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The Role of Illusion in the Making of the Versailles Treaty (1919)

Description: This investigation is concerned with the role played by the illusions of security, Bolshevism, and American innocence in the making of the Versailles Treaty of 1919. The main sources used in this thesis were the U.S. State Department publications The World War and The Paris Peace Conference and Paul Mantoux's Proceedings of the Council of Four. The drafting of the Versailles Treaty is approached chronologically with special emphasis accorded the problems emanating from the questions of Russia and the Rhine. The study concludes that the peacemakers were manipulated by the illusions of security, Bolshevism, and American innocence.
Date: May 1977
Creator: Baker, Bonnie Riddle
Partner: UNT Libraries

Item 2: World War I (4)

Description: This is the 2nd of 5 reels in the US Army Signal Corp produced film, "America Goes Over," documenting the activities of the American Expeditionary Forces in World War I. The film was produced in 1918 and this print was likely produced ca. 1927. The footage begins with American troops marching through rainy streets in France, then taking wagons on French roads and gearing up for the Meuse-Argonne Offensive. The footage then shows American guns firing the first shots of the 47-day Meuse-Argonne battle, an artillery observer being launched into the air in a balloon with an early radio, then being shot down by planes and parachuting to safety while anti-aircraft guns shoot at the plane with the balloon bursting into flames afterward. The battle scenes include early night-time battle footage, artillery fire, a Renault FT-17 Tank, and various troop movement. As the troops move into the Argonne Forest the footage shows various small conflicts, the assessment of a wounded soldier, dead lying in the fields, and villages in ruins. The footage also features Generals Foch and Pershing giving an update, troops in downtime, prisoners marching, Pershing pinning medals on American troops, troops playing with a lion cub, milking a goat, dressing as women and dancing, and gambling entertainment.
Date: 1927
Creator: US Army Signal Corp
Partner: UNT Libraries Special Collections

Item 3: World War I (5)

Description: Film footage of the 5th of 5 reels in the US Army Signal Corp produced film, "America Goes Over," documenting the activities of the American Expeditionary Forces in World War I. The film was produced in 1918 and this print was likely produced ca. 1927. The film begins with the American forces receiving supplies, repairing roads and clearing them for artillery, and digging trenches. The footage continues with five bi-planes taking off with some footage from the air, then firing artillery and fighting during an October offensive, building a bridge and crossing the Meuse, troops and a Renault tank moving through a shelled out town, and talking with villagers. The film ends with troops celebrating news of the November 11 cease-fire, Joffre, Foch, Pershing, French, and other generals shake hands.
Date: 1927
Partner: UNT Libraries Special Collections

Bibliography of Petroleum and Allied Substances in 1918

Description: From Introduction: "This bulletin is the fourth in the series of petroleum bibliographies being published by the Bureau of Mines, the preceding, Bulletins 149, 165, and 180, being complications for the years 1915, 1916, and 1917, respectively. In this bulletin the same general plan has been followed in arranging the references, but a few changes and additions have been made in classification, the more important changes being in the classes "Geology and Origin" and "Refining and Refineries." During the year German periodicals were not available, and as in the bibliography for 1917, references to articles in foreign journals that were not available have been taken from other sources and credit given to those sources."
Date: 1921
Creator: Burroughs, E. H.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Synchromy in Blue

Description: The abstract painting includes hues of blue, red, yellow, green, white, and black.
Access: This item is restricted to UNT Community Members. Login required if off-campus.
Date: 1917/1918~
Creator: Macdonald-Wright, Stanton, 1890-1973
Partner: UNT College of Visual Arts + Design

Item 5: World War I (3)

Description: This film is the 3rd of 5 reels in the US Army Signal Corp produced film, "America Goes Over," documenting the activities of the American Expeditionary Forces in World War I. The film was produced in 1918 and this print was likely produced ca. 1927. The footage opens with radio operators working in the trenches, various scenes of battle planning, artillery firing, wounded soldiers being removed from a battlefield and the dead left behind. The film then moves to the American forces move toward Soissons, crossing the Marne, and taking Chateau Thierry. The American troops are seen eating, washing, getting haircuts, and welcoming more troops and supplies from ships from the United States. Footage shows the city of supplies at Gievres, an industrial cooking demonstration, and General Pershing writing commands. The film then moves into the opening of the Saint-Mihiel Offensive of 12 Sep 1918 with many artillery scenes, Renault tanks, soldiers cutting barbed wire at dawn, and troops running out of bunkers to fight. An airplane dogfight is captured on film from this battle, ending with the German pilot being shot down and taken prisoner. Troops are then shown digging in Howitzers, crossing enemy lines, surveying the German dead, helping wounded American troops off the field, resting, then going back the next day. In the German fortifications they find a dog used for sending messages. Troops are seen eating, feeding villagers, and marching German prisoners through the streets. The footage then moves to show the American and Australian troops marching through the Hindenburg line together. The footage ends showing the St. Quentin Canal Tunnel, and King Albert and Queen Elisabeth of Belgium watch the American troops marching.
Date: 1927
Partner: UNT Libraries Special Collections

The Federal Reporter with Key-Number Annotations, Volume 247: Cases Argued and Determined in the Circuit Courts of Appeals and District Courts of the United States, March-April, 1918.

Description: The Federal Reporter contains the text of decisions and commentary regarding cases tried in circuit and district courts throughout the United States. The opinions printed in the volumes include both written statements and oral comments transcribed for publication. Index of cases starts on page ix.
Date: 1918
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The Federal Reporter with Key-Number Annotations, Volume 248: Cases Argued and Determined in the Circuit Courts of Appeals and District Courts of the United States, May, 1918.

Description: The Federal Reporter contains the text of decisions and commentary regarding cases tried in circuit and district courts throughout the United States. The opinions printed in the volumes include both written statements and oral comments transcribed for publication. Index of cases starts on page ix.
Date: 1918
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The Federal Reporter with Key-Number Annotations, Volume 246: Cases Argued and Determined in the Circuit Courts of Appeals and District Courts of the United States, January-March, 1918.

Description: The Federal Reporter contains the text of decisions and commentary regarding cases tried in circuit and district courts throughout the United States. The opinions printed in the volumes include both written statements and oral comments transcribed for publication. Index of cases starts on page vii.
Date: 1918
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The Federal Reporter with Key-Number Annotations, Volume 252: Cases Argued and Determined in the Circuit Courts of Appeals and District Courts of the United States, November, 1918.

Description: The Federal Reporter contains the text of decisions and commentary regarding cases tried in circuit and district courts throughout the United States. The opinions printed in the volumes include both written statements and oral comments transcribed for publication. Index of cases starts on page viii.
Date: 1919
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The Federal Reporter with Key-Number Annotations, Volume 251: Cases Argued and Determined in the Circuit Courts of Appeals and District Courts of the United States, October, 1918.

Description: The Federal Reporter contains the text of decisions and commentary regarding cases tried in circuit and district courts throughout the United States. The opinions printed in the volumes include both written statements and oral comments transcribed for publication. Index of cases starts on page ix.
Date: 1918
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The Federal Reporter with Key-Number Annotations, Volume 250: Cases Argued and Determined in the Circuit Courts of Appeals and District Courts of the United States, August-October, 1918.

Description: The Federal Reporter contains the text of decisions and commentary regarding cases tried in circuit and district courts throughout the United States. The opinions printed in the volumes include both written statements and oral comments transcribed for publication. Index of cases starts on page ix.
Date: 1918
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The Federal Reporter with Key-Number Annotations, Volume 249: Cases Argued and Determined in the Circuit Courts of Appeals and District Courts of the United States, June-August, 1918.

Description: The Federal Reporter contains the text of decisions and commentary regarding cases tried in circuit and district courts throughout the United States. The opinions printed in the volumes include both written statements and oral comments transcribed for publication. Index of cases starts on page ix.
Date: 1918
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Abstracts of Current Decisions on Mines and Mining: September to December, 1918

Description: Bulletin issued by the U.S. Bureau of Mines: "This publication is devoted exclusively to a review and abstracts of decisions based on the laws governing the rights and duties of mine owners, operators, miners, and persons trafficking in all kinds of mining properties. It includes abstracts of current decisions of all the Federal and State courts of last resort on questions relating to the mining industries" (Bulletin 61, p. 9).
Date: 1919
Creator: Thompson, J. W.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Abstracts of Current Decisions on Mines and Mining: May to September, 1918

Description: Bulletin issued by the U.S. Bureau of Mines: "This publication is devoted exclusively to a review and abstracts of decisions based on the laws governing the rights and duties of mine owners, operators, miners, and persons trafficking in all kinds of mining properties. It includes abstracts of current decisions of all the Federal and State courts of last resort on questions relating to the mining industries" (Bulletin 61, p. 9).
Date: 1919
Creator: Thompson, J. W.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Hat

Description: Hat of plum colored velvet. Designed as a modified cloche, the low domed crown consists of two layers, "puffed" out and shirred to create gathers and folds. Between the layers is a band of ribbon trim with purple/plum dyed ostrich plumes, which form a "fringe" around the hat. The lower "puff" acts as brim. Lined in black fabric. There are no maker's, designer's, or retailer's labels or marks in the piece.
Date: 1918
Partner: UNT College of Visual Arts + Design

Young Girl's Party Dress

Description: Young girl's party dress of yellow heavy crepe paper over white cotton(?). “Paper dress” is knee-length, sleeveless, with rounded neckline and wide straps. A-line under-layer of white cotton is overlaid by 7 wide horizontal tiers of yellow heavy crepe paper “petals”. Center-back opening with single tiny circular white button at neckline. No labels visible in garment.
Date: 1918/1927
Partner: UNT College of Visual Arts + Design

Boots

Description: Pair of boots or "High Button Shoes" of brown leather. The shoes, designed with pointed toes rounded at the tips, lace closed along center front with laces 16 holes high. The medium height, stacked heels are rounded at sides and back, and are curved at front, tapering slightly to ground. The sole is of tan leather. The shoes are lined in off-white cloth. The base of the heel is of brown rubber(?) with molded marks. Maker's mark in sole: "Hamilton-Brown / Makers / [illeg] Molded into heel: "Cushion Comfort Heel 2" Stamped in lining: "450 24512H"
Date: 1900/1918
Creator: Hamilton-Brown Shoe Co.
Partner: UNT College of Visual Arts + Design

U.S. Battleship Operations in World War I, 1917-1918

Description: This dissertation is an examination of the operations of U.S. battleships in World War I. The study examines tactical cooperation between units of the U.S. Atlantic Fleet and the British Grand Fleet and relations between the two navies; the efficiency of U.S. battleships in terms of both personnel and material; and the strategic ideas of U.S. naval leaders governing the use of capital ships. The manuscript is based primarily on records of the Department of the Navy in the National Archives and Admiralty records at the Public Record Office. Also important are the private papers of principal naval leaders, located at the Library of Congress and the National Maritime Museum in Greenwich, U.K. The published memoirs of several of the participants are also utilized. The first chapter examines Anglo-American naval relations and traces diplomatic events leading to the U.S. Navy Department's decision to dispatch dreadnought battleships to European waters. The following two chapters discuss the amalgamation of Battleship Division Nine into the British Grand Fleet. Chapter IV examines the gunnery efficiency of U.S. battleships serving with the Grand Fleet. Chapter V reviews Anglo-American planning for a possible German battle cruiser raid against the Atlantic convoys. Chapter VI deals with the movement of Battleship Division Six to Berehaven, Ireland. Chapter VII discusses the use of pre-dreadnought battleships as training ships, convoy escorts, and troop transports. The study concludes that U.S. battleships made a subsidiary, but important contribution toward victory at sea. The addition of U.S. battleships allowed the Allies to protect Scandinavian commerce and the supply lines from the United States from German surface raiders while also maintaining superiority in the North Sea.
Date: October 1995
Creator: Jones, Jerry W., 1964-
Partner: UNT Libraries

[World War One Small Box Gas Mask]

Description: World War One-era "small box respirator" gas mask, consisting of a canvas or cloth face piece, with inset glass or resin eye lenses, and straps that wrap around the back of the head. The front of the mask has a valve located behind a cloth-covered tube that goes over the mouth and attaches to a small yellow metal box containing activated charcoal (made of peach pits or the pits from other stone fruits). The wearer would have breathed only through the mouth, inhaling air scrubbed clean by the charcoal in the box, and had their nose squeezed shut by a clip inside the mask.
Date: [1914..1918]
Partner: UNT Libraries Special Collections

Item 6: World War I (2)

Description: This is the 2nd of 5 reels in the US Army Signal Corp produced film, "America Goes Over," documenting the activities of the American Expeditionary Forces in World War I. The film was produced in 1918 and this print was likely produced ca. 1927. The footage begins with American troops marching through rainy streets in France, then taking wagons on French roads and gearing up for the Meuse-Argonne Offensive. The footage then shows American guns firing the first shots of the 47-day Meuse-Argonne battle, an artillery observer being launched into the air in a balloon with an early radio, then being shot down by planes and parachuting to safety while anti-aircraft guns shoot at the plane with the balloon bursting into flames afterward. The battle scenes include early night-time battle footage, artillery fire, a Renault FT-17 Tank, and various troop movement. As the troops move into the Argonne Forest the footage shows various small conflicts, the assessment of a wounded soldier, dead lying in the fields, and villages in ruins. The footage also features Generals Foch and Pershing giving an update, troops in downtime, prisoners marching, Pershing pinning medals on American troops, and a German plane being shot down.
Date: 1927
Partner: UNT Libraries Special Collections