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Enhanced diffusion of dopants in vacancy supersaturation produced by MeV implantation

Description: The diffusion of Sb and B markers has been studied in vacancy supersaturations produced by MeV Si implantation in float zone (FZ) silicon and bonded etch-back silicon-on-insulator (BESOI) substrates. MeV Si implantation produces a vacancy supersaturated near-surface region and an interstitial-rich region at the projected ion range. Transient enhanced diffusion (TED) of Sb in the near surface layer was observed as a result of a 2 MeV Si{sup +}, 1 {times} 10{sup 16}/cm{sup 2}, implant. A 4{times} larger TED of Sb was observed in BESOI than in FZ silicon, demonstrating that the vacancy supersaturation persists longer in BESOI than in FZ. B markers in samples with MeV Si implant showed a factor of 10{times} smaller diffusion relative to markers without the MeV Si{sup +} implant. This data demonstrates that a 2 MeV Si{sup +} implant injects vacancies into the near surface region.
Date: April 1997
Creator: Venezia, V. C.; Haynes, T. E.; Agarwal, A.; Gossmann, H. J. & Eaglesham, D. J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The Area Survey Manual of Brookhaven National Laboratory: Area Radiation Detection Instrumentation, Maintenance, and Results

Description: Report issued by the Brookhaven National Laboratory discussing the instrumentation, operation, and maintenance of the established area radiation monitoring stations. This report includes maps, tables, illustrations, and photographs.
Date: January 1, 1952
Creator: Weiss, Max M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Shake table testing of structural clay tile infilled frames

Description: Two steel frames with structural clay tile infills were tested under simulated seismic loads in both the out-of-plane and in-plane direction. Out-of-plane testing showed that infill panels separate from their bounding frame, and respond at their own natural frequency during a seismic excitation. Due to arching, the panels remain stable. In-plane seismic testing showed similar behavior patterns to previous static testing. The natural frequency was adequately predicted using a piecewise linear equivalent strut analytical method. The structure was then subjected to over one thousand cycles of loading using a sine sweep before failure.
Date: March 8, 1996
Creator: Bennett, R.M.; Fowler, J.J. & Flanagan, R.D.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Interface modification during oxidation of a glass-ceramic matrix/SiC fibre composite

Description: Oxidation heat treatments between 375{degrees}C and 600{degrees}C for 100 hours in air, have been performed on the calcium aluminosilicate glass-ceramic matrix/SiC fibre reinforced composite CAS/Nicalon (manufactured by Coming, USA). Using a commercial nano-indentation system to perform fibre push-down tests, the fibre-matrix interfacial debond fracture surface energy (G{sub i}) and frictional shear stress ({tau}) have been determined. Modification of interface properties, compared to the as fabricated material, was observed at heat treatment temperatures as low as 375{degrees}C, where a significant drop in G{sub i} and an increase in {tau} were recorded. With 450{degrees}C, 525{degrees}C and 600{degrees}C heat treatments, an increase in G{sub i} but a dramatic increase in {tau} were recorded. Under four-point flexure testing, the as fabricated and the 375{degrees}C heat treated materials displayed tough, composite behaviour with extensive fibre pull out, but at {le}450{degrees}C, brittle failure with minimal fibre pull out, was observed. This transition from tough mechanical response to one of brittleness is due to the large increase in {tau} reducing fibre pull out to a minimum and therefore reducing the total required work of fracture. The large increases in {tau} and G{sub i} have been attributed to the oxidative removal of the lubricating, carbon interface and the compressive residual stresses across the interface.
Date: April 1, 1996
Creator: Daniel, A.M.; Martin-Meizoso, A.; Plucknett, K.P. & Braski, D.N.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Data Formats and Procedures for the ENDF Neutron Cross Section Library

Description: Report issued by the Brookhaven National Laboratory discussing the formats and procedures used at the ENDF Neutron Cross Section Library. As stated in the introduction, "this report describes the philosophy, data formats, and procedures that have been developed for the Evaluated Nuclear Data File (ENDF)" (p. 1-1). This report includes tables, and illustrations.
Date: March 1971
Creator: Drake, M. K. & Honeck, Henry C.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Brookhaven National Laboratory Annual Report: July 1, 1957

Description: Report issued by the Brookhaven National Laboratory discussing the work conducted by the lab during the fiscal year of 1957. As stated in the introduction, "the progress and trends of the research program are presented along with a description of the operational, service, and administrative activities of the Laboratory" (p. vii). This report includes tables, illustrations, and photographs.
Date: December 1957
Creator: Brookhaven National Laboratory
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Uranium-Bismuth In-Pile Corrosion Test Loop: Radiation Loop No. 1

Description: Report issued by the Brookhaven National Laboratory discussing uranium-bismuth corrosion test loops. Design, construction, and operation of the test loops are presented. This report includes tables, illustrations, and photographs.
Date: May 1961
Creator: Waide, C. H.; Kukacka, L. E.; Meyer, R. A.; Milau, J.; Klein, J. H.; Chow, J. G. Y. et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Operating Manual for the PSE&G Hydrogen Reservoir Containing Iron Titanium Hydride

Description: Report issued by the Brookhaven National Laboratory discussing the operation of a hydrogen reservoir. As stated in the introduction, "information is provided on how the reservoir functions and how it can be safely operated. The equipment is described and basic operating procedures are given along with precautionary measures" (p. 1). This report includes tables, illustrations, and photographs.
Date: February 1974
Creator: Strickland, G. & Reilly, J. J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Non-Overload Amplifiers

Description: Report issued by the Brookhaven National Laboratory discussing non-overload amplifiers, including features, performance, and improvements of amplifiers. This report includes illustrations, and photographs, as well as errata at the end of the report.
Date: April 1, 1953
Creator: Higinbotham, W. A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Liquid Metal Fuel Reactor: Four-Inch Utility Test Loop: Design, Construction, Operation, and Experimental Results

Description: Report issued by the Brookhaven National Laboratory discussing fuel reactor test loops. The "design, construction, operation, and experimental results" (p. 1) are presented. This report includes tables, illustrations, and photographs.
Date: July 14, 1960
Creator: Hoffman, K. C.; Isler, R. J.; Scarlett, C. H. & Schoener, G. A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Brookhaven National Laboratory Annual Report: July 1, 1956

Description: Report issued by the Brookhaven National Laboratory discussing the work conducted by the lab during the fiscal year of 1956. As stated in the introduction, "the progress and trends of the research program are presented along with a description of the operational, service, and administrative activities of the Laboratory" (p. vii). This report includes tables, illustrations, and photographs.
Date: April 1957
Creator: Brookhaven National Laboratory
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Brookhaven National Laboratory Annual Report: July 1, 1954

Description: Report issued by the Brookhaven National Laboratory discussing the work conducted by the lab during the fiscal year of 1954. As stated in the introduction, "the progress and trends of the research program are presented along with a description of the operational, service, and administrative activities of the Laboratory" (p. v).
Date: March 1955
Creator: Brookhaven National Laboratory
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Brookhaven National Laboratory Annual Report: July 1, 1958

Description: Report issued by the Brookhaven National Laboratory discussing the work conducted by the lab during the fiscal year of 1958. As stated in the introduction, "the progress and trends of the research program are presented along with a description of the operational, service, and administrative activities of the Laboratory" (p. vii). This report includes tables, illustrations, and photographs.
Date: February 1959
Creator: Brookhaven National Laboratory
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Brookhaven National Laboratory Annual Report: July 1, 1960

Description: Report issued by the Brookhaven National Laboratory discussing the work conducted by the lab during the fiscal year of 1960. As stated in the introduction, "the progress and trends of the research program are presented together with a description of the operational, service, and administrative activities of the Laboratory" (p. vii). This report includes tables, illustrations, and photographs.
Date: April 1961
Creator: Brookhaven National Laboratory
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Brookhaven National Laboratory: Annual Report

Description: Report issued by the Brookhaven National Laboratory discussing annual work conducted during 1961. As stated in the introduction, "the progress and trends of the research program are presented together with a description of the operational, service, and administrative activities of the Laboratory" (p. ix). This report includes tables, illustrations, and photographs.
Date: November 1961
Creator: Brookhaven National Laboratory
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Experimentally determined volumetric properties of CO{sub 2} + CH{sub 4} + N{sub 2} mixtures at 20-100 MPa and 323-573 K. Chapter 3

Description: The densities of C0{sub 2}+CH{sub 4}+N{sub 2} mixtures were measured at 20--100 MPa, 323--573 K using a custom-designed high-pressure, high-temperature vibrating-tube densimeter. Molar volumes and excess molar volumes (V{sub m}{sup E}) were calculated from the experimental data. Although (V{sub m}{sup E}) is generally positive, negative deviations are observed in ternary mixtures with compositions close to those of binary mixtures that exhibit negative deviations. (V{sub m}{sup E}) generally decreases as pressure increases from 20 to 100 MPa. As temperature increases, (V{sub m}{sup E}) increases until it reaches a maximum around 473 K, and then it decreases moderately as temperature is further increased. (V{sub m}{sup E}) is typically between 0 and 4 per cent of the total volume of the mixture. Predictions of (V{sub m}{sup E}) for ternary mixtures may be made from experimental data for the binary subsystems. Comparison with experimental data indicates that these methods are reasonably accurate for predicting the volumetric properties of ternary gas mixtures.
Date: December 31, 1994
Creator: Seitz, J. C.; Blencoe, J. G. & Bodnar, R. J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Volumetric properties of CO{sub 2}-CH{sub 4}-N{sub 2} fluids at 200{degree}C and 1000 bars: A comparison of equations of state and experimental data. Chapter 4

Description: Predictions of molar volume, excess molar volume, and isochoric P-T trajectories from 13 published equations of state are compared with one another and with preliminary volumetric data for CO{sub 2}-CH{sub 4}-N{sub 2} fluids at 200{degrees}C and 1000 bars. The equations of state investigated represent a wide variety of empirical and semi-empirical approaches to the modeling of fluids. The experimental data indicate that excess volumes of CO{sub 2}-CH{sub 4}-N{sub 2} mixtures are small (<3% of the total volume of the mixture, except near the critical point of CO{sub 2}). The NIST software package DDMIX yields volumetric properties that are most consistent with our experimental results. Differences in the calculated volumetric properties of mixtures from the different equations of state are significant For example, estimates of the equilibrium trapping temperature of a fluid inclusion (2000 bars, 60% CO{sub 2}-20% CH{sub 4}20% N{sub 2}mixture, V=59.10 cm{sup 3}/mole) calculated from various equations of state range from 462-570{degrees}C. The major source of error in calculated volumetric properties of fluid mixtures is the inability of equations of state to accurately predict the volumetric properties of the pure components.
Date: December 31, 1994
Creator: Seitz, J.C.; Blencoe, J.G.; Joyce, D.B. & Bodnar, R.J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Solution processing of YBa{sub 2}Cu{sub 3}O{sub 7{minus}x} thin films

Description: The aim of this work was to develop a non-vacuum chemical deposition technique for YBa{sub 2}Cu{sub 3}O{sub 7{minus}x} (YBCO) coated conductors on rolling-assisted biaxially textured substrates (RABiTS). The authors have chosen the metal-organic decomposition (MOD) and sol-gel precursor routes to grow textured YBCO films. In the MOD process, yttrium 2-ethylhexonate, barium neodecanoate, copper 2-ethylhexonate and toluene were used as the starting reagents. YBCO films processed by the MOD method on SrTiO{sub 3} (100) single crystal substrates were consisted of c and a-axis oriented materials. These films also contained some amount of the random phase. The c and a-axis oriented materials were epitaxial on SrTiO{sub 3} substrates. Films have a T{sub c,onset} of 89K and the best superconducting transition temperature of 63K. Films pyrolyzed at 525 C and subsequently annealed at 780 C in a p(O{sub 2}) of 3.5 {times} 10{sup {minus}4} atm contained YBCO phase predominantly in a-axis orientation. In the sol-gel route, yttrium-isopropoxide, barium metal, copper methoxide and 2-methoxyethanol were used as the starting reagents. Sol-gel YBCO films on SrTiO{sub 3} substrates were epitaxial and c-axis oriented.
Date: December 1997
Creator: Singhal, A.; Paranthaman, M.; Specht, E. D.; Hunt, R. D.; Beach, D. B.; Martin, P. M. et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Doping of GaN by ion implantation: Does It Work?

Description: Epitaxially grown GaN by metal organic chemical vapor deposition (MOCVD) on SiC were implanted with 100 keV Si{sup +} (for n-type) and 80 keV Mg{sup +} (for p-type) with various fluences from 1 {times} 10{sup 12} to 7 {times} 10 {sup 15} ions/cm{sup 2} at liquid nitrogen temperature (LT), room temperature (RT), and 700 C (HT). High temperature (1,200 C and 1,500 C) annealing was carried out after capping the GaN with epitaxial AlN by MOCVD to study damage recovery. Samples were capped by a layer of AlN in order to protect the GaN surface during annealing. Effects of implant temperature, damage and dopant activation are critically studied to evaluate a role of ion implantation in doping of GaN. The damage was studied by Rutherford Backscattering/Channeling, spectroscopic ellipsometry and photoluminescence. Results show dependence of radiation damage level on temperature of the substrate during implantation: implantations at elevated temperatures up to 550 C decrease the lattice disorder; hot implants above 550 C can not be useful in doping of GaN due to nitrogen loss from the surface. SE measurements have indicated very high sensitivity to the implantation damage. PL measurements at LT of 80 keV Mg{sup +} (5 {times} 10{sup 14} cm{sup 2}) implanted and annealed GaN showed two peaks: one {approximately} 100 meV and another {approximately} 140 meV away from the band edge.
Date: April 1, 1998
Creator: Suvkhanov, A.; Wu, W.; Price, K.; Parikh, N.; Irene, E.; Hunn, J. et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department