, their impacts on U.S. exports are quantified by U.S. Trade Representative (USTR).
Date: December 15, 2008
Creator: Becker, Geoffrey S.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Tax-Advantaged Accounts for Health Care Expenses: Side-by-Side Comparison

Description: This report provides brief summaries and background information about four accounts related to medical expenses: Health Savings Accounts (HSAs), Archer Medical Savings Accounts (MSAs), Flexible Spending Accounts (FSAs), and Health Reimbursement Accounts (HRAs). It also compares them with respect to characteristics such as eligibility, contribution limits, and use of funds.
Date: August 10, 2004
Creator: Lyke, Bob & Peterson, Chris L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Estimating Buruli Ulcer Prevalence in Southwestern Ghana

Description: Mycobacterium ulcerans is sweeping across sub-Saharan Africa, but little is known about the mode of transmission and its natural reservoirs. Since the only effective treatment is excision of the infection and surrounding tissue, early diagnosis and treatment is the only way to reduce the havoc associated with Buruli ulcer. Using data from a national case search survey conducted in Ghana during 2000 and suspected risk factors this study tests the hypothesized factors and probes the challenges of developing a spatial epidemiological regression model to explain Buruli ulcer prevalence in the southwestern region of Ghana representing 42 districts. Results suggest that prevalence is directly related to the degree of land cover classified as soil, elevation differential, and percent rural population of the area.
Date: August 2007
Creator: Denton, Curtis James
Partner: UNT Libraries

Environmental Exposure to Endocrine Disruptors: What Are the Human Health Risks?

Description: This report discusses the human health risks, specifically from endocrine disruptors that are chemical compounds in drugs, food, consumer products, or the ambient environment that can interfere with internal biological processes of animals that normally are regulated by their hormones.
Date: February 4, 2002
Creator: Schierow, Linda-Jo & Buck, Eugene H.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Hydraulic Fracturing and Safe Drinking Water Act Regulatory Issues

Description: This report reviews past and proposed treatment of hydraulic fracturing under the Safe Drinking Water Act (SDWA), the principal federal statute for regulating the underground injection of fluids to protect groundwater sources of drinking water. It reviews current SDWA provisions for regulating underground injection activities, and discusses some possible implications of the enactment of legislation authorizing EPA to regulate hydraulic fracturing (beyond diesel) under this statute.
Date: January 10, 2013
Creator: Tiemann, Mary & Vann, Adam
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Phthalates in Plastics and Possible Human Health Effects

Description: This report provides background information about human exposure to phthalates in plastics and possible health effects. It also discusses evaluation and regulation of pthalates in the U.S. and internationally, as well as related legislative proposals.
Date: July 29, 2008
Creator: Schierow, Linda-Jo & Lee, Margaret Mikyung
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Public Health and Medical Preparedness and Response: Issues in the 111th Congress

Description: This report summarizes key issues in domestic public health and medical preparedness and response, citing other CRS Reports and sources of additional information. Key recent events--the 2001 terrorist attacks, Hurricane Katrina, and concerns about an influenza ("flu") pandemic, among others--sharpened congressional interest in the nation's systems to track and respond to public health threats.
Date: February 10, 2009
Creator: Lister, Sarah A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

AIDS: An Overview of Issues

Description: This report discusses the many difficult policy dilemmas associated with the AIDS epidemic, including past Congressional funding to support AIDS research and education efforts, strategies for controlling the spread of the AIDS virus, and methods and resources available for the care and treatment of persons with AIDS.
Date: December 24, 1987
Creator: Smith, Pamela W
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

AIDS: An Overview of Issues

Description: This report discusses the many difficult policy dilemmas associated with the AIDS epidemic, including past Congressional funding to support AIDS research and education efforts, strategies for controlling the spread of the AIDS virus, and methods and resources available for the care and treatment of persons with AIDS.
Date: March 21, 1988
Creator: Smith, Pamela W
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

2005 Gulf Coast Hurricanes: The Public Health and Medical Response

Description: In response to a series of disasters (namely, the 2005 Hurricanes Katrina and Rita) and terrorist attacks (namely, the 2001 terror attacks) over the past decade, Congress, the Administration, state and local governments, and the private sector have made investments to improve disaster preparedness and response. New federal authorities and programs to strengthen the nation's public health system were introduced in comprehensive legislation in 2002. Congress also created the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) in 2002, and a new National Response Plan (NRP) was launched by DHS in December 2004. This report discusses the NRP and its components for public health and medical response, provides information on key response activities carried out by agencies in the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) and DHS, and discusses certain issues in public health and medical preparedness that have been raised by the response to the 2005 Gulf Coast hurricanes.
Date: January 20, 2006
Creator: Lister, Sarah A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

2005 Gulf Coast Hurricanes: The Public Health and Medical Response

Description: This report discusses the National Response Plan (NRP) and its components for public health and medical response, provides information on key response activities carried out by agencies in the Department of Health and Human Serivces (HHS) and the Department of Homeland Security (DHS), and discusses certain issues in public health and medical preparedness that have been raised by the response to the 2005 Gulf Coast hurricanes.
Date: January 20, 2006
Creator: Lister, Sarah A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department