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Annual Progress Report on Fuel Element Development for FY 1962

Description: Activities in a project aimed at the improvement of fuel elements for high flux test reactors are reported. The investigation of new fuel compositions, distributions, and geometries is being undertaken to increase fuel life, to improve the flux distribution, and to provide a means of safely reaching higher reactor operating power and power density in these reactors. The effects of nuclear irradiation on the fuel and structural materials is being studied to predict the performance of these materials in more advanced reactor designs. A summary of the past year's progress is given and the fabrication and irradiation of samples containing up to 50 wt % U--Al alloys, cermets of UO/sub 2/, U/sub 3/O/ sub 8/, UC, UN, U/sub 3/Si, and Al, clad in various Al an d Be--Al materials is described. The use of ThO/sub 2/ and Th cores, the addition of BeO to cermet cores and high density fuei cores of U--Al intermetailics produced by powder metallurgy techniques were studied during the year. High strength APM claddings involving Al/sub 2/O/sub 3/ contents from 8 to 10% were tested and indicate the need for improved quality control of the APM material. Duplex claddings involving burnable poison layers and APM clad with corrosion resistant X8001 showed promise where special properties are desired. The results of the work continue to demonstrate the excellent radiation stability of U--Al fuels even after long irradiation exposure at elevated temperatures. Tests up to 350 deg F and after 50% burnup of the U/sup 235/ in U--Al alloys, show no appreciable dimensional or microstructure changes. UO/sub 2/ and U/sub 3/O/sub 8/ react with Al under radiation to form UAl/sub 4/. Tensile tests of these fuels at ambient temperatures show appreciable loss in ductility with irradiation; several compositions actually exhibiting zero ductility. Irradiation at temperatures up to 200 ...
Date: August 15, 1962
Creator: Gibson, G. W. & Francis, W. C.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department