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Modeling wild type and mutant glutathione synthetase.

Description: Glutathione syntethase (GS) is an enzyme that belongs to the ATP-grasp superfamily and catalyzes the second step in the biosynthesis of glutathione. GS has been purified and sequenced from a variety of biological sources; still, its exact mechanism is not fully understood. Four highly conserved residues were identified in the binding site of human GS. Additionally, the G-loop residues that close the active site during catalysis were found to be conserved. Since these residues are important for catalysis, their function was studied computationally by site-directed mutagenesis. Starting from the reported crystal structure of human GS, different conformations for the wild type and mutants were obtained using molecular dynamics technique. The key interactions between residues and ligands were detected and found to be essential for enzyme activity.
Access: This item is restricted to the UNT Community Members at a UNT Libraries Location.
Date: August 2004
Creator: Dinescu, Adriana
Partner: UNT Libraries

Metals in Chemistry and Biology: Computational Chemistry Studies

Description: Numerous enzymatic reactions are controlled by the chemistry of metallic ions. This dissertation investigates the electronic properties of three transition metal (copper, chromium, and nickel) complexes and describes modeling studies performed on glutathione synthetase. (1) Copper nitrene complexes were computationally characterized, as these complexes have yet to be experimentally isolated. (2) Multireference calculations were carried out on a symmetric C2v chromium dimer derived from the crystal structure of the [(tBu3SiO)Cr(µ-OSitBu3)]2 complex. (3) The T-shaped geometry of a three-coordinate β-diketiminate nickel(I) complex with a CO ligand was compared and contrasted with isoelectronic and isosteric copper(II) complexes. (4) Glutathione synthetase (GS), an enzyme that belongs to the ATP-grasp superfamily, catalyzes the (Mg, ATP)-dependent biosynthesis of glutathione (GSH) from γ-glutamylcysteine and glycine. The free and reactant forms of human GS (wild-type and glycine mutants) were modeled computationally by employing molecular dynamics simulations, as these currently have not been structurally characterized.
Date: May 2007
Creator: Dinescu, Adriana
Partner: UNT Libraries

The Butterfly Dimer [(tBu3SiO)Cr]2 (μ-OSitBu3)2 and Its Oxidative Cleavage to (tBu3SiO)2 Cr(=N-N=CPh2)2 and (tBu3SiO)2 Cr=N(2,6-Ph2-C6H3)

Description: Article discussing research on the butterfly dimer [(ᵗBu₃SiO)Cr]₂(μ-OSiᵗBu₃)₂ and its oxidative cleavage to (ᵗBu₃SiO)₂Cr(=N-N=CPh₂)₂ and (ᵗBu₃SiO)₂Cr=N(2,6-Ph₂-C₆H₃).
Date: January 12, 2006
Creator: Sydora, Orson L.; Kuiper, David S.; Wolczanski, Peter T.; Lobkovsky, Emil B.; Dinescu, Adriana & Cundari, Thomas R., 1964-
Partner: UNT College of Arts and Sciences