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Progress Report on Waste Concentration Studies: Engineering Results on the BNL Semi-Works Vapor Filtration Vapor Compression Evaporator

Description: Report issued by the Brookhaven National Laboratory discussing progress of waste concentration studies. As stated in the introduction, "the present report covers all experimental hot runs up to the time the still was turned over to the Waste Control Section for intermediate handling of laboratory D waste" (p. 1). This report includes tables, illustrations, and photographs.
Date: August 15, 1951
Creator: Horrigan, R. V.; Fried, H. M.; Manowitz, B.; Kuhl, O.; Baranosky, J. A.; Bellanca, S. et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Quadrula petrina, Specimen #989

Description: One preserved mussel specimen including both the left and right valves. The specimen exhibits an elliptical shape; moderately thick shell; white internal coloring; tan external coloring; no external sculpturing. Collected in the Colorado basin. The specimen measures between 100 - 120 mm in length and was assessed to be long dead when collected.
Date: August 15, 1979
Creator: Britton, Joseph & Britton, David
Partner: Elm Fork Natural Heritage Museum

Potamilus purpuratus, Specimen #680

Description: One preserved mussel specimen including the right valve only. The specimen exhibits a rhomboidal shape; thick shell; pink internal coloring; dark brown external coloring; no external sculpturing. Collected in the Colorado basin. The specimen measures over 120 mm in length and was assessed to be relatively-recently dead when collected.
Date: August 15, 1979
Creator: Britton, Joseph
Partner: Elm Fork Natural Heritage Museum

Potamilus purpuratus, Specimen #681

Description: One preserved mussel specimen including both the left and right valves. The specimen exhibits a rhomboidal shape; thick shell; pink internal coloring; reddish-brown external coloring; no external sculpturing. Collected in the Colorado basin. The specimen measures over 120 mm in length and was assessed to be relatively-recently dead when collected.
Date: August 15, 1979
Creator: Britton, Joseph
Partner: Elm Fork Natural Heritage Museum

Potamilus purpuratus, Specimen #682

Description: One preserved mussel specimen including both the left and right valves. The specimen exhibits a rhomboidal shape; thick shell; pink internal coloring; reddish-brown external coloring; no external sculpturing. Collected in the Colorado basin. The specimen measures between 100 - 120 mm in length and was assessed to be relatively-recently dead when collected.
Date: August 15, 1979
Creator: Britton, Joseph
Partner: Elm Fork Natural Heritage Museum

A Study of State Library Agencies' Information Technology Standards Policies and Practices

Description: This report discusses standards in state library agencies. Little is known about state library agencies' policies for standards adoption and use. This study, undertaken in 1998, attempted to bridge the gap of information and understanding about the current situation of state library agencies' use, opportunities and issues related to technical standards.
Date: August 15, 2000
Creator: Moen, William E. & Shobowale, Gloria C.
Partner: UNT College of Information

[Letters from the San Diego Military Advisory Council to Anthony J. Principi - August 15, 2005]

Description: Letters from Frank F. Hewitt and Mike Woiwode of the San Diego Military Advisory Council to Anthony Principi of the Defense Base Closure and Realignment Commission. The letters urge against inclusion of downtown San Diego's Navy "Broadway Complex" in the list of sites to be reorganized. Hewitt attached Woiwode's letter to his own.
Date: August 15, 2005
Creator: Woiwode, Michael (Mike)
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Tokamak Physics EXperiment (TPX): Toroidal field magnet design, development and manufacture. SDRL 21, Materials and processes selection. Volume 2

Description: This document identifies the candidate materials and manufacturing processes selected for development of the TPX Toroidal Field (TF) Magnet. Supporting rationale and selection criteria are provided for justification and the materials properties database report is included for completeness. Specific properties for each material selection are included in this document.
Date: August 15, 1995
Creator: Smith, B.R.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

New solid state lasers from the ultraviolet to the mid-infrared

Description: The authors discuss three new laser materials that offer improved access to the ultraviolet, near infrared and mid-infrared spectral regions. In order for each of these materials to have been identified, a particular hurdle needed to be overcome with respect to the fundamental laser physics impacting the material. In the case of the 280-320nm Ce:LiSAF laser, the main issue is the need to reduce the loss associated with excited state absorption, while for 1047nm Yb:S-FAP it is the ground state absorption at the laser wavelength that must be minimized. Cr:ZnSe has been down-selected from a number of potential candidates which could lase in the 2200-3000nm region, in order to mitigate the detrimental impact of nonradiative decay. In all three cases the authors discuss how appropriate consideration of fundamental concerns has led to the identification and understanding of the new laser system.
Date: August 15, 1995
Creator: Payne, S.A.; Krupke, W.F. & Beach, R.J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

A study of the differences in respirator fit factor values between years and masks

Description: The work described in this report was carried out at a national laboratory of the Department of Energy, during the time that the author was engaged in a Department of Energy Industrial Hygiene Graduate Fellowship. The national laboratory had a respiratory protection program with approximately 50 employees participating. The program was in place to protect employees from over-exposure to airborne contaminants while engineering and work practice controls were being installed and implemented. It was also in place to protect workers in situations where engineering and work control practices were not feasible, such as during maintenance and repair work, as well as in situations where engineering and work practice controls were not enough to lower the exposure to or below the Permissible Exposure Limit (PEL) as set by the Occupational Safety and Health Association (OSHA) as an eight-hour time weighted average (TWA) or an excursion limit. Respirators were also used for emergencies by the emergency response team.
Date: August 15, 1995
Creator: Longo, A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

State of Washington Department of Health Radioactive air emissions notice of construction phase 1 for spent nuclear fuel project - cold vacuum drying facility, project W-441

Description: This notice of construction (NOC) provides information regarding the source and the estimated annual possession quantity resulting from operation of the Cold Vacuum Drying Facility (CVDF). Additional details on emissions generated by the operation of the CVDF will be discussed again in the Phase 11 NOC. This document serves as a NOC pursuant to the requirements of WAC 246-247-060 for the completion of Phase I NOC, defined as the pouring of concrete for the foundation flooring, construction of external walls, and construction of the building excluding the installation of CVDF process equipment. A Phase 11 NOC will be submitted for approval prior to installing and is defined as the completion of the CVDF, which consisted installation of process equipment, air emissions control, and emission monitoring equipment. About 80 percent of the U.S. Department of Energy`s spent nuclear fuel (SNF) inventory is stored under water in the Hanford Site K Basins. Spent nuclear fuel in the K West Basin is contained in closed canisters while the SNF in the K East Basin is in open canisters, which allow free release of corrosion products to the K East Basin water.
Date: August 15, 1996
Creator: Turnbaugh, J.E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Bacterial nickel metabolism and storage. Final report for the period January 1, 1999 - March 31, 2002

Description: Nickel is an element required for the growth of many microorganisms, as the metal functions as a key component of a metal center for several enzymes. For the organisms that rely on nickel, the metal must be transported, temporarily stored or sequestered, and then processed by accessory proteins for proper metal center assembly into the designated enzyme. The research conducted for this project addressed the nature and roles of key proteins that are involved in the above Ni-enzyme expression/synthesis process.
Date: August 15, 2002
Creator: Maier, Robert J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Analysis of data from a downhole oil/water separator field trial in east Texas.

Description: The U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE's) National Petroleum Technology Office (NPTO) is interested in promoting new technologies that can produce oil and gas at a lower cost or with enhanced environmental protection at a reasonable cost. Several years ago, DOE became aware of a new technology for produced water management known as a downhole oil/water separator (or DOWS). A DOWS system separates oil from water at the bottom of a production well and injects the water directly to a disposal zone without lifting it to the surface. DOWS technology offered three potential advantages over traditional pumping systems. First, DOWS were reported to reduce the volume of produced water brought to the surface. Second, the volume of oil produced often increased. Third, because large volumes of produced water were not being lifted to the surface past drinking water zones and subsequently reinjected downward past the same drinking water zones, there was less opportunity for contamination of those zones.
Date: August 15, 2002
Creator: Veil, J. A. & Langhus, B.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

BEGET: The B-Factory Event Generator Version 21

Description: This note is a reference manual for the B-Factory Event Generator (BEGET V21) software package which generates physics events relevant to B-Factory detector studies. The package provides a standard framework that can easily interface to various external generators and simulation applications. Version 21 of BEGET contains a number of physics and background generators and is interfaced to the JETSET and KORALB generators and the GEANT and ASLUND simulation programs.
Date: August 15, 1994
Creator: Wright, D.M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

FY 1996 cost savings by program

Description: In September 1994 the DOE Richland Operations Office (RL) approved the FY 1995 multi-year baseline that included a cost estimate of $1.9 billion for FY 1996. However, Congress only appropriated $1.3 billion for that year. The shortfall of $600 million resulted in a significant challenge to accomplish the required workscope. Therefore, RL initiated an aggressive cost savings program to eliminate the shortfall by deleting workscope that was unnecessary and performing the remaining workscope more efficiently. RL initiated baseline planning actions (including deletions, deferrals, transfers, and additions) during the FY 1996 multi-year baseline development process to match workscope and anticipated funding and identified $205 million of workscope deletions. CFR (Contract Finance and Review Division) then reviewed over 200 cost baseline change requests during FY 1996 and documented an additional $95 million of FY 1996 cost savings. This included $73 million of workscope deletions and $22 million of efficiencies. Total savings as a result of FY 1996 initiatives, including baseline planning actions and current year initiatives, were $300 million. This report contains tables which enumerate the savings realized within each program at Hanford.
Date: August 15, 1997
Creator: Andrews-Smith, K. L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

State of Washington Department of Health radioactive air emission notice of construction phase 1 for spent nuclear fuel project - hot conditioning system annex, project W-484

Description: This notice of construction (NOC) provides information regarding the source and the estimated annual possession quantity resulting from the operation of the Hot Conditioning System Annex (HCSA). This information will be discussed again in the Phase II NOC, providing additional details on emissions generated by the operation of the HCSA. This Phase I NOC is defined as construct in the substructure, including but limited to, pouring the concrete for the floor; construction of the process pits and exterior walls; making necessary interface connections to the Canister Storage Building (CSB) ventilation and utility systems for personnel comfort; and extending the multi-canister over-pack (MCO) handling machine rails into the HCSA. A Phase II NOC will be submitted for approval prior to installation and is defined as the completion of the HCSA, which will consist of installation of Hot Conditioning System Equipment (HCSA), air emissions control equipment, and emission monitoring equipment. About 80 percent of the U.S. Department of Energy`s spent nuclear fuel (SNF) inventory is stored under water in the Hanford Site K Basins. Spent nuclear fuel in the K West Basin is contained in closed canisters, while the SNF in the K East Basin is contained in open canisters, which allow free release of corrosion products to the K East Basin water. Storage in the K Basins was originally intended to be on an as-needed basis to sustain operation of the N Reactor while the Plutonium-Uranium Extraction (PUREX) Plant was refurbished and restarted. The decision in December 1992 to deactivate the PUREX Plant left approximately 2,300 MT (2,530 tons) of N Reactor SNF in the K Basins with no means for near-term removal and processing. The HCSA will be constructed as an addition to the CSB and will contain the HCSA. The hot conditioning system (HCS) will remove chemically-bound water and ...
Date: August 15, 1996
Creator: Turnbaugh, J.E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Deactivating a major nuclear fuels reprocessing facility cost effectively

Description: This paper describes three key processes used in deactivating the Plutonium Uranium Extraction (PUREX) Facility, a large, complex nuclear reprocessing facility, 15 months ahead of schedule and $77 million under budget. The organization was reengineered to refine its business processes and more effectively organize around the deactivation work scope. Multi-disciplined work teams were formed to be self-sufficient and empowered to make decisions and perform work. A number of benefits were realized by reengineering. A comprehensive process to develop end points which clearly identified specific results and the post-project facility configuration was developed so all areas of a facility were addressed. Clear and specific end points allowed teams to focus on completing deactivation activities and helped ensure there were no unfulfilled end-of-project expectations. The RCRA regulations require closure of permitted facilities within 180 days after cessation of operations which may essentially necessitate decommissioning. A more cost effective approach was adopted which significantly reduced risk to human health and the environment by taking the facility to a passive, safe, inexpensive-to-maintain surveillance and maintenance condition (deactivation) prior to disposition. PUREX thus became the first large reprocessing facility with active TSD [treatment, storage, and disposal] units to be deactivated under the RCRA regulations.
Date: August 15, 1997
Creator: LeBaron, G.J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Office of Inspector General report on audit of controls over the ADP support services contract

Description: In March 1995, the Department awarded a cost-plus-award-fee contract to DynCorp valued at approximately $246 million over 5 years for ADP support services at Headquarters. The performance period for the contract was a 3-year base period with two 1-year options. The contract statement of work identified 24 information management functional areas that required technical support services, including Automated Office Systems Support and Local Area Network support. The purpose of the audit was to evaluate the cost-plus-award-fee contract for ADP support services at Headquarters. The objective was to determine whether the Department`s program offices at Headquarters were managing their ADP support services contract costs.
Date: August 15, 1997
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Manipulation of Biofilm Microbial Ecology

Description: The biofilm mode of growth provides such significant advantages to the members of the consortium that most organisms in important habitats are found in biofilms. The study of factors that allow manipulation of biofilm microbes in the biofilm growth state requires that reproducible biofilms be generated. The most effective monitoring of biofilm formation, succession and desaturation is with on-line monitoring of microbial biofilms with flowcell for direct observation. The biofilm growth state incorporates a second important factor, the heterogeneity in distribution in time and space of the component members of the biofilm consortium. This heterogeneity is reflected not only in the cellular distribution but in the metabolic activity within a population of cells. Activity and cellular distribution can be mapped in four dimensions with confocal microscopy, and function can be ascertained by genetically manipulated reporter functions for specific genes or by vital stains. The methodology for understanding the microbial ecology of biofilms is now much more readily available and the capacity to manipulate biofilms is becoming an important feature of biotechnology.
Date: August 15, 1998
Creator: White, D.C.; Palmer, R.J., Jr.; Zinn, M.; Smith, C.A.; Burkhalter, R.; Macnaughton, S.J. et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Post waterflood CO{sub 2} miscible flood in light oil, fluvial-dominated deltaic reservoir. Annual report, fiscal year 1996

Description: The Port Neches CO{sub 2} flood has been operating for nearly 4 years. The project performance during the past year has been adversely affected by several factors including: water blockage, low residual oil saturation and wellbore mechanical problems. The company attempted to test a new procedure in a new fault block using CO{sub 2} to accelerate primary production in order to improve the primary reserves net present value. The test was abandoned when the discovery well Polk B-39 for the Marg Area 3 was a dry hole. Also, during this period the company terminated all new CO{sub 2} purchases from Cardox for economical reasons, while continuing to recycle produced CO{sub 2}. A data base for FDD reservoirs for the Louisiana and Texas Gulf Coast Region was developed by LSU and SAIC. This data base includes reservoir parameters and performance data for reservoirs with significant production and OOIP volumes that are amenable to CO{sub 2} injection. A paper discussing the Port Neches CO{sub 2} project was presented at the 1996 SPE/DOE Symposium on Improved Oil Recovery.
Date: August 15, 1996
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

FY 1996 cost savings report

Description: Cost savings are an integral part of Hanford site operations. Congressional actions towards establishing a balanced budget have resulted in reductions to funding for all federal agencies, including the Department of Energy (DOE) Environmental Management (EM) cleanup mission. In September 1994 the DOE Richland Operations Office (RL) approved the FY 1995 multi-year baseline that included a cost estimate of $1.9 billion for FY 1996. However, Congress only appropriated $1.3 billion for that year. The shortfall of $600 million resulted in a significant challenge to accomplish the required workscope. Therefore, RL initiated an aggressive cost savings program to eliminate the shortfall by deleting workscope that was unnecessary and performing the remaining workscope more efficiently. RL initiated baseline planning actions (including deletions, deferrals, transfers, and additions) during the FY 1996 multi-year baseline development process to match workscope and anticipated funding and identified $205 million of workscope deletions. CFR (Contract Finance and Review Division) then reviewed over 200 cost baseline change requests during FY 1996 and documented an additional $95 million of FY 1996 cost savings. This included $73 million of workscope deletions and $22 million of efficiencies. Total savings as a result of FY 1996 initiatives, including baseline planning actions and current year initiatives, were $300 million.
Date: August 15, 1997
Creator: Andrews-Smith, K.L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department