Search Results

Inflation and the Real Minimum Wage: A Fact Sheet

Description: This report provides data on the minimum wage, and it presents changes in its nominal and real value over time.
Date: February 26, 2013
Creator: Elwell, Craig K. & Levine, Linda
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The Depreciating Dollar: Economic Effects and Policy Response

Description: This report addresses the concern about the health of the U.S. economy regarding the depreciation of the dollar and examines the likely reasons for the dollar's fall, the effects the depreciating currency could have on the economy, and possible policy responses that could be considered to attempt to alter the dollar's path if needed.
Date: July 17, 2008
Creator: Elwell, Craig K.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Weak Dollar, Strong Dollar: Causes and Consequences

Description: This report provides background information on the forces that most likely determine the path of the dollar exchange rate. The report also considers recent events in international markets for goods and assets as well as suggest what implications these forces carry for the state of the U.S. economy and for economic policy.
Date: May 7, 2008
Creator: Elwell, Craig K.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Inflation: Causes, Costs, and Current Status

Description: This report discusses inflation including its causes and effect on the economy. In particular, it brings together broad knowledge from economists to discuss the real costs of inflation on the economy.
Date: May 6, 2008
Creator: Labonte, Marc & Makinen, Gail E.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Inflation: Causes, Costs, and Current Status

Description: This report discusses inflation including its causes and effect on the economy. In particular, it brings together broad knowledge from economists to discuss the real costs of inflation on the economy.
Date: March 29, 2010
Creator: Labonte, Marc
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The Federal Government Debt: Its Size and Economic Significance

Description: This report explains the different measures of the U.S. government debt, discusses the historical growth in the debt, identifies the current owners of the debt, presents comparisons with government debt in other countries, and examines the potential economic risks associated with a growing federal debt.
Date: February 3, 2010
Creator: Cashell, Brian W.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Changing the Federal Reserve's Mandate: An Economic Analysis

Description: This report discusses a number of implementation issues surrounding an inflation target. These include what rate of inflation to target, what inflation measure to use, whether to set a point target or range, and what penalties to impose if a target is missed.
Date: March 13, 2012
Creator: Labonte, Marc
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Changing the Federal Reserve's Mandate: An Economic Analysis

Description: This report discusses a number of implementation issues surrounding an economic inflation target. These include what rate of inflation to target, what inflation measure to use, whether to set a point target or range, and what penalties to impose if a target is missed.
Date: February 25, 2011
Creator: Labonte, Marc
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The Depreciating Dollar: Economic Effects and Policy Response

Description: This report discusses the trend of depreciation of the dollar since 2002. This raises concern among some in Congress and the public that the dollar's decline is a symptom of broader economic problems, such as a weak economic recovery, rising public debt, and a diminished standing in the global economy. However, a falling currency is not always a problem, but possibly an element of economic adjustments that are, on balance, beneficial to the economy.
Date: February 23, 2012
Creator: Elwell, Craig K.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The Depreciating Dollar: Economic Effects and Policy Response

Description: This report discusses the trend of depreciation of the dollar since 2002. This raises concern among some in Congress and the public that the dollar's decline is a symptom of broader economic problems, such as a weak economic recovery, rising public debt, and a diminished standing in the global economy. However, a falling currency is not always a problem, but possibly an element of economic adjustments that are, on balance, beneficial to the economy.
Date: April 15, 2011
Creator: Elwell, Craig K.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The New Minimal Standard Model

Description: We construct the New Minimal Standard Model that incorporates the new discoveries of physics beyond the Minimal Standard Model (MSM): Dark Energy, non-baryonic Dark Matter, neutrino masses, as well as baryon asymmetry and cosmic inflation, adopting the principle of minimal particle content and the most general renormalizable Lagrangian. We base the model purely on empirical facts rather than aesthetics. We need only six new degrees of freedom beyond the MSM. It is free from excessive flavor-changing effects, CP violation, too-rapid proton decay, problems with electroweak precision data, and unwanted cosmological relics. Any model of physics beyond the MSM should be measured against the phenomenological success of this model.
Date: January 13, 2005
Creator: Davoudiasl, Hooman; Kitano, Ryuichiro; Li, Tianjun & Murayama, Hitoshi
Item Type: Article
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

An analysis of nuclear power plant operating costs: A 1995 update

Description: Over the years real (inflation-adjusted) O&M cost have begun to level off. The objective of this report is to determine whether the industry and NRC initiatives to control costs have resulted in this moderation in the growth of O&M costs. Because the industry agrees that the control of O&M costs is crucial to the viability of the technology, an examination of the factors causing the moderation in costs is important. A related issue deals with projecting nuclear operating costs into the future. Because of the escalation in nuclear operating costs (and the fall in fossil fuel prices) many State and Federal regulatory commissions are examining the economics of the continued operation of nuclear power plants under their jurisdiction. The economics of the continued operation of a nuclear power plant is typically examined by comparing the cost of the plants continued operation with the cost of obtaining the power from other sources. This assessment requires plant-specific projections of nuclear operating costs. Analysts preparing these projections look at past industry-wide cost trends and consider whether these trends are likely to continue. To determine whether these changes in trends will continue into the future, information about the causal factors influencing costs and the future trends in these factors are needed. An analysis of the factors explaining the moderation in cost growth will also yield important insights into the question of whether these trends will continue.
Date: April 21, 1995
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

China`s current anti-inflation measures in nurturing an electricity supply crisis

Description: This report examines the potential impacts of anti-inflation measures on the power sector in China. Price control measures implemented include maintaining on-grid tariff levels even though operating costs are increasing substantially. As a result, stocks have dropped to about one half their previous value. In addition, a one-fourth reduction in power project investments is scheduled. The resulting postponement of new generating capacity is projected to result in a shortfall of 7 to 10 GW per year. The economic impact of foreign investment in China`s power industry is also examined, and recommendations are made for policy reform. 10 refs., 3 figs.
Date: June 1, 1995
Creator: Li, Binsheng & Johnson, C.J.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The Federal Government Debt: Its Size and Economic Significance

Description: This report explains the different measures of the U.S. government debt, discusses the historical growth in the debt, identifies the current owners of the debt, presents comparisons with government debt in other countries, and examines the potential economic risks associated with a growing federal debt.
Date: March 4, 2009
Creator: Cashell, Brian W.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The Effect of Base-Broadening Measures on Labor Supply and Investment: Considerations for Tax Reform

Description: This report attempts to show how options to broaden the tax base by placing limitations on itemized deductions can potentially work against the expansionary effects of reducing marginal tax rates. The report also addresses other common base-broadening provisions that increase the effective marginal tax rate on the return to capital.
Date: October 22, 2015
Creator: Gravelle, Jane G. & Marples, Donald J.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

[Energy and environmental research emphasizing low-rank coal]: Task 7.1, Strategic planning. Topical report, February 1, 1994--June 30, 1995

Description: The nations of East Central Europe regained their political and economic freedom in 1989, ending nearly a half century of centrally planned economies under the hegemony of the former Soviet Union (FSU). These nations are now emerging from economic conditions marked by price distortions and a focus on heavy industry, isolation from world markets, and a lack of occupational health and environmental safeguards. Economic recovery, environmental restoration, and political stability, as well as eventual entrance into the European Community (EC), require a reordering of policies and priorities, including those bearing on energy and the environment. This report, prepared as a background document for the Second International Conference on Energy and Environment to be held in Prague in November 1994, is composed of a summary table (Table 1) and supporting text and is intended to provide a concise review of issues related to energy and the environment for the Czech and Slovak Republics, Hungary, Poland, and Bulgaria. Organized by subject and country, Table 1 contains country profiles (Row A), information on the economy (Row B), primary energy consumption, environmental priorities, energy resources, production, and utilization (Rows C, D, F, G, H, and I), electrical generation and transmission (Rows J and K), district heating (Row L), briquettes (Row M), and environmental regulations (Row N). Pertinent policy goals, issues, and trends are noted. The reports is based largely on a review of documents published by the International Energy Agency (IEA) and the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), as well as selected sources obtained from the countries of the region. Reference citations are keyed to information presented in Table 1.
Date: January 1, 1996
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Summary of the technical report on estimating the impact of key programmatic risk allocation decisions on Phase 1 bids and U.S. Department of Energy costs

Description: The US Department of Energy (DOE) is privatizing the processing of hazardous and radioactive tank waste at the Hanford Site in Washington State. As part of the privatization process, a request for proposals describing the conditions and DOE`s expectations for contractor performance and responsibilities was issued. Argonne National Laboratory and Pacific Northwest National Laboratory collaborated to analyze programmatic risks and costs associated with privatization. They examined nine major risks to determine financial impacts on the prospective vendors and DOE for three alternative risk allocations: (1) DOE bears the risk, (2) the vendor bears the risk, or (3) the risk is shared. With the help of a subject-matter expert, each risk was characterized by estimating potential consequences and likelihood of occurrence. A financial risk model was developed to estimate the total cost to DOE for a given risk allocation strategy covering all nine risks. Results showed that it is financially advantageous to DOE to bear some risks, share some others, and assign some to the vendor.
Date: May 1, 1996
Creator: Keisler, J.M. & Buehring, W.A.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Weak Dollar, Strong Dollar Causes and Consequences

Description: This report provides background information on the forces that most likely determine the path of the dollar exchange rate. The report also considers recent events in international markets for goods and assets as well as suggest what implications these forces carry for the state of the U.S. economy and for economic policy.
Date: July 10, 2008
Creator: Elwell, Craig K.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

China's "Hot Money" Problems

Description: China has experienced a sharp rise in the inflow of so-called "hot money," foreign capital entering the country supposedly seeking short-term profits, especially in 2008. Chinese estimates of the amount of "hot money" in China vary from $500 billion to $1.75 trillion. The influx of "hot money" is contributing to China's already existing problems with inflation. Efforts to reduce the inflationary effects of "hot money" may accelerate the inflow, while actions to reduce the inflow of "hot money" may threaten China's economic growth, as well as have negative consequences for the U.S. and global economy.
Date: July 21, 2008
Creator: Martin, Michael F. & Morrison, Wayne M.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department