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Grenelle Environnement

Description: The new 'Grenelle II' laws are presented in the French Parliament. The Grenelle II (2010) follows the Grenelle I (2007) and a second public consultation round with representatives of large companies. Detailed plans are presented for building, transport and energy sector. Local authorities are asked to play a more important and facilitating role. The new law package contains six pillars and contains the 'outlines' and 'logistics' of the application on regional and local level: - 1. Improving the Energetic Performance of Buildings. Among the measures are : insisting on 'Batiments a Basse Consommation' (BBC, < 50 KW/H/m2 per year) for new buildings and to reduce the consumption of existing buildings by 38% untill 2020. - 2. Creating a change in Transport Use. Among the measures presented are : speeding up the process of public transport infrastructure, insisting local public authorities on offering 'lease-bikes' and car-sharing programs, and subvention of electric and hybrid car development. - 3. Reducing significantly Energy Consumption and Carbon Emissions. Measurements foreseen are : Obligation of all enterprises with over 500 employees and municipalities with more than 500.000 inhabitants to calculate CO2 emissions on a yearly bases. -4. Preserving Biodiversity. Pharmaceutical and hospital products will be more restricted and reported. -5. Risks, health and waste. Various measurements are proposed, such as the Protection of Electrical and Telephone Network workers. -6. A new Ecological Governance Model. Introduction of Five 'Colleges' of Stakeholders: ONG, Entreprises, Unions, Public Authorities and Public Administration. Regions with over 50 000 inhabitants will be obliged to create a Sustainable Development report. Each product should carry CO2 emission information, related to the CO2 emissions created by transport of people and goods.
Date: October 2010
Creator: France. Ministère de l'écologie, de l'énergie, du développement durable et de la mer
Partner: UNT Libraries

Franco-German Diplomatic Relations 1871-1939

Description: My purpose is to sketch briefly the diplomatic background of the existing relations between France and Germany from 1871 to 1939. I have told the story chronologically, because I believe that we must follow events as they unfold themselves if we are to understand why statesmen made their decisions. I have attempted to mass all the important facts that I could find on Franco-German Diplomatic Relations from 1871 to 1939 without self-interests or prejudices to either of the two nations. My intentions were to seek a general knowledge of the drift of Franco-German Diplomatic affairs during this period of seventy years.
Date: 1941
Creator: Madeley, Henry
Partner: UNT Libraries

[Tree Lined Entrance]

Description: Photograph of a dirt road leading to a palace in France. In the foreground, the road is visible with tall trees lining both sides and forming a canopy. The palace is visible in the background.
Date: unknown
Creator: Gough, Ray
Partner: UNT College of Visual Arts + Design

[Stone Archway]

Description: Photograph of a stone archway in France. The archway is visible in the foreground in front of other stone building constructions.
Date: unknown
Creator: Gough, Ray
Partner: UNT College of Visual Arts + Design

[Cathedral]

Description: Photograph of a cathedral in France. The side of the cathedral is visible in the foreground. The cathedral is decorated with small stone figures and flying buttresses.
Date: unknown
Creator: Gough, Ray
Partner: UNT College of Visual Arts + Design

[France]

Description: Photograph of a town on a hill in France. In the foreground, numerous houses are visible interspersed with trees. The hillside rises in the background upward towards a stone wall and a palace-like building.
Date: unknown
Creator: Gough, Ray
Partner: UNT College of Visual Arts + Design

France and the United States: Borrowed and Shared National Symbols

Description: This thesis analyzes and demonstrates the similarities and differences between some of the national symbols of France and the United States. This includes the shared and borrowed aspects of each one and the ways in which each culture is reflected through, and built around them. The flags, national anthems, and several national icons such as France's Marianne and Uncle Sam are discussed. This analysis deals with the historical contexts and cultural meanings of the symbols, showing the changes each has undertaken in form and in national and international importance. Through the study of national symbols, this thesis reveals the similarities along with the differences between the two nations, which are often perceived as being highly dissimilar and even opposing in belief systems, cultures, and histories.
Date: May 2011
Creator: Crawford, Katlyn Marie
Partner: UNT Libraries

Mosques in France: The Visible Presence of Islam

Description: Numerous laws are being directed toward subduing the visible presence of Islam throughout France, and in return French Muslims are becoming bolder in the projection of their faith. This thesis examines the presence of Islam in France throughout history and in contemporary French civilization. Specifically, this thesis addresses the issues regarding the visible presence of Islam in France through such institutions as mosques and how they are the key symbols representing the prominence of Islam in France. It looks at what lies in the collective French mind that creates such an influence on today's policies and outlook, as well as identifies the key characters that dominate the current affairs surrounding Islam in France. The thesis reviews the country's past relations with the visible presence of Islam through the controversies surrounding the construction of famous mosques. In addition, this thesis underlines key areas where both the State and the Muslim population must make concessions in order to avoid further conflict.
Date: May 2011
Creator: Arnold, Ashley Patricia
Partner: UNT Libraries

Daughters of the King and Founders of a Nation: Les Filles du Roi in New France

Description: The late seventeenth century was a crucial era in establishing territorial claims on the North American continent. In order to strengthen France's hold on the Quebec colony, Louis XIV sent 770 women across the Atlantic at royal expense in order to populate New France. Since that time, these women known as the filles du roi, have often been reduced to a footnote in history books, or else mistakenly slandered as women of questionable morals. This work seeks to clearly identify the filles du roi through a study of their socioeconomic status, educational background, and various demographic factors, and compare the living conditions they had in France with those that awaited them in Canada. The aim of this undertaking is to better understand these pioneer women and their reasons for leaving France, as well as to identify the lasting contributions they made to French-Canadian culture and society.
Date: May 2010
Creator: Runyan, Aimie Kathleen
Partner: UNT Libraries

Reflections of Revolution: Le Figaro, Le Monde, and Public Opinion in France during the Algerian Conflict (1954-1962)

Description: This thesis is an examination of the printed media in France (1955-1963), as represented by two mainstream newspapers: Le Monde (left-centrist) and Le Figaro (right-centrist). Using these newspapers, as well as Gallup polls recorded at the time, this study explores correlations of what was reported in newspapers and how French public opinion evolved during the course of the war. These two major sources of information are shown to have given contradictory information, thus accounting for some of the paradoxes found in public opinion polls. Specifically, the paradoxes analyzed in the study concern the Front de Libération Nationale (FLN) and the Pieds-Noirs (the European population of North Africa).
Date: December 2002
Creator: Atkins, Michael
Partner: UNT Libraries

Franco-American Diplomatic Relations 1776-1898

Description: This thesis presents a diplomatic history of the United States and France for the period 1776-1898. This study, due to the enormous amount of foreign diplomacy, is by no means exhaustive. The author has tried to limit the diplomacy of the United States with the other nations to a minimum and omitted all relations except in instances which are closely related to the diplomacy of France and the United States.
Date: 1949
Creator: Peveto, Sidney Kermit
Partner: UNT Libraries

The Fashoda Crisis: a Study in European Imperialism and Diplomacy

Description: In this thesis the author attempts to answer the questions: What was there in the Egyptian Sudan that rival colonial powers wanted, and why would they consider war as a means of getting it? Under what circumstances did Britain go into Egypt and lay a claim to the Egyptian Sudan? How did France expect to gain and hold territory in the Egyptian Sudan with a mere handful of men under Jean Baptiste Marchand in competition with the much greater force of the British leader, Sir Herbert Kitchener? What happened when these forces met at a Shilook village on the Nile, and what was the reaction in Europe? To what extent was the Fashoda Crisis and its settlement responsible for a treaty of friendship between the two rival powers that was to place them side by side in World War I?
Date: 1951
Creator: Goode, James H., Jr.
Partner: UNT Libraries

3e Emprunt de la Défense Nationale : souscrivez : pour la France qui combat! Pour celle qui chaque jour grandit.

Description: A bearded man in a blue coat and helmet holds a young child in his arms. In front of him, a mother is seated and breastfeeding an infant. The man and child are illustrated in color, while the image of the mother and infant is a black pencil drawing.
Date: 1917
Creator: Leroux, Jules Marie Auguste, 1871-1954.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

1778-1783. America owes France the most unalterable gratitude : 1917- -- . French Comrade your children shall be as our children.

Description: Black and white drawing of a soldier saluting the grave of another soldier. A weeping boy and a girl kneeling in prayer are at his sides. In the sky to the upper right there is a faint drawing of a row of soldiers standing guard and a commander on horseback.
Date: 1918
Creator: Jonas, Lucien, 1880-1947.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

General Index to Experiment Station Record Volumes 01-12, 1989-1901 and to Experiment Station Bulletin Number 2

Description: A topical, alphabetically arranged index to volumes 1-12 including experiment station records, publications reviewed, and foreign publications. It has a 'Consolidated Table of Contents' which lists all editorial notes and publications of the experiment stations and Department of Agriculture from the referenced volumes.
Date: 1903
Creator: United States. Office of Experiment Stations.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

[Letter to David Fentress, July 27, 1863]

Description: Letter by an unidentified author to David Fentress regarding sharing federal newspapers and the banning of federal newspapers in some areas. The author passes on the news of the war including the destruction of the Federal merchantmen by the Confederate fleet. He passes along world news: Russia preparing to go to War with Europe and how that could negatively affect the Confederacy. There is also speculation on the future of the war.
Date: July 27, 1863
Partner: UNT Libraries Special Collections

Experiment Station Record, Volume 50, January-June, 1924

Description: Volume provides abstracts of agricultural experiments conducted during the year. Also includes statistics, convention reports, bulletins, bibliographies and listings for Spanish edition publications from the Porto Rico Station. Name and subject indexes start on page 901.
Date: 1924
Creator: United States. Office of Experiment Stations.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department