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The Role of the Negro Office Holders in the Reconstruction of the Southwest

Description: "Perhaps no phase of American history has been more written about than the Reconstruction period, but few historians seriously consider the role of the Negroes during this period. It is the purpose of this thesis to show the part played by the Negroes during the Reconstruction of the states of Arkansas, Texas, and Louisiana and the factors which led to their ascendancy to political leadership. Most historians give a one-sided view of this period of Reconstruction, playing down the role of the Negroes with the assumption that they were members of an inferior race and incapable of contributing anything constructive to American history. An examination of the facts, however, discloses that the Negroes did contribute a great deal to American history during their brief role in politics. Many of the Negro office holders, usually considered ignorant and illiterate, were well trained and well educated and displayed considerable ability in their particular offices. Contributions of these Negro leaders have merely been obscured by bitterness in partisan politics, and more objective study of Reconstruction will inevitably alter the traditional picture of the Negro political leaders." -- leaf iv.
Date: August 1954
Creator: Rankin, Dan F.
Partner: UNT Libraries

Black Political Leadership During Reconstruction

Description: The key to Reconstruction for both blacks and whites was black suffrage. On one hand this vote made possible the elevation of black political leaders to positions of prominence in the reorganization of the South after the Civil War. For southern whites, on the other hand, black participation in the Reconstruction governments discredited the positive accomplishments of those regimes and led to the evolution of a systematized white rejection of the black as a positive force in southern politics. For white contemporaries and subsequent historians, the black political leader became the exemplar of all that was reprehensible about the period. Stereotyped patterns, developed to eliminate black influence, prevented any examination of the actual role played by these men in the reconstruction process. This study is partially a synthesis of recent scholarly research on specific aspects of the black political role and the careers of individual political leaders. Additional research included examination of a number of manuscript collections in the Library of Congress and the Southern Historical Collection at the University of North Carolina, state and federal government documents, and contemporary newspapers. On the basis of all these sources, this study evaluates the nature of black political leadership and its impact on the reconstruction process in all the ten states which were subject to the provisions of congressional reconstruction legislation. The topic is developed chronologically, beginning with the status of blacks at the end of the Civil War and their search for identity as citizens. Black leadership emerged early in the various rallies and black conventions of 1865 and early 1866. With the passage in March 1867 of reconstruction legislation establishing black suffrage as the basis for restoration of the former Confederate states, black leaders played a crucial role in the development of the southern Republican party and the registration of ...
Date: August 1974
Creator: Brock, Euline Williams
Partner: UNT Libraries

The Disruption of the Social Order in the South During the Reconstruction Era

Description: It is the purpose of this thesis to define wherein the social order of the South was disrupted, --- the conditions that brought about such a sweeping transformation of social structures --- and to show the growth of new social attitudes and practices evolving from the chaotic dismemberment of the old. Although primary significance is placed upon changes in the social order, it is necessary to consider certain political and economic trends that were interwoven into the fabric of social life during Reconstruction --- factors influencing, determining, or evolving from, social changes. In the first chapter is sketched briefly the ante-bellum society of the South, and in following chapters is shown the evolution of social culture during the first twelve years following the Civil War.
Date: August 1937
Creator: Bennett, Leo
Partner: UNT Libraries

Geo. P. Rowell & Co's American Newspaper Directory, 1877

Description: American Newspaper Directory includes lists of newspapers and periodicals published in the United States, Territories, Canada, and British Colonies arranged by town, county, circulation rates, subject, and languages, as well as a Newspaper Directory Advertiser, and indexes. Index to Advertisements begins on page 1029.
Date: 1877
Creator: Geo. P. Rowell & Co.
Partner: UNT Libraries

[Letter from Dinkie McGee to her Sister and Mother, April 15, 1877]

Description: She ran into Mollie McGee and heard that Abe was up there, and Bettie was there Tuesday. She now has 60 little chickens and When she comes to visit she will make fried chicken. They will also have a lot of peaches, her onions are doing well too. Henry planted his sweet potatoes recently and George Wallace married recently, to Morilla Vaughn. The children talk of going to visit their Aunt Mollie and Uncle Charlie and Grandma. Bettie gave Willie some duck eggs and he had them taken care of by Nat. Dinkie asks that she write soon.
Date: April 15, 1877
Creator: McGee, Dinkie
Partner: UNT Libraries Special Collections

[Letter from J. C. Barr to C. B. Moore, April 22, 1877]

Description: Barr is talking about an advertising sheet that Moore wrote on that he found interesting. He asks about damages and if someone is going to visit. He mentions that everyone is well. Abner's son is not well with a fever. It has been really wet, and they have been unable to work on their corn. He has cut wood and a garden planted. He were able to sell 700 bushels of corn at 39 cents, 400 bushels of wheat at $1.41. He is hoping for no war in the east because of property damage. He hopes they write back soon.
Date: April 22, 1877
Creator: Barr, J. C.
Partner: UNT Libraries Special Collections

[Letter from William Dodd to his Mother and Sister, April 29, 1877]

Description: Bettie tells that everyone is doing well and that they have had good rain. Moore arrived last Wednesday, but hasn't been by and she hopes they write soon. William got tired of answering questions as to why his mother did not come with Moore to visit. He has a ship that he used to sell things. Dinky and the children are going to come by. He talks about going home and how Bettie went there for a while and is not feeling well. He plans to write soon.
Date: April 29, 1877
Creator: Dodd, William & Franklin, Bettie
Partner: UNT Libraries Special Collections

[Letter from W. H. McGee to Dinky, May 26, 1877]

Description: He was glad to hear that Dinky arrived home safely and was worried that Sissy would have gotten sick. He wants to tell Will that the ducks are fine and follow Betty and Moter. Sissy wants to say that Caty wants her back to help pick strawberries. He wants to let Molly know that he can't write to her because he is in a hurry.
Date: May 26, 1877
Creator: McGee, W. H.
Partner: UNT Libraries Special Collections

[Letter from Bettie Franklin to her Sister and Mr. Moore, June 5, 1877]

Description: She arrived home Friday night and had to sleep for two days to recover, Sissy got sick and took medicine to recover. They canned 6 cans of cherries. It has been dry, it rained early in the season but then dried up. Bettie's garden looks good despite the dry weather. Her beans are blooming and had an abundance of irish potatoes. Several people are about to head out to Texas. Dinky will write to her by the end of the week and She wants her to save some Texas flower seeds for her. Bettie isn't feeling well and was happy to see her sister and mother. She will write more next time and Lilly has been taking strawberries and cherries.
Date: June 5, 1877
Creator: Franklin, Bettie & Dodd, M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Special Collections

[Letter from Dinkie McGee to her Sister, June 9, 1877]

Description: They arrived in Sherman and then stayed at a couple of friends' places. They left Sherman and arrived at Gallatin Friday night. Sissie got sick and so did Willie. Mr. McMurry joined them on their way home and got robbed. It has been raining and they needed it. They have been eating peas, irish potatoes, and beets from her garden. She canned cherries and was able to finish ironing. No one has come to visit yet, but Mollie McGee should come by. She is not going to Aunt Peggy's funeral because her mother is coming home with them. Her father sent Bill Jones to go work at her sister's farm and she is going to send some quilt pieces to her. So that Aunt Til will piece them together and her sister could bring them back. Willie would like her to bring some pecans with her. Sissie likes talking about Uncle Charlie's cows and telling all of their names. She asks to give her love to Mrs. Burge and Aunt Til and Maria. She asks to forgive the bad writing.
Date: June 9, 1877
Creator: McGee, Dinkie
Partner: UNT Libraries Special Collections

[Letter from H. S. Moore, July 22, 1877]

Description: A letter from H. S. Moore to C. B. Moore describing events that had happened in the area and on the farm during C.B. Moore's absence. Envelope has note reading: "H. S. Moore; Received July 26; 1877" and a postal stamp from McKinnet, Texas; July, 23.
Date: July 22, 1877
Creator: Moore, H. S.
Partner: UNT Libraries Special Collections

[Letter from H. S, Moore, August 4, 1877]

Description: A letter from H. S. Moore to C. B. Moore about happenings on their properties during C. B. Moore's absence. Envelope has a note that reads: "H. S. Moore; Received Aug 4th; 1877" and a postal stamp which reads "McKinney Tex; Aug 4."
Date: August 4, 1877
Creator: Moore, H. S.
Partner: UNT Libraries Special Collections

[Letter from S. G. Strother, Jr, September 28, 1877]

Description: A letter from S. G. Strother, Jr. to Charles B. Moore requesting a place to stay in McKinney while he found a permanent place to stay. The envelope has a postal stamp reading "Cross Plains, Tenn; Sep 29" and a hand written note reading: "Solomon G. Strother; Received Oct 5th; 1877; 1878, 1878"
Date: September 28, 1877
Creator: Strother, Solomon G.
Partner: UNT Libraries Special Collections