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FEMA's Disaster Relief Fund: Overview and Selected Issues

Description: This report describes the declaration process and the types of declarations that can be issued under the Stafford Act: (1) emergency and major disaster declarations, and (2) Fire Management Assistance Grants. The report also examines how the Disaster Relief Fund (DRF) is financed and analyzes the issues related to the DRF, including the debate over supplemental appropriations, how the DRF is budgeted, and the influence the Budget Control Act has had on the DRF.
Date: May 7, 2014
Creator: Lindsay, Bruce R.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The SBA Disaster Loan Program: Overview and Possible Issues for Congress

Description: This report provides an overview of the Disaster Loan Program, discusses how disaster declarations trigger the SBA loan process, explains the different types of loans potentially available to disaster victims, and discusses terms and restrictions related to each type of loan. The report also explains the SBA disaster loan application process and provides national data on SBA loans from 2000 to 2009, including data related to the Gulf Coast hurricanes since 2005.
Date: July 29, 2010
Creator: Lindsay, Bruce R.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Major Disaster Declarations for Snow Assistance and Severe Winter Storms: An Overview

Description: This report describes snow assistance and assistance for severe winter storms, the declaration process, the criteria used to make eligibility determinations, and the types of assistance that are provided after the President has issued a major disaster declaration for the incident. This report also provides historical data on winter incidents since 2009 including obligations for the incidents from FEMA's Disaster Relief Fund (DRF). The DRF is the main account used to fund a wide variety of programs, grants, and other forms of emergency and disaster assistance to states, local governments, certain nonprofit entities, and families and individuals affected by disasters.
Date: December 1, 2014
Creator: Lindsay, Bruce R.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Federal Evacuation Policy: Issues for Congress

Description: This report discusses federal evacuation policy and analyzes potential lessons learned from the evacuation of individuals from Hurricane Katrina. Several issue areas that might arise concerning potential lawmaking and oversight on evacuation policy are also highlighted.
Date: November 12, 2008
Creator: Lindsay, Bruce R.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Federal Evacuation Policy: Issues for Congress

Description: This report discusses federal evacuation policy and analyzes potential lessons learned from the evacuations of individuals in response to the Gulf Coast hurricanes of 2005. It also highlights several issue areas that might arise concerning potential lawmaking and oversight on evacuation policy.
Date: April 29, 2010
Creator: Lindsay, Bruce R.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Federal Emergency Management: A Brief Introduction

Description: Report that is designed to provide Members of Congress and congressional staff with a general overview of principles and foundations of federal emergency management in the United States as well as the types of activities provided by various federal agencies.
Date: November 30, 2012
Creator: Lindsay, Bruce R.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Federal Evacuation Policy: Issues for Congress

Description: This report discusses federal evacuation policy and analyzes potential lessons learned from the evacuations of individuals in response to the Gulf Coast hurricanes of 2005. Several issue areas that might arise concerning potential lawmaking and oversight on evacuation policy are also highlighted.
Date: January 18, 2011
Creator: Lindsay, Bruce R.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The Emergency Management Assistance Compact (EMAC): An Overview

Description: This report discusses the Emergency Management Assistance Compact (EMAC), which is an agreement among member states to provide assistance after disasters overwhelm a state's capacity to manage consequences.
Date: July 21, 2008
Creator: Lindsay, Bruce R.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The National Response Framework: Overview and Possible Issues for Congress

Description: In response to the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001, Congress and the President consolidated numerous federal emergency plans into the National Response Plan (NRP). This report discusses how national response planning documents have evolved over time and describes the authorities that shape the National Response Framework (NRF). Several issue areas that might be examined for potential lawmaking and oversight concerning the NRF are also highlighted.
Date: November 20, 2008
Creator: Lindsay, Bruce R.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Federal Evacuation Policy: Issues for Congress

Description: This report discusses federal evacuation policy and analyzes potential lessons learned from the evacuation of individuals from Hurricane Katrina. Several issue areas that might arise concerning potential lawmaking and oversight on evacuation policy are also highlighted. This report will be updated as significant legislative or administrative changes occur.
Date: March 30, 2009
Creator: Lindsay, Bruce R.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Supplemental Appropriations for Disaster Assistance: Summary Data and Analysis

Description: This report provides summary information on supplemental appropriations legislation enacted since FY2000 after significant large-scale disasters. It includes funds appropriated to various departments and agencies.
Date: October 1, 2014
Creator: Lindsay, Bruce R. & Murray, Justin
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Emergency Supplemental Appropriations Legislation for Disaster Assistance: Summary Data

Description: This report provides summary information on emergency supplemental appropriations enacted after major disasters since 1989. The report discusses the most recent and costly disasters occurred in the summer of 2005 when Hurricanes Katrina, Rita, and Wilma made landfall in Gulf Coast states.
Date: August 14, 2008
Creator: Murray, Justin & Lindsay, Bruce R.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Disaster Relief Funding and Emergency Supplemental Appropriations

Description: This report describes the various components of the Disaster Relief Fund (DRF) within the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA), including (1) what authorities have shaped it over the years; (2) how FEMA determines the amount of the appropriation requested to Congress (pertaining to the DRF); and (3) how emergency supplemental appropriations are requested. In addition to the DRF, information is provided on funds appropriated in supplemental appropriations legislation to agencies other than the Department of Homeland Security. Aspects of debate concerning how disaster relief is budgeted are also highlighted and examined, and alternative budgetary options are summarized.
Date: May 24, 2010
Creator: Lindsay, Bruce R. & Murray, Justin
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Disaster Relief Funding and Emergency Supplemental Appropriations

Description: This report describes the various components of the Disaster Relief Fund (DRF) within the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA), including (1) what authorities have shaped it over the years; (2) how FEMA determines the amount of the appropriation requested to Congress (pertaining to the DRF); and (3) how emergency supplemental appropriations are requested. In addition to the DRF, information is provided on funds appropriated in supplemental appropriations legislation to agencies other than the Department of Homeland Security. Aspects of debate concerning how disaster relief is budgeted are also highlighted and examined, and alternative budgetary options are summarized.
Date: January 26, 2010
Creator: Lindsay, Bruce R. & Murray, Justin
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Emergency Supplemental Appropriations Legislation for Disaster Assistance: Summary Data

Description: This report provides summary information on emergency supplemental appropriations enacted after major disasters since 1989. The report discusses the most recent and costly disasters occurred in the summer of 2005 when Hurricanes Katrina, Rita, and Wilma made landfall in Gulf Coast states.
Date: August 14, 2008
Creator: Murray, Justin & Lindsay, Bruce R.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Considerations for a Catastrophic Declaration: Issues and Analysis

Description: This report examines concerns expressed by policymakers and experts that current Stafford Act declarations are inadequate to respond to, and recover from, highly destructive events. It presents the arguments for and against amending the act to add a catastrophic declaration amendment. This report also includes data analyses of past and potential disasters to determine what incidents might be deemed as catastrophic, and explores alternative policy options that might obviate the need for catastrophic declarations.
Date: July 6, 2011
Creator: Lindsay, Bruce R. & McCarthy, Francis X.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Federal Disaster Assistance after Hurricanes Katrina, Rita, Wilma, Gustav, and Ike

Description: Report that provides information on federal financial assistance provided to the Gulf States after major disasters were declared in Alabama, Florida, Louisiana, Mississippi, and Texas in response to the widespread destruction that resulted from Hurricanes Katrina, Rita, and Wilma in 2005 and Hurricanes Gustav and Ike in 2008. This includes a brief summary of each hurricane and a discussion concerning federal to state cost-shares.
Date: July 5, 2013
Creator: Lindsay, Bruce R. & Nagel, Jared Conrad
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Stafford Act Declarations 1953-2014: Trends, Analyses, and Implications for Congress

Description: This report discusses the Robert T. Stafford Disaster Relief and Emergency Assistance Act, which authorizes the President to issue declarations that provide states and localities with a range of federal assistance in response to natural and man-made incidents.
Date: July 14, 2015
Creator: Lindsay, Bruce R. & McCarthy, Francis X.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

FEMA DRF Major Disaster Assistance: Kansas

Description: This report describes the Disaster Relief Fund (DRF), which is managed by the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) and is the primary source of funding used to provide assistance following a major disaster declaration.
Date: January 28, 2015
Creator: McCarthy, Francis X. & Lindsay, Bruce R.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Stafford Act Assistance and Acts of Terrorism

Description: This report provides a brief overview of Stafford Act declarations under the Robert T. Stafford Disaster Relief and Emergency Assistance Act and the types of assistance they could authorize in response to terrorist incidents. This report also provides examples of Stafford Act declarations that have been issued for previous terrorist attacks.
Date: June 21, 2016
Creator: Lindsay, Bruce R. & McCarthy, Francis X.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Fire Management Assistance Grants: Frequently Asked Questions

Description: This report answers frequently asked questions about the Fire Management Assistance Grant, which authorized by the Robert T. Stafford Disaster Relief and Emergency Assistance Act provides various forms of federal assistance such as the provision of equipment, personnel, and grants to state, local, and tribal governments for the control, management, and mitigation of any fire on certain public or private forest land or grassland that might become a major disaster.
Date: September 25, 2014
Creator: Lindsay, Bruce R.; McCarthy, Francis X.; Hoover, Katie & Bracmort, Kelsi
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

An Examination of Federal Disaster Relief Under the Budget Control Act

Description: This report addresses traditional funding for major disaster declarations, workings of the President's Disaster Relief Fund, a basic overview of how disaster assistance is appropriated, what factors affect how much the federal government spends on disasters, how disaster relief is impacted by the Budget Control Act (BCA) of 2011, and what the policy implications are for disaster assistance under the constraints of the BCA, and the increasing number of disaster declarations and both the possible causes and likely cost implications of a greater number of declarations.
Date: February 10, 2012
Creator: Lindsay, Bruce R.; Painter, William L. & McCarthy, Francis X.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department