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FY2011 Budget Proposals and Projections

Description: This report provides an overview of major budget estimates and projections for the FY2011 federal budget cycle. The report presents and compares budget projections calculated by the Obama Administration's Office of Management and Budget (OMB) and the Congressional Budget Office (CBO). In addition, the report discusses major budgetary issues.
Date: September 1, 2010
Creator: Austin, D. A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The "Deeming Resolution": A Budget Enforcement Tool

Description: This report describes substantive enforcement procedures associated with the budget resolution, explains the concept of a "deeming resolution," discusses House and Senate action on deeming resolutions, and provides information on a related topic, waiving a bar against the consideration of budgetary legislation for a fiscal year before a budget resolution for that fiscal year has been adopted.
Date: September 2, 2010
Creator: Lynch, Megan Suzanne
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Budget Reconciliation Measures Enacted Into Law: 1980-2010

Description: The budget reconciliation process is an optional procedure that operates as an adjunct to the budget resolution process established by the Congressional Budget Act of 1974. The chief purpose of the reconciliation process is to enhance Congress's ability to change current law in order to bring revenue, spending, and debt-limit levels into conformity with the policies of the annual budget resolution. This report identifies and briefly summarizes the 20 budget reconciliation measures enacted into law during the period covering 1980, when reconciliation procedures first were used by both chambers, through 2010, the last year of the 111th Congress.
Date: September 2, 2010
Creator: Lynch, Megan S.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Budget "Sequestration" and Selected Program Exemptions and Special Rules

Description: This report looks at the history and current status of sequestration at it relates to Congress, including how it is enacted and special rules that can apply. "Sequestration" is a process of automatic, largely across-the-board spending reductions under which budgetary resources are permanently canceled to enforce certain budget policy goals.
Date: January 10, 2013
Creator: Spar, Karen
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The Budget Control Act of 2011: The Effects on Spending and the Budget Deficit

Description: This report discusses the effects of the Budget Control Act of 2011 (BCA) on spending and the deficit, assuming that the automatic spending reductions proceed as scheduled from FY2013 to FY2021 and the discretionary spending caps remain in place.
Date: April 1, 2013
Creator: Levit, Mindy R. & Labonte, Marc
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Potential Policy Implications of the House Reconciliation Bill (H.R. 3762)

Description: This report provides background on the reconciliation process of the FY2016 budget resolution (S.Con.Res. 11) and summarizes the provisions in H.R. 37622. It then briefly examines some of the bill's policy implications. The report will be updated as necessary to reflect key legislative developments.
Date: November 13, 2015
Creator: Mach, Annie L.; Heisler, Elayne J.; Lister, Sarah A.; Lowry, Sean; Redhead, C. S.; Saturno, James V. et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

State, Foreign Operations, and Related Programs: FY2016 Budget and Appropriations

Description: This report provides an overview of the FY2016 State, Foreign Operations, and Related Programs (SFOPS) request, a discussion of key issues and historic context, and account-by-account funding comparisons with FY2014 actuals, available FY2015 estimates, and FY2016 legislation.
Date: October 13, 2015
Creator: Epstein, Susan B.; Lawson, Marian L. & Tiersky, Alex
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Points of Order in the Congressional Budget Process

Description: This report summarizes the points of order currently in effect under the Congressional Budget Act of 1974, as amended, as well as related points of order established in various other measures that have a direct impact on budget enforcement.
Date: October 20, 2015
Creator: Saturno, James V.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Manual on the Federal Budget Process

Description: The purpose of this manual is to assist users of Federal budget information in understanding how the process works and how data are to be interpreted.
Date: March 31, 1987
Creator: Schick, Allen; Keith, Robert & Davis, Edward
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Manual on the Federal Budget Process

Description: The purpose of this manual is to assist users of Federal budget information in understanding how the process works and how data are to be interpreted.
Date: March 31, 1987
Creator: Schick, Allen; Keith, Robert & Davis, Edward
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Congress and the Budget: 2016 Actions and Events

Description: This report seeks to assist in (1) anticipating what federal budget-related actions might occur within the year 2016, and (2) staying abreast of budget actions that occur this year. It provides a general description of the recurrent types of budgetary actions, and reflects on current events that unfold in each category during 2016. In addition, it includes information on certain events that may affect Congress's work on the budget, such as the President's budget request and the Congressional Budget Office's budget and economic outlook.
Date: January 19, 2016
Creator: Driessen, Grant A. & Lynch, Megan S.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Congress and the Budget: 2016 Actions and Events

Description: The Constitution grants Congress the power of the purse, but does not dictate how Congress must fulfill this constitutional duty. Congress has, therefore, developed certain types of budgetary legislation, along with rules and practices that govern its content and consideration. This set of budgetary legislation, rules, and practices is often referred to as the congressional budget process. This report seeks to assist in anticipating what budget-related actions might occur within the upcoming year, and staying abreast of budget actions that occur this year. It provides a general description of the recurrent types of budgetary actions, and reflects on current events that unfold in each category during 2016.
Date: January 29, 2016
Creator: Driessen, Grant A. & Lynch, Megan S.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

FY2017 State, Foreign Operations and Related Programs Budget Request: In Brief

Description: This report provides an overview and highlights of budget requests for the State Department, Foreign Operations, and Related Appropriations (SFOPS). It includes information from the previous fiscal years with an account-by-account comparison of the FY2017 request to the FY2016 estimates and FY2015 actuals in Appendix A.
Date: February 19, 2016
Creator: Epstein, Susan B.; Lawson, Marian L. & Tiersky, Alex
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Changes in the Purposes and Frequency of Authorizations of Appropriations

Description: This report discusses general principles in how the language concerning the purposes and frequency of authorizations of appropriations has changed over the past century. These general principles are illustrated through case studies on the authorizations of appropriations that were enacted during this period for three agencies: the National Science Foundation, the National Aeronautics and Space Administration, and the Peace Corps.
Date: January 16, 2015
Creator: Tollestrup, Jessica
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The "Deeming Resolution": A Budget Enforcement Tool

Description: Deeming resolution" is a term that refers to legislation which is deemed to serve as an annual budget resolution for purposes of establishing enforceable budget levels for a budget cycle. A deeming resolution is used when the House and Senate are late in reaching final agreement on a budget resolution or fail to reach agreement altogether. Either chamber may initiate its own budget enforcement procedures by adopting a "deeming resolution" in the form of a simple resolution. This report describes substantive enforcement procedures associated with the budget resolution, explains the concept of a "deeming resolution," discusses House and Senate action on deeming resolutions, and provides information on a related topic, waiving a bar against the consideration of budgetary legislation for a fiscal year before a budget resolution for that fiscal year has been adopted.
Date: May 17, 2010
Creator: Keith, Robert
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department