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President Obama's First-Term U.S. Circuit and District Court Nominations: An Analysis and Comparison with Presidents Since Reagan

Description: This report seeks to inform the current debate in three ways: first, by providing a statistical analysis of President Barack Obama's nominees, during his first term, to U.S. circuit court of appeals and U.S. district court judgeships, and of any actions taken on their nominations by the Senate Judiciary Committee and the full Senate; second, by using various statistical measures to compare the success of President Obama's judicial nominees, during his first term, in advancing through the Senate confirmation process with the success of the judicial nominees during the first terms of the four most recent preceding Presidents (Ronald Reagan, George H.W. Bush, Bill Clinton, and George W. Bush); and third, by identifying various factors which might help explain differences or variations found in judicial nomination statistics across the first terms of the five Presidents.
Date: May 2, 2013
Creator: McMillion, Barry J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Role of Home State Senators in the Selection of Lower Federal Court Judges

Description: This report examines the role that home state Senators, historically and in the contemporary era, have played in the selection of nominees to U.S. district court and circuit court of appeals judgeships. It also identifies issues that have arisen in recent years over the role of home state Senators in the selection process for federal judges.
Date: February 11, 2013
Creator: Rutkus, Denis Steven
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Nomination and Confirmation of Lower Federal Court Judges in Presidential Election Years

Description: This report seeks to shed light on whether Senate processing of lower court nominations, particularly to the courts of appeals, has tended over recent decades to slow down in presidential election years. The report begins by reviewing recent debate, and historical events dating back to 1980, concerning whether the Senate and its Judiciary Committee customarily observe a practice referred to as the "Thurmond rule." Next, the report provides narratives on each presidential election year from 1980 to 2004, reviewing Senate and committee actions taken on court of appeals and district court nominations in each of the years. The report then compares these years quantitatively, examining the number and percent of nominations processed and the last dates of committee and Senate action taken.
Date: August 13, 2008
Creator: Rutkus, Denis Steven & Scott, Kevin M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Nominations to Article III Lower Courts by President George W. Bush During the 110th Congress

Description: This report tracks nominations made by President George W. Bush to judgeships on the U.S. courts of appeals, the U.S. district courts, and the U.S. Court of International Trade. It lists and keeps count of all nominations made to these courts during the 110th Congress, including pertinent actions taken by the Senate Judiciary Committee and the full Senate. It also tracks the number of judicial vacancies on the courts (including vacancies classified by the federal judiciary as "judicial emergencies"), the number of nominations pending to fill the vacancies, and the names of the pending nominees. It presents the number of persons nominated by President Bush to each category of lower Article III court during his entire presidency (breaking down each total to show the number confirmed, pending, returned and not re-nominated, and withdrawn). Last, it provides a tabular comparison of President Bush's lower court nominee statistics with those of the four Presidents who immediately preceded him.
Date: May 30, 2008
Creator: Rutkus, Denis Steven; Scott, Kevin M. & Bearden, Maureen
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

U.S. Circuit and District Court Nominations During President Obama's First Five Years: Comparative Analysis With Recent Presidents

Description: This report concerns nominations made by President Obama and other recent Presidents to the U.S. circuit courts of appeals and the U.S. district courts. It discusses the selection and confirmation process for U.S. circuit and district court judges.
Date: January 24, 2014
Creator: McMillion, Barry J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

U.S. Circuit and District Court Nominations: Senate Rejections and Committee Votes Other Than to Report Favorably, 1939-2013

Description: This report discusses the 19 U.S. circuit and district court nominations that led to committee consideration of actions other than a favorable report (or other than approval by the full Senate). For each nominee, it lists the votes cast by the Judiciary Committee and the full Senate and identifies circumstances that kept members from approving the nominations, such as senatorial courtesy, ideological disagreement, and concern over nominees' qualifications.
Date: May 29, 2014
Creator: McMillion, Barry J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

U.S. Circuit and District Court Nominations During the Obama Presidency: Midyear Analysis and Comparison with Recent Presidents

Description: This report addresses these issues by providing a statistical analysis of nominations to U.S. circuit and district court judgeships from January 20 of President Obama's first year in office to June 30 of his sixth year, and by comparing statistics during this period of the Obama presidency to statistics from comparable periods of time during the presidencies of his two most recent predecessors.
Date: June 30, 2014
Creator: McMillion, Barry J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Confirmation of U.S. Circuit and District Court Nominations in Presidential Election Years

Description: This report seeks to help inform the debate regarding how many U.S. circuit and district court nominations should be confirmed by year's end, and how late in the year the Senate should continue to confirm them. It includes analysis of the number and timing of circuit court and district court nominations confirmed by the Senate in presidential election years from 1980 to 2008, as well as a comparison of the processing of judicial nominations during these years, using various quantitative measures. It also relates the findings to the Senate's processing of judicial nominations in 2012, as of June 30.
Date: July 12, 2012
Creator: Rutkus, Denis Steven & McMillion, Barry J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

U.S. Circuit and District Court Nominations: Senate Rejections and Committee Votes Other Than to Report Favorably, 1939-2009

Description: This report lists the votes cast by the Judiciary Committee and the Senate on each of the 19 nominations and identifies senatorial courtesy, ideological disagreement, and concern over nominees' qualifications as among the circumstances that led to committee consideration of actions other than a favorable report.
Date: March 24, 2009
Creator: Rutkus, Denis S.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Role of Home State Senators in the Selection of Lower Federal Court Judges

Description: This report examines the role played by Senators in the selection of nominees to two kinds of lower federal court judgeships. Specifically, the judgeships in question, over which Senators have historically played a role in nominee selection, are those (1) in the U.S. district courts lying geographically within the Senators' states and (2) in the U.S. court of appeals circuits of which the Senators' states are a geographic part. This report also discusses several historical and ethical aspects related to Senators recommending judicial candidates.
Date: November 10, 2010
Creator: Rutkus, Denis Steven
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

U.S. District Court Vacancies at the Beginning and End of the Obama Presidency: Overview and Comparative Analysis

Description: This report provides comparative historical data related to U.S. district court vacancies that existed at the beginning and end of the Obama presidency (as well as at the beginning and end of the presidencies of his two most recent predecessors, Presidents George W. Bush and Clinton).
Date: January 31, 2017
Creator: McMillion, Barry J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department