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Solid State Experiments at High Pressure and Strain Rates

Description: Experiments have been developed using high powered laser facilities to study the response of materials in the solid state under extreme pressures and strain rates. Details of the target and drive development required for solid state experiments and results from two separate experiments are presented. In the first, thin foils were compressed to a peak pressure of 180 GPa and accelerated. A pre-imposed modulation at the embedded RT unstable interface was observed to grow. The growth rates were fluid-like at early time, but suppressed at later time. This result is suggestive of the theory of localized heating in shear bands, followed by dissipation of the heat, allowing for recovery of the bulk material strength. In the second experiment, the response of Si was studied by dynamic x-ray diffraction. The crystal was observed to respond with uni-axial compression at a peak pressure 11.5-13.5 GPa.
Date: November 24, 1999
Creator: Kalantar, D.H.; Remington, B.A.; Colvin, J.D.; Mikaelian, K.O.; Weber, S.V.; Wiley, L.G. et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department