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OECD Environmental Performance Reviews – 2nd Cycle (2001-2009)

Description: This report examines Australia’s progress since the previous OECD Environmental Performance Review in 1998 and the extent to which the country is meeting its domestic objectives and international commitments regarding the environment and sustainable development. It also reviews progress in the context of the OECD Environmental Strategy, and compared to the recommendations of the previous OECD review. This book is part of the OECD Environmental Performance Reviews Programme which conducts peer reviews of environmental conditions and progress in each member country. The analyses presented are supported by a broad range of economic and environmental data and lead to recommendations for further environmental and sustainable development progress.
Date: 2009
Creator: Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development
Item Type: Text
Partner: UNT Libraries

Electric power industry restructuring in Australia: Lessons from down-under. Occasional paper No. 20

Description: Australia`s electric power industry (EPI) is undergoing major restructuring. This restructuring includes commercialization of state-owned electric organization through privatization and through corporatization into separate governmental business units; structural unbundling of generation, transmission, retailing, and distribution; and creation of a National Electricity Market (NEM) organized as a centralized, market-based trading pool for buying and selling electricity. The principal rationales for change in the EPI were the related needs of enhancing international competitiveness, improving productivity, and lowering electric rates. Reducing public debt through privatization also played an important role. Reforms in the EPI are part of the overall economic reform package that is being implemented in Australia. Enhancing efficiency in the economy through competition is a key objective of the reforms. As the need for reform was being discussed in the early 1990s, Australia`s previous prime minister, Paul Keating, observed that {open_quotes}the engine which drives efficiency is free and open competition.{close_quotes} The optimism about the economic benefits of the full package of reforms across the different sectors of the economy, including the electricity industry, is reflected in estimated benefits of a 5.5 percent annual increase in real gross domestic product and the creation of 30,000 more jobs. The largest source of the benefits (estimated at 25 percent of total benefits) was projected to come from reform of the electricity and gas sectors.
Date: January 1, 1997
Creator: Ray, D.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Annual Report of the Office of Experiment Stations, June 30, 1908

Description: Volume provides a summary of the progress of each agricultural experiment station. Also includes statistics, discussions of foreign investigations, and selected studies.
Date: September 21, 1909
Creator: United States. Office of Experiment Stations.
Item Type: Book
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Annual Report of the Office of Experiment Stations, June 30, 1910

Description: Volume provides a summary of the progress of each agricultural experiment station. Also includes statistics, discussions of foreign investigations, and selected studies.
Date: September 14, 1911
Creator: United States. Office of Experiment Stations.
Item Type: Book
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Partnerships for Clean Development and Climate: Business andTechnology Cooperation Benefits

Description: Development and poverty eradication are urgent andoverriding goals internationally. The World Summit on SustainableDevelopment made clear the need for increased access to affordable,reliable and cleaner energy and the international community agreed in theDelhi Declaration on Climate Change and Sustainable Development on theimportance of the development agenda in considering any climate changeapproach. To this end, six countries (Australia, China, India, Japan,Republic of Korea and the United States) have come together to form theAsia Pacific Partnership in accordance with their respective nationalcircumstances, to develop, deploy and transfer cleaner, more efficienttechnologies and to meet national pollution reduction, energy securityand climate change concerns consistent with the principles of the U.N.Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). The APP builds on thefoundation of existing bilateral and multilateral initiativescomplements.APP has established eight public-private sector Task Forcescovering: (1) cleaner fossil energy; (2) renewable energy and distributedgeneration; (3) power generation and transmission; (4) steel; (5)aluminium; (6) cement; (7) coal mining; and (8) buildings and appliances.As a priority, each Task Force will formulate detailed action plansoutlining both immediate and medium-term specific actions, includingpossible "flagship" projects and relevant indicators of progress by 31August 2006. The partnership will help the partners build human andinstitutional capacity to strengthen cooperative efforts, and will seekopportunities to engage the private sector. The APP organized An OutreachWorkshop: Business&Technology Cooperation Opportunities forIndustry on August 26, 2006, New Delhi. This paper was prepared toprovide background information for participants of the Conference. Ithighlights energy efficiency, renewable energy, and climate technologies,barriers, and partnerships that are being implemented in the US, Indiaand other selected countries. The paper discusses the lessons to belearned from these partnerships, and ways by which the APP could fostercooperation between India and the other member countries. It highlightsthe types of technologies that Indian public sector and private industrycould access from US national laboratories and also be able to ...
Date: August 22, 2006
Creator: Sathaye, Jayant A.; Price, Lynn; Kumar, Satish; de la Rue du Can,Stephane; Warfield, Corina & Padmanabhan, S.
Item Type: Article
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Unusual flux-distance relationship for pulsars suggested by analysis of the Australia national telescopy facility pulsar catalogue

Description: We analyze pulsar fluxes at 1400 MHz (S(1400)) and distances d taken from the Australia National Telescope Facility (ATNF) Pulsar Catalogue. Under the assumption that pulsar populations in different parts of the Galaxy are similar, we find that either (a) pulsar fluxes diminish with distance according to a non-standard power law (we suggest S(1400){proportional_to} 1/d rather than {proportional_to} 1/d{sup 2}) or (b) that there are very significant (i.e. order of magnitude) errors in the distance estimates quoted in the ATNF Catalogue. The former conclusion (a) supports a recent model for pulsar emission that has also successfully explained the frequency spectrum of the Crab pulsar over 16 orders of magnitude of frequency, whilst alternative (b) would necessitate a radical re-evaluation of both the dispersion method for estimating pulsar distances and current ideas about the distribution of pulsars within our Galaxy.
Date: January 1, 2009
Creator: Singleton, John; Perez, M R; Singleton, J; Ardavan, H & Ardavan, A
Item Type: Article
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Developing a monitoring and verification plan with reference to the Australian Otway CO2 pilot project

Description: The Australian Cooperative Research Centre for Greenhouse Gas Technologies (CO2CRC) is currently injecting 100,000 tons of CO{sub 2} in a large-scale test of storage technology in a pilot project in southeastern Australia called the CO2CRC Otway Project. The Otway Basin, with its natural CO{sub 2} accumulations and many depleted gas fields, offers an appropriate site for such a pilot project. An 80% CO{sub 2} stream is produced from a well (Buttress) near the depleted gas reservoir (Naylor) used for storage (Figure 1). The goal of this project is to demonstrate that CO{sub 2} can be safely transported, stored underground, and its behavior tracked and monitored. The monitoring and verification framework has been developed to monitor for the presence and behavior of CO{sub 2} in the subsurface reservoir, near surface, and atmosphere. This monitoring framework addresses areas, identified by a rigorous risk assessment, to verify conformance to clearly identifiable performance criteria. These criteria have been agreed with the regulatory authorities to manage the project through all phases addressing responsibilities, liabilities, and to assure the public of safe storage.
Date: May 1, 2009
Creator: Dodds, K.; Daley, T.; Freifeld, B.; Urosevic, M.; Kepic, A. & Sharma, S.
Item Type: Article
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Tropical Warm Pool International Cloud Experiment TWP-ICE Cloud and rain characteristics in the Australian Monsoon

Description: The impact of oceanic convection on its environment and the relationship between the characteristics of the convection and the resulting cirrus characteristics is still not understood. An intense airborne measurement campaign combined with an extensive network of ground-based observations is being planned for the region near Darwin, Northern Australia, during January-February, 2006, to address these questions. The Tropical Warm Pool International Cloud Experiment (TWP-ICE) will be the first field program in the tropics that attempts to describe the evolution of tropical convection, including the large scale heat, moisture, and momentum budgets, while at the same time obtaining detailed observations of cloud properties and the impact of the clouds on the environment. The emphasis will be on cirrus for the cloud properties component of the experiment. Cirrus clouds are ubiquitous in the tropics and have a large impact on their environment but the properties of these clouds are poorly understood. A crucial product from this experiment will be a dataset suitable to provide the forcing and testing required by cloud-resolving models and parameterizations in global climate models. This dataset will provide the necessary link between cloud properties and the models that are attempting to simulate them.
Date: May 31, 2004
Creator: May, P.T., Jakob, C., and Mather, J.H.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Country Report on Building Energy Codes in Australia

Description: This report is part of a series of reports on building energy efficiency codes in countries associated with the Asian Pacific Partnership (APP) - Australia, South Korea, Japan, China, India, and the United States of America (U.S.). This reports gives an overview of the development of building energy codes in Australia, including national energy policies related to building energy codes, history of building energy codes, recent national projects and activities to promote building energy codes. The report also provides a review of current building energy codes (such as building envelope, HVAC, and lighting) for commercial and residential buildings in Australia.
Date: April 2, 2009
Creator: Shui, Bin; Evans, Meredydd & Somasundaram, Sriram
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Creating permeable fracture networks for EGS: Engineered systems versus nature

Description: The United States Department of Energy has set long-term national goals for the development of geothermal energy that are significantly accelerated compared to historical development of the resource. To achieve these goals, it is crucial to evaluate the performance of previous and existing efforts to create enhanced geothermal systems (EGS). Two recently developed EGS sites are evaluated from the standpoint of geomechanics. These sites have been established in significantly different tectonic regimes: 1. compressional Cooper Basin (Australia), and 2. extensional Soultz-sous-Fôrets (France). Mohr-Coulomb analyses of the stimulation procedures employed at these sites, coupled with borehole observations, indicate that pre-existing fractures play a significant role in the generation of permeability networks. While pre-existing fabric can be exploited to produce successful results for geothermal energy development, such fracture networks may not be omnipresent. For mostly undeformed reservoirs, it may be necessary to create new fractures using processes that merge existing technologies or use concepts borrowed from natural hydrofracture examples (e.g. dyke swarms).
Date: October 1, 2005
Creator: Karner, Stephen L
Item Type: Article
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Electricity reform abroad and US investment

Description: This report reviews and analyzes the recent electricity reforms in Argentina, Australia, and the United Kingdom (UK) to illustrate how different models of privatization and reform have worked in practice. This report also analyzes the motivations of the U.S. companies who have invested in the electricity industries in these countries, which have become the largest targets of U.S. foreign investment in electricity. Two calculations of foreign investment are used. One is the foreign direct investment series produced by the U.S. Department of Commerce. The other is based on transactions in electric utilities of the three countries. The electricity reform and privatization experiences reviewed may offer some insight as to how the U.S. electricity industry might develop as a result of recent domestic reform efforts and deregulation at the state and national levels. 126 refs., 23 figs., 27 tabs.
Date: October 1, 1997
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

A comparison of national compliance legislation under the chemical weapons convention

Description: The Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) is unique among multilateral arms control agreements in requiring national compliance legislation. This paper discusses the compliance legislation enacted by Australia, Germany, Norway, South Africa, and Sweden in anticipation of this agreement entering into force. It compares how these five nations addressed the requirement for legislation to penalize violations of the Convention, as well as how they have developed legal mechanisms to acquire the information about dual-use chemicals that must be declared to the Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons. This analysis shows that although different options exist to meet these treaty requirements, areas of consistency between nations are emerging that will encourage universal compliance as the regime matures.
Date: March 3, 1995
Creator: Tanzman, E. A.
Item Type: Article
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Travel grant program for the IX International Congresses of Mycology and Bacteriology -- Final report

Description: In 1999, the American Society for Microbiology (ASM) and the National Academy of Sciences' U.S. National Committee for the International Union of Microbiological Sciences (IUMS) jointly organized a competitive travel grant program to support the participation of U.S. scientists in the 9th International Congresses of the Bacteriological and Applied Microbiology, Mycology and Virology Divisions of the IUMS in Sydney, Australia, August 16-20, 1999. Funding was solicited for the program, and the ASM Minority and International Activities department administered the $40,000 raised. Travel grants in the amount of $2,000 were offered to U.S. investigators (citizens, including federal employees, and permanent residents working in the United States) in the early stages of their careers who planned to attend and present their research at the Congress. Teams of established and new investigators who applied jointly were eligible to received a combined $3,000 award. IUMS developed a questionnaire th at each applicant were required to complete and return, which asked each award recipient about their experience at the Congresses. Questionnaire results are included.
Date: May 25, 2000
Creator: Granigan, Marion
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Final technical report: Partial support for US participants in the 5th International Marine Biotechnology Conference, Townsville, Australia, Sept 29 - Oct 5, 2000

Description: Funding was provided for US participants in the 5th International Marine Biotechnology Conference held in Townsville, Australia from September 29 to October 5, 2000. DOE funds were used for travel awards for six US participants in this conference. DOE funds were successfully used to advance participation of US scientists in the important emerging field of marine biotechnology.
Date: April 9, 2001
Creator: Zohar, Yonathan; Hill, R. & Robb, F.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

EH AND S ANALYSIS OF DYE-SENSITIZED PHOTOVOLTAIC SOLAR CELL PRODUCTION.

Description: Photovoltaic solar cells based on a dye-sensitized nanocrystalline titanium dioxide photoelectrode have been researched and reported since the early 1990's. Commercial production of dye-sensitized photovoltaic solar cells has recently been reported in Australia. In this report, current manufacturing methods are described, and estimates are made of annual chemical use and emissions during production. Environmental, health and safety considerations for handling these materials are discussed. This preliminary EH and S evaluation of dye-sensitized titanium dioxide solar cells indicates that some precautions will be necessary to mitigate hazards that could result in worker exposure. Additional information required for a more complete assessment is identified.
Date: October 1, 2001
Creator: BOWERMAN,B. & FTHENAKIS,V.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

EH AND S ANALYSIS OF DYE-SENSITIZED PHOTOVOLTAIC SOLAR CELL PRODUCTION.

Description: Photovoltaic solar cells based on a dye-sensitized nanocrystalline titanium dioxide photoelectrode have been researched and reported since the early 1990's. Commercial production of dye-sensitized photovoltaic solar cells has recently been reported in Australia. In this report, current manufacturing methods are described, and estimates are made of annual chemical use and emissions during production. Environmental, health and safety considerations for handling these materials are discussed. This preliminary EH and S evaluation of dye-sensitized titanium dioxide solar cells indicates that some precautions will be necessary to mitigate hazards that could result in worker exposure. Additional information required for a more complete assessment is identified.
Date: October 1, 2001
Creator: BOWERMAN,B. & FTHENAKIS,V.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

International perspectives on coal preparation

Description: The report consists of the vugraphs from the presentations which covered the following topics: Summaries of the US Department of Energy`s coal preparation research programs; Preparation trends in Russia; South African coal preparation developments; Trends in hard coal preparation in Germany; Application of coal preparation technology to oil sands extraction; Developments in coal preparation in China; and Coal preparation in Australia.
Date: December 31, 1997
Item Type: Article
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

[News Script: Australian envoy stops in Dallas]

Description: Script from the WBAP-TV station in Fort Worth, Texas, covering a news story about Sir Percy Spender, Australia's ambassador to the United States, stopping over in Dallas.
Date: March 28, 1954
Creator: WBAP-TV (Television station : Fort Worth, Tex.)
Item Type: Script
Partner: UNT Libraries Special Collections

The Nimrod computational workbench: a case study in desktop metacomputing

Description: The coordinated use of geographically distributed computers, or metacomputing, can in principle provide more accessible and cost- effective supercomputing than conventional high-performance systems. However, we lack evidence that metacomputing systems can be made easily usable, or that there exist large numbers of applications able to exploit metacomputing resources. In this paper, we present work that addresses both these concerns. The basis for this work is a system called Nimrod that provides a desktop problem-solving environment for parametric experiments. We describe how Nimrod has been extended to support the scheduling of computational resources located in a wide-area environment, and report on an experiment in which Nimrod was used to schedule a large parametric study across the Australian Internet. The experiment provided both new scientific results and insights into Nimrod capabilities. We relate the results of this experiment to lessons learned from the I-WAY distributed computing experiment, and draw conclusions as to how Nimrod and I-WAY- like computing environments should be developed to support desktop metacomputing.
Date: December 31, 1996
Creator: Abramson, D.; Sosic, R.; Foster, I.; Giddy, J.; Lewis, A. & White, N.
Item Type: Article
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Atmospheric CO{sub 2} concentrations the CSIRO (Australia) monitoring program from aircraft 1972 - 1981

Description: Atmospheric CO{sub 2} concentrations were measured in the troposphere and lower stratosphere over the Australia-New Zealand region and as far south as Antarctica for the period 1972-1981. The samples were collected from aircraft over a large range of latitudes and altitudes. The sampling program has been based on the cooperation of the Australia Department of Transport, Quantas Airways, Trans Australia Airlines, the United States, New Zealand and Australian Air Forces and occasional chartering of light aircraft for special purposes.
Date: September 1, 1984
Creator: Beardsmore, D.J. & Pearman, G.I.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Long range plan - Plowshare excavation program (Book 1 - 1966/1967 excavation program binder)

Description: The purpose of this report is to present a proposed five-year program for the Plowshare Excavation Program. In preparing this study we proceed as follows: (a) Review the significant advances (since 1963) in nuclear excavation technology, and (b) identify the key uncertainties in that technology. After completing these two steps, we then proceed to identify key experiments and any new measurements that may be required to increase our predictive capability and/or to resolve the major uncertainties. It is probably clear that if one proceeds in this fashion one may not necessarily arrive at the existing long range excavation program (e.g., the definitions of experiments beyond Cabriolet and Buggy). In fact, one might expect to derive a significantly different long range plan.
Date: September 7, 1967
Creator: Knox, J. B.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Community Attitudes Toward Near-Death Experiences: An Australian Study

Description: Abstract: In an Australian survey of community attitudes toward near-death experiences (NDEs), 173 respondents were asked to read a hypothetical description of an NDE and to select from a range of explanations that might approximate their own. Fifty-seven percent of the respondents believed the NDE was evidence of life after death, while less than 2 percent believed the NDE was a sign of mental illness. Women, younger persons, and those who professed a belief in life after death were more likely to react positively to the NDE described.
Date: Spring 1989
Creator: Kellehear, Allan & Heaven, Patrick
Item Type: Article
Partner: UNT Libraries

Letters to the Editor

Description: Two letters written to the editor of the Journal of Near-Death Studies on the following topics: "University Near-Death Studies Fund Established" and "Australian Questionnaire Survey of NDEs."
Date: Spring 1988
Creator: Doherty, Barbara & Basterfield, Keith
Item Type: Letter
Partner: UNT Libraries