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HFBR: Review of the technical specifications against the FSAR

Description: The purpose of this review is to determine the adequacy of the High Flux Beam Reactor (HFBR) Technical Specifications for 40 MW operation by comparison with the HFBR Final Safety Analysis Report, particularly the accident analyses chapter. Specifically, the Technical Specifications were compared against the Design Basis Accident (DBA) Analyses presented in the Addendum to the HFBR FSAR for 60 MW Operation. The 60 MW DBA analyses was used since it is more current and complete than the analyses presented in the original FSAR which is considered obsolete. A listing of the required systems and equipment was made for each of the accidents analyzed. Additionally, the Technical Specification instrument setpoints were compared to the DBA analyses parametric values. Also included in this review was a comparison of the Technical Specification Bases against the FSAR and the identification of any differences. The HFBR Operations Procedures Manual (OPM) was also reviewed for any inconsistencies between the FSAR or the Technical Specifications. Upon completion of this review it was determined that the Technical Specifications are well written and the items commented on should not delay the low power restart (40 MW). Additionally, the OPM is also well written and does not require further modification before restart.
Date: January 25, 1990
Creator: Rao, D.V.; Ross, S.B.; Claiborne, E.R.; Darby, J.L. & Clark, R.A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Scram transient tests PT-IP-249-C

Description: The purpose of this production test is to provide a standard method of obtaining scram transient reactivity information at the eight reactors, under conditions conducive to valid data. These conditions include the bypassing of the Panellit system at a low power level for a short, controlled period of time during May 1959.
Date: May 25, 1959
Creator: Bowers, C.E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Analytical and Numerical Studies of the Complex Interaction of a Fast Ion Beam Pulse with a Background Plasma

Description: Plasma neutralization of an intense ion beam pulse is of interest for many applications, including plasma lenses, heavy ion fusion, high energy physics, etc. Comprehensive analytical, numerical, and experimental studies are underway to investigate the complex interaction of a fast ion beam with a background plasma. The positively charged ion beam attracts plasma electrons, and as a result the plasma electrons have a tendency to neutralize the beam charge and current. A suite of particle-in-cell codes has been developed to study the propagation of an ion beam pulse through the background plasma. For quasi-steady-state propagation of the ion beam pulse, an analytical theory has been developed using the assumption of long charge bunches and conservation of generalized vorticity. The analytical results agree well with the results of the numerical simulations. The visualization of the data obtained in the numerical simulations shows complex collective phenomena during beam entry into and ex it from the plasma.
Date: November 25, 2003
Creator: Kaganovich, Igor D.; Startsev, Edward A. & Davidson, Ronald C.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Users speak out on technology deployment

Description: This report summarizes user feedback data collected during a recent Accelerated Site Technology Deployment (ASTD) project: the Fluor Fernald ASTD Technology Deployment Project from May, 1999 through September, 2000. The main goal of the ASTD project was to use the ''Fernald approach'' to expedite the deployment of new or innovative technologies with superior safety, cost, and/or productivity benefits to Department of Energy (DOE) facilities. The Fernald approach targets technology end-users and their managers and directly involves them with hands-on demonstrations of new or innovative technologies during technology transfer sessions. The two technologies deployed through this project were the Personal Ice Cooling System (PICS) and the oxy-gasoline torch. Participants of technology transfer sessions were requested to complete feedback surveys. Surveys evaluated the effectiveness of the Fernald approach to technology deployment and assessed the responsiveness of employees to new technologies. This report presents the results of those surveys.
Date: February 25, 2001
Creator: Peters, Mark; Prochaska, Marty; Cromer, Paul & Zewatsky, Jennifer
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Fast Gate: Subnanosecond Gate Detectors for Laser Radiography

Description: X-ray radiography is used as a principal diagnostic in a wide range of hydrodynamic tests relevant to the weapons program and also for basic materials and equation-of-state science studies. The quality of the x-ray radiograph can be significantly degraded by the scattering of x-rays within the object and by components of the test system itself. Elimination of these scattered x-rays from the recorded images can either substantially improve the image contrast and signal-to-noise or allow smaller, lower-cost x-ray sources to be used. The scattered x-rays could be minimized through the use of a much shorter-duration x-ray pulse and a fast, gated detector. The short duration x-ray pulse and the fast gated detector allow detection of only those x-rays which pass through the object being radiographed. X-rays which are the result of scattering have longer path lengths and take longer to reach the target. Most of these can be eliminated if the detector if gated off before they arrive at the detector. Until recently there were no sources of high energy x-rays (1-10 MeV) with short duration (sub 100 picosecond) pulses. Now the Petawatt Laser Facility (ref 1) at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory has been able to produce 0.1 rads at 1 meter of MeV energy x-rays in 1-0 picoseconds. Efforts are underway to significantly increase this x-ray output. The combination of the existing short-duration, Petawatt-produced x-ray pulses and an x-ray detector with sub-100-ps gate times could eliminate most of the scattered x-rays from the radiograph image and allow highly improved radiography particularly for larger, high density test objects.
Date: February 25, 2000
Creator: Trebes, J.; Feit, M.; Hatchett, S.; Key, M.; Phillips, T.; Sefcik, J. et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Analysis of Stress Waves Generated in Water Using Ultrashort Laser Pulses

Description: A Mach-Zehnder interferometer was used for analysis of pressure waves generated by ultrashort laser pulse ablation of water. It was found that the shock wave generated by plasma formation rapidly decays to an acoustic wave. Both experimental and theoretical studies demonstrated that the energy transfer to the mechanical shock was less than 1%.
Date: April 25, 2000
Creator: Kim, B.M.; Feit, M.D.; Rubenchik, A.M.; Komashko, A.M.; Reidt, S.; Eichler, J. et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

FY96-98 Summary Report Mercury: Next Generation Laser for High Energy Density Physics SI-014

Description: The scope of the Mercury Laser project encompasses the research, development, and engineering required to build a new generation of diode-pumped solid-state lasers for Inertial Confinement Fusion (ICF). The Mercury Laser will be the first integrated demonstration of laser diodes, crystals, and gas cooling within a scalable laser architecture. This report is intended to summarize the progress accomplished during the first three years of the project. Due to the technological challenges associated with production of 900 nm diode-bars, heatsinks, and high optical-quality Yb:S-FAP crystals, the initial focus of the project was primarily centered on the R&D in these three areas. During the third year of the project, the R&D continued in parallel with the development of computer codes, partial activation of the laser, component testing, and code validation where appropriate.
Date: May 25, 2000
Creator: Bayramian, A.; Beach, R.; Bibeau, C.; Chanteloup, J.-C.; Ebbers, C.; Emanuel, M. et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Infrared Camera Diagnostic for Heat Flux Measurements on NSTX

Description: An infrared imaging system has been installed on NSTX (National Spherical Torus Experiment) at the Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory to measure the surface temperatures on the lower divertor and center stack. The imaging system is based on an Indigo Alpha 160 x 128 microbolometer camera with 12 bits/pixel operating in the 7-13 {micro}m range with a 30 Hz frame rate and a dynamic temperature range of 0-700 degrees C. From these data and knowledge of graphite thermal properties, the heat flux is derived with a classic one-dimensional conduction model. Preliminary results of heat flux scaling are reported.
Date: March 25, 2003
Creator: Mastrovito, D.; Maingi, R.; Kugel, H. W. & Roquemore, A. L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Temporary shelter-in-place as protection against a release of airborne hazardous material : report of a literature search.

Description: ''Temporary shelter-in place'' is the combination of prompt shelter-in-place (SIP) to minimize initial exposure to airborne hazardous material, followed by timely action to terminate this protection to minimize exposure to hazardous vapor accumulations in the shelter once the air outside becomes less hazardous than the air inside the shelter. Temporary SIP, if properly executed, is considered to be an effective way to protect populations from hazardous chemical vapors, especially from high concentrations for short periods. This is supported by laboratory and field experiments. The need for timely termination of temporary SIP as protection from infiltrated vapors is an integral component of a temporary SIP strategy. It was from this premise that Argonne National Laboratory (ANL) was asked to develop methodologies for deciding when and how to terminate SIP. These methodologies, in turn, could be the basis for site-specific operational guidelines (e.g., decision matrix, decision-tree, or algorithm) for terminating SIP on each of the eight Army chemical stockpile storage sites, and in the off-post communities surrounding them. This project consists of two tasks. Task 1 was to collect and analyze existing literature that might be relevant to the termination of temporary SIP. This report is the product of Task 1. Task 2, which will begin on 2 February 2001, will use the results of the literature search as the baseline to investigate the concepts associated with temporary SIP, and to develop methodologies for termination of temporary SIP that can be incorporated in site-specific operational guidelines. It is understood that these methods will be consistent with Chemical Stockpile Emergency Preparedness Program (CSEPP) policy that ''the most important objective of the emergency preparedness and implementation process is the avoidance of fatalities to the maximum extent practicable, should an accidental release of chemical agent occur.'' It is also anticipated that these methods will be ...
Date: February 25, 2002
Creator: Yantosik, G. D.; Lerner, K. & Maloney, D. M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

ISOSHLD Analysis for storing transuranic ion exchange columns

Description: The objective of the ISOSHLD Analysis is to estimate the thickness of concrete shielding necessary to store the KE Fuel Storage Basin transuranic ion exchange columns above ground. The quantity of radioactive material was taken from the tables in PNL-IX-IR-0004, ``Best Estimate of Radionuclide Inventories by Canister.`` The cesium activity was based on a mass balance. The exposure rate (R/hr) was slightly higher in the resulting ISOSHLD model than actually measured due to possible measurement errors and conservative assumptions in the computer model
Date: September 25, 1995
Creator: Mills, W.C.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Revised STREAM code benchmarking with 1991 K-reactor tritiated aqueous release incident

Description: The transport and diffusion module of the WIND System aqueous emergency response program (STREAM code) was replaced with the EPA WASP5 code. A set of input data was developed to model the transport of pollutants from a release point in K-Area to Savannah, Georgia through Indian Grave Branch, Pen Branch, the SRS swamp, Steel Creek, and the Savannah River. To evaluate the modifications to the STREAM code, data from an accidental release of tritiated water from K-Reactor in 1991 were used for benchmarking. A leak in a heat exchanger allowed a small amount of reactor coolant water to be released to cooling streams onsite, eventually reaching the Savannah River. Measurements of tritium concentration were taken at several downstream locations during the release. The results show that the revised STREAM code overpredicts the peak concentrations by 3 to 15%, which is comparable to the measurement uncertainty (one standard deviation). The revised STREAM code underpredicts the transport times of the concentration peak by 18 to 37%. The discrepancies in the travel time could result from uncertainties in the start of the release. The revised STREAM code performed well in simulating both the timing and the magnitude of the maximum observed tritium concentration. This gives confidence that the code can perform well both for emergency response and other engineering or safety analyses
Date: April 25, 1996
Creator: Chen, K.F.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Mechanisms of flow through compressible porous beds in sedimentation, centrifugation, deliquoring, and ceramic processing

Description: The major topics covered in the investigation include: centrifugation; cake filtration; sedimentation and thickening; capillary suction operations; ceramics, slip casting; optimization studies; and wastewater. The research program was aimed at the specific areas of solid/liquid separation including sedimentation, thickening, cake filtration, centrifugation, expression, washing, deep-bed filtration, screening, and membrane separation. Unification of the theoretical approaches to the various solid/liquid separation operations was the principle objective of the research. Exploring new aspects of basic separation mechanisms, verification of theory with experiment, development of laboratory procedures for obtaining data for design, optimizing operational methods, and transferring the results to industry were part of the program.
Date: January 25, 1996
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Advanced Reactors Transition program fiscal year 1998 multi-year work plan

Description: The mission of the Advanced Reactors Transition program is two-fold. First, the program is to maintain the Fast Flux Test Facility (FFTF) and the Fuels and Materials Examination Facility (FMEF) in Standby to support a possible future role in the tritium production strategy. Secondly, the program is to continue deactivation activities which do not conflict with the Standby directive. On-going deactivation activities include the processing of non-usable, irradiated, FFTF components for storage or disposal; deactivation of Nuclear Energy legacy test facilities; and deactivation of the Plutonium Recycle Test Reactor (PRTR) facility, 309 Building.
Date: September 25, 1997
Creator: Gantt, D.A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

CO{sub 2} Hugg-n-Puff process in a light oil shallow shelf carbonate reservoir. Quarterly technical progress report, 2nd quarter 1996

Description: The principal objective of the Central Vacuum Unit (CVU) CO{sub 2} Huff-n-Puff (H-n-P) project is to determine the feasibility and practicality of the technology in a waterflooded shallow shelf carbonate environment. The results of parametric simulation of the CO{sub 2} H-n-P process, coupled with the CVU reservoir characterization components will determine if this process is technically and economically feasible for field implementation. The technology transfer objective of the project is to disseminate the knowledge gained through an innovative plan in support of the Department of Energy`s (DOE) objective of increasing domestic oil production and deferring the abandonment of shallow shelf carbonate (SSC) reservoirs. Tasks associated with this objective are carried out in what is considered a timely effort for near-term goals.
Date: July 25, 1996
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Experimental evidence to support the double head wave method of generating a rare faction first motion

Description: An earlier report suggested a double headwave method of generating a rarefaction first motion. In this method a geologic situation is selected so that energy that has been critically refracted once above the shot and once below shot arrives first. Since the theory of headwaves gives in the usual stationary phase approximation a ninety degree phase shift for each critical refraction, energy that has been critically refracted twice produces a 180 degree phase shift. Oil well data was presented to show that the necessary geologic situation exists in nature. A question has come up regarding the propagation of long wave lengths (16,000 ft) in the thin bed (3000 ft.) above the shot in the geologic situation cited in the earlier report. At the tine of writing of the report it was realized that the thickness of the bed should be considered in propagating the 3 to 5 wavelengths along the bed. The theoretical problem of propagation in high speed elastic bed has not been solved. The best information available at this time indicates that it might indeed be possible to go out into reef country and experimentally find a location suitable to generate a rarefaction first motion by the double head wave method. As in the earlier report this scheme is offered only as a second method that could fool a set of rules regarding first notions.
Date: November 25, 1959
Creator: Werth, G. C.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Hanford site sodium management plan

Description: The Hanford Site Sodium Management Plan, Revision 1, provides changes to the major elements and management strategy to ensure an integrated and coordinated approach for disposition of the more than 350,000 gallons of sodium and related sodium facilities located at the DOE`s Hanford Site
Date: September 25, 1995
Creator: Guttenberg, S.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Metal detector study for Hanford

Description: This study was undertaken at the request of the Hanford Works to investigate the possibility of detecting 3/8 inch diameter boron-steel control-balls which become lodged within cracks between the graphite blocks of an atomic pile. The cracks concerned occur radially from 4 3/16 inch diameter holes which pass vertically through the pile. The problem is complicated by the following facts: The graphite blocks are conducting and will therefore give rise to spurious signals primarily due to the cracks between blocks. Numerous aluminum tubes containing water and bars of uranium pass horizontally through the pile at distances closer to the hole than the ball at its extreme position. The vertical holes themselves are warped in an arbitrary manner. Calculations were made to determine theoretically whether or not the ball could be detected. Best operating frequency and coil design were also determined. Tests were made utilizing a specially designed search coil and a test section of graphite pile. Measurements of particle voltage vs. position relative to the coil were made and compared with that resulting from the graphite.
Date: March 25, 1952
Creator: Hansen, W.O.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Iron/potassium perchlorate pellet burn rate measurements

Description: A burn rate test having several advantages for low gas-producing pyrotechnic compacts has been developed. The technique involves use of a high speed video motion analysis system that allows immediate turnaround and produces all required data for rate computation on magnetic tape and becomes immediately available on the display screen. The test technique provides a quick method for material qualification along with data for improved reliability and function. Burn rate data has been obtained for both UPI and Eagle Pitcher Iron/Potassium Perchlorate blends. The data obtained for the UPI blends cover a range of composition, pellet density, and ambient (before ignition) pellet temperature. Burn rate data for the E-P blends were extended to include surface conditions or particle size as a variable parameter.
Date: January 25, 1995
Creator: Reed, J.W. & Walters, R.R.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Status of irradiations performed by testing and irradiation services for BNW as of March 10, 1968

Description: This report itemizes the irradiations performed by Testing and Irradiation Services for Battelle-Northwest. It lists the material being irradiated, awaiting disposition and material shipped during the report period. Specific data given is TISR No., Request number, Material, Piece number, operating time, CMK Absorbed, charge date, location, exposure to date, discharge date and time, and shipping date.
Date: March 25, 1968
Creator: Barker, L.V.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Proposal to study stem forgings

Description: Reservoir designs consist of two primary features including the stem(s) and the body segment. The stem is either an integral part of the reservoir or is joined at some point in the fabrication sequence. The current interest is in high strength stems for advanced reservoir designs. The processing necessary to achieve these strength levels may result in heavily cold worked microstructures which may not interface well with the stem requirements. For instance, cold worked 316 plate stock has shown decreased hydrogen compatibility when contrasted to the annealed version in laboratory tests. More recently, Precision Forge produced a 100 ksi yield strength, 304L stem forging with a heavily deformed microstructure which also may show decreased compatibility in hydrogen. The proposed forging contract will evaluate the influence of forging parameters on the microstructure and mechanical properties of 304L and 316 stem forgings. A summary of the data available on 304L stem forgings is shown graphically. The yield strength values are shown for each set of forging parameters. Tensile tests and microstructural examination will be conducted to complete the information for 304L and create a similar graph for 316 stem forgings.
Date: June 25, 1982
Creator: Odegard, B.C.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Mechanical charactization of sonar window materials

Description: The three-dimensional mechanical behavior of thick Spectra/epoxy sonar window materials containing various special materials is summarized in this report. Three different materials, which were fabricated by two companies known as `A` and `B` were received from the Naval Warfare Center. The three materials designated `A with microspheres (A micron),` `A without microspheres (A),` and `B` were measured for all properties. The total number of tests was reduced through the assumption that the two orthogonal, in-place directions were identical. Consequently, these materials should have only six independent elastic variables. The measured constants and strengths are given.
Date: March 25, 1996
Creator: DeTeresa, S.J.; Groves, S.E.; Harwood, P.J. & Sanchez, R.J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department