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Preliminary investigation of combustion in flowing gas with various turbulence promoters

Description: Report presenting an investigation of combustion occurring downstream of various turbulence promoters in a 20-inch length of a 1 7/8-inch inside-diameter, water-jacketed tubing using premixed vaporized fuel and air. Among the turbulence promoters investigated were flat plates perforated with 1/8-inch diameter holes, 1/4-inch diameter holes, and a single large hole to give 12.4, 17.2, and 21.5 percent open area respectively.
Date: June 7, 1948
Creator: Haddock, Gordon W. & Childs, J. Howard
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

A comparison of the simulated-altitude performance of two turbojet combustor types

Description: Report presenting a comparison of the performance of a German Jumo 004 can-type combustor and the performance of two contemporary United States turbojet combustors to determine whether the Jumo 004 was more advanced and to determine whether there are basic, inherent differences in the performance achieved with the can or annular combustor type. Results regarding altitude operational limits, combustion efficiency, pressure loss, and temperature profile at combustor outlet are provided.
Date: October 7, 1948
Creator: Bolz, Ray E.; Schroeter, Thomas T. & Zettle, Eugene V.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Experimental investigation of the effects of support interference on the drag of bodies of revolution at a Mach number of 1.5

Description: Testing was conducting to evaluate the effects of support interference on the drag characteristics of two bodies of revolution at zero angle of attack at Mach number 1.5. Drag and base-pressure measurements are made for a variety of Reynolds numbers to determine the effect of varying the length or diameter of the rear support.
Date: May 7, 1948
Creator: Perkins, Edward W.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Ditching tests of a 1/15-scale model of the Fairchild C-82 airplane

Description: Given here are results of tests made in calm water at various landing attitudes, speeds, and simulated conditions of damage. It was concluded that the best ditching could be made by contacting the water as near the stall angle as possible without losing adequate control. The landing flaps should be full down. If the paratainer hatch and aft-cargo doors fail as expected in a ditching, there will be a large inrush of water into the cargo compartment which makes this location a very hazardous ditching station. The airplane will settle in the water rapidly to the level of the wings with only gradual changes in attitude. The maximum longitudinal deceleration will be between 1.2g and 1.7g in a calm-water ditching.
Date: October 7, 1948
Creator: Fisher, Lloyd J. & Hoffman, Edward L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Performance of conical jet nozzles in terms of flow and velocity coefficients

Description: Performance characteristics of conical jet nozzles were determined in an investigation covering a range of pressure ratios from 1.0 to 2.8, cone half-angles from 5 degrees to 90 degrees, and outlet-inlet diameter ratios from 0.50 to 0.91. All nozzles investigated had an inlet diameter of 5 inches. The flow coefficients of the conical nozzles investigated were dependent on the cone half-angle, outlet-inlet diameter ratio, and pressure ratio. The velocity coefficients were essentially constant at pressure ratios below the critical. For increasing pressures above critical pressure ratio, there was a small decrease in velocity coefficient that was dependent on pressure ratio and independent of cone half-angle and outlet-inlet diameter ratio. Therefore the variation in performance (air flow and thrust) of several nozzles, selected for the same performance at a particular design condition, was proportional to the ratio of their flow coefficients.
Date: September 7, 1948
Creator: Grey, Ralph E. & Wilsted, H. Dean
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Preliminary Investigation of Various Ailerons on a 42 Degree Sweptback Wing for Lateral Control at Transonic Speeds

Description: Report presenting an investigation at transonic speeds in the high speed tunnel to determine the rolling-effectiveness characteristics of several aileron arrangements for use on a 42 degree sweptback wing. Results regarding the rolling-moment coefficients, variation of coefficient with Mach number, outboard cusp aileron, and use of the leading-edge flaps are provided.
Date: September 7, 1948
Creator: Turner, Thomas R.; Lockwood, Vernard E. & Vogler, Raymond D.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Transonic Drag Characteristics of a Wing-Body Combination Showing the Effect of a Large Wing Fillet

Description: "Results of an investigation by the free-fall method are presented herein for a configuration having a body of revolution of fineness ratio 12 and 45 degrees sweptback wing mounted aft of the maximum diameter of the body. The fillets were designed to provide large increases in the sweep of the leading edge and the line of maximum thickness as the wing root was approached. Comparison of these results with those for the same configuration without fillets shows that the addition of wing fillets increased the total drag of the configuration by about 35 percent at Mach numbers near 1.0 and about 15 percent at Mach numbers near 1.2" (p. 1).
Date: September 7, 1948
Creator: Cheatham, Donald C. & Kurbjun, Max C.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Wind-Tunnel Investigation of the Opening Characteristics, Drag, and Stability of Several Hemispherical Parachutes

Description: "An investigation has been conducted to determine the opening characteristics of several hemispherical parachutes and to study the influence of the parachute design variables on these opening characteristics. The effects of design variables on the drag and stability characteristics of the parachutes were also evaluated. The tests were made in the Langley 20-foot free-spinning tunnel and in the Langley 300 MPH 7 by 10-foot tunnel" (p. 1).
Date: October 7, 1948
Creator: Scher, Stanley E. & Gale, Lawrence J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Theoretical analysis of the motions of an aircraft stabilized in roll by a displacement-response, flicker-type automatic pilot

Description: Report presenting a general analysis that allows the rolling motions of an aircraft using a displacement-response, flicker-type automatic pilot to be determined. The system is not ideal for many stabilization problems due to inherent residual oscillations, but it offers a simple and economical solution in situations in which steady state oscillations are not a problem. Results regarding some general remarks, transient and steady states, stabilization boundaries, amplitude equations, and period equations are provided.
Date: July 7, 1948
Creator: Curfman, Howard J., Jr. & Gardner, William N.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Spectral Lines of Curium from 3100 A to 4200 A

Description: Fifty-four spectral lines of curium are listed together with estimated intensities. A brief description of the manner of taking the spectra and of measuring the lines is given. Three separate samples of curium, in all seven micrograms, were submitted for spectrochemical analysis. The samples in acidic solution (HCl) were evaporated on copper electrodes and analyzed as outlined for the copper spark method. An Applied Research Laboratories spark source was used. The spectra were taken on a Baird Associates spectrograph of the modified Eagle type which has a dispersion of 5.6 A/mm in the first order. Spectrum Analysis photographic plates were used and were processed according to the manufacturer's recommendations. The plates were placed in the projection comparator (also an Applied Research Laboratories Unit) and the lines measured using the scale associated with the projection screen. The copper lines of the spectra were used as a wavelength standard. In all 54 lines which we feel can be attributed to curium were found. These, together with an estimated intensity based on an arbitrary 1 to 10 scale, are listed in Table 1. Due to the high alpha-activity of curium special care had to be exercised in handling the samples. In this case a pyrex bulb with quartz windows attached was made and all the sparking of curium was done in this container. An outlet from this bulb was connected through a glass wool filter system to a water aspirator. Upon completion of the work the bulb was flushed with nitric acid and then discarded. The acid wash and the glass wool were then returned for recovery of the curium.
Date: April 7, 1948
Creator: Conway, John G. & Moore, Milton F.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Stars in Photographic Emulsions Initiated by Deuterons Part II. Theoretical

Description: The theory of high energy nuclear stars depends on a theory of nuclear transparency and on a theory of nuclear evaporation. The transparency can be computed on the basis of a model proposed by R. Serber as soon as the interactions between the nucleons and the incident particle are known. The evaporation can be computed on the basis of the statistical model of the nucleus as soon as the nuclear entropy and binding energies of the evaporated particles are known. With approximate values for the above interactions, entropies, and binding energies, a probability distribution has been computed for the number of prongs per star. The results are in qualitative agreement with the observations on photographic emulsions described in Part 1.
Date: September 7, 1948
Creator: Horning, W. & Baumhoff, L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Construction, operation and use of KAPL uranium fluorimeters

Description: From introduction: "Two fluorimeters have been constructed for the determination of small amounts of uranium. There fluorimeters have been constructed after the basic plans for the Model V fluorimeter developed at the University of Rochester School of Medicine and Dentistry and described in the Journal of Biological Chemistry for March 1948.
Date: October 7, 1948
Creator: Rider, B. F.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Boron stainless steel for drop rods

Description: From introduction: "The present investigation of the properties of boron stainless steel is an outgrowth of a project started in 1947. The problem is to replace the present steel used for drop rods in the Hanford piles with a material much less subject to corrosive attack from the humid atmosphere existing at the location of the rods."
Date: September 7, 1948
Creator: Callen, A. C. & Heckman, A. L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department