105 Matching Results

Search Results

Advanced search parameters have been applied.

An Overview of Recent Tax Reform Proposals

Description: This report provides a review of legislative tax reform proposals introduced since the 113th Congress. Several proposals have already been introduced in the 115th Congress to replace the current income tax system.
Date: February 28, 2017
Creator: Keightley, Mark P.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The "Better Way" House Tax Plan: An Economic Analysis

Description: This report describes current tax law and the proposed changes under the Better Way tax reform blueprint. It discusses economic efficiency, distributional and equity issues, administrative and compliance issues, revenue effects, and other tax-related issues.
Date: August 3, 2017
Creator: Gravelle, Jane G.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The Potential Federal Tax Implications of United States v. Windsor (Striking Section 3 of the Defense of Marriage Act (DOMA)): Selected Issues

Description: This report provides an overview of the potential federal tax implications for same-sex married couples of the U.S. Supreme Court ruling in United States v. Windsor, with a focus on the federal income tax. Estate tax issues are also discussed. This report focuses on changes in the interpretation and administration of federal tax law resulting from the Court's decision. The decision itself did not amend federal tax law.
Date: September 9, 2013
Creator: Crandall-Hollick, Margot L.; Sherlock, Molly F. & Pettit, Carol A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Tax Reform: An Overview of Proposals in the 112th Congress

Description: This report gives an overview of tax reform issues. The President and leading members of Congress have stated that fundamental tax reform is a major policy objective for the 112th Congress. Some Members have said that fundamental tax reform is needed in order to raise a large amount of additional revenue, which is necessary to reduce high forecast budget deficits and the sharply rising national debt. Congressional interest has been expressed in both a major overhaul of the U.S. tax system and the feasibility of levying a consumption tax.
Date: October 26, 2012
Creator: Bickley, James M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Tax Reform: An Overview of Proposals in the 112th Congress

Description: This report gives an overview of tax reform issues. The President and leading members of Congress have stated that fundamental tax reform is a major policy objective for the 112th Congress. Some Members have said that fundamental tax reform is needed in order to raise a large amount of additional revenue, which is necessary to reduce high forecast budget deficits and the sharply rising national debt. Congressional interest has been expressed in both a major overhaul of the U.S. tax system and the feasibility of levying a consumption tax.
Date: May 31, 2012
Creator: Bickley, James M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Tax Administration: Possible Implications of Expanding Refund Offset Provisions

Description: Correspondence issued by the Government Accountability Office with an abstract that begins "Millions of federal taxpayers receive billions of dollars in income tax refunds every year. Many of these refunds are paid to taxpayers who owe money to the federal government or to their state or local government. The law allows certain types of debts to be collected through offsets of federal income tax refunds before payments are issued to taxpayers--in calendar year 2008, over $5 billion was deducted from income tax refunds and used instead to pay other federal agency nontax debt, state income tax debt, and overdue child support payments. Due in part to the current economic downturn and the financial problems of state and local governments, interest has grown in potential expansion of the refund offset program Congressional request, this letter's objectives are to describe (1) recent proposals to expand the refund offset program, and (2) challenges and design issues that would need to be addressed by policymakers and program administrators in the event of program expansion, including the implications of eliminating the current requirement that tax refund offsets for state income tax debts are allowed only when the affected taxpayer lives in the state seeking the offset."
Date: May 7, 2009
Creator: United States. Government Accountability Office.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Tax Administration: EEO Issues in IRS' Midwest District Office

Description: Correspondence issued by the General Accounting Office with an abstract that begins "Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO provided information on equal employment opportunity (EEO) issues in the Internal Revenue Service's (IRS) Midwest District Office."
Date: June 24, 1999
Creator: United States. General Accounting Office.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Distribution of the Tax Burden Across Individuals: An Overview

Description: This report discusses in the first section different philosophies about how the tax burden should be distributed, and what those philosophies imply for the shape of the tax system. In particular, it addresses the question of the justifications for a progressive tax system (one where the share of income collected as a tax rises as income rises). This section is presented for the interested reader, but is not a necessary preliminary to examining the analysis in the second section, which presents estimates of the distribution of the federal and total U.S. tax burden. The third section of the report discusses the measures that can be used to characterize the distributional effects of tax changes.
Date: December 13, 2004
Creator: Gravelle, Jane G. & Shvedov, Maxim
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Tax Administration: Data on the Effects of the Economic Stimulus Program on the Internal Revenue Service's Telephone Service and Costs

Description: Testimony issued by the Government Accountability Office with an abstract that begins "The purpose of this testimony is to provide information on the effects of the Economic Stimulus Act of 2008 on the Internal Revenue Service's (IRS) telephone service and costs. As Congress knows, the recent passage of this legislation created additional, unanticipated workload for IRS and required IRS to act quickly to deal with the public's questions and begin issuing payments. The public's questions cover a variety of issues. Millions of Americans who otherwise were not required to file a tax return are eligible for stimulus payments and must file a return to claim their payment. The amount of payment varies from household to household. The schedule for receiving payments depends on individual Social Security numbers, and how and when people filed. As part of our ongoing assessment of IRS's tax filing season performance, requested by this subcommittee and others, we have been monitoring IRS's implementation of the economic stimulus legislation. Because of its importance, Congress requested that we provide information on the effects of the economic stimulus legislation on the public's ability to get questions answered by IRS and IRS's estimates of the costs of implementing the legislation."
Date: June 19, 2008
Creator: United States. Government Accountability Office.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Tax Administration: Preliminary Information on Selected Foreign Practices That May Provide Useful Insights

Description: Testimony issued by the Government Accountability Office with an abstract that begins "The Internal Revenue Service (IRS) and foreign tax administrators face similar issues regardless of the particular provisions of their laws. These issues include, for example, helping taxpayers prepare and file returns, and assuring tax compliance. GAO was asked to describe (1) how foreign tax administrators have approached issues that are similar to those in the U.S. tax system and (2) whether and how the IRS identifies and adopts tax administration practices used elsewhere. To do this, GAO reviewed documents and interviewed six foreign tax administrators as well as tax experts, tax practitioners, taxpayers, and trade group representatives. GAO also examined documents and met with IRS officials. This preliminary information is based on GAO's ongoing work for the Committee to be completed at a later date."
Date: April 12, 2011
Creator: United States. Government Accountability Office.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Tax Administration: Continued Progress Modernizing IRS Depends on Managing Risks

Description: Testimony issued by the General Accounting Office with an abstract that begins "In light of the fourth anniversary of the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) Restructuring and Reform Act of 1998, which established Congress' expectation that IRS modernize to better meet taxpayer needs, GAO gave an overview of IRS's current performance and resources and then assessed the progress that IRS has made modernizing and the risks to continued progress. Overall, IRS has seen increased workload, decreased staffing, and significant changes in the allocation of resources between taxpayer assistance programs and its compliance and collection programs. Between 1995 and 2001, IRS's workload, measured by returns filed, increased by 10 percent while aggregate staffing declined by 14 percent. Over the same time, there was a significant internal reallocation of resources with a disproportionate decline in compliance and collection program staffing to accommodate more emphasis on taxpayer service, such as telephone assistance, and to information systems operation and investment. Electronic filing of returns increased but not enough to reduce paper returns sufficiently to free significant processing resources for use elsewhere. The reallocation of resources shows signs of beginning to produce more accurate service for taxpayers, but the compliance and collection programs have seen large and pervasive declines in performance indicators such as audit rates, collection cases closed, enforcement actions such as liens and levies, and raw productivity."
Date: May 14, 2002
Creator: United States. General Accounting Office.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Tax Administration: Usage and Selected Analyses of the First-Time Homebuyer Credit

Description: Correspondence issued by the Government Accountability Office with an abstract that begins "As an important part of the economic stimulus efforts, Congress enacted the First- Time Homebuyer Credit (FTHBC) to assist the struggling real estate market and encourage taxpayers to purchase their first homes. Congress enacted different versions of the FTHBC--as part of the Housing and Economic Recovery Act of 2008 (Housing Act); the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 (Recovery Act); and the Worker, Homeownership, and Business Assistance Act of 2009 (Assistance Act). The dollar amounts that can be claimed and rules associated with the credit, including potential repayment, vary depending on the version. Joint Committee on Taxation estimates suggest that the three FTHBC provisions combined may result in total revenue losses to the federal government of about $22 billion through 2019. In response to the request for updated information on the use of the FTHBC, our objectives were to identify (1) the number of FTHBC claims and dollar amounts claimed for each credit version by state and (2) state rankings, using selected statistics, such as the total dollar amount of FTHBC claimed in each state."
Date: September 2, 2010
Creator: United States. Government Accountability Office.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Tax Cuts on Repatriation Earnings as Economic Stimulus: An Economic Analysis

Description: From the start of the 112th Congress, reform of the current U.S. corporate tax system has been widely debated as an option to stimulate the economy. Most of the debate has focused on lowering the corporate tax rate and moving towards a territorial system.
Date: May 27, 2011
Creator: Marples, Donald J. & Gravelle, Jane G.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Tax Gap: Should the 3% Withholding Requirement on Payments to Contractors by Government Be Repealed?

Description: This report covers the background and current status of three bills introduced to the 112th Congress to repeal Section 511 withholding provisions. The bills are S. 89, S. 164, and H.R. 674, as well as S.Amdt. 405 to S.782, the Economic Development Revitalization Act of 2011.
Date: July 18, 2011
Creator: Bickley, James M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Tax Cuts on Repatriation Earnings as Economic Stimulus: An Economic Analysis

Description: This report discusses two prominent economic stimulus proposals -- H.R. 1 and S. 1, both titled the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 -- introduced in the 111th Congress. It focuses on the business tax incentives and related issues.
Date: February 11, 2009
Creator: Marples, Donald J. & Gravelle, Jane G.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Overview of the Federal Tax System in 2018

Description: This report describes the federal tax structure and system in effect for 2018, incorporating the recent changes made by P.L. 115-97. The report also provides selected statistics on the tax system as a whole.
Date: March 29, 2018
Creator: Sherlock, Molly F. & Marples, Donald J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Tax Administration: Most Filing Season Services Continue to Improve, but Opportunities Exist for Additional Savings

Description: A letter report issued by the Government Accountability Office with an abstract that begins "In 2006, the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) spent about 38 percent of its $10.8 billion budget on processing returns and providing taxpayer assistance. GAO was asked to (1) assess IRS's 2006 filing season performance processing paper and electronically filed tax returns and providing telephone, Web site, and face-to-face assistance relative to 2006 goals and prior years' performance; (2) identify potential cost savings or other improvements; and (3) report on the status of IRS's Taxpayer Assistance Blueprint (TAB). To address these issues, GAO collected relevant information from IRS and other sources, reviewed performance measures and past filing season assessments, and interviewed officials."
Date: November 15, 2006
Creator: United States. Government Accountability Office.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Tax Administration: Interim Results of IRS's 2009 Filing Season

Description: A letter report issued by the Government Accountability Office with an abstract that begins "Every tax filing season, the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) must quickly and accurately process Americans' tax returns, issue refunds, and answer taxpayers' questions. The 2009 filing season, when 2008 tax returns are filed, was especially challenging because of stimulus-related tax law changes and IRS's expanded assistance to financially distressed taxpayers, such as adding flexibility for taxpayers to settle a tax liability for less than the full amount owed. Because of the magnitude and importance of the 2009 filing season, GAO was asked to (1) assess IRS's performance in processing individual income tax returns and providing taxpayer assistance, (2) describe taxpayer use of refund anticipation loans (RAL) and refund anticipation checks (RAC), and (3) identify what IRS knows about the number of taxpayers using its expanded assistance to financially distressed taxpayers. GAO analyzed performance data from IRS, compared the performance to prior years and selected goals, and interviewed IRS officials and external stakeholders."
Date: June 3, 2009
Creator: United States. Government Accountability Office.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Tax Administration: Expanded Information Reporting Could Help IRS Address Compliance Challenges with Forgiven Mortgage Debt

Description: A letter report issued by the Government Accountability Office with an abstract that begins "To assist the growing number of taxpayers facing foreclosure or mortgage restructuring, the Mortgage Forgiveness Debt Relief Act of 2007, and its 3-year extension as part of the Emergency Economic Stabilization Act of 2008, allows taxpayers to generally exclude from taxable income forgiven mortgage debt used to buy, build, or substantially improve a principal residence. Joint Committee on Taxation (JCT) estimates originally suggested that the exclusion of forgiven mortgage debt from taxable income may result in about $968 million in federal revenue losses from fiscal year (FY) 2008 through FY 2013 and more recent estimates suggest that the revenue losses could be closer to $1.9 billion. The Department of Treasury estimates suggest that the exclusion may result in federal revenue losses of about $1.4 billion from FY 2008 through FY 2013. Some taxpayers with forgiven mortgage debts may be bankrupt or insolvent; however, others are not and therefore may have the ability to pay taxes on forgiven mortgage debts. The briefing slides summarize our assessment of the Internal Revenue Service's (IRS) administration of this tax provision. In response to your request, our objectives were to identify 1. the number of taxpayers who have reported the exclusion of forgiven mortgage debt since the program's inception and the dollar amount excluded; 2. the challenges, if any, IRS faces in administering the exclusion and evaluate how effectively IRS is addressing the challenges; and 3. the challenges, if any, taxpayers could face in understanding whether forgiven mortgage debt can be excluded from taxable income and evaluate how to address these challenges."
Date: August 31, 2010
Creator: United States. Government Accountability Office.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department