Search Results

Perceptions of Control and Social Support: Correlates of HIV-Related Self-Efficacy

Description: This study examines the extent to which locus of control and social support are linked to self-efficacy with regard to disease management in HIV-positive adults. Perceived ability to effectively manage illness was measured with the Self-Efficacy for Managing Chronic Disease Scale. Scores from the Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support and the Multidimensional Locus of Control Scale were used as predictors. The gender-balanced sample (N = 69) of HIV+ adults was primarily African-American (65.3%) and European American (30.5%), with a mean age of 47 years (SD = 8.37). Correlational analyses suggested significant positive relationships between self-efficacy, social support, and locus of control due to powerful others. A regression analysis found that the model accounted for 23% of the variance in self-efficacy (adj. R-squared =.23, F (5, 63) = 4.81, p < .01), with social support (&#946; = .37, t = 3.28, p < .01) and locus of control (&#946; = .25, t = 2.26, p < .05) both significant predictors. Results suggest that social support and locus of control contribute to the belief that HIV can be managed. Interestingly, an external locus of control contributed to this belief, perhaps due to the perception of a physician, religious icon, or partner as a "powerful other." Results suggest that a strong supportive relationship with a trusted other along with enhanced social support typically associated with group-based interventions may improve health outcomes by increasing self-efficacy in disease management in HIV-positive adults.
Date: May 2011
Creator: Lopez, Eliot Jay
Partner: UNT Libraries

HIV in Asia: History, Challenges, and Solutions

Description: This presentation is part of the faculty lecture series UNT Speaks Out on HIV/AIDS. This presentation discusses HIV in Asia, including its history, challenges, and solutions.
Date: December 1, 2011
Creator: Chng, Chwee-Lye
Item Type: Presentation
Partner: UNT College of Education

World AIDS Day

Description: This poster introduces the faculty lecture series UNT Speaks Out on HIV/AIDS. This series features Dr. Mark Vosvick, associate professor of psychology, Dr. Chwee-Lye Chng, regents professor of kinesiology, health promotion, and recreational studies, Dr. Joseph R. Oppong, professor of geography, and Dr. Ami R. Moore, associate professor of sociology.
Date: December 1, 2011
Creator: Mondragon-Becker, Antonio
Item Type: Poster
Partner: UNT Libraries

HIV and AIDS in sub-Saharan Africa

Description: This presentation is part of the faculty lecture series UNT Speaks Out on HIV/AIDS. This presentation discusses HIV and AIDS in sub-Saharan Africa.
Date: December 1, 2011
Creator: Moore, Ami R.
Item Type: Presentation
Partner: UNT College of Public Affairs and Community Service

Geographic Distribution of HIV/AIDS in Texas

Description: This presentation is part of the faculty lecture series UNT Speaks Out on HIV/AIDS. This presentation discusses the geographic distribution of HIV/AIDS in Texas and the associated factors.
Date: December 1, 2011
Creator: Oppong, Joseph R.
Item Type: Presentation
Partner: UNT College of Arts and Sciences

An Investigation of the Relationship between HIV and Prison Facilities in Texas: The Geographic Variation and Vulnerable Neighborhood Characteristics

Description: Previous research suggests that prisons may be fueling the spread of HIV infection in the general population. In 2005, the HIV rate was more than 2.5 times higher in US prison populations. Environmental factors in prisons such as illicit drug use and unprotected sexual activities can be conducive for HIV transmission. Because the vast majority of prison inmates are incarcerated for less than three years, transmission of HIV between prison inmates and members of the general population may occur at a high rate. The environment in which an individual lives and the entities that comprise it affect the health of that person. Thus the location of prisons within communities, as well as socio-demographic characteristics may influence the geography of HIV infection. HIV surveillance data, obtained from the Texas Department of State Health Services, were used to investigate the relationship between the location of prison units in Texas and HIV infection rates in the surrounding zip codes. The results suggest that HIV prevalence rates are higher among geographic areas in close proximity to a prison unit. With continued behavioral risks and low treatment adherence rates among individuals infected with HIV, there is a possibility of increased HIV prevalence. Vulnerable places, locations with higher HIV prevalence, should be targeted for resource allocation and HIV prevention and care service. This study illustrates the importance of spatial analysis of places vulnerable to increased HIV prevalence in creating more effective public health prevention strategies and interventions.
Date: August 2011
Creator: Kutch, Libbey
Partner: UNT Libraries

Positive and Negative Affect: Differential Impact of Optimism, Pessimism, and Coping in People Living with HIV/AIDS

Description: People living with HIV/AIDS (PLH) struggle with depression. Recent research suggests that depression affects medical regimen adherence, disease progression, and risky sexual behaviors. The present study uses a stress and coping theory viewing HIV-related stigma and physical symptoms as stressors in PLH. Results suggest whereas symptoms and stigma consistently predict negative affect, positive affect, and overall depression, the role of optimism, pessimism, active coping, denial, and behavioral disengagement is not as clear. Pessimism and denial predict negative affect and depression. Optimism and behavioral disengagement predict depression and positive affect. Active coping only predicts positive affect. Focusing on positive and negative affect as distinct components that contribute to overall depression may help researchers develop interventions more effectively.
Access: This item is restricted to UNT Community Members. Login required if off-campus.
Date: August 2005
Creator: Ranucci, Melissa B.
Partner: UNT Libraries

[AIDS Resource Center PSA]

Description: Flyer for the AIDS Resource Center advertising services that the organization provides as part of its community outreach and educational programming.
Date: [1983..1988]
Creator: AIDS Resource Center
Item Type: Text
Partner: UNT Libraries Special Collections

[Letter to the Editor from Ann Brown - 1983]

Description: Letter from Ann Brown to members of the Dallas Gay Alliance concerning issues during 1983 centering around the AIDS epidemic and the Texas Freedom Festival.
Date: 1983
Creator: Brown, Ann
Item Type: Letter
Partner: UNT Libraries Special Collections

Psychosocial and Spiritual Factors Affecting Persons Living with HIV and AIDS

Description: The purposes of this study were (a) to examine whether social support decreases as the person with HIV disease progresses from asymptomatic HIV to symptomatic AIDS and (b) to examine the extent to which general well-being might be mediated through a religious and/or spiritual support system.
Date: August 1993
Creator: Elkins, Tamara L. (Tamara Lynn)
Partner: UNT Libraries

Preparedness to Counsel HIV-Positive Clients: a Survey of Practitioners

Description: This purpose of this study was to investigate and examine the attitudes of therapists who treat HIV-positive (HIV+) clients. Specifically, therapists' perceptions of their own preparedness in dealing with specific issues and emotions of HIV+ clients were examined. Also, therapists' evaluation of their own efficacy of specific therapeutic approaches with HIV+ clients was examined. These therapists' perceptions and evaluations of all their clients in general were compared to their HIV+ clients. Comparisons were also made within the two groups.
Date: December 1994
Creator: Rowe, Christina J. (Christina Jo)
Partner: UNT Libraries

HIV and Duty to Protect: a Survey of Licensed Professional Counselors and Physicians

Description: This study was designed to investigate what course of action therapists and physicians report they would take in reconciling their conflicting duties to maintain confidentiality and protect third parties from harm in HIV-related situations. The physicians surveyed were licensed to practice medicine in Texas and board certified in Internal Medicine. The therapists surveyed were licensed professional counselors in Texas and members of one of three selected divisions within the Texas Counseling Association. A survey instrument developed by the researcher was mailed to 200 subjects randomly selected from each group.
Date: May 1995
Creator: Johnson, Laura K. (Laura Kimberly)
Partner: UNT Libraries

The roles of stress, self-distraction and behavioral disengagement: Perceived stigma in HIV-positive individuals

Description: Paper on denial, daily hassles, and health distress in HIV positive individuals. The authors' findings are important from a therapeutic perspective, and suggest that experiencing hassles and choosing to use denial as a coping strategy are associated with more health distress.
Date: April 14, 2011
Creator: Gomez, Brooke; Chng, Chwee-Lye & Vosvick, Mark A.
Item Type: Paper
Partner: UNT Honors College

Do Anger Expressions, Coping Strategies and Interpersonal Support Dynamics Relate to CD4 Count in HIV-Positive Adults? [Presentation]

Description: Presentation for the 2012 University Scholars Day at the University of North Texas discussing anger expressions, coping strategies, and interpersonal support dynamics relating to CD4 count in human immunodeficiency virus positive (HIV+) adults.
Date: April 19, 2012
Creator: Pierson, Mark & Vosvick, Mark A.
Item Type: Presentation
Partner: UNT Honors College