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Explaining Marijuana Use Among Turkish Juveniles: A Test of Hirschi's Social Bonding Theory

Description: Marijuana is the most prevalent illicit drug used in the world and among Turkish juveniles. Although studies have examined marijuana use among Turkish juveniles, none has tested Hirschi's social bonding theory, one of the most frequently tested and applied criminological theories in the United States and other Western and developed countries. This study investigated the empirical validity and generalizability of Hirschi's theory to juveniles' marijuana use in Turkey, a non-Western and developing country. Data on 2,740 Turkish tenth grade students from the 2006 Youth in Europe survey were used. Results from binary logistic regression analyses were generally consistent with the propositions of Hirschi's theory and the findings of previous empirical studies. Regarding the attachment component of the theory, Turkish juveniles who lived in two-parent families and those who were closely monitored by their parents were less likely to have tried marijuana. In addition, teens who were strongly attached to their school and religion were also less likely to have used the drug. As for the commitment component, language grade was negatively associated with marijuana use. None of the involvement items had significant effects on marijuana use in the predicted direction. Participation in club sports had a positive effect on marijuana use. Belief items, such as acceptance of societal norms, values, and rules, had the predicted inhibiting effects on teens' marijuana use. Of the six sociodemographic/controls included in the analyses, only gender had a significant effect; male students were more likely to have tried marijuana than the female peers. Policy implications of the results for adolescents, parents, and schools are discussed.
Date: December 2010
Creator: Çam, Taner
Partner: UNT Libraries

Marijuana: Medical and Retail -- An Abbreviated View of Selected Legal Issues

Description: This report discusses the federal law regarding marijuana that is classified as a Schedule I Controlled Substance. The federal Controlled Substances Act (CSA) outlaws the possession, cultivation, or distribution of marijuana except for authorized research.
Date: March 25, 2014
Creator: Garvey, Todd & Doyle, Charles
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Marijuana: Medical and Retail -- Selected Legal Issues

Description: This report discusses state medical marijuana laws that grants registered patients, their doctors, and providers immunity from the consequences of state law.
Date: March 25, 2014
Creator: Garvey, Todd & Doyle, Charles
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

State Legalization of Recreational Marijuana: Selected Legal Issues

Description: This report summarizes the Washington and Colorado marijuana legalization laws and evaluates whether, or the extent to which, they may be preempted by the Controlled Substances Act (CSA) or by international agreements. It also describes and analyzes the U.S. Department of Justice's (DOJ's) response to these legalization initiatives. The report then identifies certain noncriminal consequences that marijuana users may face under federal law. Finally, the report closes with a description of selected legislative proposals introduced in the 113th Congress relating to the treatment of marijuana under federal law.
Date: January 13, 2014
Creator: Garvey, Todd & Yeh, Brian T.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Federal Proposals to Tax Marijuana: An Economic Analysis

Description: This report focuses solely on issues surrounding a potential federal marijuana tax. First, it provides a brief overview of marijuana production. Second, it presents possible justifications for taxes and, in some cases, estimates the level of tax suggested by that rationale. Third, it analyzes possible marijuana tax designs. The report also discusses various tax administration and enforcement issues, such as labeling and tracking.
Date: November 13, 2014
Creator: Gravelle, Jane G. & Lowry, Sean
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

State Marijuana Legalization Initiatives: Implications for Federal Law Enforcement

Description: This report provides a background on federal marijuana policy as well as an overview of state trends with respect to marijuana decriminalization and legalization--for both medical and recreational uses. It then analyzes relevant issues for U.S. federal law enforcement as well as for the criminal organizations involved in producing, distributing, and profiting from the black market sale of marijuana. This report also outlines a number of related policy questions that Congress may confront.
Date: December 4, 2014
Creator: Sacco, Lisa N. & Finklea, Kristin
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

State Legalization of Recreational Marijuana: Selected Legal Issues

Description: This report summarizes the Washington and Colorado marijuana legalization laws and evaluates whether, or the extent to which, they may be preempted by the Controlled Substances Act (CSA) or by international agreements. It also highlights potential responses to these recent legalization initiatives by the U.S. Department of Justice (DOJ) and identifies other noncriminal consequences that marijuana users may face under federal law.
Date: April 5, 2013
Creator: Garvey, Todd & Yeh, Brian T.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Marijuana: Medical and Retail-- Selected Legal Issues

Description: This report discusses the federal Controlled Substances Act (CSA) as it pertains to marijuana. The CSA outlaws the possession, cultivation, and distribution of marijuana except for authorized research. More than 20 states have regulatory schemes that allow possession, cultivation, and distribution of marijuana for medicinal purposes. The U.S. Constitution's Supremacy Clause preempts any state law that conflicts with federal law.
Date: April 8, 2015
Creator: Garvey, Todd; Doyle, Charles & Carpenter, David H.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

District of Columbia Appropriations Act for FY2003: Comparison of General Provisions of P.L. 107-96 and S. 2809

Description: This report discusses the District of Columbia Appropriations Act for FY2003, as reported by the Senate Appropriations Committee, that does continue existing prohibitions and restrictions on the use of federal and District funds for abortions and medical marijuana.
Date: September 26, 2002
Creator: Boyd, Eugene
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

State Marijuana Legalization Initiatives: Implications for Federal Law Enforcement

Description: Report that provides a background on federal marijuana policy as well as an overview of state trends with respect to marijuana decriminalization and legalization--for both medical and recreational uses. It then analyzes relevant issues for U.S. federal law enforcement as well as for the criminal organizations involved in producing, distributing, and profiting from the black market sale of marijuana. This report also outlines a number of related policy questions that Congress may confront.
Date: July 25, 2013
Creator: Finklea, Kristin & Sacco, Lisa N.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

State Marijuana Legalization Initiatives: Implications for Federal Law Enforcement

Description: This report provides a background on federal marijuana policy as well as an overview of state trends with respect to marijuana decriminalization and legalization--for both medical and recreational uses. It then analyzes relevant issues for U.S. federal law enforcement as well as for the criminal organizations involved in producing, distributing, and profiting from the black market sale of marijuana. This report also outlines a number of related policy questions that Congress may confront. Notably, it does not discuss the legal issues associated with state-level initiatives to legalize marijuana for recreational use.
Date: September 9, 2013
Creator: Sacco, Lisa N. & Finklea, Kristin
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Bankruptcy for Marijuana Businesses?

Description: This legal sidebar discusses recent bankruptcy court cases that suggest that one such risk may be the ultimate unavailability to both debtors and creditors of the protections, benefits, and predictability of the U.S. Bankruptcy Code when state-regulated marijuana businesses fail.
Date: October 29, 2014
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department