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Afghanistan: Politics, Elections, and Government Performance

Description: This report discusses the current political state of Afghanistan, as well as the Afghan government. This report also discusses Afghanistan's relationship with the United States, particularly U.S. efforts to urge President Hamid Karzai, to address corruption within the Afghan government. The report also includes discussion of election fraud and corruption in Afghanistan.
Date: December 16, 2010
Creator: Katzman, Kenneth
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Iraq: Politics, Elections, and Benchmarks

Description: Iraq's political system, the result of a U.S.-supported election process, is increasingly characterized by peaceful competition rather than violence, but sectarianism and ethnic and factional infighting continue to simmer. This report discusses the current state of Iraq, concentrating primarily on the actions of Iraqi Prime Minister Nuri al-Maliki, efforts underway to combat sectarian violence, and the projected U.S. troop withdrawal by August 2010.
Date: November 16, 2010
Creator: Katzman, Kenneth
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Cluster Munitions: Background and Issues for Congress

Description: Cluster munitions are air-dropped or ground-launched weapons that release a number of smaller submunitions intended to kill enemy personnel or destroy vehicles. This report discusses the two major international initiatives that address cluster munitions: the Convention on Cluster Munitions (CCM) and negotiations under the UN Convention on Prohibitions or Restrictions on the Use of Certain Conventional Weapons (CCW). Currently, the Obama Administration has reiterated U.S. opposition to the CCM, which entered into force August 1, 2010, but is participating in negotiations regarding cluster munitions under the CCW. This report also provides a brief historical overview of cluster munitions.
Date: September 16, 2010
Creator: Feickert, Andrew & Kerr, Paul K.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The Bayh-Dole Act: Selected Issues in Patent Policy and the Commercialization of Technology

Description: Congressional interest in facilitating U.S. technological innovation led to the passage of P.L. 96-517, Amendments to the Patent and Trademark Act, commonly referred to as the "Bayh-Dole Act" after its two main sponsors former Senators Robert Dole and Birch Bayh. Under this 1980 law, as amended, title to inventions made with government support is provided to the contractor if that contractor is a small business, a university, or other non-profit institution. This report discusses the rationale behind the passage of P.L. 96-517, its provisions, and implementation of the law.
Date: November 16, 2010
Creator: Schacht, Wendy H.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

U.S. Foreign Aid to Israel

Description: This report provides an overview of U.S. foreign assistance to Israel. It includes a review of past aid programs, data on annual assistance, and an analysis of current issues.
Date: September 16, 2010
Creator: Sharp, Jeremy M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Armenia, Azerbaijan, and Georgia: Political Developments and Implications for U.S. Interests

Description: The United States recognized the independence of Armenia, Azerbaijan, and Georgia when the former Soviet Union broke up at the end of 1991. The United States has fostered these states' ties with the West in part to end their dependence on Russia for trade, security, and other relations. This report discusses the relationships between the United States and each of these three nations, as well as these three nations' political and economic conditions. The report also discusses key related issues in the second session of the 111th Congress, including Armenia's independence and economic development, Azerbaijan's energy development, and Georgia's recovery from Russian's August 2008 military incursion.
Date: September 16, 2010
Creator: Nichol, Jim
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty: Background and Current Developments

Description: This report discusses the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty (CTBT), which bans all nuclear explosion and was in 1996 adopted by the U.N. General Assembly but rejected by the U.S. Senate in 1997. This report discusses the Obama Administration's stated goal of pursuing U.S. ratification of the CTBT, although the Administration has mainly focused on securing Senate consent to ratification of the New Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty (New START). This report also discusses other nuclear weapons-related issues as well as the long history of nuclear testing.
Date: November 16, 2010
Creator: Medalia, Jonathan
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Sudan: The Crisis in Darfur and Status of the North-South Peace Agreement

Description: Sudan, geographically the largest country in Africa, has been ravaged by civil war intermittently for four decades, resulting in catastrophic civilian casualties and displacements. This report discusses the history of Sudan's civil unrest and the subsequent crisis in Darfur, as well as United Nations and United States aid and peacekeeping efforts and current related policy under the Obama Administration.
Date: December 16, 2010
Creator: Dagne, Ted
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Somalia: Current Conditions and Prospects for a Lasting Peace

Description: This report discusses the political climate of Somalia, which has undergone extreme unrest for years. The report focuses on events since October 2002, including the formation of the Transitional Federal Government (TFG) in 2007 and the TFG's cooperation with the Re-Liberation of Somalia (ARS) in 2008. The report also discusses the U.S. relationship with Somalia under the Obama Administration, including U.S. economic assistance given to Somalia and U.S. efforts to contain Somalian terrorist groups.
Date: December 16, 2010
Creator: Dagne, Ted
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Africa Command: U.S. Strategic Interests and the Role of the U.S. Military in Africa

Description: In recent years, analysts and U.S. policymakers have noted Africa's growing strategic importance to U.S. interests. On February 6, 2007, the Bush Administration announced the creation of a new unified combatant command, U.S. Africa Command or AFRICOM, to promote U.S. national security objectives in Africa and its surrounding waters. This report provides information on AFRICOM's mission, structure, interagency coordination, and its basing and manpower requirements. The report also gives a broad overview of U.S. strategic interests in Africa and the role of U.S. military efforts on the continent as they pertain to the creation of Africa Command.
Date: November 16, 2010
Creator: Ploch, Lauren
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The Peace Corps: Current Issues

Description: This report provides a brief overview of the Peace Corps and discusses how the 111th Congress is considering the President's annual funding request for the Peace Corps and efforts to reauthorize the Peace Corps. Current issues for Congress include the extent to which there is available funding for Peace Corps expansion, whether the Peace Corps has the institutional capacity to expand, and whether volunteers are able to function in a safe and secure environment.
Date: November 16, 2010
Creator: Tarnoff, Curt
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Millennium Challenge Corporation

Description: This report discusses the Millennium Challenge Corporation (MCC), which provides economic assistance through a competitive selection process to developing nations that are pursuing political and economic reforms in three areas: ruling justly, investing in people, and fostering economic freedom. This report also discusses several concerns related to MCC implementation, including the level of funding to support MCC programs.
Date: November 16, 2010
Creator: Tarnoff, Curt
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Report of the Forty-Fifth National Conference on Weights and Measures, 1960

Description: Report of the annual conference on weights and measures, hosted by the U.S. National Bureau of Standards in Washington D.C. It includes conference proceedings, a list of attendees, information about committees and officers, and other reports or commentaries discussed at the meetings.
Date: December 16, 1960
Creator: United States. National Bureau of Standards.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

[West Virginia Historical Site]

Description: Photograph of an unidentified historical site in West Virginia, taken for the American Association for State and Local History. Part of a fence and what appears to be a wall of a building are pictured amidst several leafless trees.
Date: April 16, 1975
Creator: Clark, Joe
Partner: UNT Libraries Special Collections

[Early American Architecture - Outhouse]

Description: Photograph of an unidentified historical site in West Virginia, taken for the American Association for State and Local History. Part of a fence and what appears to be a wall of a building are pictured amidst several leafless trees. Narrative by Junebug Clark: Photo of an outhouse. Joe collected photos of many things. Outhouses was one of them. His book "Early Amercan Architecture" features outhouses and his poetry and thoughts about them. A popular read. Photo by: Joe Clark, HBSS. Clark PhotoFile: 9345-0004-35
Date: April 16, 1975
Creator: Clark, Joe
Partner: UNT Libraries Special Collections

Lampsilis hydiana, Specimen #368

Description: One preserved mussel specimen including both the left and right valves. The specimen exhibits a rhomboidal shape; moderately thick shell; white internal coloring; tan external coloring; no external sculpturing. Collected in the Colorado basin. The specimen measures between 100 - 120 mm in length and was assessed to be relatively-recently dead when collected.
Date: August 16, 1979
Creator: Britton, Joseph & Britton, David
Partner: Elm Fork Natural Heritage Museum

Student Lunch Tray: 01_20110216_01B6023

Description: Images taken at a North Texas middle school documenting the food on a lunch tray and the remains on the same tray after the meal was consumed. These images are part of a study to document what food students are eating.
Date: February 16, 2011
Creator: Connors, Priscilla
Partner: UNT College of Merchandising, Hospitality and Tourism

Student Lunch Tray: 01_20110216_01B6024

Description: Images taken at a North Texas middle school documenting the food on a lunch tray and the remains on the same tray after the meal was consumed. These images are part of a study to document what food students are eating.
Date: February 16, 2011
Creator: Connors, Priscilla
Partner: UNT College of Merchandising, Hospitality and Tourism

Student Lunch Tray: 01_20110216_01B6025

Description: Images taken at a North Texas middle school documenting the food on a lunch tray and the remains on the same tray after the meal was consumed. These images are part of a study to document what food students are eating.
Date: February 16, 2011
Creator: Connors, Priscilla
Partner: UNT College of Merchandising, Hospitality and Tourism

Student Lunch Tray: 01_20110216_01B6027

Description: Images taken at a North Texas middle school documenting the food on a lunch tray and the remains on the same tray after the meal was consumed. These images are part of a study to document what food students are eating.
Date: February 16, 2011
Creator: Connors, Priscilla
Partner: UNT College of Merchandising, Hospitality and Tourism

Student Lunch Tray: 01_20110216_01B6028

Description: Images taken at a North Texas middle school documenting the food on a lunch tray and the remains on the same tray after the meal was consumed. These images are part of a study to document what food students are eating.
Date: February 16, 2011
Creator: Connors, Priscilla
Partner: UNT College of Merchandising, Hospitality and Tourism

Student Lunch Tray: 01_20110216_01B6029

Description: Images taken at a North Texas middle school documenting the food on a lunch tray and the remains on the same tray after the meal was consumed. These images are part of a study to document what food students are eating.
Date: February 16, 2011
Creator: Connors, Priscilla
Partner: UNT College of Merchandising, Hospitality and Tourism

Student Lunch Tray: 01_20110216_01B6031

Description: Images taken at a North Texas middle school documenting the food on a lunch tray and the remains on the same tray after the meal was consumed. These images are part of a study to document what food students are eating.
Date: February 16, 2011
Creator: Connors, Priscilla
Partner: UNT College of Merchandising, Hospitality and Tourism