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open access

Introduction: Gender Equity in STEM in Higher Education: International Perspectives on Policy, Institutional Culture, and Individual Choice

Description: This introduction presents an overview of the key concepts discussed in the subsequent chapters of this book. The book provides an international overview of access and success for women in Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics (STEM) undergraduate programs. It focuses on women’s share of STEM graduates to explore trends and compare women’s enrollment in STEM to men’s enrollment in STEM and to higher education in general. The book focuses on the expansion of higher education in Taiwan as it relates to the improved participation of women in STEM tertiary education and in the STEM labor market. It focuses on the persistence of gender inequality in undergraduate engineering education in Germany by analyzing individual factors that contribute to women’s tendency to consider but then opt out of engineering. The book describes several challenges to gender-based equity in STEM in a post-Soviet context and offer multiple policy suggestions for improvement.
Date: July 12, 2021
Creator: Ro, Hyun; Ramon, Elizabeth J. & Fernandez, Frank
Partner: UNT College of Education
open access

Gender Differences in 7th Grade Students' Interest in STEM after Participating in a Solenoid Instructional Unit

Description: Paper presented at the 2019 ASEE Annual Conference & Exposition. The research presented studies achievement scores and affinity towards STEM scores of male and female students after participating in a unit focused on understanding a solenoid.
Date: 2019-06-15/2019-06-19
Creator: Tyler-Wood, Tandra L.; Smith, Daniella & Johnson, Karen R.
Partner: UNT College of Information
open access

A Comprehensive Approach to Addressing Gender Equity in STEM Subjects at Four-Year Universities in England

Description: This chapter explores gender disparities in enrollment and persistence in STEM undergraduate education in England. The authors examine the difference in early educational achievement in mathematics and science subjects and students’ plan to study STEM subjects by gender. They also examine women’s odds of studying STEM subjects in England after controlling for academic performance and social class characteristics. The authors also particularly test gendered differences in studying STEM at prestigious Russell Group universities. Finally, the authors highlight factors that policy makers, researchers, instructors, and STEM workforce members should consider to close gender gaps in STEM undergraduate education.
Date: July 12, 2021
Creator: Ro, Hyun; Fernandez, Frank & Alcott, Benjamin
Partner: UNT College of Education
open access

Conclusion: Unique but Transferable Approaches for Pursuing Gender Equity in STEM in Higher Education across the World

Description: In this chapter, the authors offer suggestions for how policymakers and Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM) educators may apply unique but potentially transferrable strategies. Finally, the authors suggest directions for innovative research and policy for pursuing gender equity in STEM fields after the economic and educational turmoil caused by the COVID-19 pandemic.
Date: July 12, 2021
Creator: Ro, Hyun; Ramon, Elizabeth J. & Fernandez, Frank
Partner: UNT College of Education
open access

STEM Bachelor's Degree Attainment among Women of Color in the United States: Using Geographic Analysis for Gender and Racial Equity Research

Description: This chapter showcases a study that examines the relationship between STEM bachelor’s degree attainment, particularly focusing on women of color, and the opportunities of higher education and STEM higher education within local communities across the United States. The authors analyze two large-scale national data sets, the Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System (IPEDS) and the American Community Survey (ACS), to conduct a location-level analysis. The authors then offer implications that target women of color who live in places that lack opportunities in higher education.
Date: July 12, 2021
Creator: Ro, Hyun; Meng, Yi & Zhu, Qiong
Partner: UNT College of Education
open access

"The military unlocked that door for me": Collegiate Experiences of Women Veterans in STEM Majors

Description: Institutions of higher education are a key pathway for supplying the science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) workforce. Military service members have been identified as STEM-ready and a potential pool for STEM as they transition into civilian careers. Furthermore, women are the fastest growing subpopulation of veterans and may decrease the gender gap within STEM. Higher education researchers are interested in understanding the characteristics and experiences of students who select STEM majors and then persist to graduation. Literature related to women veterans is limited and a qualitative case study approach was utilized to achieve an in-depth understanding of their college experiences. This study examined four women who were successfully navigating STEM majors at one institution and revealed their varying motivations for enrollment and persistence. Three themes generated from this study included: self-awareness, success is personal, and military experience matters. Subsidiary themes included starting over; strategy; salience of age; stage of life; self-advocacy; standards; personal attributes; past experiences; personal responsibility for learning; procuring resources; career path (STEM) reinforced or introduced; creditable and credible; and cultivated soft skills. Veteran critical theory, multiple dimensions of identity and intersectionality were useful frameworks to reference as participants expressed the influence of their identities on their life and military experiences. The findings illuminate ways institutions of higher education can facilitate women veterans' success as students, supplying much needed diversity to the STEM pipeline.
Date: May 2022
Creator: Adams, Lisa Dawn
Partner: UNT Libraries
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