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James Keenan, United States Consul to Hong Kong

Description: James Keenan served as United States consul to Hong Kong for eight years beginning in 1853. Keenan's career demonstrated the difficulties faced by United States consuls in the Far East. Many of the problems Keenan faced during his career resulted from the juxtaposition of a man predisposed to controversy with one of the most ambiguous posts in United States consular service. Keenan's career involved him in difficulties with a United States naval commander, British authorities in Hong Kong, a United States commissioner to China, his temporary successor in Hong Kong, and even the State Department. During his career, Keenan anticipated legislative changes regarding United States consuls. Nevertheless Keenan's colorful career won him many British and American friends. However, his predeliction for controversy damaged his effectiveness as United States consul.
Date: August 1978
Creator: King, Amelia Kay
Partner: UNT Libraries

[Newspaper Fragment]

Description: A newspaper clipping that details the yearly rainfall amounts from 1839 to 1861. This fragment is torn and the missing pieces makes the rainfall table unintelligible.
Date: unknown
Partner: UNT Libraries Special Collections

[Subscription Receipt, July 10, 1861]

Description: Subscription for Mr. Kennard detailing copper, powder, blankets and other things. The text appears to say "Gran[...] Te[x]t, Jny 10th 1861, A D Kinard To the Subscription of I.Seurl[oc]k & Co., Taken up in the following Articles To Wit..."
Date: January 10, 1861
Creator: I. Seurlock & Co.
Partner: UNT Libraries Special Collections

Their Faltering Footsteps: Hardships Suffered by the Confederate Civilians on the Homefront in the American Civil War of 1861-1865

Description: It is the purpose of this study to reveal that the morale of the southern civilians was an important factor in determining the fall of the Confederacy. At the close of the Civil War, the South was exhausted and weak, with only limited supplies to continue their defense. The Confederacy might have been rallied by the determination of its people, but they lacked such determination, for the hardships and grief they endured had turned their cause into a meaningless struggle. Therefore, the South fell because its strength depended upon the will of its population. This study is based on accounts by contemporaries in diaries, memoirs, newspapers, and journals, and it reflects their reaction to the collapse of homefront morale.
Date: August 1977
Creator: Spencer, Judith Ann
Partner: UNT Libraries

The West Gulf Blockade, 1861-1865: An Evaluation

Description: This investigation resulted from a pilot research paper prepared in conjunction with a graduate course on the Civil War. This study suggested that the Federal blockade of the Confederacy may not have contributed significantly to its defeat. Traditionally, historians had assumed that the Union's Anaconda Plan had effectively strangled the Confederacy. Recent studies which compared the statistics of ships captured to successful infractions of the blockade had somewhat revised these views. While accepting these revisionist findings as broadly valid, this investigation strove to determine specifically the effectiveness of Admiral Farragut's West Gulf Blockading Squadron. Since the British Foreign Office maintained consulates in three blockaded southern ports and in many Caribbean ports through which blockade running was conducted, these consular records were vital for this study. Personal research in Great Britain's Public Record Office disclosed valuable consular reports pertaining to the effectiveness of the Federal blockade. American consular records, found in the National Archives in Washington, D.C. provided excellent comparative reports from those same Gulf ports. Official Confederate reports, contained in the National Archives, various state archives and in the published Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies revealed valuable statistical data on foreign imports. Limited use was made of Spanish and French consular records written from ports involved in blockade running. Extensive use was made of Senate and House documents in determining Federal blockade policy during the war. The record of the Navy's enforcement of the blockade was found in The Official Records of the Union and Confederate Navies. The contemporary reports of Union and Confederate governmental officials was found in James D. Richardson's respective works on The Messages and Papers, and in the published diaries of Gideon Welles and Gustavas Fox. Contemporary newspapers and first hand accounts by participants on both sides provided color and perspective. In evaluating ...
Date: May 1974
Creator: Glover, Robert W.
Partner: UNT Libraries

Miners' Nystagmus

Description: From Preface: "The following paper on miner's nystagmus in the United States, Mr. Hoffman has reviewed the results of investigations in Europe and has drawn some tentative conclusions as to the possible frequency of the disease in this country. Whatever may be the prevalence of nystagmus in the United States, its seriousness as a disease and the need of national and State agencies cooperating in endeavors to obtain exact information regarding it are deemed sufficient reasons for the publication of Mr. Hoffman's interesting and suggestive paper.
Date: 1916
Creator: Hoffman, Frederick L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Lloyd's Official Map of the State of Virginia

Description: Hand-colored map of the state of Virginia in 1861, used by General Scott to plan campaigns during the Civil War. Counties are labeled and geographic features are noted, with relief shown by hachures. It includes advertisements, tables of population, steamboat routes, and altitudes, and notes on mapping and geology in text blocks around the outside of the map.
Date: 1861
Creator: Lloyd, James T.
Partner: UNT Libraries Rare Book and Texana Collections

George S. Patton Jr. and the Lost Cause Legacy

Description: Historians have done their duty in commemorating an individual who was, as Sidney Hook’s Hero in History would describe, an “event making-man.” A myriad of works focused on understanding the martial effort behind George S. Patton Jr. from his ancestral lineage rooted in military tradition to his triumph during the Second World War. What is yet to be understood about Patton, however, is the role that the Civil War played in his transformation into one of America’s iconic generals. For Patton, the Lost Cause legacy, one that idealized the image of the Confederate soldier in terms of personal honor, courage, and duty, became the seed for his preoccupation for glory.
Date: August 2014
Creator: Rodriguez, Ismael
Partner: UNT Libraries

[Expenditures for the benefit of the estate of Solomon M. Rucker]

Description: Expenditures for the estate of Solomon M. Rucker May 18, 1861 through August 10, 1861. The first page includes items listed by date with a final total at the end, continued on the second page along with the transcript of a receipt for items bought in June. Watermark on paper: "Erasable; Plover Bond; 25% Cotton Fiber; USA"
Date: unknown
Creator: Moore, Charles B.
Partner: UNT Libraries Special Collections