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Small Town America in World War II: War Stories From Wrightsville, Pennsylvania

Description: Historians acknowledge that World War II touched every man, woman, and child in the United States. In Small Town America in World War II, Ronald E. Marcello uses oral history interviews with civilians and veterans to explore how the citizens of Wrightsville, Pennsylvania, responded to the war effort. Interviews with citizens and veterans are organized in sections on the home front; the North African-Italian, European, and Pacific theatres; stateside military service; and occupation in Germany. Throughout Marcello provides introductions and contextual narrative on World War II as well as annotations for events and military terms. Overseas the citizens of Wrightsville turned into soldiers. A veteran of the Battle of the Bulge, Edward Reisinger, remembered, “Replacements had little chance of surviving. They were sent to the front one day, and the next day they were coming back with mattress covers over them.” Tanker Mervin Haugh recalls, “The next thing we knew, the German tanks attacked us. They knocked out five of our tanks quickly, and they all burned up in flames.”
Date: April 2014
Creator: Marcello, Ronald E.
Partner: UNT Press

Oral History Interview with Barbara Jordan, July 7, 1970

Description: Interview with Democratic Texas Senator and attorney Barbara Jordan from Houston, Texas. In the interview, Barbara discusses her thoughts and experiences in the Sixty-first Legislature as its first African-American member since Reconstruction. She also shares her thoughts on issues such as the Kennedy-Johnson Campaign in 1960, her unsuccessful campaigns for the Texas House of Representatives in 1962 and 1964, her successful campaign for the Texas Senate as its first African-American member since 1883, and civil rights. She also comments about Martin Luther King, Malcolm X, Roy Wilkins, Ralph Abernathy, Adam Clayton Powell, Muhammed Ali (Cassius Clay), Stokely Carmichael, the Black Panthers, Eldridge Cleaver, the African-American image, working within the Establishment, revenue and spending bills, Governor Preston Smith and Lieutenant Governor Ben Barnes, corporate profits tax, social legislation, student unrest, and sales tax.
Date: July 7, 1970
Creator: Marcello, Ronald E. & Jordan, Barbara
Partner: UNT Oral History Program

Oral History Interview with Ben Barnes, January 5, 1970

Description: Interview with former Democratic Speaker of the Texas House of Representatives, Lieutenant Governor Ben Barnes. The interview includes Barnes' personal experiences while serving as a member of the Sixty-first Legislature, as well as his thoughts on issues such as one-year versus two-year budgets, the creation of four-year colleges, the influence of beer and liquor lobbyists, sales tax exemptions, revenue legislation, annual legislative sessions, and future political ambitions. The interview also includes the former governor's comments about Speaker Gus Mutscher.
Date: January 5, 1970
Creator: Marcello, Ronald E. & Barnes, Ben
Partner: UNT Oral History Program

Oral History Interview with David Allred, October 31, 1979

Description: Interview with Democratic journalist and member of the Texas House of Representative David Allred, from Wichita Falls, Texas. David Allred was the son of former Governor James V. Allred. In the interview, Allred describes some of his experiences as a member of the Sixty-sixth Legislature. His topics of discussion include the Sam Houston Caucus, his impressions of Governor William Clements and Speaker Bill Clayton, consumer legislation, interest rates, tax reliefs, the Peveto Bill, and the "Killer Bees".
Date: October 31, 1979
Creator: Marcello, Ronald E. & Allred, David
Partner: UNT Oral History Program

Oral History Interview with David Allred, April 7, 1970

Description: Interview with Democratic Representative and political journalist David Allred from Wichita Falls, Texas. In the interview, Dave discusses his experiences as a member of the Special sessions of the Sixty-first Legislature. He also describes his personal views on issues including one-year versus two-year budgets, increases in sales tax, the expansion of sales tax, "grocery tax", conflicts with Speaker Gus Mutscher, beer lobbying, corporate taxes, voter disillusionment, urban-rural conflicts, Wichita Falls politics, and his campaign for reelection and contest for House speakership.
Date: April 7, 1970
Creator: Marcello, Ronald E. & Allred, David
Partner: UNT Oral History Program

Oral History Interview with David Allred, July 8, 1975

Description: Interview with David Allred, a Democratic member of the Texas House of Representatives from Wichita Falls, Texas. In the interview, Mr. Allred discusses his experiences and personal views as a member of the Sixty-fourth Legislature. He also describes his thoughts on issues such as the House speakership race, committee chairpersons, House rules, Equal Rights Amendment, the establishment of Public Utilities Commission, public school financing and the Constitutional Convention.
Date: July 8, 1975
Creator: Marcello, Ronald E. & Allred, David
Partner: UNT Oral History Program

Oral History Interview with Charlie Cole, March 5, 1985

Description: Interview with county adult probation officer and former member of the North Texas State College football team Charlie Cole Jr., from Denton, Texas. In the interview, Cole recollects thoughts and memories from when he was a student at the college during the desegregation of athletics in 1956.
Date: March 5, 1985
Creator: Marcello, Ronald E. & Cole, Charlie
Partner: UNT Oral History Program

Oral History Interview with David Allred, October 25, 1978

Description: Interview with Democratic representative and political journalist David Allred from Wichita Falls, Texas. In the interview, Allred discusses his experiences as a member of the Second Special Session of the Sixty-fifth Legislature. He also talks about his personal views on issues such as Proposition 13 in California, treasury surplus, the repeal of sales tax on residential utility bills, the increase in inheritance tax exemptions, taxation of agricultural and timber land, initiative-referendum, the Peveto Bill, the formation of the "Filthy Fifty", the Sam Houston Caucus, and the House Study Group. Allred also comments on Governor Dolph Briscoe, Speaker Bill Clayton, and Lieutenant Governor Bill Hobby
Date: October 25, 1978
Creator: Marcello, Ronald E. & Allred, David
Partner: UNT Oral History Program

Oral History Interview with David Allred, March 17, 1970

Description: Interview with Democratic journalist and member of the Texas House of Representatives David Allred, from Wichita Falls, Texas. In the interview, Allred discusses his experiences while serving as a member of the Regular and Special Sessions of the Sixty-first Legislature. He also expresses his personal views on issues such as one-year versus two-year budgets, revenue bills, the extension of state sales tax, the Cavness Plan, minimum wage laws, workman's compensation, welfare legislation, student unrest on college campuses, and the establishment of additional four year college campuses. Allred also comments on Lieutenant Governor Ben Barnes, Speaker Gus Mutscher, and Governor Preston Smith.
Date: March 17, 1970
Creator: Marcello, Ronald E. & Allred, David
Partner: UNT Oral History Program

Oral History Interview with David Allred, July 29, 1971

Description: Interview with Democratic journalist and member of the Texas House of Representative David Allred, from Wichita Falls, Texas. David Allred was the son of former Governor James V. Allred. In the interview, Allred describes some of his experiences as a member of the Regular and First Special Session of the Sixty -second Legislature. His topics of discussion include the origins of the "Dirty Thirty", the Sharpstown stock-fraud scandal, and his comments on former politicians Speaker Gus Mutscher and Representatives William Heatly, Frances Farenthold, and Tommy Shannon.
Date: July 29, 1971
Creator: Marcello, Ronald E. & Allred, David
Partner: UNT Oral History Program

Oral History Interview with Sarah Weddington, July 8, 1975

Description: Interview with Democratic attorney and member of the Texas Legislature Sarah Weddington from Austin, Texas. In the interview, Weddington discusses her experiences while serving as a member of the Sixty-fourth Legislature. She also discusses her decision to enter politics and her personal political philosophies. Weddington expresses her thoughts on the House speakership race, committee appointments, constitutional revisions, the Equal Rights Amendment, public school financing, public utilities legislation, personal legislation, and comments on Governor Dolph Briscoe.
Date: July 8, 1975
Creator: Marcello, Ronald E. & Weddington, Sarah
Partner: UNT Oral History Program

Oral History Interview with Tom Creighton, July 15, 1975

Description: Interview with Democratic Texas Senator Tom Creighton, who was an attorney from Mineral Wells, Texas. The interview includes the Senator's personal views and experiences as a member of the Sixty-fourth Texas Legislature. The interview also includes the Senator's thoughts on fellow politicians, committee assignments, lobbying, reform of the local and uncontested calendar, constitutional revision, the public school finance bill, public utilities legislation, and personal legislation.
Date: January 9, 1976
Creator: Marcello, Ronald E. & Creighton, Tom
Partner: UNT Oral History Program

Oral History Interview with Sarah Weddington, July 11, 1977

Description: Interview with Democratic attorney and member of the Texas Legislature Sarah Weddington from Austin, Texas. In the interview, Weddington discusses her experiences and personal views as a member of the Sixty-fifth Legislature on issues such as budget surpluses, highway appropriations, public school financing, the Peveto Bill, property taxations, and personal legislation.
Date: July 11, 1977
Creator: Marcello, Ronald E. & Weddington, Sarah
Partner: UNT Oral History Program

Oral History Interview with Jack Blanton, June 30, 1970

Description: Interview with a Democratic member of the Texas House of Representatives Jack Blanton, who is also a businessman from Carrollton, Texas. In the interview, Blanton discusses his experiences and personal views as a member of the Sixty-first Legislature. He also expresses his opinions on issues including his personal political philosophies, one-year versus two-year budgets, the Caveness Plan, social legislation, the establishment of the University of Texas at Dallas, the creation of new four-year colleges, unrest on current college campuses, revenue legislation, beer and liquor lobbies, and person legislation. He also comments on Governor Preston Smith.
Date: June 30, 1970
Creator: Marcello, Ronald E. & Blanton, Jack
Partner: UNT Oral History Program

Oral History Interview with Jack Moss, July 19, 1970

Description: Interview with Jack Moss, a businessman, army veteran, and a member of the "Lost Battalion" from Amarillo, Texas. In the interview, Mr. Moss describes what it was like to be a Japanese prisoner-of-war, which he spent most of the war as. He also discusses certain events, battles, and places that he was involved with, including the fall and capture of Java, the bicycle camp, Batavia and Singapore in 1942, the Changi Prison Camp, the building of the Burma-Thailand Death Railway, and his time in Kanchanaburi and Bangkok, Thailand.
Date: July 19, 1970
Creator: Marcello, Ronald E. & Moss, Jack
Partner: UNT Oral History Program

Oral History Interview with Walt Parker, February 4, 1970

Description: Interview with Democratic member of the Texas House of Representatives Walt Parker, who is also a builder and farmer-rancher from Denton, Texas. In the interview, Parker describes details from his childhood and early years. He recounts his personal views and experiences as a member of the Sixty-first Legislature, and includes comments on Governor Preston Smith. Parker also discusses his personal views on issues including revenue legislation, the influence of lobbyists, state minimum wage law, the creation of new four-year colleges, committee appointments, and changes in state sales tax exemptions.
Date: February 4, 1970
Creator: Marcello, Ronald E. & Parker, Walt
Partner: UNT Oral History Program

Oral History Interview with David Allred, November 13, 1968

Description: Interview with former member of the Texas House of Representatives David Allred, a journalist from Wichita Falls and son of former Democratic Governor James V. Allred. The interview includes Allred's personal experiences while serving as a member of the Special Session of the Sixtieth Legislature, as well as his views on revenue legislation, the reform of liquor laws, increases in state sales tax, changes in House rules, and beer and liquor lobbies. The interview also includes Allred's comments on fellow politicians and other House members.
Date: September 30, 1971
Creator: Marcello, Ronald E. & Allred, David
Partner: UNT Oral History Program

Oral History Interview with William Havel, April 22, 1994

Description: Interview with William Havel, an army veteran from Staten Island, New York. This interview recounts his experiences as an adopted child in a farm family and then as a corpsman at Tripler General Hospital during the Japanese attack at Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941.
Date: April 22, 1994
Creator: Marcello, Ronald E. & Havel, William
Partner: UNT Oral History Program

Oral History Interview with Jack Feliz, February 28, 2000

Description: Interview with Navy veteran and survivor of the sinking of the USS Houston. The interview includes Feliz's personal experiences about being a prisoner-of-war of the Japanese during World War II, the sinking of the Houston, imprisonment at Serang, Java, the Changi Prison Camp, hell ship to Japan, prison camp at Ohasi, Honshu, and liberation.
Date: February 28, 2000
Creator: Marcello, Ronald E. & Feliz, Jack
Partner: UNT Oral History Program