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Algebraically Determined Rings of Functions

Description: Let R be any of the following rings: the smooth functions on R^2n with the Poisson bracket, the Hamiltonian vector fields on a symplectic manifold, the Lie algebra of smooth complex vector fields on C, or a variety of rings of functions (real or complex valued) over 2nd countable spaces. Then if H is any other Polish ring and φ:H →R is an algebraic isomorphism, then it is also a topological isomorphism (i.e. a homeomorphism). Moreover, many such isomorphisms between function rings induce a homeomorphism of the underlying spaces. It is also shown that there is no topology in which the ring of real analytic functions on R is a Polish ring.
Date: August 2010
Creator: McLinden, Alexander Patrick
Partner: UNT Libraries

Dimensions in Random Constructions.

Description: We consider random fractals generated by random recursive constructions, prove zero-one laws concerning their dimensions and find their packing and Minkowski dimensions. Also we investigate the packing measure in corresponding dimension. For a class of random distribution functions we prove that their packing and Hausdorff dimensions coincide.
Date: May 2002
Creator: Berlinkov, Artemi
Partner: UNT Libraries

Fundamental Issues in Support Vector Machines

Description: This dissertation considers certain issues in support vector machines (SVMs), including a description of their construction, aspects of certain exponential kernels used in some SVMs, and a presentation of an algorithm that computes the necessary elements of their operation with proof of convergence. In its first section, this dissertation provides a reasonably complete description of SVMs and their theoretical basis, along with a few motivating examples and counterexamples. This section may be used as an accessible, stand-alone introduction to the subject of SVMs for the advanced undergraduate. Its second section provides a proof of the positive-definiteness of a certain useful function here called E and dened as follows: Let V be a complex inner product space. Let N be a function that maps a vector from V to its norm. Let p be a real number between 0 and 2 inclusive and for any in V , let ( be N() raised to the p-th power. Finally, let a be a positive real number. Then E() is exp(()). Although the result is not new (other proofs are known but involve deep properties of stochastic processes) this proof is accessible to advanced undergraduates with a decent grasp of linear algebra. Its final section presents an algorithm by Dr. Kallman (preprint), based on earlier Russian work by B.F. Mitchell, V.F Demyanov, and V.N. Malozemov, and proves its convergence. The section also discusses briefly architectural features of the algorithm expected to result in practical speed increases.
Date: May 2014
Creator: McWhorter, Samuel P.
Partner: UNT Libraries

The Torus Does Not Have a Hyperbolic Structure

Description: Several basic topics from Algebraic Topology, including fundamental group and universal covering space are shown. The hyperbolic plane is defined, including its metric and show what the "straight" lines are in the plane and what the isometries are on the plane. A hyperbolic surface is defined, and shows that the two hole torus is a hyperbolic surface, the hyperbolic plane is a universal cover for any hyperbolic surface, and the quotient space of the universal cover of a surface to the group of automorphisms on the covering space is equivalent to the original surface.
Date: August 1992
Creator: Butler, Joe R.
Partner: UNT Libraries

A Continuous, Nowhere-Differentiable Function with a Dense Set of Proper Local Extrema

Description: In this paper, we use the following scheme to construct a continuous, nowhere-differentiable function 𝑓 which is the uniform limit of a sequence of sawtooth functions 𝑓ₙ : [0, 1] β†’ [0, 1] with increasingly sharp teeth. Let 𝑋 = [0, 1] x [0, 1] and 𝐹(𝑋) be the Hausdorff metric space determined by 𝑋. We define contraction maps 𝑀₁ , 𝑀₂ , 𝑀₃ on 𝑋. These maps define a contraction map 𝑀 on 𝐹(𝑋) via 𝑀(𝐴) = 𝑀₁(𝐴) ⋃ 𝑀₂(𝐴) ⋃ 𝑀₃(𝐴). The iteration under 𝑀 of the diagonal in 𝑋 defines a sequence of graphs of continuous functions 𝑓ₙ. Since 𝑀 is a contraction map in the compact metric space 𝐹(𝑋), 𝑀 has a unique fixed point. Hence, these iterations converge to the fixed point-which turns out to be the graph of our continuous, nowhere-differentiable function 𝑓. Chapter 2 contains the background we will need to engage our task. Chapter 3 includes two results from the Baire Category Theorem. The first is the well known fact that the set of continuous, nowhere-differentiable functions on [0,1] is a residual set in 𝐢[0,1]. The second fact is that the set of continuous functions on [0,1] which have a dense set of proper local extrema is residual in 𝐢[0,1]. In the fourth and last chapter we actually construct our function and prove it is continuous, nowhere-differentiable and has a dense set of proper local extrema. Lastly we iterate the set {(0,0), (1,1)} under 𝑀 and plot its points. Any terms not defined in Chapters 2 through 4 may be found in [2,4]. The same applies to the basic properties of metric spaces which have not been explicitly stated. Throughout, we will let 𝒩 and 𝕽 denote the natural numbers and the real numbers, respectively.
Date: December 1993
Creator: Huggins, Mark C. (Mark Christopher)
Partner: UNT Libraries

Properties of R-Modules

Description: This thesis investigates some of the properties of R-modules. The material is presented in three chapters. Definitions and theorems which are assumed are stated in Chapter I. Proofs of these theorems may be found in Zariski and Samuel, Commutative Algebra, Vol. I, 1958. It is assumed that the reader is familiar with the basic properties of commutative rings and ideals in rings. Properties of R-modules are developed in Chapter II. The most important results presented in this chapter include existence theorems for R-modules and properties of submodules in R-modules. The third and final chapter presents an example which illustrates how a ring R, may be regarded as an R-module and speaks of the direct sum of ideals of a ring as a direct sum of submodules.
Date: August 1989
Creator: Granger, Ginger Thibodeaux
Partner: UNT Libraries

Dimension Theory

Description: This paper contains a discussion of topological dimension theory. Original proofs of theorems, as well as a presentation of theorems and proofs selected from Ryszard Engelking's Dimension Theory are contained within the body of this endeavor. Preliminary notation is introduced in Chapter I. Chapter II consists of the definition of and theorems relating to the small inductive dimension function Ind. Large inductive dimension is investigated in Chapter III. Chapter IV comprises the definition of covering dimension and theorems discussing the equivalence of the different dimension functions in certain topological settings. Arguments pertaining to the dimension o f Jn are also contained in Chapter IV.
Date: August 1986
Creator: Frere, Scot M. (Scot Martin)
Partner: UNT Libraries

The Eulerian Functions of Cyclic Groups, Dihedral Groups, and P-Groups

Description: In 1935, Philip Hall developed a formula for finding the number of ways of generating the group of symmetries of the icosahedron from a given number of its elements. In doing so, he defined a generalized Eulerian function. This thesis uses Hall's generalized Eulerian function to calculate generalized Eulerian functions for specific groups, namely: cyclic groups, dihedral groups, and p- groups.
Date: August 1992
Creator: Sewell, Cynthia M. (Cynthia Marie)
Partner: UNT Libraries

The Mean Integral

Description: The purpose of this paper is to examine properties of the mean integral. The mean integral is compared with the regular integral. If [a;b] is an interval, f is quasicontinuous on [a;b] and g has bounded variation on [a;b], then the man integral of f with respect to g exists on [a;b]. The following theorem is proved. If [a*;b*] and [a;b] each is an interval and h is a function from [a*;b*] into R, then the following two statements are equivalent: 1) If f is a function from [a;b] into [a*;b*], gi is a function from [a;b] into R with bounded variation and (m)∫^b_afdg exists then (m)∫^b_ah(f)dg exists. 2) h is continuous.
Date: December 1985
Creator: Spear, Donald W.
Partner: UNT Libraries

Banach Spaces and Weak and Weak* Topologies

Description: This paper examines several questions regarding Banach spaces, completeness and compactness of Banach spaces, dual spaces and weak and weak* topologies. Examples of completeness and isometries are given using the cβ‚€ and 𝓁ᴰ spaces. The Hahn-Banach extension theorem is presented, along with some applications. General theory about finite and infinite dimensional normed linear spaces is the bulk of the second chapter. A proof of the uniform boundedness principle is also given. Chapter three talks in detail about dual spaces and weak and weak* topologies. An embedding proof and proofs involving weak and weak compactness are also given. The Cauchy-Bunyakowski-Schwarz inequality and Alaoglu's theorem are also proven.
Date: August 1989
Creator: Kirk, Andrew F. (Andrew Fitzgerald)
Partner: UNT Libraries

Weak and Norm Convergence of Sequences in Banach Spaces

Description: We study weak convergence of sequences in Banach spaces. In particular, we compare the notions of weak and norm convergence. Although these modes of convergence usually differ, we show that in β„“ΒΉ they coincide. We then show a theorem of Rosenthal's which states that if {𝓍ₙ} is a bounded sequence in a Banach space, then {𝓍ₙ} has a subsequence {𝓍'β‚™} satisfying one of the following two mutually exclusive alternatives; (i) {𝓍'β‚™} is weakly Cauchy, or (ii) {𝓍'β‚™} is equivalent to the unit vector basis of β„“ΒΉ.
Date: December 1993
Creator: Hymel, Arthur J. (Arthur Joseph)
Partner: UNT Libraries

On the Development of Descriptive Set Theory

Description: In the thesis, the author traces the historical development of descriptive set theory from the work of H. Lebesgue to the introduction of projective descriptive set theory. Proofs of most of the major results are given. Topics covered include Corel lattices, universal sets, the operation A, analytic sets, coanalytic sets, and the continuum hypothesis The appendix contains a translation of the famous letters exchanged between R. Baire, E. Borel, J. Hadamard and H. Lebesgue concerning Zermelo's axiom of choice.
Date: August 1988
Creator: Schlee, Glen A. (Glen Alan)
Partner: UNT Libraries

Dynamics, Thermodynamic formalism and Perturbations of Transcendental Entire Functions of Finite Singular Type

Description: In this dissertation, we study the dynamics, fractal geometry and the topology of the Julia set of functions in the family H which is a set in the class S, the Speiser class of entire transcendental functions which have only finitely many singular values. One can think of a function from H as a generalized expanding function from the cosh family. We shall build a version of thermodynamic formalism for functions in H and we shall show among others, the existence and uniqueness of a conformal measure. Then we prove a Bowen's type formula, i.e. we show that the Hausdorff dimension of the set of returning points, is the unique zero of the pressure function. We shall also study conjugacies in the family H, perturbation of functions in the family and related dynamical properties. We define Perron-Frobenius operators for some functions naturally associated with functions in the family H and then, using fundamental properties of these operators, we shall prove the important result that the Hausdorff dimension of the subset of returning points depends analytically on the parameter taken from a small open subset of the n-dimensional parameter space.
Date: May 2005
Creator: Coiculescu, Ion
Partner: UNT Libraries

Applications in Fixed Point Theory

Description: Banach's contraction principle is probably one of the most important theorems in fixed point theory. It has been used to develop much of the rest of fixed point theory. Another key result in the field is a theorem due to Browder, GΓΆhde, and Kirk involving Hilbert spaces and nonexpansive mappings. Several applications of Banach's contraction principle are made. Some of these applications involve obtaining new metrics on a space, forcing a continuous map to have a fixed point, and using conditions on the boundary of a closed ball in a Banach space to obtain a fixed point. Finally, a development of the theorem due to Browder et al. is given with Hilbert spaces replaced by uniformly convex Banach spaces.
Date: December 2005
Creator: Farmer, Matthew Ray
Partner: UNT Libraries

The Use of the Power Method to Find Dominant Eigenvalues of Matrices

Description: This paper is the result of a study of the power method to find dominant eigenvalues of square matrices. It introduces ideas basic to the study and shows the development of the power method for the most well-behaved matrices possible, and it explores exactly which other types of matrices yield to the power method. The paper also discusses a type of matrix typically considered impossible for the power method, along with a modification of the power method which works for this type of matrix. It gives an overview of common extensions of the power method. The appendices contain BASIC versions of the power method and its modification.
Date: July 1992
Creator: Cavender, Terri A.
Partner: UNT Libraries

Algebraic Number Fields

Description: This thesis investigates various theorems on polynomials over the rationals, algebraic numbers, algebraic integers, and quadratic fields. The material selected in this study is more of a number theoretical aspect than that of an algebraic structural aspect. Therefore, the topics of divisibility, unique factorization, prime numbers, and the roots of certain polynomials have been chosen for primary consideration.
Date: August 1991
Creator: Hartsell, Melanie Lynne
Partner: UNT Libraries

Some Properties of Noetherian Rings

Description: This paper is an investigation of several basic properties of noetherian rings. Chapter I gives a brief introduction, statements of definitions, and statements of theorems without proof. Some of the main results in the study of noetherian rings are proved in Chapter II. These results include proofs of the equivalence of the maximal condition, the ascending chain condition, and that every ideal is finitely generated. Some other results are that if a ring R is noetherian, then R[x] is noetherian, and that if every prime ideal of a ring R is finitely generated, then R is noetherian.
Date: May 1986
Creator: Vaughan, Stephen N. (Stephen Nick)
Partner: UNT Libraries

Generalized C-sets

Description: The problem undertaken in this paper is to determine what the algebraic structure of the class of C-sets is, when the notion of sum is to be the "set sum. " While the preliminary work done by Appling took place in the space of additive and bounded real valued functions, the results here are found in the more general setting of a complete lattice ordered group. As a conseque n c e , G . Birkhof f' s book, Lattice Theory, is used as the standard reference for most of the terminology used in the paper. The direction taken is prompted by a paper by W. D. L. Appling, "A Generalization of Absolute Continuity and of an Analogue of the Lebesgue Decomposition Theorem. " Since some of the results obtained provide another approach to a problem originally studied by Nakano, and improved upon by Bernau, reference is made to their work to provide other terminology and examples of alternative approaches to the problem of lateral completion. Thus Chapter I contains a brief history of the notion of C-sets and their relationship to lattice ordered groups, along with a summary of the properties of lattice ordered groups needed for later developments. In addition, several results in the general theory of lattice ordered groups are cited to provide insight into the comparability of the assumptions that will ultimately be made about the groups. Chapter II begins with the axiomatization of the collection of nearest point functions" for the closed A-ideals of the cone of a complete lattice ordered group. The basic results in the chapter establish that the functions defined do indeed characterize the complete A-ideals, and that the maps have a 'nearest point property." The maps are then extended to the entire group and shown to correspond to the "nearest point ...
Date: August 1974
Creator: Keisler, D. Michael
Partner: UNT Libraries

Duals and Weak Completeness in Certain Sequence Spaces

Description: In this paper the weak completeness of certain sequence spaces is examined. In particular, we show that each of the sequence spaces c0 and 9, 1 < p < c, is a Banach space. A Riesz representation for the dual space of each of these sequence spaces is given. A Riesz representation theorem for Hilbert space is also proven. In the third chapter we conclude that any reflexive space is weakly (sequentially) complete. We give 01 as an example of a non-reflexive space that is weakly complete. Two examples, c0 and YJ, are given of spaces that fail to be weakly complete.
Date: August 1980
Creator: Leavelle, Tommy L. (Tommy Lee)
Partner: UNT Libraries

Complete Ordered Fields

Description: The purpose of this thesis is to study the concept of completeness in an ordered field. Several conditions which are necessary and sufficient for completeness in an ordered field are examined. In Chapter I the definitions of a field and an ordered field are presented and several properties of fields and ordered fields are noted. Chapter II defines an Archimedean field and presents several conditions equivalent to the Archimedean property. Definitions of a complete ordered field (in terms of a least upper bound) and the set of real numbers are also stated. Chapter III presents eight conditions which are equivalent to completeness in an ordered field. These conditions include the concepts of nested intervals, Dedekind cuts, bounded monotonic sequences, convergent subsequences, open coverings, cluster points, Cauchy sequences, and continuous functions.
Date: August 1977
Creator: Arnold, Thompson Sharon
Partner: UNT Libraries

Continua and Related Topics

Description: This paper is a study of continue and related metric spaces, Chapter I is an introductory chapter. Irreducible continua and noncut points are the main topics in Chapter II. The third chapter begins with a few results on locally connected spaces. These results are then used to prove results in locally connected continua. Decomposable and indecomposable continua are dealt with in Chapter IV. Totally disconnected metric spaces are studied in the beginning of Chapter V. Then we see that every compact metric space is a continuous image of the Cantor set. A continuous map from the Cantor set onto [0,1] is constructed. Also, a continuous map from [0,1] onto [0,1]x[0,1] is built, Then an order preserving homeomorphism is constructed from a metric arc onto [0,1],
Date: August 1982
Creator: Brucks, Karen M. (Karen Marie), 1957-
Partner: UNT Libraries

Sufficient Criteria for Total Differentiability of a Real Valued Function of a Complex Variable in Rn an Extension of H. Rademacher's Result for RΒ²

Description: This thesis provides sufficient conditions for total differentiability almost everywhere of a real-valued function of a complex variable defined on a bounded region in IRn. This thesis extends H. Rademacher's 1918 results in IR2 which culminated in total differentiability, to IRn
Date: August 1982
Creator: Matovsky, Veron Rodieck
Partner: UNT Libraries

Integrability, Measurability, and Summability of Certain Set Functions

Description: The purpose of this paper is to investigate the integrability, measurability, and summability of certain set functions. The paper is divided into four chapters. The first chapter contains basic definitions and preliminary remarks about set functions and absolute continuity. In Chapter i, the integrability of bounded set functions is investigated. The chapter culminates with a theorem that characterizes the transmission of the integrability of a real function of n bounded set functions. In Chapter III, measurability is defined and a characterization of the transmission of measurability by a function of n variables is provided, In Chapter IV, summability is defined and the summability of set functions is investigated, Included is a characterization of the transmission of summability by a function of n variables.
Date: December 1977
Creator: Dawson, Dan Paul
Partner: UNT Libraries

Valuations on Fields

Description: This thesis investigates some properties of valuations on fields. Basic definitions and theorems assumed are stated in Capter I. Chapter II introduces the concept of a valuation on a field. Real valuations and non-Archimedean valuations are presented. Chapter III generalizes non-Archimedean valuations. Examples are described in Chapters I and II. A result is the theorem stating that a real valuation of a field K is non-Archimedean if and only if $(a+b) < max4# (a), (b) for all a and b in K. Chapter III generally defines a non-Archimedean valuation as an ordered abelian group. Real non-Archimedean valuations are either discrete or nondiscrete. Chapter III shows that every valuation ring identifies a non-Archimedean valuation and every non-Archimedean valuation identifies a valuation ring.
Date: May 1977
Creator: Walker, Catherine A.
Partner: UNT Libraries