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Oral History Interview with Thomas A. Chipman, May 21, 1999

Description: Interview with Thomas A. Chipman, who is a World War II veteran and restaurant business owner from Hill City, Kansas. In the interview, Chipman discusses his experiences as a medic and driver in the European Theatre during the war. He describes what basic training and his induction into the Army was like, and also talks a little bit about when he was sent to the Pennsylvania Military College to earn a degree in engineering. Chipman recollects when his battalion was transported to England and France in order to fight in several battles that included the Battle of the Bulge. He describes what it was like to stay in Europe, and includes details such as the attitudes toward battlefield carnage, the evacuation and transport of the dead and wounded, the capture of German prisoners-of-war, and civilian refugees. Chipman reminisces of the German surrender and his return to the United States, where he started a restaurant business career.
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Date: May 21, 1999
Creator: Marcello, Ronald E. & Chipman, Thomas A.
Partner: UNT Oral History Program

Oral History Interview with Eugene L. Crumling, May 18, 1999

Description: Interview with Eugene L. Crumling, bartender and former professional ballplayer. The interview includes Crumling's personal experiences about being a professional baseball player in the U.S. during World War II. Crumling talks about his semi-pro baseball career in the late 1930s and early 1940s, the origin of his nickname, signing his first professional contract, life in the minor leagues during wartime, his draft classification as 4-F, his employment in defense-related work during the off-seasons, contrasts between life in the minors and life in the majors, individual Cardinals players, his first game and his first, and only, hit in the majors, the remainder of his minor league career, and his personal thoughts about the reserve clause, player strikes, modern-day salaries, and expansion.
Access: This item is restricted to UNT Community Members. Login required if off-campus.
Date: May 28, 1999
Creator: Marcello, Ronald E. & Crumling, Eugene L.
Partner: UNT Oral History Program

Oral History Interview with Mervin Garver, August 6, 1999

Description: Interview with Mervin Garver. The interview includes Garver's personal experiences about education and childhood during the Great Depression, being a defense worker at Riverside Foundry, blackouts and air raid wardens, and President Franklin D. Roosevelt's visits to Wrightsville by train. Garver also talks about his draft classification as 4-F due to psychoneurosis, his personal feelings about being classified as 4-F, local reactions to his 4-F status, the production of hand grenade and radar cores at Riverside Foundry, the financial and patriotic incentives to increase war production, the purchase of war bonds and stamps, employment of women and wartime shortages, rationing of food and gasoline, the "Victory Bus," effects of WW II on his personal finances and on the postwar lives of Wrightsville's citizens, the transition from wartime to peacetime production at Riverside Foundry, and his memories of post-World War II Memorial Day celebrations.
Access: This item is restricted to UNT Community Members. Login required if off-campus.
Date: August 6, 1999
Creator: Marcello, Ronald E. & Garver, Mervin
Partner: UNT Oral History Program