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Aerodynamic Factors Affecting the Ability of a Pilot to Return an Airplane to Level From a Banked Attitude by Use of the Rudder Alone and Without Change of Heading

Description: Report presenting a study of the aerodynamic factors upon which the ability to perform the maneuver depends in an attempt to obtain a better understanding of the conditions involved and, if possible, to evolve criterions that may be used during design.
Date: October 1941
Creator: Harmon, S. M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Bending of Rectangular Plates With Large Deflections

Description: "The solution of Von Karman's fundamental equations for large deflections of plates is presented for the case of a simply supported rectangular plate under combined edge compression and lateral loading. Numerical solutions are given for square plates and for rectangular plates with a width-span ratio of 3:1. The effective widths under edge compression are compared with effective widths according to Von Karman, Bengston, Marguerre, and Cox and with experimental results by Ramberg, Mcpherson, and Levy" (p. 1).
Date: May 27, 1941
Creator: Levy, Samuel
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Air Transport by Gliders: Some Technical Observations

Description: This short analysis may be useful in determining the real tactical possibilities of "glider trains" and in adopting the course to be followed in possible studies of these questions. In this analysis most prominent are: (a) the power required for the train in level flight; (b) its speed; (c) climb; and (d) the type of airplane best suited for towing as well as design requirements for transport gliders.
Date: June 1941
Creator: Stepniewski, Wieslaw
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Flight Measurements of the Elevator Deflections Used in Landings of Several Airplanes

Description: "A collection of data on the elevator deflections used in landings of several airplanes is presented in tabular form. The physical characteristics of these airplanes are also given. The elevator deflections used in landing some airplanes was found to be as much as 14.4 degrees greater than that used to stall under the same flight and loading conditions" (p. 1).
Date: November 1941
Creator: Vensel, Joseph R.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Supplement to Comparison of Automatic Control Systems

Description: "This analysis deals with the indirect regulator, wherefrom the behavior of the direct regulator is deduced as a limiting case. The prime mover is looked upon as "independent of the load": a change in the adjusting power (to be applied) for the control link (as, for example, in relation to the adjusting path (eta) with pressure valves or the rudder of vessels) does not modify the actions of the prime mover. Mass forces and friction are discounted; "clearance" also is discounted in the transmission links of the regulator" (p. 1).
Date: August 1941
Creator: Oppelt, W.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Tests of Bell XP-63 Low-Drag Wing Model With Split Flap

Description: Report presenting tests on the Bell XP-63 wing root section fitted with an 0.18c split flap hinged at approximately 0.805c on the lower surface. The tests were conducted to determine the effect of a 10 degree deflection of the split flap on the drag characteristics of the model at low lift coefficients.
Date: September 1941
Creator: Underwood, W. J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Relief of Residual Stress in Streamline Tie Rods by Heat Treatment

Description: "About two-thirds of the residual stress in cold-worked SAE 1050 steel tie rods was relieved by heating 30 minutes at 600 degrees Fahrenheit. Cold-worked austenitic stainless-steel tie rods could be heated at temperatures up to 1000 degrees Fahrenheit without lowering the important physical properties. The corrosion resistance, in laboratory corrosion test, of straight 18:8 and titanium-treated 18:8 materials appeared to be impaired after heating at temperatures above 800 degrees or 900 degrees Fahrenheit" (p. 1).
Date: November 1941
Creator: Pollard, R. E. & Reinhart, Fred M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

New Method of Calculating the Power at Altitude of Aircraft Engines Equipped With Superchargers on the Basis of Tests Made Under Sea-Level Conditions

Description: "The present article deals with what is considered to be a simpler and more accurate method of determining, from the results of bench tests under approved rating conditions, the power at altitude of a supercharged aircraft engine, without application of correction formulas. The method of calculating the characteristics at altitude, of supercharged engines, based on the consumption of air, is a more satisfactory and accurate procedure, especially at low boost pressures" (p. 1).
Date: July 1941
Creator: Sarracino, Marcello
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The Oscillating Wing With Aerodynamically Balanced Elevator

Description: "The two-dimensional problem of the oscillating wing with aerodynamically balanced elevator is treated in the manner that the wing is replaced by a plate with bends and stages and the airfoil section by a mean line consisting of one or more straights. The computed formulas and tables permit, on these premises, the prediction of the pressure distribution and of the aerodynamic reactions of oscillating elevators and tabs with any position of elevator hinge in respect to elevator leading edge" (p. 1).
Date: October 1941
Creator: Küssner, H. G. & Schwartz, I.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

On the Use of Residue Theory for Treating the Subsonic Flow of a Compressible Fluid

Description: "A new mathematical technique, due to Milne-Thomson, is used to obtain an improved form of the method of Poggi for calculating the effect of compressibility on the subsonic flow past an obstacle. By means of this new method, the difficult surface integrals of the original Poggi method can be replaced by line integrals. These line integrals are then solved by the use of residue theory. In this way an equation is obtained giving the second-order effect of compressibility on the velocity of the fluid" (p. 39).
Date: September 8, 1941
Creator: Kaplan, Carl
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Researches on Direct Injection in Internal-Combustion Engines

Description: Report presenting a solution for reducing the fatigue of the Diesel engine by permitting the preservation of its components and, at the same time, raising its specific horsepower to a par with that of carburetor engines, while maintaining for the Diesel engine its perogative of burning heavy fuel under optimum economical conditions. The feeding of Diesel engines by injection pumps actuated by engine compression achieves the required high speeds of injection readily and permits rigorous control of the combustible charge introduced into each cylinder and of the peak pressure in the resultant cycle.
Date: November 1941
Creator: Tuscher, Jean E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Shear Lag in Corrugated Sheets Used for the Chord Member of a Box Beam

Description: "The problem of the distribution of normal stress across a wide corrugated sheet used as the chord of a box-beam-like structure is investigated theoretically and experimentally. Expressions are developed giving the stress distribution in beams, symmetrical or unsymmetrical, about a plane passed spanwise through the center of the sheet. The experiments were arranged to insure bending without torsion and surveys of the normal stresses were made by means of mechanical and electrical strain gages" (p. 1).
Date: January 1941
Creator: Newell, Joseph S. & Reissner, Eric
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Lift and Drag Tests of Three Airfoil Models With Fowler Flaps Submitted by Consolidated Aircraft Corporation

Description: Report presenting lift and drag tests made in the two-dimensional tunnel of three airfoil models. The models represented intermediate sections on alternative wings of the XB-32 airplane and were equipped with 0.30 Fowler flaps. Results regarding the Davis model, the C.A.C. model, and low-drag model are provided.
Date: December 1941
Creator: Abbott, Ira H. & Turner, Harold R., Jr.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Determination of the Bending and Buckling Effect in the Stress Analysis of Shell Structures Accessible From One Side Only

Description: "The present report describes a device for ascertaining the bending and buckling effect in stress measurements on shell structures accessible from one side only. Beginning with a discussion of the relationship between flexural strain and certain parameters, the respective errors of the test method for great or variable skin curvature within the test range are analyzed and illustrated by specimen example" (p. 1).
Date: December 1941
Creator: Dose, A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

General Airfoil Theory

Description: "On the assumption of infinitely small disturbances the author develops a generalized integral equation of airfoil theory which is applicable to any motion and compressible fluid. Successive specializations yield various simpler integral equations, such as Possio's, Birnbaum's, and Prandtl's integral equations, as well as new ones for the wing of infinite span with periodic downwash distribution and for the oscillating wing with high aspect ratio. Lastly, several solutions and methods for solving these integral equations are give" (p. 1).
Date: June 1941
Creator: Küssner, H. G.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Tests of a 0.1475c Aileron With a Tab on Low-Drag Section for Curtiss XP-60 Airplane in the Low-Turbulence Tunnel

Description: "Preliminary two-dimensional tests of the hinge-moment characteristics of a 0.1725c internally balanced aileron on the subject XP-60 wing section indicated that more internal balance would be required if light stick forces were to be obtained at high speeds. The present series of tests were therefore undertaken in order to investigate methods of reducing the slope of the hinge-moment curve while still maintaining the required aileron effectiveness" (p. 1).
Date: November 1941
Creator: von Doenhoff, A. E. & Underwood, W. J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Tests of Round and Flat Spoilers on a Tapered Wing in the NACA 19-Foot Pressure Wind Tunnel

Description: "Several arrangements of round and flat spanwise spoilers attached to the upper surface of a tapered wing were tested in the NACA 19-foot pressure wind tunnel to determine the most effective type, location, and size of spoiler necessary to reduce greatly the lift on the wings of large flying boats when moored. The effect of the various spoilers on the lift, the drag, and the pitching-moment characteristics of the tapered wing was measured over a range of angles of attack from zero to maximum lift. The most effective type of spoiler was found to be the flat type with no space between it and the wing surface" (p. 1).
Date: March 1941
Creator: Wenzinger, Carl J. & Bowen, John D.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Static Characteristics of Curtiss Propellers Having Different Blade Sections

Description: Report presenting static tests on four full-scale two-bladed propellers differing only in blade sections at blade angles from 0 to 20 degrees at the three-quarters radius. Two of the propellers were also tested as three-bladed propellers. For all of the propellers tested, the highest value of the static thrust figure of merit occurred at a tip-speed ratio between 0.7 and 0.9; the highest efficiency in flight may be expected in the same range of tip-speed ratios.
Date: August 1941
Creator: Corson, Blake W., Jr. & Mastrocola, Nicholas
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Two-Stage Supercharging

Description: "The arrangement of the parts and the installation and control problems of the two-stage mechanically driven superchargers for aircraft engines are discussed. Unless an entirely new form of supercharging is developed, there will be a definite need for a two-stage centrifugal supercharger. It is shown that the two-stage mechanically driven supercharger itself is a comparatively simple device; the complications arise from the addition of inter-coolers and controls" (p. 1).
Date: February 1941
Creator: Buck, Richard S.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Ultimate Stresses Developed by 24S-T Sheet in Incomplete Diagonal Tension

Description: "Tests were made on 18 shear panels of 24S-T aluminum alloy to verify the dependence of the ultimate stress on the degree of development of the diagonal-tension field. Tests were made on two thicknesses of sheet with the sheet either clamped between the flange angle or riveted to the outside of the angles" (p. 1).
Date: December 1941
Creator: Kuhn, Paul
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Minimum Induced Drag in Wing-Fuselage Interference

Description: Note presenting a method for obtaining the minimum induced drag of airfoils in the proximity of ideal internal boundaries. The theorem is applied to the case of an ideal wing-fuselage combination consisting of a lifting line intersecting an infinitely long circular cylindrical fuselage to determine the effect of wing height on the minimum induced drag. The analysis used can be modified for combinations with different fuselage cross sections.
Date: September 1941
Creator: Pepper, Perry A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department