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Factors for Bioenergy Market Development

Description: Focusing on the development of the whole bioenergy market rather than isolated projects, this paper contributes to the identification of barriers and drivers behind bioenergy technology implementation. It presents a framework for the assessment of the potentials for bioenergy market growth to be used by decision makers in administration and industry. The conclusions are based on case studies of operating bioenergy markets in Austria, US and Sweden. Six important factors for bioenergy market growth have been identified: (1) Integration with other business, e.g. for biomass procurement, (2) Scale effects of bioenergy market, (3) Competition on bioenergy market, (4) Competition with other business, (5) National policy, (6) Local policy and local opinion. Different applications of the framework are discussed.
Date: October 4, 1998
Creator: Roos, A.; Hektor, B.; Graham, R.L. & Rakos, C.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Systems Studies

Description: The Systems Studies Activity had two objectives: (1) to investigate nontechnical barriers to the deployment of biomass production and supply systems and (2) to enhance and extend existing systems models of bioenergy supply and use. For the first objective, the Activity focused on existing bioenergy markets. Four projects were undertaken: a comparative analysis of bioenergy in Sweden and Austria; a one-day workshop on nontechnical barriers jointly supported by the Production Systems Activity; the development and testing of a framework for analyzing barriers and drivers to bioenergy markets; and surveys of wood pellet users in Sweden, Austria and the US. For the second objective, two projects were undertaken. First, the Activity worked with the Integrated BioEnergy Systems (TBS) Activity of TEA Bioenergy Task XIII to enhance the BioEnergy Assessment Model (BEAM). This model is documented in the final report of the IBS Activity. The Systems Studies Activity contributed to enhancing the feedstock portion of the model by developing a coherent set of willow, poplar, and switchgrass production modules relevant to both the US and the UK. The Activity also developed a pretreatment module for switchgrass. Second, the Activity sponsored a three-day workshop on modeling bioenergy systems with the objectives of providing an overview of the types of models used to evaluate bioenergy and promoting communication among bioenergy modelers. There were nine guest speakers addressing different types of models used to evaluate different aspects of bioenergy, ranging from technoeconomic models based on the ASPEN software to linear programming models to develop feedstock supply curves for the US. The papers from this workshop have been submitted to Biomass and Bioenergy and are under editorial review.
Date: March 17, 1998
Creator: Graham, R.L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

General Index to Experiment Station Record Volumes 01-12, 1989-1901 and to Experiment Station Bulletin Number 2

Description: A topical, alphabetically arranged index to volumes 1-12 including experiment station records, publications reviewed, and foreign publications. It has a 'Consolidated Table of Contents' which lists all editorial notes and publications of the experiment stations and Department of Agriculture from the referenced volumes.
Date: 1903
Creator: United States. Office of Experiment Stations.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Special Issue for the 9th International Conference on Carbonaceous Particles in the Atmosphere

Description: Carbonaceous particles are a minor constituent of the atmosphere but have a profound effect on air quality, human health, visibility and climate. The importance of carbonaceous particles has been increasingly recognized and become a mainstream topic at numerous conferences. Such was not the case in 1978, when the 1st International Conference on Carbonaceous Particles in the Atmosphere (ICCPA), or ''Carbon Conference'' as it is widely known, was introduced as a new forum to bring together scientists who were just beginning to reveal the importance and complexity of carbonaceous particles in the environment. Table 1 lists the conference dates, venues in the series as well as the proceedings, and special issues resulting form the meetings. Penner and Novakov (Penner and Novakov, 1996) provide an excellent historical perspective to the early ICCPA Conferences. Thirty years later, the ninth in this conference series was held at its inception site, Berkeley, California, attended by 160 scientists from 31 countries, and featuring both new and old themes in 49 oral and 83 poster presentations. Topics covered such areas as historical trends in black carbon aerosol, ambient concentrations, analytic techniques, secondary aerosol formation, biogenic, biomass, and HULIS1 characterization, optical properties, and regional and global climate effects. The conference website, http://iccpa.lbl.gov/, holds the agenda, as well as many presentations, for the 9th ICCPA. The 10th ICCPA is tentatively scheduled for 2011 in Vienna, Austria. The papers in this issue are representative of several of the themes discussed in the conference. Ban-Weiss et al., (Ban-Weiss et al., accepted) measured the abundance of ultrafine particles in a traffic tunnel and found that heavy duty diesel trucks emit at least an order of magnitude more ultrafine particles than light duty gas-powered vehicles per unit of fuel burned. Understanding of this issue is important as ultrafine particles have been shown to ...
Date: December 11, 2009
Creator: Strawa, A.W.; Kirchstetter, T.W. & Puxbaum, H.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Enhanced Conversion of Thermal Electron Bernstein Waves to the Extraordinary Electromagnetic Mode on the National Spherical Torus Experiment (NSTX)

Description: A four-fold increase in the conversion of thermal electron-Bernstein waves (EBW) to the extraordinary mode (X-mode) was measured when the density scale length (L subscript ''n'') was progressively shortened by a local Boron nitride limiter in the scrape-off of an ohmically heated National Spherical Torus Experiment (NSTX) plasma [M. Ono, S. Kaye, M. Peng, et al., Proceedings 17th IAEA Fusion Energy Conference (IAEA, Vienna, Austria, 1999), Vol. 3, p. 1135]. The maximum conversion efficiency approached 50% when L subscript ''n'' was reduced to 0.7 cm, in agreement with theoretical predictions that used locally measured L subscript ''n''. Calculations indicate that it is possible to establish L subscript ''n'' < 0.3 cm with a local limiter, a value predicted to attain approximately 100% EBW conversion to the X-mode in support of proposed EBW heating and current drive scenarios.
Date: October 15, 2002
Creator: Taylor, G.; Efthimion, P.C.; Jones, B.; LeBlanc, B.P.; Wilson, J.R.; Wilgen, J.B. et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Preservation of artifacts in salt mines as a natural analog for the storage of transuranic wastes at the WIPP repository

Description: Use of nature`s laboratory for scientific analysis of complex systems is a largely untapped resource for understanding long-term disposal of hazardous materials. The Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP) in the US is a facility designed and approved for storage of transuranic waste in a salt medium. Isolation from the biosphere must be ensured for 10,000 years. Natural analogs provide a means to interpret the evolution of the underground disposal setting. Investigations of ancient sites where manmade materials have experienced mechanical and chemical processes over millennia provide scientific information unattainable by conventional laboratory methods. This paper presents examples of these pertinent natural analogs, provides examples of features relating to the WIPP application, and identifies potential avenues of future investigations. This paper cites examples of analogical information pertaining to the Hallstatt salt mine in Austria and Wieliczka salt mine in Poland. This paper intends to develop an appreciation for the applicability of natural analogs to the science and engineering of a long-term disposal facility in geomedia.
Date: October 1, 1998
Creator: Martell, M.A.; Hansen, F. & Weiner, R.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The U.S. Support Program to IAEA Safeguards - Destructive Analysis

Description: The U.S. Support Program (USSP) to IAEA Safeguards priority of destructive analysis is aimed at strengthening the IAEA's ability to use destructive analysis as a safeguards tool. IAEA inspectors bring back nuclear and environmental samples from inspections, which are first cataloged by the IAEA and then analyzed by a network of laboratories located in many Member States and the IAEA's own Safeguards Analytical Laboratory in Seibersdorf, Austria. Historically, the USSP was instrumental in introducing environmental sampling techniques to the IAEA in order to enhance its understanding of material processing activities conducted at nuclear facilities. The USSP has also worked with the IAEA to improve understanding of measurement uncertainty and measurement quality, incorporate new and improved analytical methods, and purchase analytical and computer equipment. Recent activities include a temporary increase in analysis of environmental samples using secondary ion mass spectrometry and provision of a cost-free expert to restore secondary ion mass spectroscopy laboratory functionality and to modernize the IAEA's Safeguards Analytical Laboratory Information System.
Date: July 13, 2008
Creator: Hoffheins,B.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

[News Script: Choir]

Description: Script from the WBAP-TV/NBC station in Fort Worth, Texas, covering a news story about the Vienna Boy's Choir performing for Fort Worth's Ridglea Country Club.
Date: February 17, 1961
Creator: WBAP-TV (Television station : Fort Worth, Tex.)
Partner: UNT Libraries Special Collections

La grande offensiva Italiana : la disfatta Austriaca sul Montello.

Description: Detailed color illustration of a battle scene. Italian soldiers in blue cross a river and charge against Austrian soldiers in green. Several Austrian soldiers and a horse are falling or dead. A toppled weapon is seen in the foreground. Several explosions can be seen on the river, its banks, the mountains, and a town in the distance. Airplanes are flying, cannons are firing, and multitudes of Italian troops are marching in the far distance.
Date: unknown
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

[Goldenes Dachl]

Description: Photograph of the Goldenes Dachl (Golden Roof) in Innsbruck, Austria. There are multiple people outside the building in the bottom foreground. The building in the foreground has carvings on the balconies and roof. The roof is made from golden tiles. On the second story, there are colorful frescoes on the exterior of the building. The wall built around the building has windows going up four stories; each with a window box full of pink flowers.
Date: 1980
Creator: Gough, Ray
Partner: UNT College of Visual Arts + Design

[Castles]

Description: Photograph of castles in Austria. In the foreground, a house and farmland are visible. One castle is visible in the left middle ground and another is visible on the right. The distant landscape is visible in the background.
Date: 1980
Creator: Gough, Ray
Partner: UNT College of Visual Arts + Design

[Stone Doorway]

Description: Photograph of an arched stone doorway in Austria. The doorway and cracked stone brick wall fill the frame. A small illegible sign is posted on the left side of the door.
Date: 1980
Creator: Gough, Ray
Partner: UNT College of Visual Arts + Design

[Austria]

Description: Photograph of an interior space in Austria. In the center of the frame, a tile vessel is visible. A clear glass display case intersects the fame on the right side.
Date: 1980
Creator: Gough, Ray
Partner: UNT College of Visual Arts + Design

[Innsbruck]

Description: Photograph of a street in Innsbruck, Austria. The street is filled with people and outdoor cafes. A ship sign overhangs a doorway in the right foreground. Buildings of multiple colors line the streets. Red and white flags are mounted on the buildings.
Date: 1980
Creator: Gough, Ray
Partner: UNT College of Visual Arts + Design

[Yellow Clocktower]

Description: Photograph of a yellow clock tower in Austria. A white building is visible in the left foreground. A yellow clock tower sticks out of a building on the right.
Date: 1980
Creator: Gough, Ray
Partner: UNT College of Visual Arts + Design

[Austria]

Description: Photograph of a round stone building with a pointed roof in Austria. The buildings sits on a hillside surrounded by grass and trees.
Date: 1980
Creator: Gough, Ray
Partner: UNT College of Visual Arts + Design

[Jesus Statue]

Description: Photograph of a tall pillar with a statue of Jesus in Austria. The pillar is visible on the right side covered with statues. Stone figures climb up the tower. Jesus is at the top. A building is visible in the background.
Date: 1980
Creator: Gough, Ray
Partner: UNT College of Visual Arts + Design

[Woodwork]

Description: Photograph of woodwork on a building in Austria. The top eve of a roof is visible. The decorative woodworking and lattice work are visible.
Date: 1980
Creator: Gough, Ray
Partner: UNT College of Visual Arts + Design

[Carved Archway]

Description: Photograph of a carved stone archway in Austria. The carvings depict figures, horses, and centaurs. The arch is inset in a white wall. In the background, a colorful fresco is visible through the archway.
Date: 1980
Creator: Gough, Ray
Partner: UNT College of Visual Arts + Design

[Wooden Door]

Description: Photograph of a door in Austria. The door is in the center foreground with white walls on either side. The door is decorated with wooden carvings and metal ornamentation. The white wall forms an arch above the door. There are names written on the top of the door frame.
Date: 1980
Creator: Gough, Ray
Partner: UNT College of Visual Arts + Design

[Wooden Door]

Description: Photograph of a wooden door in Austria. The wooden door is visible in the foreground. Stone columns flank the door. The door has a large iron lock.
Date: 1980
Creator: Gough, Ray
Partner: UNT College of Visual Arts + Design

[Austria]

Description: Photograph of a room in Austria. There is a bench in the center of the room where four people are sitting. Two other men are seen standing in the room. The room is white with arched ceilings. There is a door on the opposite side of the room. Ornately decorated pedestals are visible on either side of the door.
Date: 1980
Creator: Gough, Ray
Partner: UNT College of Visual Arts + Design

[Innsbruck Street]

Description: Photograph of a street in Innsbruck, Austria. The street is lined with buildings on both sides. Many people walk on the street. In the top right foreground, a metal ornament extends from the building..
Date: 1980
Creator: Gough, Ray
Partner: UNT College of Visual Arts + Design