Search Results

Winter Fuels Outlook 2013-2014

Description: This report discusses Short-Term Energy and Winter Fuels Outlook (STEWFO) is to provide estimates of expected average annual heating fuel expenditures in comparison to previous years.
Date: December 18, 2013
Creator: Pirog, Robert
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Petroleum Refining: Economic Performance and Challenges for the Future

Description: This report discusses the petroleum refining industry and its relation to the economy. Along with volatile changes in crude oil prices, the industry has faced evolving health, safety, and environmental requirements which have changed and multiplied product specifications and required capital investment in refineries. This report also seeks to describe the recent performance of the refining industry, to evaluate the structural changes that are occurring in the industry, and to analyze the nature and effects of the challenges confronting the industry.
Date: June 3, 2008
Creator: Pirog, Robert
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Gasoline and Oil Prices

Description: This report examines the extent of price increases in gasoline and oil, focuses on the linkage between the two, and analyzes the causes of the price increases, and the likelihood that they might be reversed through market responses, or policy measures.
Date: August 20, 2008
Creator: Pirog, Robert
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Financial Performance of the Major Oil Companies, 2007-2011

Description: Periods of rising oil prices can result in reduced economic growth, rising prices, and reduced disposable incomes for consumers, as well as a deteriorating trade balance. For the oil industry, periods of high oil prices generally imply increasing cash flows and higher profits. Although the U.S. oil industry is composed of many firms, to many the face of the oil industry is represented by the five major firms operating extensively in the U.S. market. These firms are ExxonMobil, Chevron, BP plc, Royal Dutch Shell plc, and ConocoPhillips. During the period 2007 to 2011, the five major companies' upstream activities of exploration and production contributed more to the total profitability of the firms than the downstream activities of refining and marketing.
Date: February 17, 2012
Creator: Pirog, Robert
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Industrial Demand and the Changing Natural Gas Market

Description: This report analyzes the behavior of the industrial component of natural gas demand, examining the conditions in the industries that consume natural gas that might lead to reduced demand. The nitrogen-based fertilizer industry is examined as an example of a major natural gas consuming industry that has been affected by high and/or fluctuating prices.
Date: February 10, 2011
Creator: Pirog, Robert
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The Role of Federal Gasoline Excise Taxes in Public Policy

Description: This report examines the effects of the federal excise tax on gasoline and analyzes the positive and negative effects of the tax. The report also evaluates the incentive structure that a higher gasoline tax would likely create, and examines a revised version of the tax, a variable gasoline tax.
Date: September 11, 2009
Creator: Pirog, Robert
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Winter Fuels Outlook 2010-2011

Description: This report discusses findings gleaned through the Energy Information Administration's (EIA) publication titled Short-Term Energy and Winter Fuels Outlook (STEWFO) for the 2010-2011 winter heating season. STEWFO projects how much American consumers should expect to see heating expenditures rise during the 2010-2011 winter season. These findings take into account the currently slow economic growth, high unemployment numbers, and uncertainty regarding the federal funding of the Low Income Energy Assistance Program (LIHEAP).
Date: October 29, 2010
Creator: Pirog, Robert
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Petroleum Refining: Economic Performance and Challenges for the Future

Description: This report discusses the petroleum refining industry and its relation to the economy. Along with volatile changes in crude oil prices, the industry has faced evolving health, safety, and environmental requirements which have changed and multiplied product specifications and required capital investment in refineries.
Date: June 3, 2008
Creator: Pirog, Robert
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Winter Fuels Markets

Description: This report analyzes the key factors affecting the various winter fuels markets, including consumption, production, reserves, and storage volumes.
Date: October 21, 2008
Creator: Pirog, Robert
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Oil Industry Profits: Analysis of Recent Performance

Description: This report analyzes the profit performance of firms in the oil industry, evaluates factors that might have affected profitability in the oil industry, and examines the use of profits by the industry and the implications for the development of the oil market.
Date: August 4, 2005
Creator: Pirog, Robert
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The Use of Profit by the Five Major Oil Companies

Description: The five major integrated oil companies operating in the U.S. market have earned net incomes totaling $308 billion since 2004. This report analyzes the uses of accrued profits by the five major integrated oil companies from 2004 through 2006.
Date: June 19, 2007
Creator: Pirog, Robert
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The Gas to Liquids Industry and Natural Gas Markets

Description: This report provides and analyzes basic information concerning the gas to liquids industry (GTL) industry to inform debate on broad energy legislation, as well as more specific natural gas legislation on supply issues including an Alaskan natural gas pipeline as well as LNG facility development.
Date: November 8, 2004
Creator: Pirog, Robert
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

U.S. Offshore Oil and Gas Resources: Prospects and Processes

Description: This report examines questions around lifting the moratoria on Outer Continental Shelf (OCS) exploration and production and the significance of the change on U.S. oil and natural gas supplies and markets. The report presents the current U.S. oil and gas supply-and-demand picture and provides a discussion of legislative issues, resource assessments, the leasing system, and environmental and social issues associated with offshore oil and gas development.
Date: April 26, 2010
Creator: Humphries, Marc & Pirog, Robert
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The Strategic Petroleum Reserve and Refined Product Reserves: Authorization and Drawdown Policy

Description: This report discusses the Strategic Petroleum Reserve (SPR) in the Energy Policy and Consevation Act, which was authorized to help prevent a repetition of the economic dislocation caused by the 1973-1974 Arab oil embargo. The Government Accountability Office recently observed that the proportion of crude oil grades in the SPR has been growing less compatible with the heavier grades of crude oil that U.S. refineries have been upgrading to handle. This finding has raised questions about the SPR's effectiveness during a long-term oil disruption involving heavy oil.
Date: March 11, 2011
Creator: Andrews, Anthony & Pirog, Robert
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The U.S. Oil Refining Industry: Background in Changing Markets and Fuel Policies

Description: This report begins by looking at the current production capacity of the oil refineries operating in the United States, and the sources and changes in crude oil supply. It then examines the changing characteristics of petroleum and petroleum product markets and identifies the effects of these changes on the refining industry. The report concludes with discussion of the policy and regulatory factors that are likely to affect the structure and performance of the industry during the next decade.
Date: October 29, 2010
Creator: Andrews, Anthony & Pirog, Robert
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Oil Industry Financial Performance and the Windfall Profits Tax

Description: This report discusses the fourth option: the windfall profit tax. The report analyzes the major oil companies profit performance, a brief legislative history of windfall profit tax proposals and legislation in both the 109th and 110th Congresses, and the idea of a windfall profits tax, including experiences with the tax of the 1980s, its viability, and potential role in the tax system and economy.
Date: September 30, 2008
Creator: Lazzari, Salvatore & Pirog, Robert
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Alaska Natural Gas Pipelines: Interaction of the Natural Gas and Steel Markets

Description: In 1976, Congress approved legislation to establish the regulatory framework for building a pipeline to bring natural gas from the Alaska North Slope to the lower 48 states. This report focuses on two major issues or uncertainties that may serve as economic constraints on a capital investment undertaking of this major scale.
Date: November 2, 2006
Creator: Cooney, Stephen & Pirog, Robert
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department