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The Effects of Programmed Reinforcment and Chained Mastery Criteria on Yoga Pose Performance in Two Young Children with Autism

Description: Community exercise can offer many benefits for children, including the opportunity to engage in physical activity and interact with peers in a social setting. Children with autism do not engage in as many community activities as their typical peers. This study examines conditions to teach young children to complete yoga poses to mastery. The effects of prompting, programmed reinforcers, and a chaining criteria were evaluated using a comparison design with two baselines and one intervention condition, replicated across two children with autism. Both children mastered performance of all four targeted yoga poses. The findings are discussed in the context of previous research on the benefits of yoga.
Date: December 2015
Creator: Nguyen, Linda
Partner: UNT Libraries

Irony and the 'yoga wars'

Description: Article discussing the debated topic of whether yoga is a Hindu or Secular practice and the potential causes and impacts of how and why this subject is being debated.
Date: December 2010
Creator: Jain, Pankaj
Partner: UNT College of Public Affairs and Community Service

Impact of Yoga on Mental Well-Being

Description: The present study sought to more rigourously explore outcomes of psychological well-being immediately following a psychotherapeutic yoga class. Specifically, the study hypothesized improvements in state anxiety and subjective well-being as well as an observable relationship between state and trait mindfulness following a yoga intervention, all while controlling for differences between yoga instructors, prior yoga experience, and participant endorsements of psychological symptoms. Previous yoga experience was not found to be a significant factor in any of the tested hypotheses. Findings revealed that psychotherapeutic yoga decreased anxiety and increased subjective well-being, even after controlling for therapist variability, prior yoga experience, and client diagnosis. Results also indicate differential impacts on decreased anxiety and increased subjective well-being by class instructor. This is the first study to examine outcomes of an ongoing yoga based-practices in the naturalistic setting of an outpatient counseling center while rigorously controlling for confounding factors (e.g. therapist variability). Methodological and statistical limitations are discussed in depth, and future directions to improve on this study and clarify the present findings are emphasized.
Date: August 2018
Creator: Gerber, Monica
Partner: UNT Libraries

Connecting Soul, Spirit, Mind, and Body: A Collection of Spiritual and Religious Perspectives and Practices in Counseling

Description: This edited volume presents spiritual and religious perspectives and practices that can be integrated into counseling, written by experts in the field. Included are topics such as transpersonal experiences, prayer, meditation, and non-traditional spiritual approaches.
Date: January 2017
Creator: Foster, Ryan D. & Holden, Janice Miner
Partner: UNT Libraries

Integration of Spiritually Transformative Experiences: Models, Methods, and Research

Description: Abstract: This article represents my presentation at the inaugural 2012 American Center for the Integration of Spiritually Transformative Experiences (ACISTE) Annual Conference; it contains four main sections. The first section focuses on defining the parameters of the contents and includes discussions of what constitutes healthy and unhealthy integration, spiritual emergence and emergency, quantum change, spiritual conversion, and spontaneous awakening experiences. The second section includes four conceptual models utilized to help understand spiritually transformative experiences (STEs): Wilber's, Rummet's, and Wade's developmental models and Assagioli's model of the self. The third section introduces methods I use when working with clients, and the fourth section further provides recent research on topics related to STEs. My goal throughout was to catalyze further discussion regarding what constitutes integration of an STE and how this process relates to current psychospiritual models, therapeutic approaches, and research.
Date: Spring 2013
Creator: Rominger, Ryan
Partner: UNT Libraries

After-math: Counting the Aftereffects of Potentially Spiritually Transformative Experiences

Description: Abstract: This article provides a summary of current literature regarding the nature of spiritual development, types of potentially spiritually transformative experiences (pSTEs), and both short- and long-term aftereffects of pSTEs— biological, psychological, spiritual, and social. The author concludes that in the aftermath of pSTEs, experiencers, their intimates and associates, and their healthcare providers should be prepared to experience integration that can be manageable or be deeply challenging and that can be relatively brief or can last for years.
Date: Winter 2012
Creator: Holden, Janice Miner
Partner: UNT Libraries

[News Script: Yoga demonstration]

Description: Script from the WBAP-TV/NBC station in Fort Worth, Texas, covering a news story about the Colonial Country Club in Fort Worth holding a yoga demonstration at a luncheon for wives of men attending the Lennox Industries Convention.
Date: January 8, 1962
Creator: WBAP-TV (Television station : Fort Worth, Tex.)
Partner: UNT Libraries Special Collections

Guest Editorial: Near-Death Experiences: A Speculative Neural Model

Description: Article detailing a personal mystical experience that led the author to the belief that a little known structure in the center of the spinal cord, Reissner's fiber, is identical with the anatomical entity described by kundalini yoga. The author's struggles to understand the meaning of that experience have led him to believe that an understanding of the deeper realities underlying quantum phenomena can be integrated with an understanding of the mysterious realities of near-death and other mystical experiences, and that Reissner's fiber can serve as an empirical basis for a scientific investigation of these phenomena.
Date: Spring 1994
Creator: Wile, Lawrence C.
Partner: UNT Libraries

[News Script: Yoga]

Description: Script from the WBAP-TV/NBC station in Fort Worth, Texas, covering a news story about the Dallas Page-Boy maternity clothes factory implementing yoga breaks for their workers.
Date: October 23, 1963
Creator: WBAP-TV (Television station : Fort Worth, Tex.)
Partner: UNT Libraries Special Collections

Application of Statistical Physics in Human Physiology: Heart-Brain Dynamics

Description: This dissertation is devoted to study of complex systems in human physiology particularly heartbeats and brain dynamics. We have studied the dynamics of heartbeats that has been a subject of investigation of two independent groups. The first group emphasized the multifractal nature of the heartbeat dynamics of healthy subjects, whereas the second group had established a close connection between healthy subjects and the occurrence of crucial events. We have analyzed the same set of data and established that in fact the heartbeats are characterized by the occurrence of crucial and Poisson events. An increase in the percentage of crucial events makes the multifractal spectrum broader, thereby bridging the results of the former group with the results of the latter group. The crucial events are characterized by a power index that signals the occurrence of 1/f noise for complex systems in the best physiological condition. These results led us to focus our analysis on the statistical properties of crucial events. We have adopted the same statistical analysis to study the statistical properties of the heartbeat dynamics of subjects practicing meditation. The heartbeats of people doing meditation are known to produce coherent fluctuations. In addition to this effect, we made the surprising discovery that meditation makes the heartbeat depart from the ideal condition of 1/f noise. We also discussed how to combine the wave-like nature of the dynamics of the brain with the existence of crucial events that are responsible for the 1/f noise. We showed that the anomalous scaling generated by the crucial events could be established by means of a direct analysis of raw data. The efficiency of the direct analysis procedure is made possible by the fact that periodicity and crucial events is the product of a spontaneous process of self-organization. We argue that the results of this study ...
Date: August 2018
Creator: Bohara, Gyanendra
Partner: UNT Libraries

The Role of Tie Strength in the Diffusion of Complementary and Alternative Medicine Information among Yoga Practitioners

Description: The National Center for Complementary and Integrated Health, National Institutes of Health, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, has highlighted a need for research to better understand the usage of complementary and alternative medicine practices. The purpose of this study was to investigate the flow of complementary and alternative medicine information among yoga practitioners. The study consisted of 51 yoga practitioners from 7 yoga studio locations. This mixed-methods study used interviews, surveys, and field notes to collect data. Content and social network analyses provided supporting evidence for Rogers' diffusion of innovations theory and Granovetter's strength of weak ties theory. Key findings included a preference for face-to-face communications, students having both strong and weak relationship ties to directors and instructors, and yoga being the top recommended practice. The study suggested that yoga practitioners related to complementary and alternative medicine information through the lens of their friends and relatives, sought information from trusted sources, and used this information to determine which practices were right for them to pursue.
Date: May 2017
Creator: Weaver, Margaret Louise
Partner: UNT Libraries