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The Fashoda Crisis: a Study in European Imperialism and Diplomacy

Description: In this thesis the author attempts to answer the questions: What was there in the Egyptian Sudan that rival colonial powers wanted, and why would they consider war as a means of getting it? Under what circumstances did Britain go into Egypt and lay a claim to the Egyptian Sudan? How did France expect to gain and hold territory in the Egyptian Sudan with a mere handful of men under Jean Baptiste Marchand in competition with the much greater force of the British leader, Sir Herbert Kitchener? What happened when these forces met at a Shilook village on the Nile, and what was the reaction in Europe? To what extent was the Fashoda Crisis and its settlement responsible for a treaty of friendship between the two rival powers that was to place them side by side in World War I?
Date: 1951
Creator: Goode, James H., Jr.
Partner: UNT Libraries

3e Emprunt de la Défense Nationale : souscrivez : pour la France qui combat! Pour celle qui chaque jour grandit.

Description: A bearded man in a blue coat and helmet holds a young child in his arms. In front of him, a mother is seated and breastfeeding an infant. The man and child are illustrated in color, while the image of the mother and infant is a black pencil drawing.
Date: 1917
Creator: Leroux, Jules Marie Auguste, 1871-1954.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

1778-1783. America owes France the most unalterable gratitude : 1917- -- . French Comrade your children shall be as our children.

Description: Black and white drawing of a soldier saluting the grave of another soldier. A weeping boy and a girl kneeling in prayer are at his sides. In the sky to the upper right there is a faint drawing of a row of soldiers standing guard and a commander on horseback.
Date: 1918
Creator: Jonas, Lucien, 1880-1947.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

International decay data evaluation project

Description: Basic concepts of, and information from, radionuclide decay are used in many applications. The author limits this discussion to the data needed for applied {gamma}-ray spectrometry; this includes applications such as nuclide identification and quantitative assay. Many of these applications require a knowledge of half-lives and radiation energies and emission probabilities. For over 50 years, people have compiled and evaluated measured data with the goal of obtaining the best values of these quantities. This has resulted in numerous sets of recommended values, many of which still have scientific, historical, or national reasons for existing. These sets show varying degrees of agreement and disagreement in the quoted values and varying time lags in incorporating new and improved experimental results. A new informational international group has been formed to carry out evaluations for radionuclides of importance in applications; it is expected that the results will become an authoritative and widely accepted set of decay data.
Date: October 1, 1996
Creator: Helmer, R.G.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Comparison of low-level waste disposal programs of DOE and selected international countries

Description: The purpose of this report is to examine and compare the approaches and practices of selected countries for disposal of low-level radioactive waste (LLW) with those of the US Department of Energy (DOE). The report addresses the programs for disposing of wastes into engineered LLW disposal facilities and is not intended to address in-situ options and practices associated with environmental restoration activities or the management of mill tailings and mixed LLW. The countries chosen for comparison are France, Sweden, Canada, and the United Kingdom. The countries were selected as typical examples of the LLW programs which have evolved under differing technical constraints, regulatory requirements, and political/social systems. France was the first country to demonstrate use of engineered structure-type disposal facilities. The UK has been actively disposing of LLW since 1959. Sweden has been disposing of LLW since 1983 in an intermediate-depth disposal facility rather than a near-surface disposal facility. To date, Canada has been storing its LLW but will soon begin operation of Canada`s first demonstration LLW disposal facility.
Date: June 1, 1996
Creator: Meagher, B.G. & Cole, L.T.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Toward a nuclear weapons free world?

Description: Doubts about the wisdom of relying on nuclear weapons are as old as nuclear weapons themselves. But despite this questioning, nuclear weapons came to be seen as the indispensable element of American (indeed Western) security during the Cold War. By the 1970s and 1980s, however, discontent was growing about the intense US-Soviet nuclear arms competition, as it failed to provide any enduring improvement in security; rather, it was seen as creating ever greater risks and dangers. Arms control negotiations and limitations, adopted as a means to regulate the technical competition, may also have relieved some of the political pressures and dangers. But the balance of terror, and the fears of it, continued. The Strategic Defense Initiative (SDI) under President Reagan was a very different approach to escaping from the precarious protection of nuclear weapons, in that it sought a way to continue to defend the US and the West, but without the catastrophic risks of mutual deterrence. As such, SDI connoted unhappiness with the precarious nuclear balance and, for many, with nuclear weapons in general. The disappearance of the Warsaw Pact, the disintegration of the Soviet Union, and the sudden end of the Cold War seemed to offer a unique opportunity to fashion a new, more peaceful world order that might allow for fading away of nuclear weapons. Scholars have foreseen two different paths to a nuclear free world. The first is a fundamental improvement in the relationships between states such that nuclear weapons are no longer needed. The second path is through technological development, e.g., missile defenses which could provide effective protection against nuclear attacks. The paper discusses nuclear weapon policy in the US, views of other nuclear states, the future of nuclear weapons, and issues in a less-nuclear world.
Date: September 1, 1996
Creator: Maaranen, S.A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The Universal Canister Strategy in Spent Fuel Reprocessing: UC-C a Real Industrial Improvement

Description: In commercial nuclear activities, spent fuel back end management is a key issue for nuclear countries as spent fuel represent most of national civil nuclear waste legacy. Ensuring public safety and protection of the environment, now and in the future has been and still remains a major commitment, it is still the subject of thorough development efforts and active public debates. Considerable benefits can be obtained from the Universal Canister strategy as implemented in France in spent fuel treatment and waste conditioning based on reprocessing. COGEMA developed sophisticated waste conditioning processes to simplify High Level and Long Lived Intermediate Level Waste storage and final disposal. Main benefits are: waste stabilization by immobilization and encapsulation; ultimate waste toxicity reduction; drastic ultimate waste volume reduction; and ultimate waste packages standardization.
Date: February 25, 2003
Creator: Thomasson, J.; Barithel, S.; Cocaud, A.; Derycke, P. & Pierre, P.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

International petroleum statistics report, June 1995

Description: The report presents data on international oil production, demand, imports, exports, and stocks. The report has four sections. Section 1 contains time series data on world oil production, and on oil demand and stocks in the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). This section contains annual data beginning in 1985, and monthly data for the most recent two years. Section 2 presents an oil supply/demand balance for the world. This balance is presented in quarterly intervals for the most recent two years. Section 3 presents data on oil imports by OECD countries. This section contains annual data for the most recent year, quarterly data for the most recent two quarters, and monthly data for the most recent twelve months. Section 4 presents annual time series data on world oil production and oil stocks, demand, and trade in OECD countries. World oil production and OECD demand data are for the years 1970 through 1994; OECD stocks from 1973 through 1994; and OECD trade from 1984 through 1994. 4 figs., 45 tabs.
Date: June 27, 1995
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

International nuclear waste management fact book

Description: The International Nuclear Waste Management Fact Book has been compiled to provide current data on fuel cycle and waste management facilities, R and D programs, and key personnel in 24 countries, including the US; four multinational agencies; and 20 nuclear societies. This document, which is in its second year of publication supersedes the previously issued International Nuclear Fuel Cycle Fact Book (PNL-3594), which appeared annually for 12 years. The content has been updated to reflect current information. The Fact Book is organized as follows: National summaries--a section for each country that summarizes nuclear policy, describes organizational relationships, and provides addresses and names of key personnel and information on facilities. International agencies--a section for each of the international agencies that has significant fuel cycle involvement and a list of nuclear societies. Glossary--a list of abbreviations/acronyms of organizations, facilities, and technical and other terms. The national summaries, in addition to the data described above, feature a small map for each country and some general information that is presented from the perspective of the Fact Book user in the US.
Date: November 1995
Creator: Abrahms, C. W.; Patridge, M. D. & Widrig, J. E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Evidence of aging effects on certain safety-related components

Description: In response to interest shown by the Nuclear Energy Agency (NEA), Principal Working Group I (PWG- 1) of the Committee on the Safety of Nuclear Installations (CSNI) conducted a generic study on the effects of aging of active components in nuclear power plants. (This focus on active components is consistent with PWG-l`s mandate; passive components are primarily within the mandate of PWG-3.) Representatives from France, Sweden, Finland, Japan, the United States, and the United Kingdom participated in the study by submitting reports documenting aging studies performed in their countries. This report consists of summaries of those reports, along with a comparison of the various statistical analysis methods used in the studies. The studies indicate that with some exceptions, active components generally do not present a significant aging problem in nuclear power plants. Design criteria and effective preventative maintenance programs, including timely replacement of components, are effective in mitigating potential aging problems. However, aging studies (such as qualitative and statistical analyses of failure modes and maintenance data) are an important part of efforts to identify and solve potential aging problems. Solving these problems typically includes such strategies as replacing suspect components with improved components, and implementing improved maintenance programs.
Date: January 1, 1996
Creator: Magleby, H.L.; Atwood, C.L.; MacDonald, P.E.; Edson, J.L. & Bramwell, D.L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Comparison of selected foreign plans and practices for spent fuel and high-level waste management

Description: This report describes the major parameters for management of spent nuclear fuel and high-level radioactive wastes in selected foreign countries as of December 1989 and compares them with those in the United States. The foreign countries included in this study are Belgium, Canada, France, the Federal Republic of Germany, Japan, Sweden, Switzerland, and the United Kingdom. All the countries are planning for disposal of spent fuel and/or high-level wastes in deep geologic repositories. Most countries (except Canada and Sweden) plan to reprocess their spent fuel and vitrify the resultant high-level liquid wastes; in comparison, the US plans direct disposal of spent fuel. The US is planning to use a container for spent fuel as the primary engineered barrier. The US has the most developed repository concept and has one of the earliest scheduled repository startup dates. The repository environment presently being considered in the US is unique, being located in tuff above the water table. The US also has the most prescriptive regulations and performance requirements for the repository system and its components. 135 refs., 8 tabs.
Date: April 1, 1990
Creator: Schneider, K.J.; Mitchell, S.J.; Lakey, L.T.; Johnson, A.B. Jr.; Hazelton, R.F. & Bradley, D.J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Irradiation of structure material in spallation neutron sources.

Description: In principle, intense spallation neutron sources can be used not only to irradiate materials (e.g. window materials) and to validate different target geometries/concepts, but also to irradiate structural materials (samples, pins or even full assemblies) in order to characterize their behavior under irradiation (in a fast neutron field). However, a question arises concerning the ''representativity'' of such irradiations to reproduce the conditions encountered in a typical fast reactor. The present paper documents an investigation aimed at understanding phenomena related to the representativity of an irradiation using an intense spallation source, with regards to neutron damage and Helium production. Two different designs of a spallation neutron source are considered. The first is an Intense Spallation Neutron Source (ISNS) proposed at CEA, France as a potential irradiation tool. The second is one of the current models for the TMT (Target for Material Testing) of the ADTF (Accelerator Driven Test Facility) program. In our calculations we used the MCNPX Version 2.1.5 Monte Carlo code.
Date: February 18, 2002
Creator: Naberejnev, D. G. & Salvatores, M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

General Index to Experiment Station Record Volumes 01-12, 1989-1901 and to Experiment Station Bulletin Number 2

Description: A topical, alphabetically arranged index to volumes 1-12 including experiment station records, publications reviewed, and foreign publications. It has a 'Consolidated Table of Contents' which lists all editorial notes and publications of the experiment stations and Department of Agriculture from the referenced volumes.
Date: 1903
Creator: United States. Office of Experiment Stations.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

[Letter to David Fentress, July 27, 1863]

Description: Letter by an unidentified author to David Fentress regarding sharing federal newspapers and the banning of federal newspapers in some areas. The author passes on the news of the war including the destruction of the Federal merchantmen by the Confederate fleet. He passes along world news: Russia preparing to go to War with Europe and how that could negatively affect the Confederacy. There is also speculation on the future of the war.
Date: July 27, 1863
Partner: UNT Libraries Special Collections

Experiment Station Record, Volume 50, January-June, 1924

Description: Volume provides abstracts of agricultural experiments conducted during the year. Also includes statistics, convention reports, bulletins, bibliographies and listings for Spanish edition publications from the Porto Rico Station. Name and subject indexes start on page 901.
Date: 1924
Creator: United States. Office of Experiment Stations.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department