Search Results

The Presidential Libraries Act and the Establishment of Presidential Libraries

Description: This report details the legislative history of the Presidential Libraries Act and examines information on existing library facilities and their locations, organizational characteristics, and outreach efforts. It also analyzes legislative options for the act, including increasing endowment requirements for the library foundations and clearly delineating the relationship between the National Archives and Records Administration (NARA) and the libraries' supporting organizations.
Date: February 6, 2015
Creator: Ginsberg, Wendy R.; Lunder, Erika K. & Richardson, Daniel J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

A Quantum Leap : Innovation in the Evolving Digital Library

Description: It is an honor to give the Lazerow lecture tonight and to discuss digital library developments from the perspective of working at a national laboratory. Tonight I would like to consider what lies ahead given the evolution in scientific research, how that impacts the development of digital libraries, and finally, look at some of the challenges ahead of us. I'm particularly interested in giving this talk tonight because it provides an opportunity to talk to those of you who are students. You represent the next generation of professionals who will to confront some of the challenges I will outline tonight, as well as those of you who are the mentors and teachers of the next generation. The two roles are pivotal in terms of the challenges on the horizon. Most of you are familiar with the information literacy challenges we face as a nation. As the library director of a national laboratory's science library, I am also acutely aware that we also have a real problem with the lack of scientific literacy within the general population in this country and it has a corresponding impact on decision-making in a technological society. Those of us engaged in supporting scientific research, or just generally interested, should be concerned about this fact because science and technology are at the foundation of our success as a nation in the 20th Century. For our nation to continue to be successful in the 21st Century, we will need to improve on the state of scientific literacy.
Date: January 1, 2002
Creator: Luce, R. E. (Richard E.)
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

An overview of Trilinos.

Description: The Trilinos Project is an effort to facilitate the design, development, integration and ongoing support of mathematical software libraries. In particular, our goal is to develop parallel solver algorithms and libraries within an object-oriented software framework for the solution of large-scale, complex multi-physics engineering and scientific applications. Our emphasis is on developing robust, scalable algorithms in a software framework, using abstract interfaces for flexible interoperability of components while providing a full-featured set of concrete classes that implement all abstract interfaces. Trilinos uses a two-level software structure designed around collections of packages. A Trilinos package is an integral unit usually developed by a small team of experts in a particular algorithms area such as algebraic preconditioners, nonlinear solvers, etc. Packages exist underneath the Trilinos top level, which provides a common look-and-feel, including configuration, documentation, licensing, and bug-tracking. Trilinos packages are primarily written in C++, but provide some C and Fortran user interface support. We provide an open architecture that allows easy integration with other solver packages and we deliver our software to the outside community via the Gnu Lesser General Public License (LGPL). This report provides an overview of Trilinos, discussing the objectives, history, current development and future plans of the project.
Date: August 1, 2003
Creator: Long, Kevin R.; Tuminaro, Raymond Stephen; Bartlett, Roscoe Ainsworth; Hoekstra, Robert John; Phipps, Eric Todd; Kolda, Tamara Gibson et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Final Scientific/Technical Report, DE-FG02-06ER64171, Integrated Nucleic Acid System for In-Field Monitoring of Microbial Community Dynamics and Metabolic Activity – Subproject to Co-PI Eric E. Roden

Description: This report summarizes research conducted in conjunction with a project entitled “Integrated Nucleic Acid System for In-Field Monitoring of Microbial Community Dynamics and Metabolic Activity”, which was funded through the Integrative Studies Element of the former NABIR Program (now the Environmental Remediation Sciences Program) within the Office of Biological and Environmental Research. Dr. Darrell Chandler (originally at Argonne National Laboratory, now with Akonni Biosystems) was the overall PI/PD for the project. The overall project goals were to (1) apply a model iron-reducer and sulfate-reducer microarray and instrumentation systems to sediment and groundwater samples from the Scheibe et al. FRC Area 2 field site, UMTRA sediments, and other DOE contaminated sites; (2) continue development and expansion of a 16S rRNA/rDNA¬-targeted probe suite for microbial community dynamics as new sequences are obtained from DOE-relevant sites; and (3) address the fundamental molecular biology and analytical chemistry associated with the extraction, purification and analysis of functional genes and mRNA in environmental samples. Work on the UW subproject focused on conducting detailed batch and semicontinuous culture reactor experiments with uranium-contaminated FRC Area 2 sediment. The reactor experiments were designed to provide coherent geochemical and microbiological data in support of microarray analyses of microbial communities in Area 2 sediments undergoing biostimulation with ethanol. A total of four major experiments were conducted (one batch and three semicontinuous culture), three of which (the batch and two semicontinuous culture) provided samples for DNA microarray analysis. A variety of other molecular analyses (clone libraries, 16S PhyloChip, RT-PCR, and T-RFLP) were conducted on parallel samples from the various experiments in order to provide independent information on microbial community response to biostimulation.
Date: July 8, 2009
Creator: Roden, Eric E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The future of mathematical communication. Final technical report

Description: One of the first fruits of cooperation with LBL was the use of the MBone (Multi-Cast Backbone) to broadcast the Conference on the Future of Mathematical Communication, held at MSRI November 30--December 3, 1994. Late last fall, MSRI brought together more than 150 mathematicians, librarians, software developers, representatives of scholarly societies, and both commercial and not-for-profit publishers to discuss the revolution in scholarly communication brought about by digital technology. The conference was funded by the Department of Energy, the National Science Foundation, and the Paul and Gabriella Rosenbaum Foundation. It focused on the impact of the technological revolution on mathematics, but necessarily included issues of a much wider scope. There were talks on electronic publishing, collaboration across the Internet, economic and intellectual property issues, and various new technologies which promise to carry the revolution forward. There were panel discussions of electronic documents in mathematics, the unique nature of electronic journals, technological tools, and the role of scholarly societies. There were focus groups on Developing Countries, K-12 Education, Libraries, and Te{sub X}. The meeting also embodied the promises of the revolution; it was multicast over the MBone channel of the Internet to hundreds of sites around the world and much information on the conference will be available on their World Wide Web server at the URL http://www.msri.org/fmc. The authors have received many comments about the meeting indicating that it has had a profound impact on how the community thinks about how scientists can communicate and make their work public.
Date: December 31, 1994
Creator: Christy, J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

How to Find Information in a Library and on the Internet

Description: This report includes background directories, current information, reference books, and websites for government, politics, legislation, and other sources. It lists a number of Internet search engines, which can be used at many public libraries and also suggests guides on how to search, including one for kids.
Date: January 24, 2005
Creator: Platt, Suzy
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Neutron- and Proton-Induced Nuclear Data Libraries to 150 MeV for Accelerator-Driven Applications

Description: A program is underway at Los Alamos National Laboratory to develop nuclear data libraries for incident neutrons and protons to 150 MeV for accelerator-driven applications. These libraries will be used initially for design of an accelerator-based facility to produce tritium, including analysis of system performance, induced radiation doses, material activation, heating, damage, and shielding requirements. The libraries are based primarily on nuclear model calculations with the GNASH reaction theory code, including thorough benchmark of the model calculations against experimental data. All evaluations include specification of production cross sections for light particles, gamma rays, and heavy recoil particles, energy-angle correlated spectra for secondary light particles, and energy spectra for gamma rays and heavy recoil nuclei. The neutron evaluations are combined with ENDF/B-VI evaluations below 20 MeV. To date, neutron and proton evaluations have been completed or 2H, 12C, 16O, 27Al, 28,29,30Si, 40Ca, 54,56,57,58Fe, 182,183,184,186W, and 206,207,208Pb.
Date: December 31, 1997
Creator: Young, P.G. & Chadwick, M.B.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Using the Malcolm Baldridge criteria: a viable tool for assessing organizational change

Description: How does understanding and using the Malcolm Baldrige criteria impact library organizational change? In September 1997, the Los Alarnos National Laboratory Research Library used the criteria to apply for a Quality New Mexico Award (QNMA). This paper will provide a fimdamental background on the Malcolm Baldrige criteria and outline the Library project to apply for the award. The Research Library learned from the project and feedback and has started implementing steps to increase its effectiveness providing viable products and services to its customers. This has been a step forward to strengthen our competitive edge to assure our fiture prosperity within the Laboratory.
Date: April 1, 1998
Creator: Stack, J.M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

SCAMPI: A code package for cross-section processing

Description: The SCAMPI code package consists of a set of SCALE and AMPX modules that have been assembled to facilitate user needs for preparation of problem-specific, multigroup cross-section libraries. The function of each module contained in the SCANTI code package is discussed, along with illustrations of their use in practical analyses. Ideas are presented for future work that can enable one-step processing from a fine-group, problem-independent library to a broad-group, problem-specific library ready for a shielding analysis.
Date: April 1, 1996
Creator: Parks, C.V.; Petrie, L.M.; Bowman, S.M.; Broadhead, B.L.; Greene, N.M. & White, J.E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Recent validation experience with multigroup cross-section libraries and scale

Description: This paper will discuss the results obtained and lessons learned from an extensive validation of new ENDF/B-V and ENDF/B-VI multigroup cross-section libraries using analyses of critical experiments. The KENO V. a Monte Carlo code in version 4.3 of the SCALE computer code system was used to perform the critical benchmark calculations via the automated SCALE sequence CSAS25. The cross-section data were processed by the SCALE automated problem-dependent resonance-processing procedure included in this sequence. Prior to calling KENO V.a, CSAS25 accesses BONAMI to perform resonance self-shielding for nuclides with Bondarenko factors and NITAWL-II to process nuclides with resonance parameter data via the Nordheim Integral Treatment.
Date: December 1, 1995
Creator: Bowman, S.M.; Wright, R.Q.; DeHart, M.D.; Parks, C.V. & Petrie, L.M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

ARP: Automatic rapid processing for the generation of problem dependent SAS2H/ORIGEN-s cross section libraries

Description: In this report, a methodology is described which serves as an alternative to the SAS2H path of the SCALE system to generate cross sections for point-depletion calculations with the ORIGEN-S code. ARP, Automatic Rapid Processing, is an algorithm that allows the generation of cross-section libraries suitable to the ORIGEN-S code by interpolation over pregenerated SAS2H libraries. The interpolations are carried out on the following variables: burnup, enrichment, and water density. The adequacy of the methodology is evaluated by comparing measured and computed spent fuel isotopic compositions for PWR and BWR systems.
Date: April 1, 1998
Creator: Leal, L.C.; Hermann, O.W.; Bowman, S.M. & Parks, C.V.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Digitizing legacy documents: A knowledge-base preservation project

Description: As more library customers and staff throughout the world come to rely upon rapid electronic access to fulltext documents, there is increasing demand to also make older documents electronically accessible. Illinois State Library grant funds allowed us to purchase hardware and software necessary to answer this demand. We created a production system to scan our legacy documents, convert them into Portable Document Format (PDF), save them to a server for World Wide Web access, and write them to CD discs for distribution.
Date: September 1, 1998
Creator: Anderson, E.; Atkinson, R.; Crego, C.; Slisz, J. & Tompson, S.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Collaborating over the web: Libraries and laboratries or the librarian and the webmaster

Description: Fermilab [HREF1] has been using World Wide Web [HREF2] (WWW) servers and browsers for the past several years. The purpose has been to allow information sharing within internationally dispersed teams of large collaborations of high energy physics experimenters and to make possible the easy dissemination of information by support groups who work with those collaborations. That is, the purpose has been in fact that for which was created at CERN [HREF3] beginning in March 1989. In the remainder of this paper, we describe the architecture of the Laboratory and Library servers, discuss the goals, the implications of those goals, the drivers of structure and content, and the effect of these factors on the architecture. Comparisons are made. The implications for Libraries within organizations are described. The application to large Libraries which begin to have multiple servers within their own organization (e.g., one in reference, one in cataloging, one in circulation) is made. The broader implications are discussed.
Date: March 1, 1995
Creator: Garrett, P. & Ritchie, D.J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

SuperLU users' guide

Description: This document describes a collection of three related ANSI C subroutine libraries for solving sparse linear systems of equations AX = B: Here A is a square, nonsingular, n x n sparse matrix, and X and B are dense n x nrhs matrices, where nrhs is the number of right-hand sides and solution vectors. Matrix A need not be symmetric or definite; indeed, SuperLU is particularly appropriate for matrices with very unsymmetric structure. All three libraries use variations of Gaussian elimination optimized to take advantage both of sparsity and the computer architecture, in particular memory hierarchies (caches) and parallelism.
Date: November 1999
Creator: Demmel, James W.; Gilbert, John R. & Li, Xiaoye S.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Relocation of the Donner Library collection

Description: The Donner Library vacated its location from 2nd floor of the Donner Building located on the U.C. Berkeley campus to the 2nd floor of the Building 50 complex at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory. The report discusses solutions, options and methods for relocating the Donner Library Collection.
Date: October 13, 2005
Creator: LaBrie, Rita Y.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Integrating the digital library puzzle: The library without walls at Los Alamos

Description: Current efforts at the Research Library, Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL), to develop digital library services are described. A key principle of LANL`s approach to delivering library information is the integration of products into a common interface and the use of the Web as the medium of service provision. Products described include science databases such as the SciSearch at LANL and electronic journals. Project developments described have significant ramifications for delivering library services over the Internet.
Date: December 1, 1998
Creator: Luce, R.E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Electronic full-image reports at Los Alamos National Laboratory

Description: Los Alamos National Laboratory is a Department of Energy laboratory operated by the University of California. There are over 10,000 laboratory employees and contractors, many engaged in a variety of scientific and technical research. The laboratory covers forty-three square miles in northern New Mexico, one hundred miles from the nearest city which might reasonably be expected to meet the needs of the researchers. Because of the remoteness of the institution, the Research Library is a vital source for scientific and technical information. Due to the size of the institution, access to the physical library is difficult. These barriers, along with advances in technology, have led the Research Library to provide desktop access to all formal, unlimited Los Alamos reports. Older reports have been scanned and newer ones are received in electronic format. Currently over 10,000 reports are available in portable document format (PDF) via the World Wide Web (http://lib-www.lanl.gov). Researchers can search the library Web catalog (on a Z39.50 server), find a report, and click on a link to automatically bring up the report. This has been an extremely successful project as shown by the high usage, over 3,000 files retrieved per month in 1997 compared with around 100 for the hardcopy. This paper will discuss the reasons for, and the mechanics of, digitizing the reports, the results that have been observed, and plans for the future.
Date: March 2, 1998
Creator: Mosier, M.L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Impact of MCNP unresolved resonance probability-table treatment on {sup 233}U benchmarks

Description: Previous versions of the MCNP Monte Carlo code, up through and including MCNP4B, have not accurately modeled neutron self-shielding effects in the unresolved resonance energy region. Recently, a probability-table treatment has been incorporated into an intermediate version called MCNP4XS, and compatible continuous-energy cross-section libraries have been developed for 27 different isotopes. Preliminary results for a variety of uranium and plutonium benchmarks have been presented previously, and this paper extends those results to include several {sup 233}U benchmarks. The objective of the current study is to assess the reactivity impact of the probability-table treatment on {sup 233}U systems.
Date: June 1, 1999
Creator: Mosteller, R.D.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Design of the HYPRE preconditioner library

Description: The authors discuss the design of hypre, an object-oriented library for the solution of extremely large sparse linear systems on parallel computers. The mathematical emphasis of hypre is on modern powerful and scalable preconditioners. The design of hypre allows it to be used as both a solver package and a framework for algorithm development. The object model used for hypre is more general and flexible than the current generation of solver libraries.
Date: September 22, 1998
Creator: Chow, E; Cleary, A & Falgout, R
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Physics History Books in the Fermilab Library

Description: Fermilab is a basic research high-energy physics laboratory operated by Universities Research Association, Inc. under contract to the U.S. Department of Energy. Fermilab researchers utilize the Tevatron particle accelerator (currently the world�s most powerful accelerator) to better understand subatomic particles as they exist now and as they existed near the birth of the universe. A collection review of the Fermilab Library monographs was conducted during the summers of 1998 and 1999. While some items were identified for deselection, the review proved most fruitful in highlighting some of the strengths of the Fermilab monograph collection. One of these strengths is history of physics, including biographies and astrophysics. A bibliography of the physics history books in the collection as of Summer, 1999 follows, arranged by author. Note that the call numbers are Library of Congress classification.
Date: September 17, 1999
Creator: Tompson, Sara
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Management of citation verification requests for multiple projects at Sandia National Laboratories

Description: Sandia National Laboratories` (SNL) Technical Library is now responsible for providing citation verification management support for all references cited in technical reports issued by the Nuclear Waste Management (NWM) Program. This paper dancing how this process is managed for the Yucca Mountain Site Characterization (YWP), Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP), Idaho National Engineering Laboratory (INEL), and Greater Confinement Disposal (GCD) projects. Since technical reports are the main product of these projects, emphasis is placed on meeting the constantly evolving needs of these customers in a timely and cost-effective manner.
Date: December 31, 1995
Creator: Crawford, C.S.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department