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U.S. Energy: Overview and Key Statistics

Description: This report discusses the energy policy that has been a recurring issue for Congress since the first major crisis in the 1970s. As an aid in policy making, this report presents a current and historical view of the supply and consumption of various forms of energy.
Date: June 27, 2014
Creator: Ratner, Michael
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Navy Aegis Ballistic Missile Defense (BMD) Program: Background and Issues for Congress

Description: This report provides background information and issues for Congress on the Aegis ballistic missile defense (BMD) program, which is carried out by the Missile Defense Agency (MDA) and the Navy, and gives Navy Aegis cruisers and destroyers a capability for conducting BMD operations.
Date: June 20, 2014
Creator: O'Rourke, Ronald
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Changes in the Arctic: Background and Issues for Congress

Description: This report provides an overview of Arctic-related issues for Congress and refers readers to more in-depth CRS reports on specific relevant topics.
Date: June 5, 2014
Creator: O'Rourke, Ronald
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Unfunded Mandates Reform Act: History, Impact, and Issues

Description: This report examines debates regarding what constitutes an "unfunded federal mandate" and the Unfunded Mandates Reform Act of 1995's (UMRA) implementation, requirements, and costs. It also assesses UMRA's impact on federal mandates and arguments concerning UMRA's future.
Date: June 12, 2014
Creator: Dilger, Robert Jay & Beth, Richard S.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

A Retrospective of House Rules Changes Since the 110th Congress

Description: This report analyzes rules changes made on only the opening day of the 110th, 111th, 112th, and 113th Congresses, with references in footnotes to other selected legislation and actions that also affected House rules during these Congresses.
Date: June 4, 2014
Creator: Koempel, Michael L.; Schneider, Judy & Jarrett, J. M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Wartime Detention Provisions in Recent Defense Authorization Legislation

Description: This report offers a brief background of the salient issues raised by the detainee provisions of the FY2012 National Defense Authorization Act (NDAA), provides a section-by-section analysis, and discusses executive interpretation and implementation of the act's mandatory military detention provision. It also addresses detainee provisions in the 2013 NDAA and 2014 NDAA, as well as those found in the competing House and Senate defense authorization bills for FY2015.
Date: June 23, 2014
Creator: Elsea, Jennifer K. & Garcia, Michael John
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The Project BioShield Act: Issues for the 113th Congress

Description: This report provides a brief overview of the Project BioShield authorities and appropriations, identifies the medical countermeasures obtained through Project BioShield, reviews the relationship between Project BioShield and the Biomedical Advanced Research and Development Authority (BARDA), and discusses policy issues for congressional policy makers and related legislation in the 113th Congress.
Date: June 18, 2014
Creator: Gottron, Frank
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Foreign Holdings of Federal Debt

Description: This report presents current data on estimated ownership of U.S. Treasury securities and major holders of federal debt by country. Federal debt represents the accumulated balance of borrowing by the federal government.
Date: June 16, 2014
Creator: Labonte, Marc & Nagel, Jared C.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Salaries of Members of Congress: Recent Actions and Historical Tables

Description: The report contains information on congressional pay procedure and recent adjustments. It includes historical information on pay rates since 1789; the adjustments projected by the Ethics Reform Act as compared to actual adjustments in Member pay; details on past legislation enacted with language prohibiting the annual pay adjustment; and Member pay in constant and current dollars since 1992.
Date: June 17, 2014
Creator: Brudnick, Ida A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Armed Conflict in Syria: Overview and U.S. Response

Description: This report discusses the recent conflict in Syria including an overview of the situation, information about anti- and pro-Asad forces, background on chemical weapons and disarmament, plans for U.S. policy and assistance, and a general sense of the future outlook.
Date: June 24, 2014
Creator: Blanchard, Christopher M.; Humud, Carla E. & Nikitin, Mary Beth D.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Iran: U.S. Concerns and Policy Responses

Description: This report discusses the reasons that Iran is considered a threat to U.S. security, including Iran's nuclear program, involvement with terrorist organizations, and involvement with neighboring countries' local governments. It also discusses ways in which the U.S. hopes to modify Iran's behavior with sanctions, and the effectiveness of these sanctions.
Date: June 30, 2014
Creator: Katzman, Kenneth
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Afghanistan: Politics, Elections, and Government Performance

Description: This report discusses the current political state of Afghanistan and the Afghan government. It also discusses Afghanistan's relationship with the United States, particularly U.S. efforts to urge President Hamid Karzai to address corruption within the Afghan government.
Date: June 23, 2014
Creator: Katzman, Kenneth
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Taiwan: Major U.S. Arms Sales Since 1990

Description: This report discusses U.S. security assistance to Taiwan, or Republic of China (ROC), including policy issues for Congress and legislation.
Date: June 13, 2014
Creator: Kan, Shirley A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Navy Littoral Combat Ship (LCS) Program: Background and Issues for Congress

Description: This report provides background information and potential issues for Congress on the Littoral Combat Ship (LCS), a relatively inexpensive Navy surface combatant equipped with modular "plug-and-fight" mission packages for countering mines, small boats, and diesel-electric submarines, particularly in littoral (i.e., near-shore) waters.
Date: June 25, 2014
Creator: O'Rourke, Ronald
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Federal Funding for Health Insurance Exchanges

Description: This report provides a state-by-state breakdown of the health insurance exchange grants awarded to date. It then briefly describes the requirement for exchanges to be selfsustaining, and concludes with a discussion of the sources and amounts of funding that Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) has used and plans to use to support federally-facilitated exchange (FFE) operations.
Date: June 11, 2014
Creator: Mach, Annie L. & Redhead, C. Stephen
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Legislation to Approve the U.S.-Mexico Transboundary Hydrocarbons Agreement

Description: This report discusses the U.S.-Mexico Transboundary Hydrocarbons Agreement and analyzes relevant legislative initiatives (S. 812 and H.R. 1613) and other legislative action surrounding Congress's approval of the Agreement (P.L. 113-67).
Date: June 19, 2014
Creator: Hagerty, Curry L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Reserve Component Personnel Issues: Questions and Answers

Description: This report provides insight to reserve component personnel issues through a series of questions and answers. This report is designed to provide an overview of key reserve component personnel issues.
Date: June 13, 2014
Creator: Kapp, Lawrence & Torreon, Barbara Salazar
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Coast Guard Cutter Procurement: Background and Issues for Congress

Description: This report provides background information and potential oversight issues for Congress on the Coast Guard's programs for procuring 8 National Security Cutters (NSCs), 25 Offshore Patrol Cutters (OPCs), and 58 Fast Response Cutters (FRCs).
Date: June 5, 2014
Creator: O'Rourke, Ronald
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Monetary Policy and the Federal Reserve: Current Policy and Conditions

Description: This report discusses how the Federal Reserve (Fed) handles monetary policy, including background information about the execution of monetary policy, the recent and current stance of monetary policy, and current legislation and Congressional oversight that would affect the Fed's practices.
Date: June 1, 2014
Creator: Labonte, Marc
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Panama: Background and U.S. Relations

Description: This report provides background on the political and economic situation in Panama and U.S.- Panama relations.
Date: June 26, 2014
Creator: Sullivan, Mark P. & Lee, Andrew
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Advertising by the Federal Government: An Overview

Description: This report discusses government advertising that can be controversial if it conflicts with citizens' views about the proper role of government.
Date: June 23, 2014
Creator: Kosar, Kevin R.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department