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Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS): Is It a Health Emergency?

Description: This report describes key Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS) response activities and the emergency authorities available to health officials when routine activities are insufficient to address a public health threat.
Date: June 4, 2014
Creator: Lister, Sarah A.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Ebola: 2014 Outbreak in West Africa

Description: This report gives a overview of the West African Ebola outbreak that began in March, 2014. The report discusses the nature of the disease as well as local and international responses to it. The report also briefly examines U.S policy and congressional actions in the wake of the outbreak.
Date: August 8, 2014
Creator: Cook, Nicolas & Salaam-Blyther, Tiaji
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Safe at Home? Letting Ebola-Stricken Americans Return

Description: This report examines the U.S. practice of isolation and quarantine for citizens arriving in the country who have been infected with or exposed to a dangerous communicable disease. The report frames this information in the context of the two American healthcare workers who were brought back into the U.S. for treatment after contracting the Ebola virus in West Africa in the Summer of 2014.
Date: August 5, 2014
Creator: Lister, Sarah A.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Ebola: Basics About the Disease

Description: This report discusses Ebola virus disease (EVD) in general, including symptoms, modes of transmission, incubation period, and treatments; presents projections of the future course of the outbreak; and lists additional CRS products, including products focused on the situation in West Africa. Unless otherwise cited, information in this report is drawn from Ebola information pages of CDC and the World Health Organization (WHO).
Date: October 3, 2014
Creator: Lister, Sarah A.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Ebola: Selected Legal Issues

Description: Several West African countries are currently grappling with an unprecedented outbreak of Ebola virus disease (EVD). Here in the United States, where Ebola is not endemic, a handful of EVD cases have been diagnosed, and domestic transmission of the virus has occurred in only two cases to date. This report provides a brief overview of selected legal issues regarding measures to prevent transmission of Ebola virus and the civil rights of individuals affected by the disease.
Date: December 16, 2014
Creator: Cole, Jared P.; Perry, Rodney M.; Dolan, Alissa M.; Shimabukuro, Jon O.; Garcia, Michael J.; Smith, Jane M. et al.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

PEPFAR Reauthorization: Key Policy Debates and Changes to U.S. International HIV/AIDS, Tuberculosis, and Malaria Programs and Funding

Description: This report provides background on the President’s Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR) implementation and results. It details actual and requested funding for U.S. bilateral and multilateral efforts to fight HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis, and malaria globally through FY2009. It discusses key policy debates surrounding international HIV/AIDS, malaria, and tuberculosis programs and funding as the 110th Congress considered legislation to reauthorize PEPFAR programs.
Date: January 29, 2009
Creator: Moss, Kellie
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Federal and State Quarantine and Isolation Authority

Description: This report provides an overview of federal and state public health laws as they relate to the quarantine and isolation of individuals, a discussion of constitutional issues that may be raised should individual liberties be restricted in a quarantine situation, and federalism questions that may arise where federal and state authorities overlap. In addition, the possible role of the armed forces in enforcing public health measures is discussed, specifically whether the Posse Comitatus Act would constrain any military role, and other statutory authorities that may be used for the military enforcement of health measures.
Date: August 16, 2006
Creator: Swendiman, Kathleen S. & Elsea, Jennifer K.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Tuberculosis: International Efforts and Issues for Congress

Description: This report discusses the infectious disease outbreaks, such as H5N1 avian influenza and severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS), and tuberculosis (TB). The World Health Organization (WHO) estimates that someone contracts TB every second and that about one-third of all people in the world carry TB; most of these cases, however, are latent
Date: May 1, 2008
Creator: Salaam-Blyther, Tiaji
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Influenza Antiviral Drugs and Patent Law Issues

Description: This report identifies and analyzes the patent law aspects of the current avian influenza drug situation. First, the report explains the role that patent rights have played in affecting the availability of Tamiflu. Second, the report examines options for increasing the drug’s production, including the possibility of governments abrogating Roche’s patent rights by issuing compulsory licenses to other drug companies to manufacture generic versions of Tamiflu without Roche’s consent.
Date: November 18, 2005
Creator: Yeh, Brian T.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Legal Implications of the Contagious Disease or Infections Amendment to the Civil Rights Restoration Act, S.557

Description: This report discusses the civil rights restoration act, S. 557, as it passed the House and Senate. This provision would most likely be interpreted as codifying the existing standards relating to section 504 interpretation concerning discrimination against individuals with handicaps.
Date: March 14, 1988
Creator: Jones, Nancy Lee
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Zika Virus: Global Health Considerations

Description: This report gives a brief overview of the Zika virus, which typically causes mild symptoms, including fever, rash, and conjunctivitis. Health experts are uncertain whether Zika causes microcephaly, a potentially-severe birth defect involving brain damage.
Date: February 6, 2016
Creator: Salaam-Blyther, Tiaji
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Zika Virus: Global Health Considerations

Description: This report gives a brief overview of the Zika Vvrus, which typically causes mild symptoms, including fever, rash, and conjunctivitis. Health experts are uncertain whether Zika causes microcephaly, a potentially-severe birth defect involving brain damage.
Date: February 9, 2016
Creator: Salaam-Blyther, Tiaji
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Zika Response Funding: In Brief

Description: This report presents the Administration's request for supplemental appropriations for the Zika response. It includes sections outlining Congressional actions, the emergency supplemental appropriations request for Zika response efforts -- by both U.S. health and human services agencies and international assistance programs -- and information about unobligated Ebola response funds.
Date: April 28, 2016
Creator: Epstein, Susan B. & Lister, Sarah A.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Zika Virus in Latin America and the Caribbean: U.S. Policy Considerations

Description: This report provides background information on the Zika virus, discusses challenges faced by governments and implementing partners in the Latin America and Caribbean region that are attempting to control the ongoing outbreak, and analyzes these issues in the context of the U.S. Zika response.
Date: June 29, 2016
Creator: Ribando Seelke, Clare; Salaam-Blyther, Tiaji & Beittel, June S.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Status of the Ebola Outbreak in West Africa: Overview and Issues for Congress

Description: This report discusses ongoing efforts to control Ebola in West Africa, analyzes persistent challenges in fighting the spread of the disease, and tracks Ebola emergency funds. The 2014-2015 outbreak and spread of Ebola Virus Disease in West Africa became an international public health emergency that, in no small part due to international intervention, abated significantly by the end of 2015 and early 2016. The issue remains of interest toward the end of the 114th Congress for a number of reasons, including ongoing concerns about the status of disease and risks of future outbreaks, and interest in the disposition of funds appropriated by Congress in response to Ebola, especially in view of the more recent health challenge posed by the Zika virus.
Date: May 25, 2016
Creator: Salaam-Blyther, Tiaji; Epstein, Susan B. & Skorupski, Bolko J.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Zika Response Funding: Request and Congressional Action

Description: This report presents the Administration's request for supplemental appropriations for the Zika response. It includes sections outlining Congressional actions, the emergency supplemental appropriations request for Zika response efforts -- by both U.S. health and human services agencies and international assistance programs -- and information about unobligated Ebola response funds.
Date: May 20, 2016
Creator: Epstein, Susan B. & Lister, Sarah A.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Zika Response Funding: Request and Congressional Action

Description: This report presents the Administration's request for supplemental appropriations for the Zika response. It includes sections outlining Congressional actions, the emergency supplemental appropriations request for Zika response efforts -- by both U.S. health and human services agencies and international assistance programs -- and information about unobligated Ebola response funds.
Date: June 2, 2016
Creator: Epstein, Susan B. & Lister, Sarah A.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Zika Poses New Challenges for Blood Centers

Description: This report examines recent steps being taken to prevent the spread of Zika virus (ZIKV) in the blood supply.
Date: August 4, 2016
Creator: Redhead, C. S. & Lister, Sarah A.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Zika Response Funding: Request and Congressional Action

Description: This report presents the Administration's request for supplemental appropriations for the Zika response. It includes sections outlining Congressional actions, the emergency supplemental appropriations request for Zika response efforts -- by both U.S. health and human services agencies and international assistance programs -- and information about unobligated Ebola response funds.
Date: September 30, 2016
Creator: Epstein, Susan B. & Lister, Sarah A.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Zika Response Funding: Request and Congressional Action

Description: This report presents the Administration's request for supplemental appropriations for the Zika response. It includes sections outlining Congressional actions, the emergency supplemental appropriations request for Zika response efforts -- by both U.S. health and human services agencies and international assistance programs -- and information about unobligated Ebola response funds.
Date: September 1, 2016
Creator: Epstein, Susan B. & Lister, Sarah A.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) Coverage of Contagious Diseases

Description: The Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA), provides broad nondiscrimination protection for individuals with disabilities in employment public services, public accommodations and services operated by private entities, transportation, and telecommunication. This report briefly discusses the Americans with Disabilities Act's statutory provisions relating to contagious diseases and relevant judicial interpretations.
Date: October 15, 2008
Creator: Jones, Nancy Lee
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department