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Baselines and Scorekeeping in the Federal Budget Process

Description: Baselines and scorekeeping are an integral part of the federal budget process, providing lawmakers with a framework for making and enforcing budgetary decisions. The baseline serves as a benchmark for federal budget decisions. Scorekeeping is the process by which the budgetary impact of proposed and enacted budget policies is measured; it assists Congress in making and enforcing budgetary decisions. This report provides a brief explanation of baselines and scorekeeping and their uses in the federal budget process.
Date: December 1, 2010
Creator: Heniff, Jr., Bill
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Basic Federal Budgeting Terminology

Description: In its most elemental form, the federal budget is a comprehensive accounting of the government's spending, revenues, and borrowing. This report provides a brief overview of the basic terminology and concepts used in the federal budget process.
Date: November 29, 2010
Creator: Heniff, Jr., Bill
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Entitlements and Appropriated Entitlements in the Federal Budget Process

Description: Entitlements are programs that require payments to persons, state or local governments, or other entities if specific eligibility criteria established in the authorizing law are met. Entitlement payments are legal obligations of the federal government, and eligible beneficiaries may have legal recourse if full payment under the law is not provided. This report briefly discusses entitlements and entitlement procedures in the federal budget process.
Date: December 1, 2010
Creator: Heniff, Jr., Bill
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Budget Reconciliation Legislation: Development and Consideration

Description: This report briefly discusses the budget reconciliation process, which is an optional two-step process Congress may use to assure compliance with the direct spending, revenue, and debt-limit levels set forth in budget resolutions.
Date: November 29, 2010
Creator: Heniff, Jr., Bill
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Legislative Procedures for Adjusting the Public Debt Limit: A Brief Overview

Description: Almost all borrowing by the federal government is conducted by the Treasury Department, within the restrictions established by a single, statutory limit on the total amount of debt that may be outstanding at any time.1 In a few instances, agencies such as the Tennessee Valley Authority operate within their own borrowing limits established separately in law. For years, the public debt limit has been codified in Section 3101(b) of Title 31, United States Code. Periodic adjustments in the debt limit take the form of amendments to 31 U.S.C. 3101(b), usually by striking the current dollar limitation and inserting a new one. In the past, such changes to the debt limit have been either permanent or temporary.
Date: May 2, 2011
Creator: Heniff Jr., Bill
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Overview of the Authorization-Appropriations Process

Description: A primary avenue for exercising Congress's power of the purse is the authorization and appropriation of federal spending to carry out government activities. This report discusses the formal authorization-appropriation process.
Date: November 29, 2010
Creator: Heniff, Jr., Bill
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Introduction to the Federal Budget Process

Description: This report provides a detailed introduction to the federal budget process, which is an enormously complex process.
Date: December 2, 2010
Creator: Heniff, Jr., Bill; Streeter, Sandy; Lynch, Megan Suzanne & Tollestrup, Jessica
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department