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Administrator Perceptions of the Individually Guided Education Staff Development Process

Description: The problem with which this investigation is concerned is that of analyzing elementary school principals' perceptions of the Individually Guided Education process of staff development. A survey is made of 100 randomly selected principals from 18 states of the United States with regard to the problems of implementing the process in their schools.
Date: May 1974
Creator: Reid, George W.
Partner: UNT Libraries

Operant Conditioning of Counselor Verbal Responses Through Radio Communication

Description: The problem of this study was to determine whether using radio communication can facilitate learning in counseling practicums. This study had four purposes: 1. To determine whether the use of radio communication would be effective in providing positive reinforcement to the counselor during counseling sessions. 2. To determine whether the use of radio communication would be effective in enhancing the learning of facilitative responses by counselors in practicum situations. 3. To determine the effect of positive reinforcement on the student counselors' performance. 4. To provide information that might be beneficial with regard to future research involving the use of radio communication in counselor training.
Date: May 1974
Creator: Tentoni, Stuart Charles
Partner: UNT Libraries

A Study of the Relationship Between Romantic Love and Marital Adjustment in Middle-Class Couples

Description: This study investigates the relationship between romantic love and marital adjustment in a sample of middle class couples. Romantic love is defined as a general disposition an individual has toward love, marriage, the family, and relationships involving male-female interaction in which the affective component is regarded as primary and all other considerations are excluded from conscious reflection. Marital adjustment is defined as the positive accomodation of husband and wife interacting within the framework of a legally established marital relationship. Middle socioeconomic class is operationally defined as a specific quantitative range on the Warner Index of Social Characteristics. This study examines the nature of any quantifiable relationship between romantic love and marital adjustment, current or future. Three views of this relationship are investigated. The first view contends that romanticism is functional, contributing to positive marital adjustment. The second is characterized by the belief that romantic love has a negative impact upon marital adjustment and is dysfunctional. A third view of the relationship between romantic love and marital adjustment suggests that the critical element determining dysfunctionality is the isparity between partners, rather than the individual level of romanticism. No author has heretofore considered this alternative.
Date: May 1974
Creator: Gill, John D.
Partner: UNT Libraries

A Comparison of Certain Personality Traits Between College Student Cigarette Smokers and Nonsmokers

Description: This investigation seeks to determine whether certain personality traits of college students are related to their smoking habits. The purpose of the study is to determine whether significant personality differences exist among college students who can be classified as light smokers, heavy smokers, ex-smokers, and nonsmokers and to determine the nature of the differences. The study involved four male experimental groups and four female experimental groups, assigned on the basis of sex and cigarette smoking habits as ascertained from a questionnaire. A total of 191 subjects from two junior colleges comprised the sample. The Edwards Personal Preference Schedule (EPPS), the Tennessee Self Concept Scale (TSCS), and a questionnaire to obtain information on each subject's smoking habits were administered to the subjects at one sitting. Comparisons of the group means of each of the four classifications of smokers and nonsmokers were accomplished by a one-way analysis-of-variance design.
Date: August 1974
Creator: Harter, James W.
Partner: UNT Libraries

A Concept of Teaching Undergraduate Adults in Freshman and Sophomore English

Description: The problem was to develop a concept of teaching English for the adult (24 years old or older) undergraduate. The purposes were to make a statement on teaching the adult, survey adults for their perceptions of their needs and the ways the courses met them, review findings of schools offering special adult degree programs, and develop a typology of the adult undergraduate in English with teaching implications. Chapter I states the problem, purposes, significance, and limitations of the study. Chapter II develops the historical background. Chapter III covers the survey and its implications. Chapter IV presents teachers' views of teaching English for adults. Chapter V summarizes the study and sets forth a conceptual structure for teaching the adult undergraduate in such courses.
Date: August 1974
Creator: Luke, Eugene C.
Partner: UNT Libraries

A Competency-Measurement Instrument for Evaluating School Counselors

Description: This study develops the first measurement instrument designed to accompany the concept of competency basing in counselor training. In so doing, the study screens and validates a list of skills most essential to an effective counselor. The problem of this study is to develop and validate an instrument for the measurement of competencies of school counselors. The instrument developed and validated by this study is especially designed to delineate the specific skills which best represent the competencies necessary for a well-qualified counselor.
Date: May 1974
Creator: Percival, Robert R.
Partner: UNT Libraries

The Necessary Job Competencies of Secondary School Principals as Perceived by Selected Texas Educators

Description: The problem of this study was to determine competencies which are necessary for effective administration by secondary school principals. The sources of data included a review of the literature and supplemental materials. The survey technique, employing a jury-validated questionnaire, was used to collect the perceptions of superintendents, principals, teachers, and college professors in the State of Texas. A total of 316 educators responded to the questionnaire. The development and findings of this study are presented in five chapters. Chapter I presents an introduction to the study. In Chapter II, a survey of the literature is reported. Chapter III contains details of the procedures employed in collecting data for the study. Chapter IV presents the data gathered through the use of the questionnaire. Chapter V presents the summary, findings, conclusions, and recommendations resulting from the study. The study identified eight general areas of competency for secondary school principals. Those competency areas were (1) organization and administration, (2) curriculum design and improvement, (3) the instructional process, (4) business and financial management, (5) student management, (6) personnel management, (7) facilities, equipment, and supplies, and (8) communications. A total of ninety-five competencies was identified from the literature and from communications with college professors and practicing school administrators. The six-member jury panel validated ninety-one competencies for inclusion on the survey questionnaire. Eighty-eight of the ninety-one competencies submitted to the educator sample achieved the criterion level for acceptance. An analysis of variance procedure revealed that significant differences among group means appeared at the .01 level on eleven of the competency statements. The competency-based preparation and certification concept appears to be sound and to be in harmony with other movements in American education. Many operational aspects need additional refinement; however, the concept holds considerable promise for improvement upon the traditional approaches to the preparation and certification of ...
Date: August 1974
Creator: Austin, Joe
Partner: UNT Libraries

A Comparison of Two Criterion-Referenced Item-Selection Techniques Utilizing Simulated Data with Item Pools that Vary in Degrees of Item Difficulty

Description: The problem of this study was to examine the equivalency of two different types of criterion-referenced item-selection techniques on simulated data as item pools varied in degrees of item difficulty. A pretest-posttest design was employed in which pass-fail scores were randomly generated for item pools of twenty-five items. From the item pools, the two techniques determined which items were to be used to make up twelve-item criterion-referenced tests. The twenty-five items also were rank ordered according to the discrimination power of the two techniques.
Date: May 1974
Creator: Davis, Robbie G.
Partner: UNT Libraries

The Effects of Counseling and Religious Groups upon Selected Personality and Behavioral Variables

Description: This study investigates and evaluates the effects of an eighteen-hour weekend encounter group and three twelve-week groups--a weekly counseling group, a Bible discussion group, and a church attendance group, upon selected personality and behavioral variables, group morale and social integration. Subjects were forty-eight volunteers from a 250-member Protestant, evangelical church in a suburb of a Texas city of five-hundred thousand people. Six men and six women were randomly assigned to each of the four groups. Data analyzed were the pre-, post-, and post-post-experiment scores of the Personal Orientation Inventory, the Sixteen Personality Factor Questionnaire, and the sociometric variables based on Bonney's "Criteria for a Better Group on Sociometric Scales". The .05 level of significance was required for rejection of the null hypotheses. The statistical analyses were accomplished by applying a one-way analysis of co-variance design to the raw scores from the Personal Orientation Inventory, the Sixteen Personality Factor Questionnaire, and two of the three sociometric variables--mutual choices and opposite sex choices. The sociometric variable, choices between upper and lower quarters, was computed with the z formula. The sociometric data, mutuals and opposite sex choices on the encounter group, were further analyzed using the single-factor analysis of variance with repeated measures. It was hypothesized that the participants in the weekend encounter group would show a significantly greater change in self-actualization, positive personality and behavioral changes, social integration and group morale than would the participants in the other groups. It was further hypothesized that the weekly counseling group would show a significantly greater change in the selected variables, social integration and group morale, than would the Bible discussion or church attendance groups. It was also hypothesized that the Bible discussion group would show a significantly greater change in the selected variables, social integration and group morale than would the church attendance group. ...
Date: August 1974
Creator: Brendel, Harold J.
Partner: UNT Libraries

A Comparison of a Visual Disassociation Test on the Keystone Telebinocular with Other Tests of Dominance

Description: This study compares results of sighting, control, suppression and wink tests of visual dominance with a dissociation test administered to 240 high-achieving (ninetieth percentile and above academically) and low-achieving (twenty-fifth percentile and below academically) students at grades four, eight, and twelve. The study examines differences between visual dissociation and other visual-dominance tests. In so doing, the study tests the proportion of consistent dominance revealed by each test among underachievers with a high incidence of dominance variations, examines possible influences on choice of dominant eye, and compares distributions of dominance functions in high- and low-achieving populations.
Date: August 1974
Creator: Palmer, Lyelle L.
Partner: UNT Libraries

A Theoretical Investigation of Bound Roton Pairs in Superfluid Helium-4

Description: The Bogoliubov theory of excitations in superfluid helium is used to study collective modes at zero temperature. A repulsive delta function shell potential is used in the quasiparticle excitation energy spectrum to fit the observed elementary excitation spectrum, except in the plateau region. The linearized equation of motion method is used to obtain the secular equation for a collective mode consisting of a linear combination of one and two free quasiparticles of zero total momentum. It is shown that in this case for high-lying collective modes, vertices involving three quasiparticles cancel, and only vertices involving four quasiparticles are important. A decomposition into various angular momentum states is then made. Bound roton pairs in the angular momentum D-state observed in light-scattering experiments exist only for an attractive coupling between helium atoms in this oversimplified model. Thus, the interaction between particles can be reinterpreted as a phenomenological attractive coupling between quasiparticles, in order to explain the Raman scattering from bound roton pairs in superfluid helium.
Date: August 1974
Creator: Cheng, Shih-ta
Partner: UNT Libraries

The West Gulf Blockade, 1861-1865: An Evaluation

Description: This investigation resulted from a pilot research paper prepared in conjunction with a graduate course on the Civil War. This study suggested that the Federal blockade of the Confederacy may not have contributed significantly to its defeat. Traditionally, historians had assumed that the Union's Anaconda Plan had effectively strangled the Confederacy. Recent studies which compared the statistics of ships captured to successful infractions of the blockade had somewhat revised these views. While accepting these revisionist findings as broadly valid, this investigation strove to determine specifically the effectiveness of Admiral Farragut's West Gulf Blockading Squadron. Since the British Foreign Office maintained consulates in three blockaded southern ports and in many Caribbean ports through which blockade running was conducted, these consular records were vital for this study. Personal research in Great Britain's Public Record Office disclosed valuable consular reports pertaining to the effectiveness of the Federal blockade. American consular records, found in the National Archives in Washington, D.C. provided excellent comparative reports from those same Gulf ports. Official Confederate reports, contained in the National Archives, various state archives and in the published Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies revealed valuable statistical data on foreign imports. Limited use was made of Spanish and French consular records written from ports involved in blockade running. Extensive use was made of Senate and House documents in determining Federal blockade policy during the war. The record of the Navy's enforcement of the blockade was found in The Official Records of the Union and Confederate Navies. The contemporary reports of Union and Confederate governmental officials was found in James D. Richardson's respective works on The Messages and Papers, and in the published diaries of Gideon Welles and Gustavas Fox. Contemporary newspapers and first hand accounts by participants on both sides provided color and perspective. In evaluating ...
Date: May 1974
Creator: Glover, Robert W.
Partner: UNT Libraries

Generalized C-sets

Description: The problem undertaken in this paper is to determine what the algebraic structure of the class of C-sets is, when the notion of sum is to be the "set sum. " While the preliminary work done by Appling took place in the space of additive and bounded real valued functions, the results here are found in the more general setting of a complete lattice ordered group. As a conseque n c e , G . Birkhof f' s book, Lattice Theory, is used as the standard reference for most of the terminology used in the paper. The direction taken is prompted by a paper by W. D. L. Appling, "A Generalization of Absolute Continuity and of an Analogue of the Lebesgue Decomposition Theorem. " Since some of the results obtained provide another approach to a problem originally studied by Nakano, and improved upon by Bernau, reference is made to their work to provide other terminology and examples of alternative approaches to the problem of lateral completion. Thus Chapter I contains a brief history of the notion of C-sets and their relationship to lattice ordered groups, along with a summary of the properties of lattice ordered groups needed for later developments. In addition, several results in the general theory of lattice ordered groups are cited to provide insight into the comparability of the assumptions that will ultimately be made about the groups. Chapter II begins with the axiomatization of the collection of nearest point functions" for the closed A-ideals of the cone of a complete lattice ordered group. The basic results in the chapter establish that the functions defined do indeed characterize the complete A-ideals, and that the maps have a 'nearest point property." The maps are then extended to the entire group and shown to correspond to the "nearest point ...
Date: August 1974
Creator: Keisler, D. Michael
Partner: UNT Libraries

Analysis of Nursing Functions and Preparation

Description: The problem of this study was an analysis of the differences between associate degree and baccalaureate degree nursing school graduates in relation to the functions they were currently performing, their perceptions of the adequacy of their educational preparation for these functions, and their apparent readiness for these nursing functions as reported by employers of nurses. A questionnaire was devised and mailed to a random sample of employers of nurses and to recent graduates of two associate degree and two baccalaureate degree nursing programs in Texas. Graduates were asked to report on the extent of their performance of each of eighty nursing activities as well as their perception of their preparation for each activity. Employers were requested to report the readiness of recent graduates to perform each nursing activity, The eighty activities were categorized into the following five functions: (1) physical care and technical skills, (2) interpersonal relationships, (3) leadership, (4) decision making, and (5) community health care.
Date: August 1974
Creator: Hogstel, Mildred O.
Partner: UNT Libraries

A Comparison of the Effectiveness of the Intensive and Concurrent Scheduling Plans for Teaching First-Semester English Composition in the Community College

Description: The purpose of this study was to observe the differences in English achievement, critical-thinking ability, and attitude toward subject attributable to two scheduling approaches -- "Concurrent" and "Intensive"--in the teaching of first-semester freshman English composition to community college students. Further, the study was initiated in order to provide factual information as a basis for administrative and instructional judgments affecting future planning for accelerated scheduling at the experimental institution. Two classes of first-semester freshman English composition, meeting three hours weekly for fifteen weeks, comprised the control group (Concurrent); two classes of first-semester freshman English composition, meeting nine hours weekly for five weeks, comprised the experimental group (Intensive). The same form of three criterion instruments was administered to both groups before and after the experimental treatment. The instruments were the Cooperative English Expression Test, the Watson-Glaser Critical Thinking Appraisal, and the Purdue Attitude Scale, Part A -- Attitude Toward Any Subject. Three instructors were involved in the experiment during the fall and spring semesters of the 1973-74 school year. Conventional methods of instruction, using the same course of study, were duplicated in all situations. Statistical analyses utilized in the study were analysis of covariance and multiple linear regression. It was felt that Intensive scheduling was superior to Concurrent as a means of promoting student-faculty harmony. Also, the frustrations experienced within the traditional classroom situation could be lessened by granting greater freedom from the constraints of hourly schedules and competing classes. With tensions reduced, English proficiency could be increased. Acting upon these suppositions, three hypotheses--related to each of the criterion measures-- were formulated. All hypotheses stated that the adjusted post-test scores for the experimental groups would be significantly greater than the adjusted post-test scores for the control groups. The results of the experiment, however, showed no significant difference for any of the hypotheses ...
Date: August 1974
Creator: Allen, Floyd A.
Partner: UNT Libraries

Lampsilis hydiana, Specimen #1569

Description: One preserved mussel specimen including both the left and right valves. The specimen exhibits a rhomboidal shape; moderately thick shell; white internal coloring; brown external coloring; no external sculpturing. The specimen measures between 0 - 60 mm in length and was assessed to be relatively-recently dead when collected.
Date: November 8, 1974
Creator: Britton, Joseph
Partner: Elm Fork Natural Heritage Museum

Lampsilis hydiana, Specimen #1570

Description: One preserved mussel specimen including the left valve only. The specimen exhibits an oval shape; moderately thick shell; white internal coloring; reddish-brown external coloring; no external sculpturing. The specimen measures between 0 - 60 mm in length and was assessed to be long dead when collected.
Date: November 8, 1974
Creator: Britton, Joseph
Partner: Elm Fork Natural Heritage Museum

Lampsilis hydiana, Specimen #1571

Description: One preserved mussel specimen including the left valve only. The specimen exhibits an oval shape; moderately thick shell; white internal coloring; dark brown external coloring; no external sculpturing. The specimen measures between 0 - 60 mm in length and was assessed to be long dead when collected.
Date: November 8, 1974
Creator: Britton, Joseph
Partner: Elm Fork Natural Heritage Museum

Lampsilis teres, Specimen #359

Description: One preserved mussel specimen including the right valve only. The specimen exhibits an elliptical shape; moderately thick shell; white internal coloring; tan external coloring; no external sculpturing. Collected in the Trinity basin. The specimen measures between 60 - 100 mm in length and was assessed to be relatively-recently dead when collected.
Date: May 1, 1974
Creator: Hewatt
Partner: Elm Fork Natural Heritage Museum

Lampsilis teres, Specimen #360

Description: One preserved mussel specimen including the left valve only. The specimen exhibits an elliptical shape; moderately thick shell; white internal coloring; tan external coloring; no external sculpturing. Collected in the Trinity basin. The specimen measures between 60 - 100 mm in length and was assessed to be relatively-recently dead when collected.
Date: May 1, 1974
Creator: Hewatt
Partner: Elm Fork Natural Heritage Museum

Lampsilis teres, Specimen #361

Description: One preserved mussel specimen including the left valve only. The specimen exhibits an elliptical shape; moderately thick shell; white internal coloring; tan external coloring; no external sculpturing. Collected in the Trinity basin. The specimen measures between 60 - 100 mm in length and was assessed to be relatively-recently dead when collected.
Date: May 1, 1974
Creator: Hewatt
Partner: Elm Fork Natural Heritage Museum

Lampsilis teres, Specimen #358

Description: One preserved mussel specimen including the left valve only. The specimen exhibits an elliptical shape; moderately thick shell; white internal coloring; tan external coloring; no external sculpturing. Collected in the Trinity basin. The specimen measures between 100 - 120 mm in length and was assessed to be relatively-recently dead when collected.
Date: May 1, 1974
Creator: Hewatt
Partner: Elm Fork Natural Heritage Museum

Lampsilis hydiana, Specimen #276

Description: One preserved mussel specimen including the left valve only. The specimen exhibits a rhomboidal shape; thin shell; double looped beak sculpturing; white internal coloring; brown external coloring; no external sculpturing. Collected in the Trinity basin. The specimen measures between 60 - 100 mm in length and was assessed to be long dead when collected.
Date: February 27, 1974
Creator: Pettit, J.
Partner: Elm Fork Natural Heritage Museum

Lampsilis hydiana, Specimen #1568

Description: One preserved mussel specimen including both the left and right valves. The specimen exhibits a rhomboidal shape; moderately thick shell; white internal coloring; reddish-brown external coloring; no external sculpturing. The specimen measures between 60 - 100 mm in length and was assessed to be relatively-recently dead when collected.
Date: November 8, 1974
Creator: Britton, Joseph
Partner: Elm Fork Natural Heritage Museum