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Excitation energy transfer in natural photosynthetic complexes and chlorophyll trefoils: hole-burning and single complex/trefoil spectroscopic studies

Description: In this project we studied both natural photosynthetic antenna complexes and various artificial systems (e.g. chlorophyll (Chl) trefoils) using high resolution hole-burning (HB) spectroscopy and excitonic calculations. Results obtained provided more insight into the electronic (excitonic) structure, inhomogeneity, electron-phonon coupling strength, vibrational frequencies, and excitation energy (or electron) transfer (EET) processes in several antennas and reaction centers. For example, our recent work provided important constraints and parameters for more advanced excitonic calculations of CP43, CP47, and PSII core complexes. Improved theoretical description of HB spectra for various model systems offers new insight into the excitonic structure and composition of low-energy absorption traps in very several antenna protein complexes and reaction centers. We anticipate that better understanding of HB spectra obtained for various photosynthetic complexes and their simultaneous fits with other optical spectra (i.e. absorption, emission, and circular dichroism spectra) provides more insight into the underlying electronic structures of these important biological systems. Our recent progress provides a necessary framework for probing the electronic structure of these systems via Hole Burning Spectroscopy. For example, we have shown that the theoretical description of non-resonant holes is more restrictive (in terms of possible site energies) than those of absorption and emission spectra. We have demonstrated that simultaneous description of linear optical spectra along with HB spectra provides more realistic site energies. We have also developed new algorithms to describe both nonresonant and resonant hole-burn spectra using more advanced Redfield theory. Simultaneous description of various optical spectra for complex biological system, e.g. artificial antenna systems, FMO protein complexes, water soluble protein complexes, and various mutants of reaction centers continues; this work is supported by the new DOE BES grant.
Date: September 12, 2012
Creator: Ryszard Jankowiak, Kansas State University, Department of Chemistry, CBC Bldg., Manhattan KS, 66505 & 532-6785, Phone: (785)
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Visualization of Excitonic Structure in the Fenna-Matthews-OlsonPhotosynthetic Complex by Polarization-Dependent Two-DimensionalElectronic Spectroscopy

Description: Photosynthetic light-harvesting proceeds by the collection and highly efficient transfer of energy through a network of pigment-protein complexes. Inter-chromophore electronic couplings and interactions between pigments and the surrounding protein determine energy levels of excitonic states and dictate the mechanism of energy flow. The excitonic structure (orientation of excitonic transition dipoles) of pigment-protein complexes is generally deduced indirectly from x-ray crystallography in combination with predictions of transition energies and couplings in the chromophore site basis. Here, we demonstrate that coarse-grained excitonic structural information in the form of projection angles between transition dipole moments can be obtained from polarization-dependent two-dimensional electronic spectroscopy of an isotropic sample, particularly when the nonrephasing or free polarization decay signal rather than the photon echo signal is considered. The method provides an experimental link between atomic and electronic structure and accesses dynamical information with femtosecond time resolution. In an investigation of the Fenna-Matthews-Olson complex from green sulfur bacteria, energy transfer connecting two particular exciton states in the protein is isolated as being the primary contributor to a cross peak in the nonrephasing 2D spectrum at 400 fs under a specific sequence of polarized excitation pulses. The results suggest the possibility of designing experiments using combinations of tailored polarization sequencesto separate and monitor individual relaxation pathways.
Date: May 26, 2008
Creator: Department of Chemistry, The University of Chicago; Department of Biology, Department of Chemistry, Washington University; Fleming, Graham; Read, Elizabeth L.; Schlau-Cohen, Gabriela S.; Engel, Gregory S. et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Production of hydrogen in non oxygen-evolving systems: co-produced hydrogen as a bonus in the photodegradation of organic pollutants and hydrogen sulfide

Description: This report was prepared as part of the documentation of Annex 10 (Photoproduction of Hydrogen) of the IEA Hydrogen Agreement. Subtask A of this Annex concerned photo-electrochemical hydrogen production, with an emphasis on direct water splitting. However, studies of non oxygen-evolving systems were also included in view of their interesting potential for combined hydrogen production and waste degradation. Annex 10 was operative from 1 March 1995 until 1 October 1998. One of the collaborative projects involved scientists from the Universities of Geneva and Bern, and the Federal Institute of Technology in Laussane, Switzerland. A device consisting of a photoelectrochemical cell (PEC) with a WO{sub 3} photoanode connected in series with a so-called Grazel cell (a dye sensitized liquid junction photovoltaic cell) was developed and studied in this project. Part of these studies concerned the combination of hydrogen production with degradation of organic pollutants, as described in Chapter 3 of this report. For completeness, a review of the state of the art of organic waste treatment is included in Chapter 2. Most of the work at the University of Geneva, under the supervision of Prof. J. Augustynski, was focused on the development and testing of efficient WO{sub 3} photoanodes for the photoelectrochemical degradation of organic waste solutions. Two types of WO{sub 3} anodes were developed: non transparent bulk photoanodes and non-particle-based transparent film photoanodes. Both types were tested for degradation and proved to be very efficient in dilute solutions. For instance, a solar-to-chemical energy conversion efficiency of 9% was obtained by operating the device in a 0.01M solution of methanol (as compared to about 4% obtained for direct water splitting with the same device). These organic compounds are oxidized to CO{sub 2} by the photocurrent produced by the photoanode. The advantages of this procedure over conventional electrolytic degradation are that much ...
Date: January 1, 2000
Creator: Sartoretti, C. Jorand; Ulmann, M.; Augustynski, J. (Electrochemistry Laboratory, Department of Chemistry, University of Geneva (CH)) & Linkous, C.A. (Florida Solar Energy Center, University of Central Florida (US))
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

[Administrators at an event]

Description: Photograph of three unidentified people, possibly part of the North Texas Administration, standing in an interior. One older woman holding a fur wrap/jacket, and two older men. All three wear name-tags. The man to far right tentatively identified as Dr. J.J. Spurlock (North Texas State Teachers College 1935), professor of Chemistry 1940-1976, and Vice President 1959-1971. Probably taken between 1955 and 1968.
Date: 19uu
Partner: UNT Libraries Special Collections

[Alumni Awards Luncheon, April 26, 1975]

Description: Photograph from the Alumni Awards Luncheon, Saturday April 26, 1975 at the Denton Country Club. Dr. William Glaze (standing, right), of the Department of Chemistry, Associate Dean of the College of Arts & Sciences, and Director of Institute of Environmental Studies, is seen receiving the Distinguished Teaching Award by the Alumni Association from Tom Harpool (North Texas State Teachers College 1939), President of the North Texas State University Alumni Association. Seated at far left is Edwina Granberry, to the right of Mrs.Granberry is Dr. Jim Granberry (North Texas State College 1958), Master of Ceremonies for the luncheon.
Date: April 26, 1975
Partner: UNT Libraries Special Collections

[Alumni Awards Luncheon, April 26, 1975]

Description: Photograph from the Alumni Awards Luncheon, Saturday April 26, 1975 at the Denton Country Club. Seen are (left) Dr. Henry Kamp of the Department of Political Science, and (right) Dr. William Glaze, of the Department of Chemistry, Associate Dean of the College of Arts & Sciences, and Director of Institute of Environmental Studies, each of whom were awarded a Distinguished Teaching Award by the Alumni Association.
Date: April 26, 1975
Partner: UNT Libraries Special Collections

Final Technical Report [Polynuclear aromatic hydrocarbons with curved surfaces: Models and precursors for fullerenes]

Description: Highlights of selected achievements are briefly outlined. The bowl-to-bowl inversion barrier was measured for a hydrocarbon on the C{sub 60} surface larger than corannulene; {Delta}G was determined to be 27.8 kcal/mol. A new route to the preparation of tetraketone involving benzeneseleninic anhydride was developed that represents a significant improvement in the overall process making semibuckminsterfullerene more accessible. The first crystallographically characterized transition metal buckybowl compound was reported.
Date: February 23, 2001
Creator: Radideau, Peter W.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Perforated monolayers. Final report

Description: This STI is a final report for a DOE-supported program, ''Perforated Monolayers,'' which focused on the fabrication of ultrathin membranes for gas separations based on Langmuir-Blodgett chemistry.
Date: June 1, 2000
Creator: L., Regen. Steven
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Diamond and Hydrogenated Carbons for Advanced Batteries and Fuel Cells: Fundamental Studies and Applications.

Description: The original funding under this project number was awarded for a period 12/1999 until 12/2002 under the project title Diamond and Hydrogenated Carbons for Advanced Batteries and Fuel Cells: Fundamental Studies and Applications. The project was extended until 06/2003 at which time a renewal proposal was awarded for a period 06/2003 until 06/2008 under the project title Metal/Diamond Composite Thin-Film Electrodes: New Carbon Supported Catalytic Electrodes. The work under DE-FG02-01ER15120 was initiated about the time the PI moved his research group from the Department of Chemistry at Utah State University to the Department of Chemistry at Michigan State University. This DOE-funded research was focused on (i) understanding structure-function relationships at boron-doped diamond thin-film electrodes, (ii) understanding metal phase formation on diamond thin films and developing electrochemical approaches for producing highly dispersed electrocatalyst particles (e.g., Pt) of small nominal particle size, (iii) studying the electrochemical activity of the electrocatalytic electrodes for hydrogen oxidation and oxygen reduction and (iv) conducting the initial synthesis of high surface area diamond powders and evaluating their electrical and electrochemical properties when mixed with a Teflon binder.
Date: April 13, 2009
Creator: Swain & M., Greg
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Supercritical Carbon Dioxide Ligands for Extracting Actinide Metal Ions from Porous Solids

Description: Numerous types of actinide-bearing waste materials are found throughout the DOE complex. Most of these wastes consist of large volumes of non-hazardous materials contaminated with relatively small quantities of actinide elements. Separation of these wastes into their inert and radioactive components would dramatically reduce the costs of stabilization and disposal. For example, the DOE is responsible for decontaminating concrete within 7000 surplus contaminated buildings. The best technology now available for removing surface contamination from concrete involves removing the surface layer by grit blasting, which produces a large volume of blasting residue containing a small amount of radioactive material. Disposal of this residue is expensive because of its large volume and fine particulate nature. Considerable cost savings would result from separation of the radioactive constituents and stabilization of the concrete dust. Similarly, gas diffusion plants for uranium enrichment contain valuable high-purity nickel in the form of diffusion barriers. Decontamination is complicated by the extremely fine pores in these barriers, which are not readily accessible by most cleaning techniques. A cost-effective method for the removal of radioactive contaminants would release this valuable material for salvage.
Date: March 6, 2003
Creator: Herlinger, Albert W. & Dietz, Dr. Mark L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The Kernel Polynomial Method for non-orthogonal electronic structure calculations

Description: The Kernel Polynomial Method (KPM) has been successfully applied to tight-binding electronic structure calculations as an O(N) method. Here we extend this method to nonorthogonal basis sets with a sparse overlap matrix S and a sparse Hamiltonian H. Since the KPM method utilizes matrix vector multiplications it is necessary to apply S{sup -1} H onto a vector. The multiplication of S{sup -1} is performed using a preconditioned conjugate gradient method and does not involve the explicit inversion of S. Hence the method scales the same way as the original KPM method, i.e. O(N), although there is an overhead due to the additional conjugate gradient part. We show an application of this method to defects in a titanate/platinum interface and to a large scale electronic structure calculation of amorphous diamond.
Date: October 1, 1996
Creator: Roeder, H.; Silver, R.N.; Kress, J.D. & Landrum, G.A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department