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A Bibliography of NACA Reports on Control of Turbojet Engines

Description: Memorandum presenting an annotated bibliography of NACA reports containing information of interest to designers and manufacturers of controls for turbojet engines. The eleven major topics include starting, acceleration, flame-out, temperature control, stability and dynamics of small disturbances, combustion dynamics, engine inlet diffuser control, steady-state engine performance, fuel systems, sensors, and general control system theory.
Date: June 28, 1956
Creator: Sanders, John C.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Longitudinal and Lateral Stability Characteristics of a Low-Aspect-Ratio Unswept-Wing Airplane Model at Mach Numbers of 1.82 and 2.01

Description: Memorandum presenting an investigation in the 4- by 4-foot supersonic pressure tunnel at Mach numbers of 1.82 and 2.01 to determine the longitudinal and lateral stability characteristics of a fighter-type airplane model with a low-aspect-ratio unswept wing and a high horizontal tail. The results indicated a region of reduced longitudinal stability at low lifts at a Mach number of 2.01 that was caused by fuselage flow fields or vertical-tail effects on the horizontal tail.
Date: January 28, 1956
Creator: Spearman, M. Leroy & Driver, Cornelius
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Local Isotropy in Turbulent Shear Flow

Description: "The mean strain rate in turbulent shear flow must tend to make the structure anisotropic in all parts of the spectrum. It is argued here, however, that if the spectral energy transfer process destroys orientation, the Kolmogoroff notion of local isotropy can still be justified in spectral regions where the local transfer time is shorter than the characteristics time of the gross shear strain" (p. 1).
Date: May 28, 1958
Creator: Corrsin, Stanley
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Effect of Free Methyl Radicals on Slow Oxidation of Propane and Ethane

Description: Memorandum presenting a study of the effect of free methyl radicals on the slow oxidation of both ethane and propane by means of a photochemical decomposition reaction in a static system. The introduction of methyl radicals into a mixture of propane and oxygen or ethane and oxygen substantially lowered the initiation temperature of the combustion of the hydrocarbon.
Date: August 28, 1952
Creator: McDonald, Glen E. & Schalla, Rose L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Performance of J-33-A-21 and J-33-A-23 Compressors With and Without Water Injection

Description: "In an investigation of the J-33-A-21 and the J-33-A-23 compressors with and without water injection, it was discovered that the compressors reacted differently to water injection although they were physically similar. An analysis of the effect of water injection on compressor performance and the consequent effect on matching of the compressor and turbine components in the turbojet engine was made. The analysis of component matching is based on a turbine flow function defined as the product of the equivalent weight flow and the reciprocal of the compressor pressure ratio" (p. 1).
Date: January 28, 1948
Creator: Beede, William L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Flame Quenching by a Variable-Width Rectangular-Slot Burner as a Function of Pressure for Various Propane-Oxygen-Nitrogen Mixtures

Description: "Flame quenching by a variable-width rectangular-slot burner as a function of pressure for various propane-oxygen-nitrogen mixtures was investigated. It was found that for cold gas temperatures of 27 degrees C, pressures of 0.1 or 1.0 atmosphere, and volumetric oxygen reactions of the oxidant of 0.17, 0.21, 0.30, 0.50, and 0.70, the relation between pressure p and quenching distance d is approximately given by d (unity) p (superscript -r) with r = 1, for equivalence ratios approximately equal to one. The quenching equation of Simon and Belles was tested" (p. 1).
Date: January 28, 1954
Creator: Berlad, Abraham L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Supersonic Investigation of the Lift, Drag, Static Stability, and Hinge-Moment Characteristics of a Rocket-Powered Model of a Ballistic-Missile Configuration

Description: Memorandum presenting a free-flight investigation to determine the lift, drag, static stability, and hinge-moment characteristics of a rocket-powered model of a rocket-powered model of a ballistic-missile configuration at supersonic speeds. The model consisted essentially of a body of fineness ratio 16.9 and a cruciform set of small 60 degree delta fins located approximately 1 body diameter from the base of the body. The model lift and pitching-moment coefficients were nonlinear with angle of attack.
Date: September 28, 1956
Creator: Gillespie, Warren, Jr.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Performance of a Cascade in an Annular Vortex-Generating Tunnel Over Range of Reynolds Numbers

Description: Total-pressure deficiency for an annular cascade of 65-(12)10 blades was measured at three radial stations over a range of Reynolds numbers from 50,000 to 250,000 and at angles of attack of 15 degrees and 25 degrees. The variation of turning angle and shape of static pressure distribution at these stations is also shown.
Date: September 28, 1951
Creator: Thurston, Sidney & Brunk, Ralph E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Experimental Investigation of Air-Cooled Turbine Blades in Turbojet Engine 12: Cooling Effectiveness of a Blade With an Insert and With Fins Made of a Continuous Corrugated Sheet

Description: Memorandum presenting an investigation conducted in a modified turbojet engine to determine the cooling effectiveness of an air-cooled turbine-rotor blade employing a corrugated metal sheet brazed to the inner surface of the blade shell to increase the internal heat-transfer area. The corrugated fin blade had a lower integrated average wall temperature at the section investigated than the more promising shell-supported blade types previously investigated. Results regarding the temperature distribution investigation and pressure loss investigation are provided.
Date: August 28, 1952
Creator: Bartoo, Edward R. & Clure, John L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Experimental Evidence of Sustained Coupled Longitudinal and Lateral Oscillations From a Rocket-Propelled Model of a 35 Degree Swept Wing Airplane Configuration

Description: Memorandum presenting a rocket-propelled model of a representative 35 degree sweptback wing airplane design at high subsonic Mach numbers to investigate the possibility of the existence of coupled longitudinal and lateral motions. The data indicate the existence of sustained longitudinal motions of appreciable amplitude forced by lateral oscillations. The longitudinal motions had twice the frequency of the lateral oscillations and are shown to be the result of aerodynamic moments due to sideslip and inertial cross coupling.
Date: May 28, 1954
Creator: Parks, James H.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

An Experimental Investigation of the Combustion Properties of a Hydrocarbon Fuel and Several Magnesium and Boron Slurries

Description: Memorandum presenting an investigation conducted to explore the characteristics of metal-hydrocarbon combustion, to determine the effect of fuel-air ratio on the combustion efficiency, and to determine how the metal and hydrocarbon separately contribute to the overall combustion of several slurries. Results regarding an evaluation of the sampling method, combustion efficiency, effective metal weight fraction, effective hydrogen-carbon ratio, and heat of combustion per pound of air are provided.
Date: April 28, 1952
Creator: Lord, Albert M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Free-Flight Investigation at Transonic Speeds of the Stability Characteristics of a Tailless Missile Configuration Having a 45 Degree Sweptback Wing of Aspect Ratio 4

Description: Memorandum presenting a flight test of a long-range missile configuration with a 45 degree sweptback wing of aspect ratio 4 conducted at a range of Mach and Reynolds numbers. The longitudinal flexible-wing results indicated a gradual transonic trim change and a lift-curve slope comparable with that for the same configuration with a wing of aspect ratio 5.5.
Date: August 28, 1956
Creator: Arbic, Richard G.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Effect of Current Design Trends on Airplane Spins and Recoveries

Description: Memorandum presenting a concept in aircraft design, which states that provision of a rolling moment in the direction of the turning rotation will be very effective, and may be necessary, for termination of any spin obtained. Current research indicates that wing sweep, use of heavy jet and rocket engines, in the fuselage, and long fuselage nose lengths are the primary causes of the changes in the nature of the spin and in the requirements for recovery.
Date: January 28, 1952
Creator: Neihouse, Anshal I.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Aerodynamic Characteristics of Wings Designed for Structural Improvement

Description: From Wing Thickness: "A brief review of the effect of wing thickness and thickness distribution on the high-speed performance and stability characteristics of a representative configuration is presented."
Date: May 28, 1951
Creator: Weil, Joseph & Polhamus, Edward C.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Some Effects of Flow Spoilers and of Aerodynamic Balance on the Oscillating Hinge Moments for a Swept Fin-Rudder Combination in a Transonic Wind Tunnel

Description: Report presenting force-oscillation testing in the transonic pressure tunnel to investigate some effects of an overhang-type aerodynamic balance and of a flow spoiler on the dynamic hinge-moment characteristics of a full-span flap-type rudder on a 5-percent-thick, swept vertical fin of low aspect ratio. Tests were performed at a variety of Mach numbers, reduced frequencies, and tunnel stagnation pressures, but at a constant oscillating amplitude. Results regarding aerodynamic damping, aerodynamic spring, control effectiveness, and effect of Reynolds number are provided.
Date: May 28, 1958
Creator: Herr, Robert W.; Gibson, Frederick W. & Osborne, Robert S.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Experimental Drag Coefficients of Round Noses With Conical Windshields at Mach Number 2.72

Description: "An exploratory investigation at Mach number 2.72 has been made to show the decrease in the drag of a round-nose model achieved by mounting a small cone on a rod ahead of the nose. The geometric parameters which were varied were the cone-base diameter, cone angle, and rod length. All models showed large decreases in drag compared to that of the round nose alone" (p. 1).
Date: June 28, 1955
Creator: Jones, Jim J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

A Preliminary Investigation of High-Speed Impact the Penetration of Small Spheres Into Thick Copper Targets

Description: Small metal spheres of various densities were fired at high speed into thick targets of copper and lead. In general, it was found that all of the penetrations could be correlated quite well for engineering purposes by a function relating the depth of penetration to the impact momentum per unit volume.
Date: May 28, 1958
Creator: Charters, A. C. & Locke, G. S., Jr.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Investigation of the Effects of an Airfoil Section Modification on the Aerodynamic Characteristics at Subsonic and Supersonic Speeds of a Thin Swept Wing of Aspect Ratio 3 in Combination With a Body

Description: Memorandum presenting a wind tunnel investigation to determine the effects of an airfoil section modification consisting of a greatly increased leading-edge radius and slight forward camber on the aerodynamic characteristics of a thin swept-wing-body combination at Mach numbers from 0.06 to 1.9. The tests showed that full-span modification of the wing resulted in very marked improvement in stability, drag, and high-lift characteristics for the configuration at low speeds due to the maintenance of attached flow over the wing to high lift coefficients.
Date: June 28, 1955
Creator: Graham, David & Evans, William T.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Stability of supersonic inlets at Mach 1.91 with air injection and suction

Description: Report presenting the stability characteristics of an axisymmetric conical inlet with supercritical spillage. Either injection or suction through the slot increased the stable subcritical range over that of the unmodified cone as much as 22 percent of the free-stream mass flow. Results regarding the effect of spike tip translation on inlet performance, effect of air injection and suction, secondary-flow requirements, comparison of various stabilizing methods, and effect of stabilizing devices on flow distortion are provided.
Date: June 28, 1956
Creator: Kowalski, K. & Piercy, Thomas G.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Static lateral characteristics at high subsonic speeds of a complete airplane model with a highly tapered wing having the 0.80 chord line unswept and with several tail configurations

Description: Report presenting an investigation at high subsonic speeds of a complete model with a highly tapered wing and several tail configurations. The complete model was tested with a wing-chord-plane tail, a T tail, and a biplane tail. A discussion regarding the lateral derivatives and sideslip characteristics is provided.
Date: October 28, 1957
Creator: Goodson, Kenneth W.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Recent Results Pertaining to the Application of the "Area Rule"

Description: "This paper is concerned primarily with the application of the "area rule" to the interpretation and improvement of the drag-rise characteristics of wing-body combinations at transonic and moderate supersonic speeds. Consideration of the general physical nature of the flow at transonic speeds, together with comparisons of the flow fields and drag-rise characteristics for wing-body combinations and bodies of revolution has led to the conclusion that near the speed of sound the drag rise for a thin low-aspect-ratio wing-body combination is primarily dependent on the axial distribution of cross-sectional area normal to the airstream (ref. 1). (The drag rise, sometimes referred to as pressure drag, is the difference between the drag level near the speed of sound and the drag level at subsonic speeds where the drag is due primarily to skin friction.) In order to illustrate the concept, figure 1 shows a wing-body combination and a body of revolution" (p. 1).
Date: October 28, 1953
Creator: Whitcomb, Richard T.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

An investigation of the spray characteristics of a jet-powered dynamic model of the drag flying boat with a vee tail : TED No. NACA DE 328

Description: An investigation was made of the spray characteristics of a jet-powered dynamic model of the Bureau of Aeronautics DR 56 flying-boat design with a vee tail. A limited investigation was made to determine the effect of the change in tail design on the take-off and landing behavior in smooth water and in waves 8 feet high (full size).
Date: February 28, 1951
Creator: Carter, Arthur W.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Exploratory investigation at Mach number 4.06 of an airplane configuration having a wing of trapezoidal form: effects of various tail arrangements on wing-on and wing-off static longitudinal and lateral stability characteristics

Description: Report presenting an investigation to determine the longitudinal and lateral stability characteristics of an airplane configuration with a trapezoidal wing with a modified hexagonal airfoil section and a cruciform tail with 5 degrees semiangle wedge section in the 9- by 9-inch Mach number 4 blowdown jet.
Date: April 28, 1955
Creator: Dunning, Robert W. & Ulmann, Edward F.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Aeronautical interference effects on normal and axial force coefficients of several engine-strut-body configurations at Mach numbers of 1.8 and 2.0

Description: Report presenting an investigation of the aerodynamic interference effects associated with a missile configuration, consisting of a pointed body of revolution with one or two ramjet engines strut-mounted in a vertical plane through the center line of the body, at several engine locations relative to the body and a range of angles of attack. The experimental data indicated increases in slope of the normal force curve with outward movement of the engines. Results regarding the characteristics of isolated components, characteristics of representative configurations, interference effects, and effect of engine location on lift-drag ratio are provided.
Date: April 28, 1952
Creator: Kremzier, Emil J. & Dryer, Murray
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department