Search Results

No Longer Under Our Control: The Nature and Role of Standards in the 21st Century Library

Description: This lecture script examines the nature and role of standards for the emerging 21st century library. Given the dynamic character of the networked environment, when are standards appropriate and how can they be developed in a manner consistent with the volatility of information technologies and changing library services? What are the roles and responsibilities of standards developing organizations, technology vendors, content creators, and librarians for standards? Do local practices of libraries threaten standards-based resource sharing and resource access technologies? Can local needs be balanced with broader library community responsibilities, and how do standards affect this balance? The speaker's assumption is that adherence to standards has never been more critical, yet his implementation experience with Z39.50 and MARC suggests that the commitment to national and international standards by librarians, technology vendors, and content creators are often an example of good intentions rather than actual practice. This standards disconnect threatens the emerging 21st century library's ability to deliver fundamental services in appropriate ways to their users.
Date: December 3, 2003
Creator: Moen, William E.
Partner: UNT Libraries

Resource Discovery Using Z39.50: Promise and Reality

Description: This paper discusses the Z39.50 protocol. The ANSI/NISO Z39.50 protocol for information retrieval addresses the complex challenges of intersystem communication. Original uses envisioned for the protocol look very little like current implementations and uses. In the 1980s, users on one library catalog system would search and retrieve bibliographic records on a remote system. By the late 1990s, there was a need for discovering networked resources and integrating access to them. Yet, the Z39.50 protocol has addressed both these scenarios. This paper provides a portrayal of Z39.50 that explains its flexibility in response to a variety of information retrieval requirements in the networked environment.
Date: November 2000
Creator: Moen, William E.
Partner: UNT College of Information

An NDNP Partnership

Description: This presentation discusses the National Digital Newspaper Program (NDNP) partnership between the University of North Texas (UNT) Libraries and the Oklahoma Historical Society. It offers a background on how this collaboration began, information on the workflows, and the successes and challenges.
Date: 2010
Creator: Spindle, Angela; Hartman, Cathy Nelson; Fisher, Sarah Lynn & Carter, Brent
Partner: UNT Libraries

Automated NDNP Quality Review

Description: Presentation for the 2013 National Digital Newspaper Program (NDNP) Awardee Conference in Washington D.C. This presentation discusses automated processes and ensuring quality for the NDNP at the University of North Texas (UNT) Libraries.
Date: September 12, 2013
Creator: Weidner, Andrew
Partner: UNT Libraries

Processing Non-English Content

Description: This presentation was presented at the National Digital Newspaper Program (NDNP) Awardee Conference in Washington, D.C. The presentation describes the NDNP New Mexico project's experience encoding ALTO OCR file language codes to enable enhanced discovery of its Spanish language content on the Chronicling America website.
Date: September 27, 2012
Creator: Weidner, Andrew
Partner: UNT Libraries

Collaborative Strategies for Digital Preservation of Newspapers

Description: This presentation discusses collaborative strategies for the digital preservation of newspapers. The University of North Texas (UNT) Texas Digital Newspaper Program (TDNP), the MetaArchive Cooperative, and the Chronicles in Preservation Project are discussed with information on what they do, the importance of newspaper digitization projects, and how collaboration can further efforts in this area.
Date: April 11, 2011
Creator: Halbert, Martin
Partner: UNT Libraries

Common Ground: Exploring Compatibilities Between the Linked Data Models of the Library of Congress and OCLC

Description: Since 2011, OCLC researchers have been experimenting with Schema.org as a vehicle for exposing library metadata to Web search engines in a format they seek and understand. Schema.org is sponsored by Bing, Google, Yahoo! and Yandex as a common vocabulary for creating structured data markup on Web pages. OCLC’s experiments led to the 2012 publication of Schema.org metadata elements expressed as linked data on 300 million catalog records accessible from WorldCat.org.1 In 2011, BIBFRAME was launched by the Library of Congress (LC) as an initiative to develop a linked data alternative to MARC, building on the Library’s experience providing linked data access to its authority files. In the past year and a half, OCLC has focused on the tasks related to the use of Schema.org: refining the technical infrastructure and data architecture for at-scale publication of linked data for library resources in the broader Web, and investigating the promise of Schema.org as a common ground between the language of the information-seeking public and professional stewards of bibliographic description. BIBFRAME has focused on publishing additional vocabulary and facilitating implementation and testing. These new developments prompt the need to re-examine the relationship between the LC and OCLC models for library linked data. This document is an executive summary of a more detailed technical analysis that will be released later this year.
Date: January 2015
Creator: Godby, Carol Jean & Denenberg, Ray
Partner: UNT Libraries

Oklahoma Newspaper Digitization Project: Grant Materials

Description: These grant materials were prepared for the National Digital Newspaper Program, a project funded by the National Endowment for the Humanities (NEH) to provide access to historic American Newspapers. The Library of Congress serves as the technical adviser for the NDNP. The Award funded digitization of Oklahoma historical newspapers. For the grant, the Oklahoma Historical Society served as the lead institution and partnered with UNT as the technical partner. For this proposal, UNT’s sub-contract as technical partner was $236,024.
Date: October 2008
Creator: Belden, Dreanna; Williams, Chad & Hartman, Cathy Nelson
Partner: UNT Libraries

Lone Star Ink: Exploring Texas through Historic Newspapers, 1880-1910: Grant Materials

Description: These grant materials were prepared for the National Digital Newspaper Program, a project funded by the National Endowment for the Humanities (NEH) to provide access to historic American Newspapers. The Library of Congress serves as the technical adviser for the NDNP. NEH designated this proposal a “We the People” grant, and it was provided by NEH as an example grant in the following year’s grant round. The award funded digitization of Texas historical newspapers. For the grant, UNT served as the lead institution with partners at the Center for American History at the University of Texas, and Texas Tech University. This proposal was funded for $397,552.
Date: October 2006
Creator: Belden, Dreanna & Hartman, Cathy Nelson
Partner: UNT Libraries

Lone Star Ink: Texas NDNP 2011: Grant Materials

Description: These grant materials were prepared for the National Digital Newspaper Program, a project funded by the National Endowment for the Humanities (NEH) to provide access to historic American Newspapers. The Library of Congress serves as the technical adviser for the NDNP. The Award funded digitization of Texas historical newspapers. For the grant, UNT served as the lead institution and partnered with the Dolph Briscoe Center for American History at the University of Texas. This proposal was funded for $324,980.
Date: January 2011
Creator: Krahmer, Ana; Belden, Dreanna & Hartman, Cathy Nelson
Partner: UNT Libraries

Lone Star Ink: Exploring Texas through Historic Newspapers, 1860-1922: Grant Materials

Description: These grant materials were prepared for the National Digital Newspaper Program, a project funded by the National Endowment for the Humanities (NEH) to provide access to historic American Newspapers. The Library of Congress serves as the technical adviser for the NDNP. The Award funded digitization of Texas historical newspapers. For the grant, UNT served as the lead institution and partnered with the Center for American History at the University of Texas. This proposal was funded for $399,790.
Date: October 2008
Creator: Belden, Dreanna & Hartman, Cathy Nelson
Partner: UNT Libraries

Internships, Fellowships, and Other Work Experience Opportunities in the Federal Government

Description: This report describes Internet resources on internships, fellowships, and work experience programs within the federal government. It is intended as a selective guide for students of all levels: high school, undergraduate, graduate, and postgraduate. This report will be updated annually.
Date: January 29, 2007
Creator: Manning, Jennifer E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Converting Retirement Savings into Income: Annuities and Periodic Withdrawals

Description: To a worker contemplating retirement, there is perhaps no more important question than "How long will my money last?" Congress has a strong interest in the income security of older Americans because much of their income is either provided directly from public programs like Social Security, or in the case of pensions and retirement accounts, is subsidized through tax deductions and deferrals. This report discusses risks involved with retirement fund disbursement and strategies for dealing with such risks.
Date: December 1, 2008
Creator: Mulvey, Janemarie & Purcell, Patrick
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Welfare Reauthorization: Overview of the Issues

Description: In February 2002, the Administration proposed its welfare reauthorization plan. The debate was dominated by controversy over the amount of child care funding and the Administration's proposed changes to Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) work participation standards. The final agreement reflects the same child care funding increase that was provided in House-passed welfare reauthorization measures in 2002 and 2003 ($1 billion in additional mandatory child care funding over five years). The 2005 Senate Finance Committee welfare reauthorization bill would have provided $6 billion in additional child care funding over five years. Though the final agreement would require states to increase the share of their families participating in TANF work activities, it does not include the Administration's proposal to set a 40-hour workweek standard or revise the activities that count toward the standard. The reauthorization debate also reflected a renewed focus on noncustodial parents and on family formation issues. The budget agreement includes responsible fatherhood initiatives and a scaled back version of the President's initiative to promote healthy marriages.
Date: June 8, 2005
Creator: Falk, Gene; Gish, Melinda & Solomon-Fears, Carmen
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Welfare Reauthorization: Overview of the Issues

Description: In February 2002, the Administration proposed its welfare reauthorization plan. The debate was dominated by controversy over the amount of child care funding and the Administration's proposed changes to Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) work participation standards. The final agreement reflects the same child care funding increase that was provided in House-passed welfare reauthorization measures in 2002 and 2003 ($1 billion in additional mandatory child care funding over five years). The 2005 Senate Finance Committee welfare reauthorization bill would have provided $6 billion in additional child care funding over five years. Though the final agreement would require states to increase the share of their families participating in TANF work activities, it does not include the Administration's proposal to set a 40-hour workweek standard or revise the activities that count toward the standard. The reauthorization debate also reflected a renewed focus on noncustodial parents and on family formation issues. The budget agreement includes responsible fatherhood initiatives and a scaled back version of the President's initiative to promote healthy marriages.
Date: June 8, 2005
Creator: Falk, Gene; Gish, Melinda & Solomon-Fears, Carmen
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Welfare Reauthorization: An Overview of the Issues

Description: In February 2002, the Administration proposed its welfare reauthorization plan. The debate was dominated by controversy over the amount of child care funding and the Administration's proposed changes to Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) work participation standards. The final agreement reflects the same child care funding increase that was provided in House-passed welfare reauthorization measures in 2002 and 2003 ($1 billion in additional mandatory child care funding over five years). The 2005 Senate Finance Committee welfare reauthorization bill would have provided $6 billion in additional child care funding over five years. Though the final agreement would require states to increase the share of their families participating in TANF work activities, it does not include the Administration's proposal to set a 40-hour workweek standard or revise the activities that count toward the standard. The reauthorization debate also reflected a renewed focus on noncustodial parents and on family formation issues. The budget agreement includes responsible fatherhood initiatives and a scaled back version of the President's initiative to promote healthy marriages.
Date: December 22, 2005
Creator: Falk, Gene; Gish, Melinda & Solomon-Fears, Carmen
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Welfare Reauthorization: An Overview of the Issues

Description: In February 2002, the Administration proposed its welfare reauthorization plan. The debate was dominated by controversy over the amount of child care funding and the Administration's proposed changes to Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) work participation standards. The final agreement reflects the same child care funding increase that was provided in House-passed welfare reauthorization measures in 2002 and 2003 ($1 billion in additional mandatory child care funding over five years). The 2005 Senate Finance Committee welfare reauthorization bill would have provided $6 billion in additional child care funding over five years. Though the final agreement would require states to increase the share of their families participating in TANF work activities, it does not include the Administration's proposal to set a 40-hour workweek standard or revise the activities that count toward the standard. The reauthorization debate also reflected a renewed focus on noncustodial parents and on family formation issues. The budget agreement includes responsible fatherhood initiatives and a scaled back version of the President's initiative to promote healthy marriages.
Date: December 22, 2005
Creator: Falk, Gene; Gish, Melinda & Solomon-Fears, Carmen
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

African Famine: U.S. Response

Description: This report discusses the 1985 African famine situation, especially regarding U.S. emergency assistance at a time of U.S. domestic budgetary restraints, the adequacy of U.S. measures for monitoring and anticipating food emergencies, and the scale and nature of U.S. agricultural development programs intended to prevent future famines.
Date: June 27, 1985
Creator: Hanrahan, Charles E.; Copson, Raymond W.; Epstein, Susan B.; Kenworthy, Holly & Nowels, Larry
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

End of Term Presidential Harvest 2008

Description: This is the collection for the End of Term Presidential Harvest 2008, an effort by the Library of Congress, the California Digital Library, the University of North Texas Libraries, the Internet Archive, and the U.S. Government Printing Office to preserve public United States Government web sites at the end of the presidential administration that ended January 19, 2009. This collection documents federal agencies' presence on the World Wide Web during the transition of Presidential administrations.
Date: 2008
Creator: University of North Texas. Libraries.
Partner: UNT Libraries Digital Projects Unit

End of Term Presidential Harvest 2012

Description: This is the collection for the End of Term Presidential Harvest 2012, an effort by the Library of Congress, the California Digital Library, the University of North Texas Libraries, the Internet Archive, and the U.S. Government Printing Office to preserve public United States Government web sites at the end of the presidential term that ended January 20, 2013. This collection documents federal agencies' presence on the World Wide Web during the transition of Presidential administrations.
Date: 2012/2013
Creator: University of North Texas. Libraries.
Partner: UNT Libraries Digital Projects Unit