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Experimental damping in pitch of 45 degree triangular wings

Description: Report presenting the results of an experimental wind-tunnel investigation of the damping in pitch of two triangular wings having leading edges swept back 45 degrees are presented. The wings differed only in airfoil section. Results regarding the damping coefficients, aeroelastic effects at supersonic speeds, Reynolds number effects, and application of the results to the prediction of the dynamic behavior of full-scale aircraft are provided.
Date: December 1, 1950
Creator: Tobak, Murray; Reese, David E., Jr. & Beam, Benjamin H.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Vocal Pitch-Matching: The Effect of Singing into the Right Ears of Fifth-Grade Students

Description: This study investigated whether fifth-grade students would sing more accurately when responding to pitch stimuli presented to the right ear as compared to left and both ears. Students were also classified as either strongly right-handed or other (left-handed or mixed) to see if ear treatment responses would differ with handedness. Sixty-six students were tested on their attempts to match 12 model pitches. Identical tests were given to each subject on 3 different days, with a different ear treatment each day. Vocal response scores were significantly better for both-ear presentation than for left-ear. No significant difference was found between right and both ears, right and left ears, or between handedness groups.
Date: August 1992
Creator: Watkins, Sharon C. (Sharon Carp)
Partner: UNT Libraries

Wind-Tunnel Tests of a Modified Koppers Aeromatic Impeller-Generator Combination, TED No. NACA ARR 2901

Description: From Summary: "An investigation was conducted in the 6- by 6-foot test section of the Langley stability tunnel on a modified Koppers Aeromatic wind-driven impeller-generator combination. This investigation consisted of a few fixed pitch tests and a series of variable pitch tests. The fixed pitch tests indicated that the impeller should operate between the blade-pitch angles of 20 and 32deg at the specified output of 11.7 kilowatts in order to remain within the specified rotational speed of from 5000 to 8000 rpm for airspeeds of from 130 to 175 miles per hour. The requirement that the impeller maintain rotational speeds of - between 5000 and 8000 rpm as the impeller output varied from 0 to ll.7 kilowatts at airspeeds of from 130 to 175 miles per hour was not met at any time during the variable pitch tests."
Date: December 26, 1946
Creator: Queijo, M. J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Wind-tunnel tests and analysis of three 10-foot-diameter three-blade tractor propellers differing in pitch distribution

Description: Report discussing an investigation of the effect of variations in pitch distribution on propeller efficiency at low Mach numbers. The three 10-foot-diameter propellers tested consisted of three blades mounted on a streamline body and were tested for a blade-angle range from 15 degrees to 60 degrees. Information about the propeller thrust, power coefficients, force-balance measurements, and total pressure in the propeller wake is provided.
Date: August 1946
Creator: Gilman, Jean, Jr.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Power-off flare-up tests of a model helicopter rotor in vertical autorotation

Description: Report presenting the results of an experimental investigation of the problem of reducing the descending velocity of a helicopter model in steady vertical autorotation by expending the kinetic energy of the rotor in a collective-pitch flare. Test data were obtained over a wide range of operating conditions from a freely falling model rotor restrained laterally by a guide wire. Results regarding justification of initial conditions, effect or rate of change of blade pitch angle, effect of final blade pitch angle, effect of rotor inertia and disk loading, and semiempirical theory are provided.
Date: January 1953
Creator: Slaymaker, S. E. & Gray, Robin B.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Damping in Pitch of Low-Aspect-Ratio Wings at Subsonic and Supersonic Speeds

Description: Memorandum presenting the application of the concept of indicial functions to the analysis of the aerodynamic phenomena associated with the short-period pitching mode of wings in subsonic and supersonic flight. Simple physical relationships are pointed out and are used to study the effect on the rotary-damping-moment coefficient of changes in center-of-gravity position, Mach number, aspect ratio, plan form, frequency, and thickness.
Date: April 8, 1953
Creator: Tobak, Murray
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Experimental Investigation of a Body Flare for Obtaining Pitch Stability and a Body Flap for Obtaining Pitch Control in Hypersonic Flight

Description: Memorandum presenting the effectiveness of a body flare as a pitch-stabilizing device and a body flap as a pitch-control device investigated experimentally at Mach numbers from 3.00 to 6.25. The basic test body was rotationally symmetric and consisted of a fineness ratio 3 nose followed by a fineness ratio 9 afterbody. Results regarding the stability of the flared body, effect of body flap on lift and drag, trim conditions, flow visualization studies, and comparison of theory and experiment are provided.
Date: January 18, 1955
Creator: Eggers, A. J., Jr. & Syvertson, Clarence A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

An Investigation of a Group of Third Graders' Pitch Matching Skills When Using Male Voice, Piano, and Resonator Bells as Melodic Models

Description: The purpose was to measure any statistically significant differences in pitch-matching skills among three classes of third grade students when using either adult male voice, piano, or resonator bells as melodic models for rote instruction of classroom singing. Each class was randomly assigned one of the three melodic models for a ten week treatment phase. Results indicated no significant differences in pitch matching skills between any of the three groups. No significant differences in pitch matching skills were found according to gender of subjects or among class piano students and non-piano students. Findings indicated overall improvement in pitch matching skills of subjects from pre-test to post-test phase.
Date: August 1992
Creator: Franks, Douglas Keith
Partner: UNT Libraries

The Evolution of Musical Pitch Standards

Description: The purpose of this study is to show how standards of pitch became a matter of importance in musical performance. The existence of innumerable varieties of pitches was not an actual handicap in a time when voices were accompanied by only one instrument, or when a singer accompanied himself. But when instruments began to be used with the church organ, and ensembles were formed to play in the royal courts, a standard pitch was found to be desirable. Many factors were involved in the adjustments of pitch as small ensembles evolved into the military band and the symphony orchestra. An attempt will be made to show how many of the standards were derived, and what long lasting effects they had.
Date: June 1965
Creator: Kernek, Carol Thompson
Partner: UNT Libraries

Ratier Metal Propeller With Pitch Variable in Flight

Description: One of the serious sources of difficulties in variable pitch propellers is the turning moment or torque due to the centrifugal force which tends to bring the mean plane of the blades into the plane of rotation. This moment, which is found elsewhere only in propellers with removable blades, is so great that the aerodynamic forces, as regards their effect on the torsion, become entirely negligible in comparison with it. This report presents the Ratier Company's solution to changing the pitch of airplane propellers.
Date: April 1930
Creator: L├ęglise, Pierre
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Variable Pitch Propeller

Description: The advantages of variable pitch propellers over constant pitch propellers is presented along with different methods of varying the pitch. The technique of varying the shape of the propeller is presented as the most efficient one.
Date: July 1923
Creator: Pistolesi, Enrico
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Variable Pitch Propellers

Description: It is proposed in this report to explain the Gloster Hele-Shaw Beacham variable pitch propeller. It is a variable pitch propeller, which has been theorized to greatly improve the performance of an airplane or airship. An explanation of the way the propeller works and some of the physics behind propeller operation are provided.
Date: April 1928
Creator: Milner, H. L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

A Simulator Investigation of Factors Affecting the Design and Utilization of a Stick Pusher for the Prevention of Airplane Pitch-Up

Description: Memorandum presenting the results of a simulator stud of the factors affecting the design of a device, a stick pusher, for preventing a representative supersonic airplane from entering the pitch-up region. The effects of varying the stick-pusher-activation boundaries, sensing parameters, and magnitude of stick-pusher force on the controllability of the airplane pitch-up were investigated.
Date: January 22, 1958
Creator: Holleman, Euclid C. & Boslaugh, David L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Pitchblende Deposits at the Wood and Calhoun Mines, Central City Mining District, Gilpin County, Colorado

Description: From introduction: The purpose of this work was to determine the distribution and reserves of pitchblende in the veins. These particular mines were selected because the other mines that had produced pitchblende in the east were either inaccessible, or accessible under such adverse conditions as to make detailed mapping impracticable.
Date: October 1950
Creator: Moore, Frank B. & Butler, C. R.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Summary and Analysis of Data on Damping in Yaw and Pitch for a Numbers of Airplane Models

Description: Note presenting damping data obtained from free-flight-tunnel tests of 13 models; the results are analyzed and compared with calculated results. The contributions of the wing, flaps, fuselage, tail surfaces, and power to the damping in pitch and yaw were studied. For complete models, fairly good agreement was obtained between experimental and calculated values for power-off, flaps-neutral conditions.
Date: May 1946
Creator: Cotter, William E., Jr.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Experimental Determination of the Effect of Horizontal-Tail Size, Tail Length, and Vertical Location on Low-Speed Static Longitudinal Stability and Damping Pitch of a Model Having 45 Degree Sweptback Wing and Tail Surfaces

Description: Report presents the results of an investigation conducted in the Langley stability tunnel to determine the effects of horizontal tails of various sizes and at various tail lengths (when loaded on the fuselage center line) and also the effects of vertical location of the horizontal tail relative to the wing on the low-speed static longitudinal stability and on the steady-state rotary damping in pitch for a complete-model configuration. The wing and tail surfaces had the quarter-chord lines swept back 45 degrees and had aspect ratios of 4.
Date: 1952
Creator: Lichtenstein, Jacob H.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Investigation at Mach Numbers of 1.62, 1.93, and 2.41 of the Effect of Oscillation Amplitude on the Damping in Pitch of Delta-Wing-Body Combinations

Description: Report presenting testing of four delta-wing and body combinations at specified Mach numbers to determine the effect of oscillation amplitude on the damping in pitch. The body tested was the same, but the wings had 25 degree, 30 degree, 35 degree, and 45 degree semiapex angles. Results indicate that the damping-in-pitch parameter can be predicted by theory, and when a variation of this parameter with amplitude occurs, it is usually small and camping increases with decreasing amplitude.
Date: October 26, 1953
Creator: Henderson, Arthur, Jr.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

A Study Of Lu-Pitch Name Signification: A Translation with Commentary

Description: The purpose of this thesis is to provide translation of documents on lu from two primary sources for a study of the theory of ,lu, with the main focus on the interpretation and the signification attached to each of the twelve lu-pitch names. To establish the background information of the lu-10 system, an explanation of its acoustical properties is first presented. Based on the most important and widely used tonal system in ancient China -- the san-fen-sun-i system, the illustration is provided for the process of tone generation. Methods proposed by the main theorists who engaged in the discussion of the system of lu are presented. The introduction of the concept of yin and yang in reference to the twelve lu and the signification of the lu-lu system in relation to the human and natural world will also be discussed. The main body of this study is devoted to the translation of written references on the meaning of the twelve lu. The first part is the translation of the selected passages from The Anthology of the Historical Document of Ancient Chinese Music. edited by Tsai-Ping Liang; the second part is the translation of a modern exegesis from an article written by Deh-I Liu. This translation offers a perspective to understand the concept of l-pitch names from the ancient points of view in relation to philosophy, education, religion, and science.
Date: December 1986
Creator: Tung, Anne An-Yi Lin
Partner: UNT Libraries

Cognitive Interference in the Perception of Pitch and Loudness in a Five-note Musical Pattern

Description: The purpose of the study was to explore whether musicians experience Garner interference among the auditory dimensions of pitch and loudness. Specifically, the study explored whether the dimensions of intonation and loudness, when presented to musicians in a five-note musical pattern, were perceived as integral or separable in nature.
Date: May 1999
Creator: Cattley, Gary Thomas
Partner: UNT Libraries

Judgment of Intonation in the Context of Three-Part Woodwind Ensemble Performances

Description: The purpose of the study was to determine judgments of trained musicians regarding the intonation of complex tones in the context of synthesized woodwind ensemble performances. Problems included in the study were (1) estimation of the point in pitch deviation which would result in out-of-tune judgments, (2) investigation of timbral effects on judged intonation, and (3) investigation of effects of mistuning within differential voices.
Date: August 1987
Creator: Henry, Robert E.
Partner: UNT Libraries

An Investigation of Hemispheric Specialization for the Pitch and Rhythmic Aspects of Melodic Stimuli

Description: This study's purpose was to investigate the phenomenon of hemispheric specialization for the pitch and rhythmic aspects of melody. Its research problems were to investigate the Influence of pitch, rhythm, and training on hemispheric specialization for pitch-plus-rhythm melodic fragments. A final problem was to examine the relationship between dlchotic ear scores and eye movements evidenced during melodic processing. Twenty musicians and twenty nonmuslcians, right-handed and equally divided as to gender, participated in the project. Accepted dlchotic testing and eye behavior indexing procedures were implemented to investigate each research problem. The dlchotic tape produced for the study contained five subtests In which pitch activity was variously greater than, less than, or equal to rhythmic activity.
Date: December 1981
Creator: Herrick, Carole L. (Carole Lynn)
Partner: UNT Libraries

Structure and Stratigraphy of Upper Cretaceous and Paleogene Strata (North Horn Formation), Eastern San Pitch Mountains, Utah: Sedimentation at the Front of the Sevier Orogenic Belt

Description: From abstract: This report describes the North Horn Formation in the eastern part of the San Pitch Mountains of Utah was deposited in nonmarine environments that included alluvial fans, varied fluvial and overbank settings, and lacustrine settings.
Date: unknown
Creator: Lawton, Timothy Frost; Hobbs, Robert S.; Talling, Peter J.; Trexler, James Hugh, Jr.; Weiss, Malcolm P. & Burbank, Douglas West
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department