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Low-Flow Characteristics of Wisconsin Streams at Sewage-Treatment Plants and Industrial Plants

Description: From abstract: The purpose of this report is to present low-flow characteristics of Wisconsin streams at sewage-treatment and industrial plants. The low-flow characteristics are needed to implement water-quality standards for all surface waters of the State. Water-quality standards in Wisconsin are based on the annual minimum 7-day mean flow below which the flow will fall on the average of once in 10 years.
Date: March 1979
Creator: Holmstrom, B. K.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Land Application of Wastewater and its Effect on Ground-Water Quality in the Livermore Amador Valley, Alameda County, California

Description: From purpose and scope: This report describes the effect of land application of effluent from wastewater treatment plants on ground-water quality in the Livermore-Amador Valley. The report focuses on five wastewater application areas contiguous to or near following wastewater treatment plants: Livermore, Pleasanton, Dublin-San Ramon Services District (was Valley Community Services District), Castlewood Corporation, and Veterans Administration Hospital.
Date: March 1983
Creator: Sylvester, Marc A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Water Resources of Manatee County, Florida

Description: From introduction: The purpose of this report is (1) to describe the geology, hydrology, and quality of water of Manatee County and (2) to evaluate the availability of surface and ground water for development. The report provides Manatee County, the Southwest Florida Water Management District, and the Florida Department of Natural Resources with a data base and an evaluation of the water resources of the area so that water-quality and water-resource problems and water-management and regulatory needs can be adequately defined and documented.
Date: March 1983
Creator: Brown, David P.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Operation and Maintenance of a Deep-Well Water-Level Measurement Device, "The Iron Horse"

Description: Abstract: The deep-well investigative device, commonly called the Iron Horse, has been used primarily for measuring deep water levels in boreholes and wells. The device has proven useful in measurements during hydraulic testing of wells with water levels as deep as 2,600 feet (792.5 metres). The device may also be used for obtaining water samples, sounding depths, and determining vertical fluid velocity. Extensive use of the device at the U.S. Energy Research and Development Administration's Nevada Test Site has provided the necessary experience to refine methods for proper calibration and maintenance of the Iron Horse.
Date: March 1976
Creator: Weir, J. E., Jr. & Nelson, J. W.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Preimpoundment Water Quality in the Tioga River Basin, Pennsylvania and New York

Description: Introduction: The U.S. Geological Survey, in cooperation with the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, and aided by the Susquehanna River Basin Commission, investigated the water quality of the Tioga River basin, Pennsylvania. The study, made from September 1973 to September 1978, was designed to evaluate water quality at various sites prior to impoundment. Results of the investigation will aid the Corps of Engineers in designing the operation of three reservoirs that were in the final stages of construction in late 1979.
Date: March 1981
Creator: Ward, Janice R.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Time of Travel of Solutes in the Tuscarawas River Basin, Ohio August and September, 1974

Description: Abstract: A time-of-travel study was made on a 106-mile reach of the Tuscarawas River to determine average velocity and dispersion into five subreaches, and a fluorescent dye used as a tracer material. At about the 50-percent flow-duration level, time-of-travel of peak concentration was 137 hours.
Date: March 1977
Creator: Westfall, Arthur O. & Webber, Earl E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Geohydrology of the Anza-Terwilliger Area, Riverside County, California

Description: The Anza-Terwilliger area consists of about 96 square miles (24-9 square kilometers) in the upper parts of the Santa Margarita River and Coyote Creek drainage basins in Riverside County, Calif., about 90 miles (145 kilometers) southeast of Los Angeles. This report deals with geology, steady state and transient state of ground water, net depletion of ground water, surface-water flow, precipitation, chemistry of water, land and water use, and gravity data for the Anza-Terwilliger area. The data indicate that the rate of ground-water depletion ha's accelerated since 1950. Pumping depressions adjacent to the Cahuilla Indian Reservation have increased the hydraulic gradient and are.causing water beneath the reservation to flow toward these depressions. Total depletion of ground water since 1950 is about 14,000 acre-feet (17.3 cubic hectometers). Chemical analyses indicate that the ground water in local areas contains concentrations of nitrate above that recommended by the Environmental Protection Agency for human consumption.
Date: March 1976
Creator: Moyle, W. R., Jr.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

A Technique for Estimating the Time of Travel of Water in Indiana streams

Description: Abstract: Estimates of the travel time of waterborne particles in streams is important for pollution studies and in the event of spills of contaminants. This report provides data for the 16 Indiana streams on which time-of-travel information has been obtained and a means for estimating the velocity of any naturally flowing stream in Indiana with a drainage area of 80 square miles (210 square kilometers) or more. Measured velocity rates compiled from the time-of-travel data collected in Indiana are related to 25, 50, 100, and 200 percent of the average discharge of streams shown in this report. Velocities at these discharges are significantly related to their respective watershed characteristics (average discharge and slope).Generalized relations of the velocities as functions of the streams' watershed characteristics are developed as multivariate regression equations using the data from each of the measured streams.
Date: March 1976
Creator: Eikenberry, S. E. & Davis, L. G.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Distribution of Nitrate in Ground Water Redlands, California

Description: Report and geographical survey. This report examines the distribution of nitrates in the Redland area's ground water and concludes that this distribution depends primarily upon depth below the water table and areal location. Includes several maps and figures.
Date: March 1977
Creator: Eccles, Lawrence A. & Bradford, Wesley L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Ground Water in the Lajas Valley, Puerto Rico

Description: Abstract: Lajas Valley is plagued with problems of salinity and waterlogging the soils. Use of brackish (500 milligrams per liter) irrigation compounded ground water for the problem until an irrigation-drainage system was constructed in 1955. Lajas is an alluvium-filled limestone highlands. The alluvium, mostly clay and as much 300 feet (90 meters) thick, contains brackish ground water except in the recharge areas located along the foothills...Results from a digital model show that a network of discharge wells could alleviate waterlogging of the soils in the artesian area.
Date: March 1977
Creator: Anderson, Henry R.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Hydrology of Selected Basins in the Warrior Coal Field, Alabama -- A Progress Report

Description: Abstract: Hydrologic data are being collected in four basins in the Warrior coal field to provide baseline information to aid in determining the effect mining will have on water resource Basins monitored are in two different geologic and hydrologic environments. Well yields from the Pottsville Formation generally range from 0 to 0.3 L/s, whereas well yields from the Coker Formation generally range from 0.3 L/s to 6.4 L/s. Streamflow distribute reflects seasonal precipitation. Streams draining basins underlain chiefly by the Pottsville Formation frequently go dry, whereas those draining basins underlain chiefly by the Coker Formation have well sustained low flows. Water in the Pottsville Formation is slightly acidic and moderately hard to very hard. Dissolved solids concentrations ranged from 176 to 268 mg/L. Water in the Coker Formation is soft, far less mineralized and more acidic than water in the Pottsville. Surface water is generally soft, acidic, and low in dissolved solids concentrations. Water in streams draining basins underlain chiefly by the Pottsville Formation was slightly more mineralized and less acidic than water in streams draining the Coker Formation.
Date: March 1980
Creator: Puente, Celso; Newton, J. G. & Hill, Thomas J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Organic Solutes in Ground Water at the Idaho National Engineering Laboratory

Description: From purpose of study: In January 1980, the u.s. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) recommended that a ground-water monitoring program for organic constituents be started at the INEL. In response to this recommendation, DOE requested the U.S. Geological Survey to undertake such a program. The purpose of the study was to determine the distribution and extent of organic constituents in the ground water beneath the INEL.
Date: March 1982
Creator: Leenheer, Jerry A. & Bagby, Jefferson C.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The Benchmark Farm Program - A Method for Estimating Irrigation Water Use in Southwest Florida

Description: From introduction: The purpose of this report is to present irrigation water-use data for selected farms and to show how these data are used to estimate total water use for irrigating various crops in southwest Florida. The study area includes all of the Southwest Florida Water Management District and is about 10,000 miles in size (figure 1). The initial emphasis on benchmark farm locations was in Hillsborough, Manatee, and Polk Counties. As the program continues, new farms are being added in surrounding counties (figure 2).
Date: March 1982
Creator: Duerr, A. D. & Trommer, J. T.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Preliminary Evaluation of Flood Frequency Relations in the Urban Areas of Memphis, Tennessee

Description: From introduction: This report describes an alternative approach to developing flood frequency characteristics, and presents results of the application of that technique to small streams in the urban and sub-urban areas of Memphis, Tennessee. The tool used is a regression model, with variations. The use of a parametric rainfall runoff model is not attempted in the analysis.
Date: March 1978
Creator: Boning, Charles W.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Indiana Stream-Temperature Characteristics

Description: From introduction: The purpose of this study was twofold: (1) to compile Indiana stream-temperature data and (2) to develop an equation for estimating water-temperature characteristics, as represented by harmonic coefficients, at locations where historical temperature data may no be available.
Date: March 1977
Creator: Shampine, William J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Low-Flow Characteristics of Minnesota Streams

Description: From introduction: This report summarizes data currently available to obtain low-flow characteristics for Minnesota streams. The data include expected annual low-flows for specific recurrence intervals at 161 continuous-record gaging stations.
Date: March 1977
Creator: Lindskov, K. L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Effect on Sediment Yield and Water Quality of a Nonrehabilitated Surface Coal Mine in North-Central Wyoming

Description: From introduction: The purpose of this study was to determine the magnitude of some effects of an abandoned surface coal mine on the hydrologic environment. Specific objectives were (1) to define areas of erosion and deposition; (2) to determine if the sediment yield from an undisturbed drainage basin was less than that from a drainage basin partly disturbed by mining activity; and (3) to determine if there were differences in chemical composition of hillslope materials, sediment, and pond water in the two basins.
Date: March 1979
Creator: Ringen, Bruce H.; Shown, Lynn M.; Hadley, Richard F. & Hinkley, Todd K.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Bibliography of Geology and Hydrology, Eastern New Mexico

Description: Abstract: The High Plains of the eastern New Mexico region are recognized as an abundant and varied source of natural resources. This bibliography of over 1,900 references concerned with geology, hydrology, chemistry, and geography has been compiled to assist physical science researchers in their study of this region.
Date: March 1979
Creator: Wright, Ann Finley
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Hydrogeology of a Landfill, Pinellas County, Florida

Description: Abstract: The Pinellas County landfill site is on a flat, coastal area characterized by a nearsurface water table. Part of the site is subject to tidal flooding; altitudes within the study area range from 8 to 12 feet above sea level. Three geohydrologic units underlie the landfill site. In descending order, these are: a surficial aquifer about 19 feet thick composed of sand and shell, a confining bed about 35 feet thick composed of marl and clay, and the Floridan aquifer composed of limestone. Landfill operations have not altered surface-water quality. Although leachate movement downward into the Floridan _aquifer is not indicated, vertical movement through the confining bed is about 0.005 foot per year. The rate of lateral movement of ground-water away from the site is about 1.2 feet per year; . however, the rate of movement along the boundary from the oldest section of the landfill through the surficial aquifer is about 20 feet per year. Peaks in concentration of selected chemical parameters and flow-rate analysis of water from trenches indicate the possibility of intermittent release of leachate from the landfill.
Date: March 1983
Creator: Fernandez, Mario, Jr.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department