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Epidemiological Evaluation of Pain Among String Instrumentalists

Description: Pain and performance anxiety (PA) are common problems among string players. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to assess and compare PA and prevalence rates and locations of pain in violinists, violists, cellists, and bassists. Subjects completed a questionnaire that included sections on demographics, musical background, practice habits, musculoskeletal problems, non-musculoskeletal problems, and PA. Anthropometric data were gathered on all 115 subjects. Results show that there are differences in both pain and PA across instrument groups. Violinists reported the highest number of pain sites, followed by violists, bassists, and cellists. The left shoulder was the most-often reported pain site, followed by the neck and right shoulder. Aching was the most cited term selected to describe pain. Several anthropometric indices were significantly correlated with pain, notably right thumb to index finger span in both cellists and bassists. In all instrument groups, at least one pain site was significantly correlated with one of four PA questions. Results warrant the development of intervention strategies and further study of the relationship between pain and performance anxiety.
Date: May 2011
Creator: Meidell, Katrin Liza
Partner: UNT Libraries

[Stan Kenton's orchestra]

Description: Photograph of musicians (likely Stan Kenton's orchestra). The players are all men and are seated in rows on risers. They are playing stringed instruments and reading music from low, decorative music stands.
Date: unknown
Creator: Sid, Avery
Partner: UNT Music Library

Anxiety Levels of Creative, Performing Musicians

Description: The term creativity will be used in this paper to denote the unique imposition of the personality upon, in this case, the instrument selected and the work performed. The result of the creativity, the performance, is in the indefinable but, to a competent judge, readily recognizable area of true artistry, and represents, at best, a spontaneity resulting from interaction with unconscious processes after the conscious mastery of the technical problems of the particular instrument. For the purposes of this study, May's definition of anxiety is as good and workable as any: "Anxiety is the apprehension cued off by a threat to some value which the individual holds essential to his existence as a personality. In the case of the musician, the threatened value is his desire (and necessity, in terms of his self concept) to pursue music as a career. When his career is threatened or depreciated, the result is anxiety, which manifests itself in various forms of irrational behavior, physical symptoms, and inadequate adjustments to everyday situations.
Date: January 1965
Creator: Davidson, Norma Lewis
Partner: UNT Libraries

[Girl playing guitar]

Description: Photograph of a girl playing guitar by a sunlit window in Cumberland Gap, Tennessee. Narrative by Junebug Clark: Girl is Ruby Smith Earl, Cora Smith's younger sister. This Photo appears in Joe's book, "Back Home" Photo by: Joe Clark, HBSS. Signed by: Joe Clark, HBSS
Date: 19uu
Creator: Clark, Joe
Partner: UNT Libraries Special Collections

[Stan Kenton at a studio]

Description: Photograph proof sheet of twelve different images showing Stan Kenton at a studio or radio station. In the left column, there is an image of Kenton choosing a tie at the top, one of Kenton standing in a hallway with two unidentified men, on of an unidentified man in a sound studio with Kenton leaning over him, and one at the bottom of Kenton and a second man at a table in the sound studio. In the middle column, the top two images show Kenton sitting in a folding chair on a stage; the two bottom images show Kenton and an unidentified man sitting on either side of a table with a long microphone between them. In the right column, there is an image of an unknown man at the top, two of Kenton standing at a microphone in the middle, and an image at the bottom of Kenton standing at the microphone in front of several musicians with his arm raised.
Date: unknown
Partner: UNT Music Library

[Stan Kenton and young people]

Description: Photograph of Stan Kenton greeted by a young unidentified woman and six young unidentified men, and shaking hands with one of the young men. Imprint on the back of the photograph: Photo by Harriet Ferguson, Bloomington, Ind., Phone 7466.
Date: unknown
Creator: Ferguson, Harriet
Partner: UNT Music Library