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Preliminary Survey of the Aircraft Fire Problem

Description: Memorandum presenting a review of information relating to aircraft fires to determine what new or further research might lead to a substantial reduction of the aircraft fire hazard in flight and following crashes. An examination of fuels, lubricants, and hydraulic fluids as inflammable liquids is presented, together with possible sources of ignition under the general categories of hot surfaces, electric sparks and arcs, flames, and hot gases.
Date: May 21, 1948
Creator: Cleveland Laboratory Aircraft Fire Research Panel
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Preliminary Study of Use of Nonstrategic Metals for and Application of Cooling to Blades of Turbine of J35 Turbojet Engine

Description: Memorandum presenting the modifications to the J35 engine that are necessitated with the use of non-strategic materials. Two proposals for cooling the rotor disk and blades are: finned hollow blades that are air cooled and blades with circular passages for liquid cooling in which the fuel could be used as the coolant.
Date: November 17, 1948
Creator: Turbine Cooling Research Branch
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Preliminary Investigation of Effects of Alpha-Particle Bombardment on the Creep Rate of Aluminum

Description: Memorandum presenting a preliminary investigation to determine the effects of alpha-particle bombardment on the creep rate of aluminum wire at 400 degrees Fahrenheit. The alpha radiation from an 85-millicurie polonium source appeared to decrease slightly the creep rate of the aluminum.
Date: July 3, 1947
Creator: Kittel, J. Howard
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Preliminary Investigation at Low Speeds of Swept Wings in Yawing Flow

Description: Memorandum presenting a wind-tunnel investigation conducted to determine the rotary stability characteristics in yawing flow of a series of untapered wings with angles of sweep of -45, 0, 45, and 60 degrees. The results of the yawing-flow tests indicated that the values of the rotary derivatives agreed fairly well with simple sweep theory for a moderate range of lift coefficients.
Date: February 4, 1948
Creator: Goodman, Alex & Feigenbaum, David
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

NACA Investigation of Fuels Corresponding to Specification an-F-58 : Results of Studies in Single Combustors of J-33, J-34, J-35, and Nene Turbojet Engines

Description: "The NACA is engaged in a program to evaluate the performance of fuels conforming to AN-F-58 specification in both full-scale engines and single combustors. This research memorandum constitutes an interim report on the results obtained on single cosibustors" (p. 1).
Date: November 16, 1945
Creator: Cleveland Laboratory Staff
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Pressure-Distribution Data for the NACA 64(Sub 1)-012 and 64(Sub 1)A012 Airfoils at High Subsonic Mach Numbers

Description: "Pressure-distribution data of the NACA 64(sub 1)-012 and 64(sub 1)A012 airfoils have been analyzed to determine the effects of increasing the trailing-edge angle from 9 to 14 degrees. The primary effect of increasing the trailing-edge angle was to decrease the loading over the rear portion of the airfoil under lifting conditions. The differences in trailing-edge load increased with Mach number and lift coefficient" (p. 1).
Date: May 6, 1949
Creator: Humphreys, Milton D.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

High-Speed Aerodynamic Characteristics of Four Thin NACA 63-Series Airfoils

Description: Memorandum presenting high-speed wind-tunnel tests of four thin NACA 63-series airfoil sections with a design lift coefficient of 0.2 with the uniform-load type of mean camber line to determine the effectiveness of forward movement of the minimum-pressure position in improving the high-speed lift characteristics of low-drag airfoils. Results regarding the tunnel-wall effects, lift coefficient, drag coefficient, and moment coefficient are provided.
Date: December 31, 1947
Creator: Ilk, Richard J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Natural Icing of an Axial-Flow Turbojet Engine in Flight for a Single Icing Condition

Description: Memorandum presenting an investigation in natural icing conditions to determine the effect of ice formations on the performance of an axial-flow turbojet engine. A description of the change over time in tail-pipe temperature, engine jet thrust, fuel flow, ice collection, and acceleration qualities are provided.
Date: August 12, 1948
Creator: Acker, Loren W.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Investigation of Internal Regenerative Fuel-Heating System for 20-Inch Ram Jet

Description: Memorandum presenting an investigation conducted to evaluate the effectiveness of a simple internal regenerative fuel preheater for a 20-inch-diameter ram jet. Data obtained at subsonic sea-level conditions indicated that fuel could be successfully preheated in this manner.
Date: September 1, 1949
Creator: Baker, Sol & Perchonok, Eugene
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Investigations of an Annular Diffuser-Fan Combination Handling Rotating Flow

Description: Memorandum presenting an investigation of two annular diffusers of different conical angles of expansion but constant outer diameters with rotating flow behind a fan. The performance characteristics are determined and the rotational-kinetic-energy effects on the overall energy transformation are observed over a range of inlet mach numbers from 0.1 to 0.44 and angles of flow up to 28 degrees.
Date: April 25, 1949
Creator: Schwartz, Ira R.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Tests of the Landing on Water of a Model of a High-Speed Airplane - Langley Tank Model 229

Description: Memorandum presenting an investigation at the tank no. 2 monorail of the landing on smooth water of a scale model of a hypothetical jet- and rocket-propelled airplane designed to fly at transonic speeds. The test is part of an investigation of the feasibility of the operation from water of high-speed airplanes. The results of the test form a basis for evaluating the improvement in hydrodynamic characteristics.
Date: December 9, 1947
Creator: King, Douglas A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Residual Stress Analysis of Overspeeded Disk With Central Hole by X-Ray Diffraction

Description: An X-ray - diffraction analysis of residual surface stresses after plastic strain was introduced in a parallel-sided 3S-O aluminum disk with a central hole by two types of centrifugal overspeed is reported. Both tangential and radial stresses were generally tensile with large local variations near the hole where surface stresses may have been partly superficial. These stresses were both tensile and compressive dependent on the distance from the disk center when mass compression was effected near the hole.
Date: July 23, 1948
Creator: Good, James N.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Preliminary Investigation of a New Type of Supersonic Inlet

Description: "A supersonic inlet with supersonic deceleration of the flow entirely outside of the inlet is considered. A particular arrangement with fixed geometry having a central body with a circular annular intake is analyzed, and it is shown theoretically that this arrangement gives high pressure recovery for a large range of Mach number and mass flow and therefore is practical for use on supersonic airplanes and missiles. For some Mach numbers the drag coefficient for this type of inlet is larger than the drag coefficient for the type of inlet with supersonic compression entirely inside, but the pressure recovery is larger for all flight conditions" (p. 1).
Date: November 27, 1946
Creator: Ferri, Antonio & Nucci, Louis M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Preliminary Results of Natural Icing of an Axial-Flow Turbojet Engine

Description: Memorandum presenting a flight investigation in natural icing conditions to determine the effect of ice formations on the performance of an axial-flow turbojet engine. Tail-pipe temperature increased from 761 to 1065 degrees Fahrenheit and the jet thrust decreased from 1234 to 910 pounds during a period of 45 minutes in icing. No general conclusions can be reached from the data because the icing condition was relatively light.
Date: August 6, 1948
Creator: Acker, Loren W.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Preliminary Wind-Tunnel Investigation of the Effect of Area Suction on the Laminar Boundary Layer Over an NACA 64A010 Airfoil

Description: Memorandum presenting a preliminary investigation made in the two-dimensional low-turbulence tunnel on an NACA 64A010 airfoil with permeable surfaces to obtain an indication of the stabilizing effect of area suction on the laminar boundary layer. Although the airfoil surface had many waves and irregularities of contour, the data corroborated qualitatively the theoretically predicted stabilizing effect of area suction on a smooth flat plate.
Date: April 26, 1948
Creator: Braslow, Albert L.; Visconti, Fioravante & Burrows, Dale L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Longitudinal Stability and Control Characteristics of a Semispan Airplane Model at Transonic Speeds as Obtained by the Transonic-Bump Method

Description: Memorandum presenting an investigation in the high-speed 7- by 10-foot tunnel using the transonic bump method to determine the longitudinal stability and control characteristics of a semispan airplane model at transonic speeds. The results indicated an increase in the maneuvering stability through the transonic range, but regions of instability were indicated by the slope of the curve stabilizer incidence for trim against Mach number at all positions tested.
Date: July 19, 1948
Creator: Weil, Joseph & Spearman, M. Leroy
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Low-Speed Investigation of a Small Triangular Wing of Aspect Ratio 2.0 3: Static Stability With Twin Vertical Fins

Description: "Low-speed wind-tunnel tests were made of a triangular wing with two arrangements of twin vertical fins. With these twin fins mounted either symmetrically or wholly above the wing chord plane, approximately constant effectiveness in proportion to the fin size was obtained throughout the angle-of-attack range. The addition of these fins, however, resulted in a decrease in maximum lift and a reduction in static longitudinal stability at lift coefficients above 0.4" (p. 1).
Date: August 24, 1948
Creator: Rose, Leonard M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Investigation of a Thin Wing of Aspect Ratio 4 in the Ames 12-Foot Pressure Wind Tunnel 1: Characteristics of a Plain Wing

Description: Memorandum presenting wind-tunnel tests of a semispan model of an unswept wing of aspect ratio 4 and taper ratio 0.5 at Mach numbers up to 0.94 to determine its aerodynamic characteristics as influenced by Mach number, Reynolds number, and modification of the basic diamond profile by rounding the ridge. Lift, drag, and pitching-moment data are presented for a range of Reynolds and Mach numbers. The results indicated that no severe static-longitudinal-stability problems up to Mach number 0.94.
Date: June 2, 1948
Creator: Johnson, Ben H., Jr.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Performance of J33-A-23 Turbojet-Engine Compressor, II, Over-All Performance Characteristics of Compressor with 34-Blade Impeller at Equivalent Impeller Speeds from 6000 to 11,750 RPM

Description: "The J33-A-23 compressor with a 34-blade impeller was operated at ambient inlet temperature and an inlet pressure of 14 inches mercury absolute over a range of equivalent impeller speeds from 6000 to 11,750 rpm. Additional runs at equivalent speeds of 7,000, 10,000, and 11,750 rpm and ambient inlet temperature were made at inlet pressures of 5 and 10 inches mercury absolute. The results of this investigation are compared with those of the J33-A-23 compressor with a 17-blade impeller" (p. 1).
Date: August 25, 1948
Creator: Beede, William L. & Kovach, Karl
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Method of Determining Centrifugal-Flow-Compressor Performance With Water Injection

Description: Memorandum presenting a method for computing the isentropic and actual enthalpy change between the inlet and outlet of a centrifugal-flow compressor when water injection is used. The method of calculation is based on fluid property values given in steam and air tables.
Date: September 7, 1949
Creator: Hamrick, Joseph T. & Beede, William L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

An Estimation of the Flying Qualities of the Kaiser Fleetwing All-Wing Airplane from Tests of a 1/7-Scale Model, TED No. NACA 2340

Description: "An investigation of a 1/7-scale powered model of the Kaiser Fleetwing all-wing airplane was made in the Langley full-scale tunnel to provide data for an estimation of the flying qualities of the airplane. The analysis of the stability and control characteristics of the airplane has been made as closely as possible in accordance with the requirements of the Bureau of Aeronautics, Navy Department's specifications, and a summary of the more significant conclusions is presented as follows. With the normal center of gravity located at 20 percent of the mean aerodynamic chord, the airplane will have adequate static longitudinal stability, elevator fixed, for all flight conditions except for low-power operation at low speeds where the stability will be about neutral" (p. 1).
Date: November 1, 1946
Creator: Brewer, Gerald W.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Performance of J-33-A-21 and J-33-A-23 Compressors With and Without Water Injection

Description: "In an investigation of the J-33-A-21 and the J-33-A-23 compressors with and without water injection, it was discovered that the compressors reacted differently to water injection although they were physically similar. An analysis of the effect of water injection on compressor performance and the consequent effect on matching of the compressor and turbine components in the turbojet engine was made. The analysis of component matching is based on a turbine flow function defined as the product of the equivalent weight flow and the reciprocal of the compressor pressure ratio" (p. 1).
Date: January 28, 1948
Creator: Beede, William L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department