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Rapid assessment of soil and groundwater tritium by vegetation sampling

Description: A rapid and relatively inexpensive technique for defining the extent of groundwater contamination by tritium has been investigated. The technique uses existing vegetation to sample the groundwater. Water taken up by deep rooted trees is collected by enclosing tree branches in clear plastic bags. Water evaporated from the leaves condenses on the inner surface of the bag. The water is removed from the bag with a syringe. The bags can be sampled many times. Tritium in the water is detected by liquid scintillation counting. The water collected in the bags has no color and counts as well as distilled water reference samples. The technique was used in an area of known tritium contamination and proved to be useful in defining the extent of tritium contamination.
Date: September 1995
Creator: Murphy, C. E., Jr.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Tritium Deposition in Pine Trees and Soil from Atmospheric Releases of Molecular Tritium

Description: Much of the tritium found in soil and leaf litter near a chemical separations facility is incorporated into soil organic matter in a stable non-exchangeable form. Formation of this ''bound'' tritium seems to result from the uptake of molecular tritium (HT) by living pine needles. Soil and litter microbes convert HT to HTO more rapidly, but no measurable organic tritium is formed. This report discusses this study.
Date: February 16, 1982
Creator: Murphy, C.E. Jr.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The Uptake of Hydrogen Fluoride by a Forest

Description: A mathematical model of hydrogen fluoride (HF) deposition and accumulation of fluoride in a Eucalyptus rostrata forest has been developed. The model is based on tree physiology and meteorological principles. The data base for the model was derived from a literature survey of the physiological characteristics of E. rostrata and similar eucalyptus species and from current knowledge of meteorological processes in plant canopies.
Date: December 18, 1980
Creator: Murphy, C.E. Jr.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The brass plug monument system for Doubler alignment

Description: The system of brass plugs set in the Main Ring tunnel floor for use in radial alignment of Doubler elements is described. Considerations leading to the choice of plug positions and properties are discussed. The quantitative relationship between the plugs and the Doubler orbit is presented in sufficient detail so that they can be used by anybody to align Doubler elements both radially and along the beam. Neither the origin or the accuracy of the system is discussed in detail.
Date: September 4, 1981
Creator: Murphy, C. T.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Pyganodon grandis, Specimen #765

Description: One preserved mussel specimen including the right valve only. The specimen exhibits a round shape; thin shell; double looped beak sculpturing; white internal coloring; tan external coloring; no external sculpturing. Collected in the Trinity basin. The specimen measures between 100 - 120 mm in length and was assessed to be relatively-recently dead when collected.
Date: October 18, 1974
Creator: Britton, Joseph & Murphy, C.
Partner: Elm Fork Natural Heritage Museum

Pyganodon grandis, Specimen #764

Description: One preserved mussel specimen including both the left and right valves. The specimen exhibits a round shape; thin shell; double looped beak sculpturing; white internal coloring; brown external coloring; no external sculpturing. Collected in the Trinity basin. The specimen measures between 60 - 100 mm in length and was assessed to be relatively-recently dead when collected.
Date: October 18, 1974
Creator: Britton, Joseph & Murphy, C.
Partner: Elm Fork Natural Heritage Museum

Leptodea fragilis, Specimen #468

Description: One preserved mussel specimen including the right valve only. The specimen exhibits an oval shape; thin shell; double looped beak sculpturing; white internal coloring; tan external coloring; no external sculpturing. Collected in the Red River basin. The specimen measures between 0 - 60 mm in length and was assessed to be long dead when collected.
Date: April 25, 1975
Creator: Britton, Joseph & Murphy, C.
Partner: Elm Fork Natural Heritage Museum

Leptodea fragilis, Specimen #467

Description: One preserved mussel specimen including both the left and right valves. The specimen exhibits an oval shape; thin shell; double looped beak sculpturing; white internal coloring; off-white external coloring; no external sculpturing. Collected in the Red River basin. The specimen measures between 0 - 60 mm in length and was assessed to be very-long dead when collected.
Date: April 25, 1975
Creator: Britton, Joseph & Murphy, C.
Partner: Elm Fork Natural Heritage Museum

Leptodea fragilis, Specimen #466

Description: One preserved mussel specimen including the right valve only. The specimen exhibits an oval shape; thin shell; double looped beak sculpturing; white internal coloring; tan external coloring; no external sculpturing. Collected in the Red River basin. The specimen measures between 60 - 100 mm in length and was assessed to be very-long dead when collected.
Date: April 25, 1975
Creator: Britton, Joseph & Murphy, C.
Partner: Elm Fork Natural Heritage Museum

Toxolasma parvum, Specimen #1118

Description: One preserved mussel specimen including both the left and right valves. The specimen exhibits an elliptical shape; thick shell; single looped beak sculpturing; bluish-white internal coloring; tan external coloring; no external sculpturing. Collected in the Red River basin. The specimen measures between 0 - 60 mm in length and was assessed to be relatively-recently dead when collected.
Date: April 25, 1975
Creator: Britton, Joseph & Murphy, C.
Partner: Elm Fork Natural Heritage Museum

Toxolasma texasense, Specimen #1146

Description: One preserved mussel specimen including the left valve only. The specimen exhibits an elliptical shape; moderately thick shell; single looped beak sculpturing; bluish-white internal coloring; tan external coloring; no external sculpturing. Collected in the Trinity basin. The specimen measures between 0 - 60 mm in length and was assessed to be recently dead when collected.
Date: October 18, 1974
Creator: Britton, Joseph & Murphy, C.
Partner: Elm Fork Natural Heritage Museum

Toxolasma parvum, Specimen #1115

Description: One preserved mussel specimen including the left valve only. The specimen exhibits an elliptical shape; thick shell; single looped beak sculpturing; white internal coloring; tan external coloring; no external sculpturing. Collected in the Trinity basin. The specimen measures between 0 - 60 mm in length and was assessed to be very-long dead when collected.
Date: October 18, 1974
Creator: Britton, Joseph & Murphy, C.
Partner: Elm Fork Natural Heritage Museum

Toxolasma parvum, Specimen #1116

Description: One preserved mussel specimen including the left valve only. The specimen exhibits an elliptical shape; thick shell; single looped beak sculpturing; white internal coloring; tan external coloring; no external sculpturing. Collected in the Trinity basin. The specimen measures between 0 - 60 mm in length and was assessed to be long dead when collected.
Date: October 18, 1974
Creator: Britton, Joseph & Murphy, C.
Partner: Elm Fork Natural Heritage Museum

Toxolasma parvum, Specimen #1117

Description: One preserved mussel specimen including the right valve only. The specimen exhibits an elliptical shape; thick shell; single looped beak sculpturing; white internal coloring; tan external coloring; no external sculpturing. Collected in the Trinity basin. The specimen measures between 0 - 60 mm in length and was assessed to be long dead when collected.
Date: October 18, 1974
Creator: Britton, Joseph & Murphy, C.
Partner: Elm Fork Natural Heritage Museum

PATCHY SILICA-COATED SILVER NANOWIRES AS SERS SUBSTRATES

Description: We report a class of core-shell nanomaterials that can be used as efficient surface-enhancement Raman scattering (SERS) substrates. The core consists of silver nanowires, prepared through a chemical reduction process, that are used to capture 4- mercaptobenzoic acid (4-MBA), a model analyte. The shell was prepared through a modified Stöber method and consists of patchy or full silica coats. The formation of silica coats was monitored via transmission electron microscopy, UV-visible spectroscopy and phase-analysis light scattering for measuring effective surface charge. Surprisingly, the patchy silica coated silver nanowires are better SERS substrate than silver nanowires; nanomolar concentration of 4-MBA can be detected. In addition, “nano-matryoshka” configurations were used to quantitate/explore the effect of the electromagnetic field at the tips of the nanowire (“hot spots”) in the Raman scattering experiment.
Date: March 29, 2013
Creator: Murph, S. & Murphy, C.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Lampsilis teres, Specimen #317

Description: One preserved mussel specimen including both the left and right valves. The specimen exhibits an elliptical shape; moderately thick shell; white internal coloring; tan external coloring; no external sculpturing. Collected in the San Jacinto basin. The specimen measures between 100 - 120 mm in length and was assessed to be recently dead when collected.
Date: October 5, 1975
Creator: Boone, Constance; Murphy, C.; Murphy, C. & Boone, Constance
Partner: Elm Fork Natural Heritage Museum

Analytical theory of multipass crystal extraction

Description: An analytical theory for the efficiency of particle extraction from an accelerator by means of a bent crystal is proposed. The theory agrees with all the measurements performed in the broad energy range of 14 to 900 GeV, where the efficiency range also spans over two decades, from {approximately}0.3% to {approximately}30%.
Date: October 1, 1997
Creator: Biryukov, V. & Murphy, C.T.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Assessment of Noble Gases in the Savannah River Site Environment

Description: A series of documents has been published that assesses the impact of various radionuclides released to the environment by Savannah River Site operations. The quantity released, the disposition of the radionuclides in the environment, and the dose to offsite individuals has been presented for carbon, cesium, iodine, plutonium, strontium, technetium, tritium, and uranium. An assessment of the impact of non-radioactive mercury also has been published.
Date: April 1995
Creator: Carlton, W. H. & Murphy, C. E., Jr.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

An atmospheric tritium release database for model comparisons

Description: A database of vegetation, soil, and air tritium concentrations at gridded coordinate locations following nine accidental atmospheric releases is described. The concentration data is supported by climatological data taken during and immediately after the releases. In six cases, the release data is supplemented with meteorological data taken at seven towers scattered throughout the immediate area of the releases and data from a single television tower instrumented at eight heights. While none of the releases caused a significant dose to the public, the data collected is valuable for comparison with the results of tritium transport models used for risk assessment. The largest, potential off-site dose from any of the releases was calculated to be 1.6 mrem. The population dose from this same release was 46 person-rem which represents 0.04 percent of the natural background dose to the population in the path of the release.
Date: October 13, 1997
Creator: Murphy, C.E. Jr. & Wortham, G.R.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

An atmospheric tritium release database for model comparisons. Revision 1

Description: A database of vegetation, soil, and air tritium concentrations at gridded coordinate locations following nine accidental atmospheric releases is described. While none of the releases caused a significant dose to the public, the data collected are valuable for comparison with the results of tritium transport models used for risk assessment. The largest, potential, individual off-site dose from any of the releases was calculated to be 1.6 mrem. The population dose from this same release was 46 person-rem which represents 0.04% of the natural background radiation dose to the population in the path of the release.
Date: January 1, 1995
Creator: Murphy, C.E. Jr. & Wortham, G.R.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

An Investigation of the Relationship Between Tritium in Groundwater and the Dendrochronology of Tritium in Trees at the Savannah River Site. Final report

Description: This project was supported through ERDA to demonstrate that the temporal distribution of tritium can be documented by the analysis of bound hydrogen in annual tree-ring samples. The project focuses on two sample locations at the Savannah River Site (SRS), a nuclear material production facility located in Aiken, SC. The SRS provided samples of cross-sections from a single tree that were to be pooled together for analysis. Annual tree-rings were identified in each cross-section sample and separated for the period 1954 to 1993. These annual samples were ground and chemically treated to separate the hollocellulose fraction of the wood, then subsequently combusted and the resulting water counting using low-level liquid scintillation counting equipment. Additionally, the ground annual tree-rings were gamma-counted to determine any temporal variation in radionuclide activity and analyzed with x-ray fluorescence to find any temporal variation in trace-element concentrations. This report presents the results and is intended to be a compilation of the work.
Date: March 21, 1995
Creator: Murphy, C.E. Jr. & Kalin, R.M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Measurement of the deposition and fate of {sup 35}SO{sub 2} in a pine plantation

Description: An experiment was carried out to determine the uptake rate and fate of SO{sub 2} absorbed by the forest canopy. The radioactive tracer, {sup 35}S was used. Branches of loblolly pine were exposed to {sup 35}SO{sub 2} in the field with a portable chamber. The exposed branches were excised and a sample of needles was immediately washed with distilled water. The needles and water collected in the field was analyzed for {sup 35}S content. The results indicated that a portion of the {sup 35}S could be washed from the needles and another portion was not removed with a water rinse. The portion that could not be removed by rinsing was absorbed at a rate, and followed patterns of absorption, that suggested that absorption was controlled by stomatal diffusion, and thus was internal. The {sup 35}S that could be removed by rinsing appeared to be surface absorption.
Date: Spring 1988
Creator: Gay, D. W. & Murphy, C. E., Jr.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Lampsilis teres, Specimen #1576

Description: One preserved mussel specimen including both the left and right valves. The specimen exhibits an elliptical shape; moderately thick shell; white internal coloring; tan external coloring; no external sculpturing. The specimen measures between 100 - 120 mm in length and was assessed to be relatively-recently dead when collected.
Date: October 3, 1975
Creator: Britton, Joseph; Murphy, C. & Golightly, C.
Partner: Elm Fork Natural Heritage Museum