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Health Care: Constitutional Rights and Legislative Powers

Description: The health care reform debate raises many complex issues including those of coverage, accessibility, cost, accountability, and quality of health care. Underlying these policy considerations are issues regarding the status of health care as a constitutional or legal right. This report analyzes constitutional and legal issues pertaining to a right to health care, as well as the power of Congress to enact and fund health care programs. Following the recent passage of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act, P.L. 111-148, legal issues have been raised regarding the power of Congress to mandate that individuals purchase health insurance, and the ability of states to "nullify" or "opt out" of such a requirement. These issues are also discussed.
Date: May 18, 2010
Creator: Swendiman, Kathleen S.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The Independent Payment Advisory Board

Description: This report, which provides an overview of the Payment Advisory Board, begins with a discussion of the rationale behind the creation of an independent Medicare board and briefly reviews prior proposals for similar boards and commissions. The report then describes the structure of the Board, the calculations and determinations required to be made by the Office of the Chief Actuary (the Chief Actuary) in the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS) that trigger a Board proposal, and the content of and constraints on Board proposals--including the Medicare productivity exemptions under Section 3401 of the The Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (PPACA).
Date: April 17, 2013
Creator: Hahn, Jim & Davis, Christopher M.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

H.R. 2: The Children's Health Insurance Program Reauthorization Act of 2009

Description: This report summarizes changes to current law across the major provisions of H.R. 2 that would occur if The Children's Health Insurance Program Reauthorization Act of 2009 (CHIPRA) were enacted.
Date: January 14, 2009
Creator: Baumrucker, Evelyne P.; Herz, Elicia J.; Peterson, Chris L.; Tilson, Sibyl & Gravelle, Jane G.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Budget Control Act: Potential Impact of Sequestration on Health Reform Spending

Description: This report examines how automatic spending reductions triggered by the Budget Control Act of 2011 (BCA) might affect health reform implementation under the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (ACA). It is divided into three sections. The first section provides an overview of ACA's health insurance reforms and some analysis of the Congressional Budget Office's (CBO's) estimates of the impact of the law's implementation on federal direct spending and revenues. The second section examines the automatic spending reductions under the BCA. The final section discusses which types of health reform spending are likely subject to, or exempt from, those reductions.
Date: May 1, 2013
Creator: Redhead, C. Stephen
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Budget Control Act: Potential Impact of Sequestration on Health Reform Spending

Description: This report discusses the Budget Control Act of 2011 (BCA; P.L. 112-25), which established new budget enforcement mechanisms for reducing the federal deficit by at least $2.1 trillion over the 10-year period FY2012-FY2021. The BCA places statutory limits, or caps, on discretionary spending for each of those 10 fiscal years, which will save an estimated $0.9 trillion during that period. In addition, it creates a Joint Select Committee on Deficit Reduction (Joint Committee), which is instructed to develop legislation to reduce the federal deficit by at least another $1.5 trillion through FY2021.
Date: February 21, 2013
Creator: Redhead, C. Stephen
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Health Care: Constitutional Rights and Legislative Powers

Description: This report analyzes constitutional and legal issues pertaining to a right to health care, as well as the power of Congress to enact and fund health care programs. It also discusses legal issues that have been raised regarding the power of Congress to mandate that individuals purchase health insurance, and the ability of states to "nullify" or "opt out" of such a requirement.
Date: April 5, 2010
Creator: Swendiman, Kathleen S.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Medicaid and Children's Health Insurance Program (CHIP) Provisions in Affordable Health Care for America Act (H.R. 3962)

Description: This report summarizes the major provisions affecting Medicaid and CHIP in H.R. 3962 (as passed), including modifications made by the manager's amendment. The report focuses on provisions in Division B, Title VII--Medicaid and CHIP, plus selected provisions in Title IX--Miscellaneous Provisions. It also describes selected sections of Titles I and II of Division D, the Indian Health Care Improvement Act Amendments of 2009, related to improving access to Medicaid and CHIP for American Indians and Alaskan Natives.
Date: November 10, 2009
Creator: Herz, Elicia J.; Baumrucker, Evelyne P.; Binder, Cliff; Stone, Julie; Heisler, Elayne J. & Hoffman, Geoffrey
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The Independent Payment Advisory Board

Description: In response, in part, to overall growth in Medicare program expenditures and growth in expenditures per Medicare beneficiary, the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act created the Independent Payment Advisory Board (IPAB, or the Board) and charged the Board with developing proposals to "reduce the per capita rate of growth in Medicare spending." This report discusses the responsibilities and duties.
Date: March 12, 2012
Creator: Hahn, Jim & Davis, Christopher M.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Health Care: Constitutional Rights and Legislative Powers

Description: The health care reform debate raises many complex issues including those of coverage, accessibility, cost, accountability, and quality of health care. Underlying these policy considerations are issues regarding the status of health care as a constitutional or legal right. This report analyzes constitutional and legal issues pertaining to a right to health care, as well as the power of Congress to enact and fund health care programs. Following the passage of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act, P.L. 111-148, legal issues have been raised regarding the power of Congress to mandate that individuals purchase health insurance, and the ability of states to "nullify" or "opt out" of such a requirement. These issues are also discussed.
Date: March 23, 2012
Creator: Swendiman, Kathleen S.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Health Care: Constitutional Rights and Legislative Powers

Description: This report analyzes constitutional and legal issues pertaining to a right to health care, as well as the power of Congress to enact and fund health care programs. The report also discusses legal issues that have been raised regarding the power of Congress to mandate that individuals purchase health insurance, and the ability of states to "nullify" or "opt out" of such a requirement, following the passage of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (P.L. 111-148).
Date: July 9, 2012
Creator: Swendiman, Kathleen S.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Medicaid Financing and Expenditures

Description: This report provides an overview of Medicaid’s financing structure, including both federal and state financing issues. The Medicaid expenditures section of the report discusses economic factors affecting Medicaid, state variability in spending, and projected program spending. Other issues that are examined include congressional proposals to turn Medicaid into a block grant program, federal deficit reduction proposals affecting Medicaid, and state fiscal conditions affecting Medicaid financing and services.
Date: July 30, 2012
Creator: Mitchell, Alison
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Budget Control Act: Potential Impact of Automatic Spending Reduction Procedures on Health Reform

Description: The Budget Control Act of 2011 (BCA; P.L. 112-25) established new budget enforcement mechanisms for reducing the federal deficit by at least $2.1 trillion over the 10-year period FY2012-FY2021. The BCA places statutory limits, or caps, on discretionary spending for each of those 10 fiscal years, which will save an estimated $0.9 trillion during that period. In addition, it creates a Joint Select Committee on Deficit Reduction (Joint Committee), which is instructed to develop legislation to reduce the federal deficit by at least another $1.5 trillion through FY2021.
Date: October 17, 2011
Creator: Redhead, Stephen C.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Budget Control Act: Potential Impact of Automatic Spending Reduction Procedures on Health Reform Spending

Description: This report discusses the Budget Control Act of 2011 (BCA; P.L. 112-25), which established new budget enforcement mechanisms for reducing the federal deficit by at least $2.1 trillion over the 10-year period FY2012-FY2021. The BCA places statutory limits, or caps, on discretionary spending for each of those 10 fiscal years, which will save an estimated $0.9 trillion during that period. In addition, it creates a Joint Select Committee on Deficit Reduction (Joint Committee), which is instructed to develop legislation to reduce the federal deficit by at least another $1.5 trillion through FY2021.
Date: March 23, 2012
Creator: Redhead, C. Stephen
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Budget Control Act: Potential Impact of Automatic Spending Reduction Procedures on Health Reform Spending

Description: This report discusses the Budget Control Act of 2011 (BCA; P.L. 112-25), which established new budget enforcement mechanisms for reducing the federal deficit by at least $2.1 trillion over the 10-year period FY2012-FY2021. The BCA places statutory limits, or caps, on discretionary spending for each of those 10 fiscal years, which will save an estimated $0.9 trillion during that period. In addition, it creates a Joint Select Committee on Deficit Reduction (Joint Committee), which is instructed to develop legislation to reduce the federal deficit by at least another $1.5 trillion through FY2021.
Date: November 22, 2011
Creator: Redhead, C. Stephen
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Budget Control Act: Potential Impact of Sequestration on Health Reform Spending

Description: This report discusses the Budget Control Act of 2011 (BCA; P.L. 112-25), which established new budget enforcement mechanisms for reducing the federal deficit by at least $2.1 trillion over the 10-year period FY2012-FY2021. The BCA places statutory limits, or caps, on discretionary spending for each of those 10 fiscal years, which will save an estimated $0.9 trillion during that period. In addition, it creates a Joint Select Committee on Deficit Reduction (Joint Committee), which is instructed to develop legislation to reduce the federal deficit by at least another $1.5 trillion through FY2021.
Date: October 1, 2012
Creator: Redhead, C. Stephen
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Health Care: Constitutional Rights and Legislative Powers

Description: This report discusses constitutional and legal issues pertaining to a right to health care, as well as the power of Congress to enact and fund health care programs.
Date: October 5, 2009
Creator: Swendiman, Kathleen S.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Side-by-Side Comparison of Medicare, Medicaid, and SCHIP Provisions in the Deficit Reduction Act of 2005

Description: From the summary: "This report provides a comparison of Medicare, Medicaid and State Child Health Insurance Program provisions contained in the Deficit Reduction Act of 2005 (S. 1932) as amended and passed by the Senate. The report compares the bill's provisions with current law."
Date: January 30, 2006
Creator: Tritz, Karen; Tilson, Sybil; Stone, Julie; Peterson, Chris L.; O'Sullivan, Jennifer; Morgan, Paulette C. et al.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 (ARRA, P.L. 111-5): Title V, Medicaid Provisions

Description: In addition to reducing some taxes and funding infrastructure projects, American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 (ARRA) provisions were designed to provide: temporary support to families and individuals by increasing unemployment compensation benefits; financial assistance for individuals to maintain their health coverage under provisions in the Consolidated Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act of 1985 (COBRA); temporary increases in Medicaid matching rates; and increases in disproportionate share hospital allotments. This report is a summary of ARRA's Medicaid provisions.
Date: March 17, 2009
Creator: Binder, Cliff; Baumrucker, Evelyne P.; Grady, April & Herz, Elicia J.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

State Medicaid and SCRIP Coverage of Noncitizens

Description: This report focuses on the laws governing noncitizen eligibility for Medicaid and the State Children's Health Insurance Program (SCHIP) and -- to the extent of available data -- implementation of these policies at the state level
Date: February 12, 2009
Creator: Wasem, Ruth Ellen
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Medicaid and Outpatient Hospital Services

Description: This report discusses a recently-proposed Medicaid rule that would change the definition of outpatient hospital and rural health clinic services, as well as the methods that states must use to demonstrate compliance with the federal upper payment limit on outpatient hospital services provided in private outpatient facilities. A number of groups have expressed concern that this rule will have a significant negative impact on coverage of certain services, which may harm Medicaid beneficiaries.
Date: February 17, 2009
Creator: Herz, Elicia J. & Tilson, Sibyl
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Medicaid and Schools

Description: This report discusses the recent history and current issues facing Medicaid funding for certain health related costs under the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA).
Date: February 17, 2009
Creator: Herz, Elicia J.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Medicaid: The Federal Medical Assistance Percentage (FMAP)

Description: This report examines the formula that determines the federal government's share of Medicaid costs for most services, which is established in statute; states must contribute the remaining portion of costs in order to qualify for federal funds.
Date: February 2, 2009
Creator: Grady, April
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The Independent Payment Advisory Board (IPAB): Frequently Asked Questions

Description: This report responds to frequently asked questions about the Independent Payment Advisory Board (IPAB), including the board's background, current status, controversial issues including legal challenges, and recent legislative efforts to repeal the IPAB.
Date: October 30, 2015
Creator: Hahn, Jim; Davis, Christopher M. & Liu, Edward C.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department