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Israel's Offshore Natural Gas Discoveries Enhance Its Economic and Energy Outlook

Description: This report discusses Israel's historical dependence on energy imports, and the recent offshore natural gas discoveries that could possibly make Israel a prominent exporter of natural gas. This report also discusses how development of the recently discovered natural gas fields could affect Israel's economy and energy security, and how Israel may or may not consult with the U.S. or other natural gas producting countries while weighing its options.
Date: January 31, 2011
Creator: Ratner, Michael
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Policy Issues in the General Motors Vehicle Recall

Description: This report discusses the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) process by which vehicle safety defects are identified and vehicles are recalled, as well as the impact that the 2009 GM bankruptcy may have on liability for this defect.
Date: March 31, 2014
Creator: Canis, Bill; Peterman, David Randall & Pettit, Carol A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Sanitary and Phytosanitary (SPS) and Related Non-Tariff Barriers to Agricultural Trade

Description: This report discuses sanitary and phytosanitary (SPS) measures, which are laws, regulations, standards, and procedures that governments employ as "necessary to protect human, animal or plant life or health" from the risks associated with the spread of pests, diseases, or disease-carrying and causing organisms, or from additives, toxins, or contaminants in food, beverages, or feedstuffs.
Date: March 31, 2014
Creator: Johnson, Renée
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

U.S. Crude Oil Export Policy: Background and Considerations

Description: The crude oil export policy debate has multiple dimensions and complexities. As U.S. light tight oil (LTO) production has increased--along with additional oil supply from Canada--certain challenges have emerged that affect some oil producers and refiners. While the economic arguments both for and against U.S. crude oil exports are quite complex and dynamic, there are some fundamental concepts and issues that may be worth considering during debate about exporting U.S. crude oil. This report provides background and context about the crude oil legal and regulatory framework, discusses motivations that underlie the desire to export U.S. crude oil, and presents analysis of issues that Congress may choose to consider during debate about U.S. crude oil export policy.
Date: December 31, 2014
Creator: Brown, Phillip; Pirog, Robert; Vann, Adam; Fergusson, Ian F.; Ratner, Michael & Ramseur, Jonathan L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

U.S. Immigration Policy on Haitian Migrants

Description: This report discusses whether the balance should tip more toward humanitarian immigration policies as a consequence of the humanitarian crises that resulted from the January 12, 2010 earthquake in Haiti.
Date: March 31, 2010
Creator: Wasem, Ruth Ellen
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Monetary Policy and the Federal Reserve: Current Policy and Conditions

Description: This report discusses two of the four major responsibilities of the Federal Reserve (Fed) as the nation's central bank: execution of monetary policy and ensuring financial stability through the lender of last resort function. This report provides an overview of these mandates and activities, recent developments, and the role of Congressional oversight.
Date: March 31, 2010
Creator: Labonte, Marc
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Cuba: U.S. Restrictions on Travel and Remittances

Description: This report covers the contentious travel restrictions between the U.S. and Cuba from the 1960s to the present time. It includes background on the restrictions, enforcement of restrictions, and arguments for or against maintaining travel restrictions. It also provides background on relevant legislative initiatives during the 106th through the 111th Congresses.
Date: March 31, 2009
Creator: Sullivan, Mark P.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

U.S.-Mexico Economic Relations: Trends, Issues, and Implications

Description: This report provides an overview of U.S.-Mexico trade and economic trends, the Mexican economy, the effects of the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA), and major trade issues between the United States and Mexico.
Date: March 31, 2010
Creator: Villarreal, M. Angeles
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

State Challenges to Federal Enforcement of Immigration Law: Historical Precedents and Pending Litigation

Description: This report provides an overview of prior and pending challenges by states to federal officials' alleged failure to enforce the Immigration and Nationality Act (INA) or other provisions of immigration law. It begins by discussing the lawsuits filed by six states in the mid-1990s; Arizona's counterclaims to the federal government's suit to enjoin enforcement of S.B. 1070; and Mississippi's challenge to the Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA) initiative. It then describes the challenge brought by over 20 states in 2014 to the recently announced expansion of DACA and the creation of a similar program for unlawfully present aliens whose children are U.S. citizens or lawful permanent resident aliens (LPRs). The report concludes by exploring how the pending litigation resembles, and differs from, the prior litigation.
Date: December 31, 2014
Creator: Manuel, Kate M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Border Security: Immigration Enforcement Between Ports of Entry

Description: This report reviews efforts to combat unauthorized migration across the Southwest border in the nearly three decades since the Immigration Reform and Control Act (IRCA) initiated the modern era in migration control. In reviewing such efforts, the report takes stock of the current state of border security and considers lessons that may be learned about enhanced enforcement at U.S. borders.
Date: December 31, 2014
Creator: Seghetti, Lisa
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Navy Irregular Warfare and Counterterrorism Operations: Background and Issues for Congress

Description: This report provides background information and potential issues for Congress on the Navy's irregular warfare (IW) and counterterrorism (CT) operations. The Navy's IW and CT activities pose a number of potential oversight issues for Congress, including the definition of Navy IW activities and how much emphasis to place on IW and CT activities in future Navy budgets.
Date: March 31, 2010
Creator: O'Rourke, Ronald
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Understanding China's Political System

Description: This report provides an overview of contemporary PRC (People's Republic of China) politics by analyzing the main institutional actors and their interactions. The goal is not so much to provide the definitive study of the current political dynamics in China, but to offer a framework for examining and understanding PRC politics as they play out with respect to particular policies or issues.
Date: December 31, 2009
Creator: Dumbaugh, Kerry & Martin, Michael F.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

International Travel by Congress: Legislation in the 111th Congress, Background, and Potential Policy Options

Description: International travel by Members of Congress and their staff is an issue of longstanding interest among some members of the public, media outlets, and Members. Questions regarding the purposes and destinations of international travel by Congress frequently arise, as do questions about the ability to track the costs and benefits of such travel. This report provides information and analysis on the use of foreign currency expended in support of congressional travel to international destinations that is paid for with appropriated funds and authorized by the House or Senate; on measures related to international travel by Congress introduced in the 111th Congress, and administrative actions related to international travel taken by the House; and on potential options for Congress related to international travel by Members and staff. This report does not provide data on travel costs borne by executive agencies that support congressional travel, as those data are not publicly available.
Date: August 31, 2010
Creator: Petersen, R. Eric; Lisbeth, Terrence L.; Gracias, Mabel & Reynolds, Parker H.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Navy Aegis Cruiser and Destroyer Modernization: Background and Issues for Congress

Description: The Navy has begun a multi-billion dollar program to modernize its 84 existing Aegis cruisers and destroyers over a period of more than 20 years. This report explores this program in detail, including the reasons for the program and the oversight issues it poses for Congress.
Date: March 31, 2010
Creator: O'Rourke, Ronald
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Border Security: Immigration Inspections at Ports of Entry

Description: This report reviews the legislative history of immigration inspections requirements and the entry-exit system. The report then describes the implementation of these provisions, including pre-travel screening, primary and secondary inspections, trusted traveler programs, outbound enforcement, and the entry-exit system. The final section of the report identifies a number of issues for Congress related to immigration admissions and enforcement at POEs.
Date: October 31, 2014
Creator: Seghetti, Lisa
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The Role of Trade Secrets in Innovation Policy

Description: This report provides an overview of the law and policy of trade secrets. It discusses the role of trade secrets in U.S. innovation policy. It then reviews the sources of trade secret law and the substantive rules that they provide. The report then provides a more detailed review of existing federal legislation that pertains to trade secrets. In its next section, the report then discusses the relationship between patent law and trade secret law. The report closes with an identification of congressional issues and options within this field.
Date: August 31, 2010
Creator: Thomas, John R.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Molecular catalytic coal liquid conversion. Quarterly report, [October--December 1994]

Description: In this Quarter, the research was focused on the two general tasks: Task 1, molecular organometallic catalysts and the Task 2, organic base-catalyzed arene hydrogenation and hydrotreating of the coal liquids. With regards to Task 1, a biphase catalyst system, [1.5-HDRhC1]2/Buffer, was investigated for the hydrogenation of tetralin to decalin under the condition of atmosphere H2 and room temperature. The primary results indicate that tetralin was hydrogenated to decalin in more that 91% yield when only 0.5 mole% of catalyst was used. The major product was trans decalin and the cis/trans isomer ratio is 4-6: 1. The reaction was influenced by variety of the reaction conditions such as solvents used, the organic phase/aqueous phase ratio, etc. Task 2 was focused on the Catalyst 2-catalyst hydrogenation of other polycondensed aromatic hydrocarbons and on the hydrotreating of the coal liquids catalyzed by Catalyst 2 system under the similar conditions. Besides naphthalene as described in the last Quarter`s report, other polycondensed aromatic hydrocarbons such as anthracene, acridine as well as 1-methoxynaphthalene were hydrogenated in good yields. Coal liquids can be hydrogenated catalyzed by Catalyst 2 include monocyclic aromatic hydrocarbons.
Date: December 31, 1994
Creator: Stock, L.M. & Yang, Shiyong
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Yucca Mountain transportation routes: Preliminary characterization and risk analysis; Volume 2, Figures [and] Volume 3, Technical Appendices

Description: This report presents appendices related to the preliminary assessment and risk analysis for high-level radioactive waste transportation routes to the proposed Yucca Mountain Project repository. Information includes data on population density, traffic volume, ecologically sensitive areas, and accident history.
Date: May 31, 1991
Creator: Souleyrette, R.R. II; Sathisan, S.K. & di Bartolo, R.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Characterizing fractured rock for fluid-flow, geomechanical, and paleostress modeling: Methods and preliminary results from Yucca Mountain, Nevada

Description: Fractures have been characterized for fluid-flow, geomechanical, and paleostress modeling at three localities in the vicinity of drill hole USW G-4 at Yucca Mountain in southwestern Nevada. A method for fracture characterization is introduced that integrates mapping fracture-trace networks and quantifying eight fracture parameters: trace length, orientation, connectivity, aperture, roughness, shear offset, trace-length density, and mineralization. A complex network of fractures was exposed on three 214- to 260-m 2 pavements cleared of debris in the upper lithophysal unit of the Tiva Canyon Member of the Miocene Paint-brush Tuff. The pavements are two-dimensional sections through the three-dimensional network of strata-bound fractures. All fractures with trace lengths greater than 0.2 m were mapped and studied.
Date: December 31, 1993
Creator: Barton, C.C.; Larsen, E.; Page, W.R. & Howard, T.M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

ICRF heating and transport of deuterium-tritium plasmas in TFTR

Description: This paper describes results of the first experiments utilizing high-power ion cyclotron range of frequency (ICRF) to heat deuterium-tritium (D-T) plasmas in reactor-relevant regimes on the Tokamak Fusion Test Reactor (TFTR). Results from these experiments have demonstrated efficient core, second harmonic, tritium heating of D-T supershot plasmas with tritium concentrations ranging from 6%--40%. Significant direct ion heating on the order of 60% of the input radio frequency (rf) power has been observed. The measured deposition profiles are in good agreement with two-dimensional modeling code predictions. Confinement in an rf-heated supershot is at least similar to that without rf, and possibly better in the electron channel. Efficient electron heating via mode conversion of fast waves to ion Bernstein waves (IBW) has been demonstrated in ohmic, deuterium-deuterium and DT-neutral beam injection plasmas with high concentrations of minority {sup 3}He (n{sub {sup 3}He}/n{sub e} > 10%). By changing the {sup 3}He concentration or the toroidal field strength, the location of the mode-conversion radius was varied. The power deposition profile measured with rf power modulation showed that up to 70% of the power can be deposited on electrons at an off-axis position. Preliminary results with up to 4 MW coupled into the plasma by 90-degree phased antennas showed directional propagation of the mode-converted IBW. Heat wave propagation showed no strong inward thermal pinch in off-axis heating of an ohmically-heated (OH) target plasma in TFIR.
Date: December 31, 1994
Creator: Murakami, M.; Batchelor, D.B. & Bush, C.E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Kinetic theory and boundary conditions for flows of highly inelastic spheres. Quarterly progress report, July 1, 1994--September 30, 1994

Description: In the last quarter, we focused on steady, fully developed, gravity-driven flows of identical, smooth spheres down bumpy inclines, with flow depths greater than one particle diameter, solid fraction profiles everywhere less than .65, and dimensionless granular temperature T(y={beta}) at the top between 0 and 10. For prescribed boundary bumpiness (r=l and {delta}=.414), restitution coefficients of the boundary (e{sub w}=.5) and the flow particles (e=.5), and angles of inclination ({phi}0=25.5{degrees}, 27.505{degrees}, 28{degrees} and 34{degrees}), we determined what appeared to be complete range of T(y={beta}) (within 0<Ty={beta}{le}10) for which such flows can be maintained. For the two lower inclinations ({phi}=25.5{degrees} and 27.505{degrees}), we found that there was a nonzero minimum and a finite maximum flow rate between which steady, fully developed flows can be maintained. However, for the two upper inclinations ({phi}=28{degrees} and 34{degrees}), although there was a nonzero minimum flow rate for each, it appeared that there was no maximum flow rate that limited the occurrence of steady, fully developed flows. In this quarter, we consider in greater detail the same parameter values (r=l, {delta}=.414, and e=e{sub w}=.5) and focus on inclinations near the apparent transition from the those or which there exists a maximum flow rate to the inclinations,for which there appeared to be no such maximum. Using careful numerical computations, we demonstrate that the transition is real and we determine the angle at which it occurs. We have devoted the time to these issues because the existence of cases in which there are no maximum flow rates that limit the occurrence of steady flows may be of great practical value when it is necessary to steadily transport extremely high volumes of granular materials.
Date: December 31, 1994
Creator: Richman, M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Structure of bis(ethylenedithio)tetrathiafulvalenium dichlorocyanoselenate (2:1), (BEDT-TTF){sub 2}Cl{sub 2}SeCN

Description: The electron donor molecule BEDT-TTF has yielded approximately 50 superconductors to date. In addition, numerous other salts with a variety of electrical and magnetic properties have been discovered. Recently, the authors reported a semiconducting salt of BEDT-TTF with the novel T-shaped anion Br{sub 2}SeCN{sup {minus}2}. The crystallographic analysis of that salt revealed a near-centrosymmetric triclinic structure, except for the symmetry-breaking anion. On the basis of a Hamilton R-value test, the non-centrosymmetric space group P1 with ordered anions was preferred over centrosymmetric P{bar 1} with disordered anions. In this paper, the authors present the synthesis and crystal structure of the isostructural chlorine-analogue salt (BEDT-TTF){sub 2}Cl{sub 2}SeCN.
Date: December 31, 1995
Creator: Geiser, U.; Schlueter, J.A.; Dudek, J.D. & Williams, J.M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Coal log pipeline research at University of Missouri. 3rd quarterly report for 1995, July 1, 1995--September 30, 1995

Description: During this quarter (1/1/95-9/30/95), major progress has been made in the following areas of coal log pipeline research, development and technology transfer: (1) Conceptual design of a test machine based on hydraulic presses to mass-produce 5.4-inch-diameter coal logs for testing in a 6-inch-diameter pipeline has been completed. (2) Conceptual design of a rotary-press machine to produce 1.9-inch-diameter coal logs for testing in a 2-inch-diameter pipeline has also been completed. (3) It has been confirmed through experiments that molds with round-edge exit can make logs as good as those made with tapered exit. (4) Conducted a study to determine the effect of surface condition of mold and lubricants on the quality of coal logs. (5) Completed an evaluation of the effect of fiber (wood pulp) on coal log quality. (6) Prepared an apparatus for testing fast compaction of coal logs -- 2 second per log. (7) Compacted coal logs in a 5.3-inch-diameter mold. (8) Completed a preliminary study to assess vacuum and steam heating systems to enhance coal log production and quality. (9) Changed the small-scale-CLP-demo loop from a once-through system to a recirculating system. (10) Completed revision of CLP economic model and revised the 1993 report.
Date: December 31, 1995
Creator: Liu, H.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Integration of advanced geoscience and engineering techniques to quantify interwell heterogeneity. Quarterly report, 1 October 1995--31 December 1995

Description: The objective of this project is to integrate advanced geoscience and reservoir engineering concepts with the goal of quantifying the dynamics of fluid-rock and fluid-fluid interactions as they relate to reservoir architecture and lithologic characterization. This interdisciplinary effort will integrate geological and geophysical data with engineering and petrophysical results through reservoir simulation. Technical progress is reported for: Geologic studies, single well wettability tracer test for Sulimar Queen Field; field operations; and reservoir modeling.
Date: December 31, 1995
Creator: Buckley, J.S.; Weiss, W.W. & Ouenes, A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department