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The Affordable Care Act and Small Business: Economic Issues

Description: This report explains how employer-sponsored insurance can be used to address concerns about health insurance coverage and cost. Then, it summarizes the three Affordable Care Act (ACA) provisions most relevant to small businesses. Also, it analyzes these provisions for their potential effects on small businesses. Last, this report presents several approaches that could address some concerns associated with these provisions (particularly the employer penalty).
Date: January 15, 2015
Creator: Lowry, Sean & Gravelle, Jane G.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Cybercrime: Conceptual Issues for Congress and U.S. Law Enforcement

Description: This report discusses the concept of cybercrime and related cyber threats such as cyber espionage and cyber warfare, and questions whether--and under what circumstances--clear distinctions between the various threats should be delineated. It also outlines how current federal strategies may address cybercrime, including issues surrounding the measurement and tracking of cybercrime.
Date: January 15, 2015
Creator: Finklea, Kristin & Theohary, Catherine A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Instances of Use of United States Armed Forces Abroad, 1798-2015

Description: This report lists hundreds of instances in which the United States has used its Armed Forces abroad in situations of military conflict or potential conflict or for other than normal peacetime purposes. It was compiled in part from various older lists and is intended primarily to provide a rough survey of past U.S. military ventures abroad, without reference to the magnitude of the given instance noted.
Date: January 15, 2015
Creator: Torreon, Barbara Salazar
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

U.S. Immigration Policy on Haitian Migrants

Description: This report discusses whether the balance should tip more toward humanitarian immigration policies as a consequence of the humanitarian crises that resulted from the January 12, 2010 earthquake in Haiti.
Date: January 15, 2010
Creator: Wasem, Ruth Ellen
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Qualifications of Members of Congress

Description: This report discusses the qualifications required to hold the office of U.S. Senator or Representative to Congress that are established and set out within the U.S. Constitution.
Date: January 15, 2015
Creator: Maskell, Jack
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

U.S.-EU Poultry Dispute on the Use of Pathogen Reduction Treatments (PRTs)

Description: This report highlights the dispute between the U.S. and EU over the use of Pathogen Reduction Treatments (PRTs) during the processing of poultry products. PRT's are antimicrobial rinses--including chlorine dioxide, acidified sodium chlorite, trisodium phosphate, and peroxyacids, among others--that have been approved by the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) for use in poultry processing to reduce the amount of microbes on meat.
Date: January 15, 2015
Creator: Johnson, Renée
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Tax Havens: International Tax Avoidance and Evasion

Description: The first section of this report reviews what countries might be considered tax havens, including a discussion of the Organization for Economic Development and Cooperation (OECD) initiatives and lists. The next two sections discuss, in turn, the corporate profit-shifting mechanisms and evidence on the existence and magnitude of profit-shifting activity. The following two sections provide the same analysis for individual tax evasion. The report concludes with overviews of alternative policy options, a summary of legislation enacted in the 111th Congress, and a summary of specific legislative proposals.
Date: January 15, 2015
Creator: Gravelle, Jane G.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The Federal Minimum Wage: In Brief

Description: This report discusses the minimum wage provisions of the Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA), which is the federal legislation that establishes the minumem hourly wage that ust be paid to all covered workers.
Date: January 15, 2015
Creator: Bradley, David H.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Hate Crime Legislation

Description: This report provides an overview of the hate crime debate, with background on current law and hate crime statistics, and a legislative history of hate crime prevention bills in recent Congresses. This report does not analyze the constitutional or other legal issues that often arise as part of the hate crime debate.
Date: January 15, 2010
Creator: Krouse, William J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

U.S. Assistance Programs in China

Description: This report examines U.S. foreign assistance activities in the People's Republic of China (PRC), undertaken by the U.S. Department of State and U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID). The report also discusses related foreign operations appropriations, policy history, and legislative background.
Date: January 15, 2015
Creator: Lum, Thomas
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Low Energy Demonstration Accelerator mitigation action plan annual report for 1998

Description: This Mitigation Action Plan Annual Report (MAPAR) has been prepared by the US Department of Energy (DOE) as part of implementing the Low Energy Demonstration Accelerator Facility (LEDA) Mitigation Action Plan (MAP). This MAPAR primarily provides a status on specific LEDA facility construction- and operations-related mitigation actions that have been implemented during 1998. The mitigation actions are implemented in order to comply with regulatory requirements under the National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) by fulfilling DOE`s commitments under the LEDA MAP. This report contains the following three main sections: Introduction; LEDA MAP scope, schedule and status; and Summary and Recommendations. The Introduction section provides a background regarding the origin and purpose of the LEDA MAP. The LEDA MAP scope, schedule, and status section provides a more detailed description of each mitigation action commitment and the current status of each associated action plan. Finally, the Summary and Recommendations section provides DOE`s recommendation regarding future implementation based on the status of each commitment action plan.
Date: January 15, 1999
Creator: Tomei, T. & Haagenstad, T.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Massively parallel simulation of flow and transport in variably saturated porous and fractured media

Description: This paper describes a massively parallel simulation method and its application for modeling multiphase flow and multicomponent transport in porous and fractured reservoirs. The parallel-computing method has been implemented into the TOUGH2 code and its numerical performance is tested on a Cray T3E-900 and IBM SP. The efficiency and robustness of the parallel-computing algorithm are demonstrated by completing two simulations with more than one million gridblocks, using site-specific data obtained from a site-characterization study. The first application involves the development of a three-dimensional numerical model for flow in the unsaturated zone of Yucca Mountain, Nevada. The second application is the study of tracer/radionuclide transport through fracture-matrix rocks for the same site. The parallel-computing technique enhances modeling capabilities by achieving several-orders-of-magnitude speedup for large-scale and high resolution modeling studies. The resulting modeling results provide many new insights into flow and transport processes that could not be obtained from simulations using the single-CPU simulator.
Date: January 15, 2002
Creator: Wu, Yu-Shu; Zhang, Keni & Pruess, Karsten
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Project Management - The People Make the Difference

Description: CH2M HILL Hanford Group, Inc. manages the high level nuclear waste tanks for the Department of Energy's Office of River Protection, at the Hanford site in southeastern Washington State. The Hanford tanks contain more than 53 million gallons of waste, 200 million curies (three times that released by Chernobyl), and 67 of the 177 tanks have leaked at some time in the past. The current company has been responsible for the tanks since fall 1996. Previous to 1996, there is a long history of the Hanford tank farms being the bane of DOE Environmental Management. One tank would periodically and spontaneously release large quantities of flammable gas. Another tank, which does not have double containment as now required by law, self-boiled and required the addition of more than 5,000 gallons of water per month to maintain temperatures within the design parameters of the tank. Only a single-wall steel pipe with limited leak detection was available to transfer waste the 7-mile route from the western-most tank farms to a waste evaporator. The regulators, public, and congress had little confidence that DOE or its contractors knew the chemical, physical, or nuclear characteristics of the tanks contents. The nuclear safety controls were so complex and varied for different tanks and different operations, that very few employees understood the hazards and the control requirements. In fact, in 1993, congress found it necessary to pass a law restricting the operations of 54 of the 177 tanks due to safety concerns--these tanks are known as ''watch list'' tanks. This was a bleak picture--DOE's most hazardous nuclear waste storage site--and no one really knew what was in the tanks and control measures were akin to bandaids and bailing wire. This is not the condition today. No tanks spontaneously belch gas above the flammability limit of hydrogen. All ...
Date: January 15, 2001
Creator: Delozier, M. P.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Higgs searches and prospects at CDF

Description: The Standard model of electroweak interactions (SM) has been extremely successful in describing interactions of elementary particles over the last decades. The Higgs scalar boson is one of the key elements of the SM: Higgs interactions with the other particles generate the particle masses and allow to keep the theory renormalizable at electroweak scale. All the particles predicted by the SM but the Higgs boson have already been observed experimentally and therefore search for the Higgs is one of the most important scientific goals for high energy physics. The current lower limit on the SM Higgs mass M{sub H} > 114.4 GeV at 95% CL has been established by LEP experiments. In this paper we review CDF Run I results on Higgs searches including the Higgs bosons predicted by the minimal supersymmetric extention of the Standard Model (MSSM) and discuss the Run II prospects.
Date: January 15, 2003
Creator: Murat, Pavel A
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Installation of Water Flux Meters to Measure the Temporal Variation in Water Flux Through the Vadose Zone

Description: The Savannah River Site has implemented a comprehensive vadose zone monitoring system at it's low level radioactive waste disposal facility in E-Area. The VSMS consists of nests of advanced tesiometers, water content reflectometers, suction lysimeters.
Date: January 15, 2003
Creator: Nichols, R.L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Studies with Ferrous Sulfamate and Alternate Reductants for 2nd Uranium Cycle

Description: A wide range of miniature mixer-settler tests were conducted to determine the source of iron and sulfur contamination in the uranium product stream (''1EU'') of H Canyon's 2nd Uranium Cycle. The problem was reproduced on the laboratory scale mixer-settlers by changing the feed location of ferrous sulfamate from stage D4 to stage D1. Other process variables effected no change. It was later determined that ferrous sulfamate (FS) solids had plugged the FS line to stage D4, causing FS to backup a ventline and enter the Canyon process at stage D1. Pluggage was almost certainly due to precipitation of FS solids during extended process downtime. During the search for the root cause, tests showed that FS solids were quite small (1-10 mm), and a portion of them could bypass the current Canyon prefilter (3-mm). Also, additional tests were done to find an alternate means of reducing and thereby removing plutonium and neptunium from the uranium product. These tests showed that FS was a more effective reductant than either ascorbic acid or a hydroxylamine nitrate (HAN) / dilute FS combination.
Date: January 15, 2003
Creator: Crowder, M.L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

CDF tau triggers, analysis and other developments

Description: This note is a write-up of contribution made by the author to the HCP2002 conference. It has two principal subjects. The first subject concerns the CDF {tau} triggers, {tau}-cone algorithms and {tau} physics analysis. {tau} physics is going to be very important in Run II because {tau}'s can extend SUSY searches at large tan {beta} in particular, {tau}'s will help in the searches for {tilde {chi}}{sub 1}{sup {+-}}{tilde {chi}}{sub 2}{sup 0}, MSSM Higgs and other non Standard Model (SM) processes. Also, {tau} events are important for various Standard Model processes including Precision Electroweak, t{bar t}, and SM Higgs searches. {tau} triggers are installed and operating at CDF. The second subject of this contribution to the HCP2002 conference concerns the algorithms of backwards differentiation abstracted from their usual setting inside of Automatic Differentiation software packages. Backwards differentiation (reverse-mode differentiation) provides a useful means for optimizing many kinds of problems.
Date: January 15, 2003
Creator: Smith, J. R.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Heavy baryons - Recent and very new results

Description: Recent results on observations, properties and decay modes of the charmed and beauty baryons will be reviewed. Candidates for several new high mass states which include a cleanly-identified daughter {Lambda}{sub c}{sup +} baryon are seen in data from the SELEX experiment at Fermilab. These states are candidates for doubly-charmed baryons: a {Xi}{sub cc}{sup ++} state and a {Xi}{sub cc}{sup +} state. These candidates are more than 5{sigma} signals in each case at masses of 3520 and 3460 MeV respectively.
Date: January 15, 2003
Creator: Cooper, Peter S
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Strangeness production in minimum-bias events at CDF

Description: In a recently published paper 1 are emphasized, for the soft subsample extracted from the minimum-bias (MB) dataset of p{bar p} collisions, interesting invariances with the c.m. energy of the charged multiplicity and p{sub T} distributions. We present an analogous study on V{sup 0} production.
Date: January 15, 2003
Creator: Moggi, N.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Comparing geophysical measurements to theoretical estimates for soil mixtures at low pressures

Description: The authors obtained good estimates of measured velocities of sand-peat samples at low pressures by using a theoretical method, the self-consistent theory of Berryman (1980), using sand and porous peat to represent the microstructure of the mixture. They were unable to obtain useful estimates with several other theoretical approaches, because the properties of the quartz, air and peat components of the samples vary over several orders of magnitude. Methods that are useful for consolidated rock cannot be applied directly to unconsolidated materials. Instead, careful consideration of microstructure is necessary to adapt the methods successfully. Future work includes comparison of the measured velocity values to additional theoretical estimates, investigation of Vp/Vs ratios and wave amplitudes, as well as modeling of dry and saturated sand-clay mixtures (e.g., Bonner et al., 1997, 1998). The results suggest that field data can be interpreted by comparing laboratory measurements of soil velocities to theoretical estimates of velocities in order to establish a systematic method for predicting velocities for a full range of sand-organic material mixtures at various pressures. Once the theoretical relationship is obtained, it can be used to estimate the soil composition at various depths from field measurements of seismic velocities. Additional refining of the method for relating velocities to soil characteristics is useful for development inversion algorithms.
Date: January 15, 1999
Creator: Wildenschild, D; Berge, P A; Berryman, K G; Bonner, B P & Roberts, J J
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department