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Evaluations of Radionuclides of Uranium, Thorium, and Radium Associated With Produced Fluids, Precipitates, and Sludges From Oil, Gas, and Oilfield Brine Injection Wells in Mississippi: Final Report

Description: Naturally occurring radioactive materials (NORM) are known to be produced as a byproduct of hydrocarbon production in Mississippi. The presence of NORM has resulted in financial losses to the industry and continues to be a liability as the NORM-enriched scales and scale encrusted equipment is typically stored rather than disposed of. Although the NORM problem is well known, there is little publically available data characterizing the hazard. This investigation has produced base line data to fill this informational gap. A total of 329 NORM-related samples were collected with 275 of these samples consisting of brine samples. The samples were derived from 37 oil and gas reservoirs from all major producing areas of the state. The analyses of these data indicate that two isotopes of radium ({sup 226}Ra and {sup 228}Ra) are the ultimate source of the radiation. The radium contained in these co-produced brines is low and so the radiation hazard posed by the brines is also low. Existing regulations dictate the manner in which these salt-enriched brines may be disposed of and proper implementation of the rules will also protect the environment from the brine radiation hazard. Geostatistical analyses of the brine components suggest relationships between the concentrations of {sup 226}Ra and {sup 228}Ra, between the Cl concentration and {sup 226}Ra content, and relationships exist between total dissolved solids, BaSO{sub 4} saturation and concentration of the Cl ion. Principal component analysis points to geological controls on brine chemistry, but the nature of the geologic controls could not be determined. The NORM-enriched barite (BaSO{sub 4}) scales are significantly more radioactive than the brines. Leaching studies suggest that the barite scales, which were thought to be nearly insoluble in the natural environment, can be acted on by soil microorganisms and the enclosed radium can become bioavailable. This result suggests that the …
Date: March 1, 2004
Creator: Swann, Charles; Matthews, John; Ericksen, Rick & Kuszmaul, Joel
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Preshot and Postshot Safety Survey of Oil and Gas Facilities, Baxterville Field, Mississippi, Final Report

Description: From introduction: Oil and gas wells and related facilities of the Baxterville field were surveyed to document any physical changes resulting from the Salmon Event. All such structures within a 5-mile radius of Ground Zero were examined and photographed in detail.
Date: August 5, 1965
Creator: Ward, Don C.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Letter dated 10 June, 2005 to Chairman Principi from Senator Thad Cochran

Description: Executive Correspondence – Letter dated 10 June, 2005 to Chairman Principi from Senator Thad Cochran concerning the Commissions 16 June visit to Keesler AFB and Naval Station Pascagoula in Mississippi. The Senator requests that the Mississippi Congressional delegation’s staff and a member of Governor Barbour’s staff be included as part of the site visit.
Date: June 17, 2005
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Base Visit Book from BRAC Commission Visit to Keesler Air Force Base, MS dtd 15 Jun 05

Description: Base Visit Book from BRAC Commissioner Admiral Harold W. Gehman, Jr.'s visit to Keesler Air Force Base, MS. Input includes; base summary sheet, military value chart, installation review, state map and statistical data, state closure history list, and press articles and correspondence.
Date: June 22, 2005
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Memorandum of Meeting - Congressman Gene Taylor's Staff

Description: Memorandum of Meeting - Congressman Gene Taylor's Staff. Mr. Peranich and Mr. Marting reviewed a binder of information regarding the DoD BRAC recommendation that converts Keesler Medical Center from an inpatient facility to an outpatient clinic and ambulatory surgery center.
Date: August 10, 2005
Creator: United States. Defense Base Closure and Realignment Commission.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Letter from William S. Crawford of the Mississippi Development Authority to Commissioner Hill dtd 08 August 2005

Description: Executive Correspondence - Letter from William S. Crawford of the Mississippi Development Authority to Commissioner Hill regarding issues of mitigation of existing environmental and safety concerns for the Mississippi Army Ammunition Plant.
Date: August 13, 2005
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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